A. Plan of Investigation
The focus of this investigation is about the extent of Eva Peron’s influence in Argentine politics from 1946 to her death in 1952. Popular culture paints her as the symbol of Peronism, the heroine of the poor, underrepresented, labor workers, or the descamisados, or “the shirtless ones.” The study will focus on the Perons’ rise to power, as well the period in which they were leaders of Argentina, to the first fall of Peronism. This investigation will be evaluating how influential Eva Peron truly was in regards to the success of the Peronist government.
Several interpretations of Eva’s (Evita) legacy will be used as well as several sources on the overall history of the period and a source that is written about the working class and their role in the Peronist “revolution.” The primary source, Evita: In My Own Words, written by Eva herself, is used to analyze what she thought of her own role in the Peronist government.
Part B: Summary of Evidence
Social conflicts are a given throughout any country’s history, but in Argentina, these conflicts intensified as the gap between the upper and lower classes grew ever more extensive (Gall). During Revolution of 1943, in the era of the “Infamous Decade,” Juan Peron began his slow rise to power, first as the head of the military of the Labor Department. It was here, when he attended a charity gala for disaster relief from the devastating earthquake that struck Argentina, that he met then Eva Duarte (Page “Evita” 7). Evita began to sit in Colonel Peron’s meetings, where she made the occasional, but memorable contribution (Page “Peron” 85). In this time to 1945, Juan Peron built up his power within the government, and the Army forced Peron’s resignation and placed...
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"Argentina." Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. Ed. Timothy L. Gall and Derek M. Gleason. 13th ed. Detroit: Gale, 2012. Student Resources in Context. Web. 14 Apr. 2014.
Auyero, Javier. Poor People's Politics: Peronist Survival Networks and the Legacy of Evita. Durham: Duke UP, 2001. Print.
Crassweller, Robert D. Perón and the Enigmas of Argentina. New York: Norton, 1987. Print.
Fraser, Nicholas, and Marysa Navarro. Eva Perón. New York: W.W. Norton, 1981. Print.
James, Daniel. Resistance and Integration: Peronism and the Argentine Working Class, 1946-1976. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1993. Print.
Ortiz, Alicia Dujovne, and Shawn Fields. Eva Perón. New York: St. Martin's, 1996. Print.
Perón, Eva and Joseph Page. Evita: In My Own Words. New York: New, 1996. Print.
Page, Joseph A. Perón, a Biography. New York: Random House, 1983. Print.
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