Ec Law Essays

  • EC Law

    1067 Words  | 3 Pages

    EC LAW ASSIGNMENT Gary Slapper states ¡°that ever since the UK joined the European Community it has progressively, but effectively passed the the power to create laws which have effect in this country to the wider European institutions such¡±(Slapper`99 P.33) So in all practical terms the UK`s legislative, executive and judiciary¡¯s powers are in the main controlled by and operated within the framework of the European community laws. The increasing importance of Uk judges to consider the issues

  • Public Law

    1800 Words  | 4 Pages

    Public Law Constitutionalism is the organisation of power within a government to prevent the over-centralization, and possible abuse of state power. Hence, by doing so, upholding the fundamental civil rights of the public. Such beliefs may be manifested within a written document-a constitution, which aims to enact these beliefs by outlining certain terms which the government formed must adhere to. Such terms may address the distribution of power within a government by specifying the organs

  • The Role of General Principles in E.U. Law as Opaque and Uncertain

    1985 Words  | 4 Pages

    The Role of General Principles in E.U. Law as Opaque and Uncertain Since the founding European Community Treaties of the 1950’s there has been a noticeable evolution in regards to the lack of provisions concerning the protection of human rights in the conduct of the Community affairs. Primarily this evolution was the work of The Court of Justice, who stated that “the ‘general principles of EC law’ include protection for fundamental rights which are part of the common constitutional traditions

  • Direct Effect Essay

    3531 Words  | 8 Pages

    Fundamental Rights have direct effect? Answer with reference to the court’s case law The aim of this essay is to explore the extent to which the provisions of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights have direct effect. The first section will provide a definition of direct effect as a basic principal and elaborate on vertical and horizontal, direct effect with the use of case law. The second section will review the supremacy of EU law and highlight scope of direct effect. The third section will look at what

  • Article 3: The Three-Level Structure Of The UCPD)

    978 Words  | 2 Pages

    stressing that this blacklist is an undivided part of the UCPD, hence, the EC must follow a legislative procedure for revising EC Directive in order to amend the list. The complication in procedure might be to diminish the modification of the Directive because it will lead to the legal uncertainty in contrast with the Directive’s

  • Parliamentary Sovereignty Essay

    1208 Words  | 3 Pages

    The doctrine of Parliamentary sovereignty is about the relationship between the parliament and the courts. Parliamentary sovereignty is a principle of the UK constitution; it is the highest authority in the UK. Parliament can repeal or amend any law it wishes. Thus through the procedure of the House of Commons and the House of Lords passing the legislation to the monarch and the monarch gives assent. In result, making the legislation and no court or higher body has legal power to declare the legislation

  • Refugees´ Rights to Life

    526 Words  | 2 Pages

    of Mexico. The hosing country, after grating entrance to the refugees from Los Angeles- will become (under the International Refugee Law) responsible in providing shelter, protection and other needs we as refugees might have (Jastram & Ach... ... middle of paper ... ... Circle of rights (2000). Refugees and ECS Rights. Economic, Social and Cultural rigts activism: a training Resource. Retrieved from:

  • Judicial Review Essay

    2447 Words  | 5 Pages

    reviewed by the judiciary; which also has the power to render them invalid. The acts of the state may be annulled by the power of judicial review, exercised by certain courts when they are found to be non-compliant to higher power, such as constitutional laws. Therefore, the concept of judicial review essentially represents the accountability mechanisms which form part of the modern governmental system (where various governmental branches are checked by the judiciary). Interpretations of this principle

  • Parliamentary Sovereignty

    1125 Words  | 3 Pages

    suspend the Merchant Shipping Act of 1988. It explained that by setting aside the law, the court was in fact enforcing the will of Parliament, not disrupting Parliamentary sovereignty. Yet, this case shows the importance of international agreements and the limitations they hold on Parliament to exercising their powers to make laws as Dicey stated, instead they’re forced to comply with EU regulations/community law, as a member state. However, soon Brexit might reverse this

  • The Sources of English Law

    713 Words  | 2 Pages

    The Sources of English Law In UK there are three main sources of English law, Legislation (Statue Law), Common Law (Judge-made Law) and the European Communities law. English Law was historically based on customs and social traditions. Today Custom Law is a part of Common Law, notably being in cases where there was no judicial precedent but which were known to exist since time memorial (i.e. since 1189). Many of these laws such as the Fisherman's Case (1894) 2 East PC 661( http://wilmington

