Essay on The Tempest By William Shakespeare

Essay on The Tempest By William Shakespeare

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The Tempest by William Shakespeare reveals a number of significant themes such as religion, revenge, discrimination, punishments, and many more. The three themes that represent this play the best are the use of magic, rebellion against authority, and the relationship between slaves and freedom.
The Tempest takes place on a mythical island in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea. It is also where the first sign of magic appeared and used. Prospero, the protagonist has come up with a plan to avenge what his brother, Antonio has stole, the title of Duke of Milan. Therefore, Prospero create the storm to make Antonio’s ship sink by using magic. For instance, Miranda, Prospero’s daughter says to her father, “If by your art, my dearest father, you have / Put the wild waters in this roar, allay them…” (The Tempest 1.2.1-2), this indicates Prospero used magic to make the storm happen and he is in control of the things that is happening on the island. Additionally, Prospero has a spirit slave named Ariel to help him do magic work. For example, Prospero says, “Hast thou, spirit / Performed to point the tempest that I bade thee?” Ariel reply, “To every article…” (The Tempest 1.2.229-231), this also suggests how Prospero is the center of power, controlling events and slaves throughout the play by using magic. Furthermore, Prospero needs three things to perform his magic: his cloak, his staff, and most importantly, his books. Without these books, he is unable to complete his magic. In other words, without his magic, he becomes vulnerable. The reason why Antonio overthrew him is because he was too concentrated in studying these books rather than governing Milan.
Throughout the play, greed and power plays a big role. With power, a character can ...


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...ing Prospero more woods because he insist, “there’s wood enough within” (The Tempest 1.2.377). But Prospero threatens Caliban saying, “For this, be sure, tonight thou shalt have cramps, / Side-stitches that shall pen thy breath up” (The Tempest 1.2.389-390). Clearly, this reveals the relationship between slaves and their freedom. If they don’t do what Prospero expects, they will never gain their freedom.
Overall, power and control are the themes that continuously reoccur throughout the play. Many of these characters have been blinded by power and greed. They will do whatever it takes in order to get revenge or to inherit a throne. Furthermore, Prospero kept his promise to Ariel and setting him free at the end of the play. Although Caliban was never guaranteed freedom throughout the play, but in the end, Prospero gave back Caliban his island as he returns to Milan.

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