This essay discusses the radical transformation of the principles and foundations of public administration from traditional to New Public Management. Firstly the essay will attempt to define the key terms of traditional public administration and the doctrine of New Public Management. Rabin J. (2003) explains that New Public Management embodies “a process in public administration that uses information and experiences obtained in business management and other disciplines to improve efficiency, usefulness and general operation of public services in contemporary bureaucracies.“Traditional Public Administration progresses from governmental contributions, with services perceived by the bureaucracy.
According to Sapru R.K. (2008) p370-371 the traditional ideal of public administration which inclined to be firm and bureaucratic was based on processes instead of outcomes and on setting procedures to follow instead of focusing on results. This paradigm can be regarded as an administration under formal control of the political control, constructed on a firmly ranked model of bureaucracy, run by permanent and neutral public servants, driven only by public concern. In emerging nations the administration was true bureaucracy meaning government by officers. In this perspective Smith (1996) p235-6 perceived that“the bureaucracy controls and manages the means of production through the government. It increases chances for bureaucratic careers by the creation of public figures,demanding public managers, marketing boards.
Sapru R.K. (2008) P370 argues that New Public Management (NPM) is a new model of public sector management which emerged in the beginning of the 1990 in response to the challenges of globalization, global competitivenes...
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...lue and virtue in public administration: A comparative perspective. United Kingdom: Palgrave Macmillan.
Denhardt, J.V. (2011). New public service-serving, not steering. New York: M.E. Sharpe
Hoods, C. (1991). A public management for all reasons? Public administration. Spring.
Lane, J. (2006). Public administration and public management: the principal agent perspective. London: Routledge.
Sapru, (2008). Administrative theories and management thought. PHL Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Smith, R.K. (1996). Understanding third world politics: theories of political change and development. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Rabin, J. (2003). Encyclopedia of public administration and public policy: K-Z. United States: CRC press.
United Nations, (2006). Unlocking the human potential for public sector performance world; public sector report 2005. United Nations: Academic foundation
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