A.J. Ayer Essays

  • A.J. Ayer: The Elimination of Metaphysics

    1195 Words  | 3 Pages

    from the excerpts of A.J. Ayer's book Language, Truth, and Logic one would be forced to agree that Metaphysics should be abandoned as a form of philosophy. Ayer uses may different backings to let forth his opinions on the ideas of metaphysics; using the very sentences that metaphysical philosophers write against them, and showing that if an idea cannot be formed through that which we can readily, or actively understand then the ideas themselves have no bearing on philosophy. Ayer states, "A simple

  • Criticism of the Verification Principle in A.J. Ayer's Book Language, Truth and Logic

    4592 Words  | 10 Pages

    Criticism of the Verification Principle in A.J. Ayer's Book Language, Truth and Logic INTRODUCTION This essay will consist in an exposition and criticism of the Verification Principle, as expounded by A.J. Ayer in his book Language, Truth and Logic. Ayer, wrote this book in 1936, but also wrote a new introduction to the second edition ten years later. The latter amounted to a revision of his earlier theses on the principle.It is to both accounts that this essay shall be referring. Firstly

  • Chisholm and Free Will

    1262 Words  | 3 Pages

    involved in an act is caused by some other event. Since they adhere to this type of causality, they believe that all actions are consequential and that freedom of the will is illusory. Compatiblist deny the conflict between free will and determinism. A.J. Ayer makes a compatibilist argument in "Freedom and Necessity". In "Human Freedom and the Self" Chisholm rejects both determinism (every event that is involved in an act is caused by some other event) and indeterminism (the view that the act, or some

  • Finding Hope in James Muyskens' The Sufficiency of Hope

    6773 Words  | 14 Pages

    hope they are wrong and the world is better than they have supposed; one never sees them say: ``This is a somewhat grim view I have proposed, and I hope very much that I am wrong, but I am driven to this view by solid considerations''. The late A. J. Ayer is reported to have said shortly before his death that he certainly hoped that death would be the end of him, in spite of having had a ``near death experience'' which had ``slightly'' shaken his disbelief in survival. It is hard to know why anyone

  • Teen Marriage

    1468 Words  | 3 Pages

    lived. Statistics show that in 1998, 2,256,000 couples became married, and 1,135,000 couples became divorced (Fast 1,2). For every two couples getting married, there is one that is getting divorced. In fact, half of ALL marriages end in divorce (Ayer 41). That is a sad reality to face. Those percentage rates increase as the age of the participant’s decrease. It seems these days, fewer and fewer teens between the ages of 14 and 18 are getting married. This is a change for the better. Teens are usually

  • Soft Determinism

    1451 Words  | 3 Pages

    therefore it might be wrong to rule out the possibility of an action without cause. But, it certainly seems that all things are causally determined - we just might not know the cause. This is the basis of determinist thinkers, from Paul Holbach to A. J. Ayer: for every action there is a cause. Now we move into the problems of motives. One might argue that if a person does a genuinely altruistic action, then that person is acting without self interest, only wanting to do the action, not wanting to do

  • Spanish Essay

    851 Words  | 2 Pages

    envolverlo....El tomó el CD; y mientras ella no estaba viendo, rápidamente dejó su teléfono en el mostrador y salió corriendo de la tienda. Ring!!!!! Su mamá contesto: "Bueno?". Era lachica! Preguntó por su hijo; y la madre, comenzo a llorar:..."Murió ayer". Le dijo. Hubo un silencio prolongado, cortado por los lamentos de su madre. Mas tarde; la mamá entró en el cuarto de su hijo para recordarlo. Abrió el closet. En vez de la ropa, lo primero que encontró eran un montón de CDS envueltos. Ni uno estaba

  • Violece of the Weather Underground Organization

    567 Words  | 2 Pages

    While terrorism—that is, violence or the threat of violence aimed intentionally at civilians—has been employed since time immemorial as a means of securing political goals, the 1960s ushered in an entirely new form of political violence. Motivated by thinkers like Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, this new breed of terrorism struggled in vain to halt the vehicle of Capitalism: as it was steered by the opulent and sustained through exploitation of a bloodied working class. Significant amongst likeminded

  • Movie Analysis: Soloist

    1224 Words  | 3 Pages

    Soloist In 2009, a comparably young well-known movie director’s, Joe Wright’s, third film, Soloist, was released. This movie is based on Steven Lopez’s true story about his friendship whom one well-known LA Times columnist with whom a musical-talented homeless. The magnificent point of this movie is to watch how the director expresses the whole LA cultures and ideas in a two hours long movie. LA has unique and special characteristics compare to any other city. Joe Wright and screen writer, Susannah

  • Essay About Uluji

    737 Words  | 2 Pages

    He named it ‘Ayers Rock’ after Sir Henry Ayers who was the chief secretary of South Australia at the time. Over time Ayers Rock became a tourist attraction and provided regional and economic benefits. In the early 1900s the government took ownership of Uluru and the surrounding land and by the 1950s tracks were made to

