Free A.J. Ayer Essays and Papers

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  • A.J. Ayer: The Elimination of Metaphysics

    1195 Words  | 5 Pages

    from the excerpts of A.J. Ayer's book Language, Truth, and Logic one would be forced to agree that Metaphysics should be abandoned as a form of philosophy. Ayer uses may different backings to let forth his opinions on the ideas of metaphysics; using the very sentences that metaphysical philosophers write against them, and showing that if an idea cannot be formed through that which we can readily, or actively understand then the ideas themselves have no bearing on philosophy. Ayer states, "A simple

  • The Verification Principle and Ethics

    643 Words  | 3 Pages

    Verification Principle as A.J. Ayer states, is a statement is cognitively meaningful if and only if it is either analytic or in principle empirically verifiable. Cognitively meaningful is defined as either true or false. Analytic is defined as either mathematical or logical, and empirically verifiable is defined as the statement can be proven true or false on the basis of experience. So, a verificationist is someone who adheres to the verification principle proposed by A.J. Ayer in Language, Truth and

  • Logical Positism and the Vienna Circle

    1198 Words  | 5 Pages

    Logical Positism and the Vienna Circle Moritz Schlick and A.J. Ayer were both logical positivists, and members of the Vienna Circle. They had differing yet concentric views on the foundations of knowledge, and they both shared the quest for truth and certainty. Moritz Schlick believed the all important attempts at establishing a theory of knowledge grow out of the doubt of the certainty of human knowledge. This problem originates in the wish for absolute certainty. A very important idea

  • What is the Verification Principle?

    1554 Words  | 7 Pages

    two distinct concepts when referring to religious language. Consequently, statements such as ‘God exists’ may have meaning to a believer, however, it would be a completely different matter to state that this statement is true in a factual sense. A.J. Ayer was enormously influenced by the Vienna Circle and became extremely involved with the verification principle and the logical positivist approach. He noted that verification means achieving a statement to identify whether it’s true. He argued that

  • Free Statement Essay: The Concept Of Free Will

    953 Words  | 4 Pages

    mentally. But what makes each individual so unique is the life style they have chosen or was chosen for them. Most people wonder if free will is even a thing for that they have; some say yes, others say no. Two individuals, Roderick M. Chisholm’s and A.J. Ayer’s, can help shed some light about this age-old question if we have free will? Before we go any further let us go a little more in-depth with free will and what stands for in our daily lives. Most philosophers believe the concept of free will

  • Alfred Jules Ayer's "Language, Truth and Logic," the Major Thesis on Logical Positivism of its Time

    995 Words  | 4 Pages

    In 1936 Alfred Jules Ayer published a book named, Language, Truth, and Logic. At the time of its publication, it was understood to be the major thesis of Logical Positivism (Macdonald). In order to understand the Verification Principle, one must first become somewhat familiar with Logical Positivism. Logical Positivism is a school of philosophic thought that combines empiricism, the idea that observational evidence is indispensable for knowledge of the world, with a version of rationalism incorporating

  • Can Ethical Terms Be Defined?

    1523 Words  | 7 Pages

    Can Ethical Terms Be Defined? The answer might seem obvious. Ethical terms can be defined because they have been. "Good" means pleasure; "good" means utility; "good" means self-realisation, or self interest and so on. Classical moral philosophy philosophers have apparently had no difficulty at all in defning terms like "good". It was just this multitude of different and incompatible definitions however, which led Moore to have some doubts about whether philosophers knew what they were doing

  • The Proof of the Existence of God

    1421 Words  | 6 Pages

    God id perfect and no greater being is imaginable. If God did not exist, he would not be the greatest being imaginable. He is the greatest thing imaginable. Therefore he does exist. From this argument, God’s existence is viewed as necessary (Ayer. A.J. 1973). His existence is seen as simply another property of his being. Just like omnipotence and omnipresent are properties. One example that has been used to explain this is a triangle. A triangle has certain properties such as all of the angles

  • Free Will Theory: Detterminists And Indeterminist Theory

    1521 Words  | 7 Pages

    being determined by outside factors, and accept that humans have the ability to make their own decisions based on these pressures, believe in the theory of compatibilism. Compatibilists, like A.J Ayer and Susan Wolf, define and defend their acceptance of both determinism and the existence of free will. Ayer finds two issues with “hard” compatibilism. He doubts that every event has a direct cause, which is at the core of determinism. While scientists have laws and theories that determine how actions

  • Our Brain States as Constraints

    1273 Words  | 6 Pages

    philosophical view that “human behaviour is entirely governed by causal laws” (Ayer 1954, p. 15). If it is true that our behaviour is determined by causal laws such as past events or actions and the natural laws, since we cannot change the past or natural laws it seems as though we have no control over our present or past behaviours; in other words, we do not have free will and cannot be held responsible for our actions (Ayer 1954, p. 15). There are those, compatibilists, who believe that the concept