  • Paid News

    1782 Words  | 4 Pages

    disaffection among the people towards it, it is also is invading the civil rights of the people including their reputation and privacy. While there are general laws to take care of the mal-practices in the media, on account of the enormous delays and expenses involved in the disposal of the cases by the Courts, the technicalities of the law and its procedure, the risk of further defamation, the usual hardship and the harassment involved in the litigation, the uncertainties of the decisions, and the

  • Acts of Parliament as Public Law

    1869 Words  | 4 Pages

    Acts of Parliament as Public Law Acts of parliament are considered to be the highest form of law in England. The reason for this is constitutional. Under England's unwritten constitution, parliament is seen as sovereign. As a result, its enacted will, in the form of Acts of parliament, cannot be challenged in the courts. However, in practice there are legal, political and moral limitations on this sovereignty, which will be discussed in some detail in the following pages. An act of parliament

  • The Pros And Cons Of Copyright Law

    1809 Words  | 4 Pages

    INTRODUCTION The law relating to breach of confidence has evolved over the years as a common law principle. While it has not gained statutory application, precedents have elaborated the scope and recognised the law relating to breach of confidence on a case to case basis. Laws on copyright have been codified in the Copyrights, Designs and Patents Act 1988 hereafter referred to as “CDPA 1988”. The laws on copyright have evolved over the years and the debate exists on their interface with the law relating

  • Roles of the European Court of Justice

    2181 Words  | 5 Pages

    declaring the direct effect and supremacy of European Law. But the linchpins of the European legal system are the national courts of the member states. National court references provide the ECJ with opportunities to expand the reach and scope of EC law, opportunities that would not exist if the ECJ had to rely on member states or the Commission to raise infringement suits. In applying European law supremacy, national judges have made European law enforceable in the national realm’ In order

  • Exploring Ways in Which the European Union Legal Order Differs from the Common Law Jurisdiction

    2699 Words  | 6 Pages

    Ways in Which the European Union Legal Order Differs from the Common Law Jurisdiction The main sources of law in the common law jurisdiction are statutes and the doctrine of judicial precedent. In the European Union (EU) the main sources of law are the treaties and various forms of secondary legislation (regulations, directives, and decisions), judicial precedent does not apply in the EU. As of 1st January 1973 EU law has had effect in the UK as a result of the European Communities Act 1972

  • Are Footballers Employees of Clubs?

    1754 Words  | 4 Pages

    complementary branches of the law and try to arrive at a suitable definition that adequately addresses the major concerns of all such branches. Once this concern of a single broad understanding of ‘Employment’ is addressed, the author would look to provide reference to some of the case law and legal thought that has emerged in the field of sport in general and foo... ... middle of paper ... ...6 EAT Gardiner, op. cit. p. 491 – 493; and DG Jones and AB Smith, Law and the Business of Sport, Butterworths

  • Judges Must Make Law

    2340 Words  | 5 Pages

    INTRODUCTION: Parliament, the supreme law-making body, has an unrestricted legislative power, and the laws it passes cannot be set aside by the courts. The role of judges, in relation to laws enacted by Parliament, is to interpret and apply them, rather than to pass judgment on whether they are good or bad laws. However, evidence has shown that they have a tendency to deviate from their ‘real roles’ and instead formulate laws on their own terms. Thus the real role of a judge in any legal system

  • Parliament and Parliamentary Sovereignty

    1122 Words  | 3 Pages

    relationship between those who create the Acts (Parliament) and those who must apply them (courts). When Dicey published The Law of the Constitution in 1885 he identified parliamentary sovereignty as meaning that, 'Parliament has, under the English constitution, the right to make or unmake any law whatever; and further that no person or body is recognized by the law of England as having a right to override or set aside the legislation of Parliament.' To look at this much quoted statement

  • The Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide Movement

    2299 Words  | 5 Pages

    innocent" (Kohl 6). And Dr. Joseph Fletcher remarked that he welcomed the fact that Judge Russell Frankel of the N.Y. Federal District Court and others had adopted this statement for public use, "We should make a study of whether suicide and other laws can be modified to enable victims of terminal illnesses to avoid the unwelcome prolongation of life with assistance and without penalty" (I... ... middle of paper ... ...vidual to be a person. Euthanasia adherents propose that we redefine "person"

  • Morals and Laws in Sophocles' Antigone

    530 Words  | 2 Pages

    Morals and Laws in Antigone A crucial question in Antigone is, "When someone makes a law that is known by the public to be morally wrong, should the public break his/her law? Or should they collaborate with that person by obeying? Antigone felt that the law (no one was supposed to bury her brother Polyneicies) should be broken so she took what she thought to be appropriate measures. This is called Civil Disobedience. Another question is "Is Civil Disobedience morally and ethically correct?"