  • Weather Underground Organization (WUO) Fought for All Americans

    2103 Words  | 5 Pages

    In May of 1970, an organized group of white, mostly middle-class college students issued a declaration of war against the United States. In a communique -- the first of many -- they outlined a plan to violently revolt against the warmongering institution that was U.S. government. Over the next two decades, this group, calling themselves the Weather Underground Organization (WUO), bombed countless public buildings (such as the Pentagon and U.S. Capitol Building) as acts of protest against what they

  • Mental Illness In The Soloist

    705 Words  | 2 Pages

    “HE’S GOT THE WORLD ON TWO STRINGS”(pg21). Steve Lopez and Nathaniel Ayers go through a lot since Steve met Nathaniel a homeless man whole plays the violin in downtown Los Angeles. Nathaniel is a homeless man who has paranoid schizophrenia travels downtown Los Angeles pushing his cart with his violin in it. Steve is a writer works for the Los Angeles Times and is always looking for a story for he can write for his column. Both Nathaniel and Steve create a friendship even though with all the challenges

  • Essay On The Weather Underground

    617 Words  | 2 Pages

    was an organization of American radicals. The WUO was often called the Weather Underground or the Weathermen. The Weathermen was founded on the University of Michigan campus by a group of students in 1969. The WUO founders were Karen Ashley, Bill Ayers, Benardine Dohrn, and many more young radicals. The Weather Underground was a political group of the Students for a Democratic Society, or SDS. The Students for a Democratic Society was formed in 1959. The members of the SDS started off being apprehensive

  • Schizophrenia In Joe Wright's Film, The Soloist

    1484 Words  | 3 Pages

    illustrates the tale of Nathaniel Ayers, a musician who developed schizophrenia disorder and soon after became homeless. Nathaniel, portrayed by Jamie Foxx was contemplated as a cello prodigy and Steve Lopez portrayed by Robert Downey Jr., was a columnist for the Los Angeles Times. While strolling through the streets of downtown Los Angeles after a bike incident, Lopez heard a violin being played gracefully and followed it’s vibrant sound, where he stumbled across Ayers and introduced himself. The two

  • The Verification Principle and Ethics

    643 Words  | 2 Pages

    Verification Principle as A.J. Ayer states, is a statement is cognitively meaningful if and only if it is either analytic or in principle empirically verifiable. Cognitively meaningful is defined as either true or false. Analytic is defined as either mathematical or logical, and empirically verifiable is defined as the statement can be proven true or false on the basis of experience. So, a verificationist is someone who adheres to the verification principle proposed by A.J. Ayer in Language, Truth and

  • Logical Positism and the Vienna Circle

    1198 Words  | 3 Pages

    Logical Positism and the Vienna Circle Moritz Schlick and A.J. Ayer were both logical positivists, and members of the Vienna Circle. They had differing yet concentric views on the foundations of knowledge, and they both shared the quest for truth and certainty. Moritz Schlick believed the all important attempts at establishing a theory of knowledge grow out of the doubt of the certainty of human knowledge. This problem originates in the wish for absolute certainty. A very important idea

  • Stealing That Watch Is Wrong

    1000 Words  | 2 Pages

    would not be possible for them to argue about the values of different morals. Ayer retorts by claiming that these kinds of arguments are never actually about values, but simply about empirical facts. He goes on to argue that “the postulation of real non-existant entities results from the superstition…that to every word or phrase that can be the grammatical subject of a sentence, there must be a real entity corresponding.” (Ayer, pp. 33). In other words, there is a common misconception held among people

  • What is the Verification Principle?

    1554 Words  | 4 Pages

    two distinct concepts when referring to religious language. Consequently, statements such as ‘God exists’ may have meaning to a believer, however, it would be a completely different matter to state that this statement is true in a factual sense. A.J. Ayer was enormously influenced by the Vienna Circle and became extremely involved with the verification principle and the logical positivist approach. He noted that verification means achieving a statement to identify whether it’s true. He argued that

  • Moral Claim Is True Essay

    1715 Words  | 4 Pages

    opinions? A.J. Ayer believed that moral claims are neither true nor false. How do you tell a person that the statement that they believe is true is actually just a moral claim and really has no truth to it? They believe it, so to them it is true, so can a moral claim be true? Ayer says that for a statement to be true it needs to be able to be verified by facts and uses the scientific method to get to the facts. So if it cannot be observed then it must not be true? From this belief, Ayer comes to the

  • Free Will and Determinism of Ayer and Holbach

    1810 Words  | 4 Pages

    Determinism of Ayer and Holbach In respect to the arguments of Ayer and Holbach, the dilemma of determinism and its compatibility with that of free will are found to be in question. Holbach makes a strong case for hard determinism in his System of Nature, in which he defines determinism to be a doctrine that everything and most importantly human actions are caused, and it follows that we are not free and therefore haven’t any moral responsibility in regard to our actions. For Ayer, a compatibilist