Therapeutic vs. Reproductive Cloning Essay

Therapeutic vs. Reproductive Cloning Essay

Length: 1299 words (3.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

For decades, cloning was merely a topic mentioned in the text of science fiction novels. It was simply a fictitious fantasy that proved to only be for entertainment purposes. However, while all those novels and films were being produced, a multitude of scientists attempted to make what society thought of as a dream, into a reality. The science of cloning is the process of making genetic duplicate of an organism. The scientific history of cloning spans more than 100 years dating back to 1885, and still going strong today. In general, there are two main purposes for cloning: therapeutic or reproductive. Reproductive cloning is performed with the intent of making a complete organism. Therapeutic cloning is performed to harvest stem cells for use in medical treatment, such as cloning organs for transplant. There are benefits and consequences for each process that have sparked ethical and scientific debate over the years. With the help of advancements in technology in the future, cloning can provide medical breakthroughs.
The process of cloning has existed for decades. Plants have been cloned for years now, although, cloning was never recognized until February 22, 1997 when the first mammal (Dolly the Sheep) was cloned from an adult cell (“Cloning Dolly The Sheep”). Dolly was named after Dolly Parton, the mammary cell that was cloned after giving birth at the Roslin Institute. The cloning of Dolly sparked much discussion and debate that has stuck around today. Dolly was the first successful reproductive clone. What first started out as the first ever demonstration of artificial embryo in 1885 quickly transformed into the success of cloning animals such as sheep, cows, and mice (“The History of Cloning”). With the help of decades of me...


... middle of paper ...


...n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2014. .

"Latest Facts & Figures Report | Alzheimer's Association." Latest Facts & Figures Report | Alzheimer's Association. Alzheimers Association, n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2014. .

"Who Is Affected by Parkinson's Disease." WebMD. WebMD, 03 Dec. 2010. Web. 14 Apr. 2014. .





IMAGES:

How To Make A Clone. Digital image. Biology - Clones. Makewav.es, 22 Aug. 2012. Web. 15 Apr. 2014. .

The Cloning Process of "Dolly the Sheep" Digital image. Cloning Methods in Animals. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2014. .

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Therapeutic vs. Reproductive Cloning Essay

- For decades, cloning was merely a topic mentioned in the text of science fiction novels. It was simply a fictitious fantasy that proved to only be for entertainment purposes. However, while all those novels and films were being produced, a multitude of scientists attempted to make what society thought of as a dream, into a reality. The science of cloning is the process of making genetic duplicate of an organism. The scientific history of cloning spans more than 100 years dating back to 1885, and still going strong today....   [tags: genetic engineering polemic]

Strong Essays
1299 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning

- ... Those who do not have enough confidence in the matter might argue that someone could create super soldiers for war, but with everything comes limitations and law. No matter how many laws are put into place, there will always be people there to either abide by them or to break them. As long as the limitations keep such horrible things from happening and there are officers and the government to aid, then there is no issue. “Also, because there are many benefits to cloning and since not everyone believes in a god why should religion be used in making decisions for people where religious morality is not even an issue....   [tags: organ, tissues, unisex ]

Strong Essays
1481 words (4.2 pages)

Should Human Cloning Be Pursued? Essay

- ... Stem cells can replace worn out or damaged tissues and is an alternative to organ donation. It is less likely to result in rejection by the recipient because the tissue would be made from the recipients own genetic material. Like stated previously, therapeutic cloning does not involve the creation of a live human being. However, despite the benefits of therapeutic cloning, there are huge controversies surrounding the topic. One argument against therapeutic cloning is that creating stem cells on a large scale would require the use of vast amounts of human eggs....   [tags: reproductive and therapeutic cloning]

Strong Essays
814 words (2.3 pages)

Essay on Britain Needs Human Cloning

- “Human cloning will take place, and it will take place in my lifetime. And I don't fear it at all - I welcome it. I think it's right and proper that we continue this kind of inquiry.” (Tom Harkin) Imagine a world where there was no fear of diseases or infertility. A world where parents could choose and pick the desired traits they would like to see in their children. The human cloning process is slowly but surely developing to become an official process worldwide, to provide benefits to our species....   [tags: HFEA, reproductive cloning, therapeutic cloning]

Strong Essays
1234 words (3.5 pages)

Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning Essays

- Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning Cloning is defined as the “creation of an exact copy of a living matter, such as a cell or organism” according to Encarta encyclopedia. The copies produced through cloning have identical genetic makeup and are known as clones. Scientists use cloning techniques in the laboratory to create copies of cells or organisms with valuable traits. Cloning is a controversial topic because new areas of science often raise questions about safety. Early experiment performed on animals showed potential dangers....   [tags: Science Technology Genetics Essays]

Strong Essays
1475 words (4.2 pages)

Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning Essays

- Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning New areas of science often raise questions about safety. Reflecting back on the past medical technologies invented, people have always opposed it but often benefit from it later on in life. The use of in-vitro fertilization, for instance, was once a controversial issue. Some people worried that society could discriminate against humans produced as a result of IVF and humans could spread diseases. Furthermore, its usefulness cannot be predicted because it is just a research tool, and so on....   [tags: Technology Science Genetics Essays]

Strong Essays
2448 words (7 pages)

The Controversial Issue Of Reproductive Cloning Essay

- A clone is an individual plant, animal or human being derived by asexual reproduction from another organism that has the identical hereditary components. Human cloning is the creation of a genetically identical copy of a human, human cell, or human tissue. There are two commonly discussed types of human cloning: therapeutic cloning and reproductive cloning. Therapeutic cloning involves cloning cells from an adult for use in medicine and is an active area of research, while reproductive cloning would involve making cloned humans....   [tags: Cloning, Human, Reproduction, Human cloning]

Strong Essays
1220 words (3.5 pages)

Therapeutic Cloning Essay

- Cloning is the use of technology to compose a precise genetic copy of a living organism. The term ‘cloning’ can also be applied to copying cells, a gene or a part of DNA (Healey, J 2007). There are two main techniques of cloning: reproductive and therapeutic. Reproductive cloning is the cloning of a human being. Reproductive cloning has a lot of ethical barriers but some scientists believe that reproductive cloning may one day be legal because of societies increasing acceptance of genetic technologies (Healey, J 2007)....   [tags: Human Cloning Research Paper]

Strong Essays
2286 words (6.5 pages)

Essay on History of Cloning

- Cloning is defined as the different processes for duplicating biological materials such as tissues and new life forms (“Cloning Fact Sheet” 2009). The cloning of human tissue should be allowed because the fields of medicine benefit from it; however, the full cloning of humans is a mockery of life because it creates a population of people who will not evolve or adapt to changes in the environment. Therefore, the government should financially support the research of therapeutic cloning while condemning the act of reproductive human cloning....   [tags: Cloning]

Strong Essays
1323 words (3.8 pages)

Benefits of Cloning Essay

- Cloning is the process of making a genetically identical organism through the use of a DNA sample. After the first cloned sheep dolly was created, many people were keen in knowing more about cloning and its benefit to society. Additionally, many of us want to know the pros and con the disadvantages and possible risks it may have on society and mankind. Most importantly, there are three types of cloning, therapeutic, reproductive, and embryonic cloning. These types of cloning are all ways of scientists trying to find ways to produce a living organism or organs....   [tags: Cloning]

Strong Essays
726 words (2.1 pages)