Electron Essays

  • The Discovery of the Electron

    999 Words  | 2 Pages

    about the makeup of matter, in different ways and with different conclusions. In this instance I will be looking at the discovery of the electron, how our understanding of it has changed over the years, and measure how it has contributed to where we are today. Joseph John Thomson (J. J. Thomson, 1856 - 1940) is widely recognized as the discoverer of the electron. Thomson was a Professor of Experimental Physics at Cambridge University, and Director of its Cavendish Laboratory, from 1884 until 1919

  • Essay On The Discovery Of The Electron

    510 Words  | 2 Pages

    The Discovery Of The Electron      The electron was discovered in 1895 by J.J. Thomson in the form of cathode rays, and was the first elementary particle to be identified. The electron is the lightest known particle which possesses an electric charge. Its rest mass is Me <approximately equal> 9.1 x 10 -28 g, about 1/1836 of the mass of the proton or neutron.      The charge of the electron is -e = -4.8 x 10^-10 esu <elec trostatic unit)

  • Electron Microscope

    857 Words  | 2 Pages

    Electron Microscope The electron microscope has become one of the most widely utilized instruments for materials characterization. An electron microscope is a scientific instrument that allows us to “see” objects so small that they cannot be seen in any other way. (CITE) Electron microscopes have allowed scientists to see individual molecules and atoms for the first time. Most microscopes, including those in schools and laboratories today, are optical microscopes. They use glass lenses to enlarge

  • The Power and Progress of Electron Microscopy

    974 Words  | 2 Pages

    Electron microscope is a powerful tool that enables the study of particles in nanometer range. The invention of compound microscope in 1590 started to way to a new era of microscopy. The primitive microscope could magnify the object 20 to 30 times its original size. With more development in the field of optical microscopy by the beginning of the 20th century optical microscopes became more powerful and are capable of magnifying objects to 1000x their original size. In spite of this tremendous improvement

  • Ratio of Charge to Mass for the Electron

    529 Words  | 2 Pages

    Ratio of Charge to Mass for the Electron Introduction: The object of this lab was to determine the measure of the ratio of an electron to its mass. This is done by accelerating a stream of electrons through a measured potential difference. The stream of electrons moves through a uniform magnetic field. It is perpendicular to the velocity of the electrons. The path of the electrons is circular because of this fact. The ratio of e/m can be found by the relationships between the measured accelerating

  • Atoms: Particles, Protons, Neutrons And Electrons

    678 Words  | 2 Pages

    have three subatomic particles, protons, neutrons and electrons. The atom, the smallest unit of matter which means it’s the smallest thing that takes space and has mass is so small it would take a million of atoms to cross this dot. Knowing they’re incredibly tiny, the electrons having a single negative charge; they move around the nucleus where the protons with a single positive charge and the neutron who does not have a charge are packed. Electrons are only ones that are involved with the chemical

  • Investigation of Positively and Negatively Charged Electrons

    558 Words  | 2 Pages

    Investigation of Positively and Negatively Charged Electrons To try and find out if positively charged electrons deposit to the negatively charged electrons. This means, the electrons in the cathode attract electrons from the anode so they move towards the cathode from the anode. Prediction: I think that as the electrons move from the anode to the cathode, the mass of the anode to the cathode, the mass of the anode decreases whilst the mass of the cathode increases. I can support

  • Scanning Electron Microscope

    921 Words  | 2 Pages

    instruments is the scanning electron microscope (SEM). This instrument can be used in examining physical evidence found at crime scenes. There have been a number of scientists that have developed and improved the SEM. SEM is very significant in forensics because it can narrow down size, shape, and chemical composition. The scanning electron microscope is always growing and becoming a great impact on forensic science. We will start of learning where the scanning electron microscope (SEM) began. Knoll

  • Essay On Electron Microscopy

    1662 Words  | 4 Pages

    Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) technique was employed extensively through want this study to examine and obtain images of prepared samples. The associated analytical facility of Energy dispersive X-Ray (EDX) analysis was used to identify and quantify the elemental composition of the prepare samples. These different techniques are essentially part of one instrument. The EDX facility (an X-Ray detector and associated software) is incorporated intimately as part of the SEM itself. The EDX facility

  • Disadvantages Of Electron Microscope

    1144 Words  | 3 Pages

    structure and composition of matter. In the early 1950s, the scanning electron microscope (SEM) was developed and it added a new element to forensic science, which was previously unattainable within the restrictions of the ordinary light microscope. All other traditional microscopes use light coming off the specimen to produce a magnified image (Saferstein, 2011). The SEM is a special microscope in the sense that it uses electrons instead of light to produce an image. This type of microscope has

