Sylvia Plath Biography

Sylvia Plath Biography

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Sylvia Plath


Sylvia Plath:
Born: October 27th 1932, Boston
Died: 11th February 1963, London

Sylvia Plath was born in 1932 and her Brother Warren was born in April,1935.
When she was around 8 years old (1940) her father Otto died and she was devastated but never showed it. In 1941 Plath’s poem was printed in the children’s section of Boston Herald, it was a short poem about what Plath’s saw and heard on summer nights.
After Plath had just graduated in 1950, her Poem “ Bitter Strawberries” appeared in The Christian Science Monitor which was her first national publication.
Also in 1950 Plath entered Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts.
1952 Plath won Mademoiselle’s college fiction contest with her story “ Sunday At The Mintons.”
Through college she dated many boys and had a serious relationship with Dick Norton. However she developed depression and often thought about suicide.
Plath spent most of June 1953 as a guest editor at Mademoiselle’s magazine, she was one of twenty people to be involved in this. In August 1953 Plath stole the sleeping pills that had been locked away and crawled in the crawl space under the porch through the cellar, She took forty of them. Her parents found her 2 days later after hearing moaning coming from the cellar, when they found her she was covered in her vomit and dazed but alive.
April 1954 Plath started bleaching her hair platinum blonde and was awarded a $1,200 scholarship for her next year at Smith and also received one to Harvard Summer School.
During the summer in Boston (1954) Plath began to date an older man who she said had raped her and had nearly bleed to death from hemorrhage. She continued to him even after this incident had occurred.
1955 Plath’s “Go Get The Gloodly Squab” was published in Harper’s and she also received an honourable mention in Mademoiselle’s Dylan Thomas poetry contest for her poem “parallax.”
“Circus In Three Rings” was her first poem to finally be published in The Atlantic Monthly.
Early 1956 Plath had learnt that her grandmother had developed stomach cancer. At this time Plath was also suffered with insomnia and sinus infections and her writing was getting rejected from publication.
She then had attended a party where she met Ted Hughes an English poet who immediately caught her eye at first glance. By the time Plath and Hughes had been together for 2 months they were discussing marriage and decided to get married secretly so it wouldn’t jeopardize Plath’s fellowship grant.

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So on June 16th 1956 while Plath’s mum was visiting they got married. They spent there summer in Paris, Madrid and Benindorm. That September Plath had become pregnant, but she still believed she needed to keep the marriage a secret flew to the united states to have an abortion. In may 1957 Plath was offered a job at Smith College. Plath’s and Hughes first wedding anniversary on June 16th that was when bought her a huge vase of pink roses and brought them into there room.
In 1958 Her poems “Mussel Hunter at Rock Harbor” and “Nocturne” were accepted by The New Yorker after ten years of trying. During the fall Plath worked part-time at a psychiatric ward which she was admitted into after her suicide attempt. In early 1959 Plath and Hughes were in Mademoiselle article “Four Young Poems.” Plath for the first time ever visited her father’s grave, which inspired her poem “Electra on Azalea Path.” In December Plath discovered that see was pregnant.
On April the 1st 1960 Plath gave birth to a 7 pound 4 ounce baby girl in her own home, she was named Frieda. That summer the poems that Plath produced were: “You’re,” “The Hanging Man,” “Sleep in the Mojave Desert,” “ On Deck” and “Two Campers in Cloud Country.”
In 1961 Plath then learned again that she was pregnant, she was excited by the news and already started to pick out names. She was devastated when she miscarried on February 2nd 1961.During this time she wrote 7 poems: “Parliament Hill Fields”, “ Zoo Keeper’s Wife”, “Face Lift”, “Morning Song”, “Heavy Woman” and “Barren Woman”. Also in Late February Plath got her Appendix’s removed and during her stay in hospital she was inspired to write the poem “Tulips”. In march Plath completed “I Am Vertical” and her “Magi” appeared in The New Statesman. In December Plath found out that she was pregnant again.
On January 17, 1962 Plath gave birth to a little boy , 9 pound 11 ounce’s who she named Nicholas.
Around 4 Months after Nicholas was born Hughes left Plath for Assia and as he left Plath he said he hated her and that he had wanted to leave her for years. The spring Plath wrote 7 poems: “Little Fugue”, “An Appearance”, “Crossing the water”, “Among The Narcissi”, “Pheasant”, “Elm”, Event and The Rabbit Catcher”.
In June 1962 Plath started writing her book “The Bell Jar”.
From the 11th of November to the 4th Plath Produced 25 poems: “A Secret”, “The Application”, “Daddy”, “Medusa”, “The Jailer”, “Lesbos”, “Stopped Dead”, “Fever 103”, “Amnesiac”, “Lyonesse”, “Cut”,
“By Candlestick”, “ The Tour”, “ Poppies In October”, “Ariel”, “Purdah”, “Nick and The Candlestick”, “Lady Lazarus”, The Couriers”, “Getting There”, “The Night Dancers”, “Gulliver”, “ Thalidomide”,
“Letter In Nov” and “Death & Co.”.
“Poppies In October” and “Ariel” where both very well-known poems of hers.
The Bell Jar was published in England under the pseudonym Victoria Lucas.
In the early Morning Of February 11, 1963, Plath sealed her kids rooms and isolated herself in the Kitchen she then knelt in front of the oven and turned on the gas. Her body was found that morning by a nurse scheduled to visit.
She was buried February 16th in the Hughes family cemetery in Heptonstall.
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