  • Free College Admissions Essays: The Discovery Of The Electron

    1284 Words  | 3 Pages

    The discovery of the electron in 1897 not only changed the course of physics research continuum, it paved the way for a wave of new revolutionary discoveries and implications about the universe, ultimately opening the doors to Quantum Mechanics. As for the man attributed to this discovery, he went on to win a Nobel Prize in physics in 1906 and many other honors. Selected for Professorship, head of the physics department, at twenty-eight years old following Lord Rayleigh as his successor, he transformed

  • Measuring Electron Movement, Trajectory, and Charge-To-Mass Ratio

    2140 Words  | 5 Pages

    The e/m (electron charge: mass) of electrons Aim The aim of this experiment was to study the movement and trajectory of an electron that moves perpendicular to a magnetic field and measure the charge-to-mass ratio of an electron. Abstract An electron beam was fired through a magnetic and electric field. These two fields are connected to two power supplies and these power supplies are altered. The alteration of these voltages will change the strength of the electric and magnetic fields. Varying

  • Essay Comparing The Light And Electron Microscope

    846 Words  | 2 Pages

    Comparing the Light and Electron Microscope In this essay I am going to be comparing the light and electron microscope, I will look at the advantages and disadvantages of each microscope and then analyse my findings to see if one is better than the other. The light, or optical microscope as it is also known was invented in the 17th century, it has been refined in many ways over the years but it is essentially still the same. The light microscope works by; light

  • Comparison Of Nitrogen And Electron

    591 Words  | 2 Pages

    higher attraction to its own electrons, according to ionization energy principles. Helium’s higher ionization energy would suggest a smaller size than hydrogen’s due to hydrogen having a lower ionization energy level. But, as shown on the “Atomic Radius and Ionization Energy vs. Atomic Number” graph, the atomic radius of helium is instead greater than the atomic radius of hydrogen. Although not conclusive, this anomaly may be explained through valence shell electron pair repulsion otherwise known

  • Ionic Bonding Essay

    946 Words  | 2 Pages

    between atoms affect outer electrons that are shared or transferred to achieve a more stable electrons arrangement as a noble gases. This essay is divided into three main sections it will first describe how the ions, ionic, covalent and metallic chemical bonds are formed. It will then go on to explain the types of bonds which can form given the position of the periodic table and the forces required to hold the molecules together. The final part of the essay will define electron pair repulsion theory and

  • Chemical Bonding And Three Different Types Of Chemical Bonds

    876 Words  | 2 Pages

    attraction between electrons of opposite charges, or this bond is due to a dipole attraction is called a chemical bond. Types of Bonds: The force of attraction as well as chemical properties in atoms or molecules of elements or compounds contrives three different types of chemical bonds. 1. Ionic Bonding: The bond which generates two oppositely charged ions and the complete transfer of valence electrons is an ionic bond. Metals by losing their outer most electrons they can achieve

  • Importance Of Octet Rule

    952 Words  | 2 Pages

    tendency to combine in a manner that makes every atom to possess eight electrons in its valence shell. This combination gives atom to have an electronic configuration which is the same as the electronic configuration of noble gasses. The octet rule applies to oxygen, nitrogen, halogen gas and carbon. Besides, it is appropriate for metals like magnesium and sodium (Califano, 2012). 2 Aufbau rule asserts that theoretically, electrons that orbit more or one atom often fill the lowest available energy

  • Why does Benzene Undergo Only Electrophilic Substitution Reactions?

    1039 Words  | 3 Pages

    reactions? This property can be attributed to the remarkable stability of Benzene, due to the 6 delocalised electrons forming a ᴨ cloud of electrons. Instead of the electrons forming three stationary C==C bonds, they form a delocalized ring which gives benzene greater stability, and this is seen in the enthalpy change when breaking the delocalized ring of electrons in benzene. Comparing the structures of benzene and 1, 3, 5-cyclohexatriene: One would expect to have similar enthalpy

  • The Periodic Table: The Elements Of The Periodic Table

    1006 Words  | 3 Pages

    As for the valence electrons, they are simply electrons that are shared when atoms bond together. Moreover, you can find the number of valence electrons an element has just by looking at the periodic tables. The number of valence electrons is the same as the atom's group number which can be found by looking at its column. For example, carbon is in group 4; therefore, it has 4 valence electrons. The elements of the periodic table can be divided into three

  • Essay On Ionic Bonding

    2173 Words  | 5 Pages

    have a stable electron configuration, metal atoms lose their valence electrons and transfers the electrons to a nonmetal atom, which receives as many as it requires to achieve the eight valence electrons the noble gases possess: this property is called the octet rule. Non-metals form negative ions, as it is more efficient for these elements to gain electrons rather than lose them. This is the opposite for metals, as it is faster for them to lose their electrons to achieve the same electron