Essay about Stanley Milgram’s Behavioral Study of Obedience

Essay about Stanley Milgram’s Behavioral Study of Obedience

Length: 1781 words (5.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

“The smart way to keep people passive and obedient is to strictly limit the spectrum of acceptable opinion, but allow very lively debate within that spectrum....”
― Noam Chomsky, The Common Good

“Disobedience is the true foundation of liberty. The obedient must be slaves.”
― Henry David Thoreau

In the early 1960’s Stanley Milgram (1963) performed an experiment titled Behavioral Study of Obedience to measure compliance levels of test subjects prompted to administer punishment to learners. The experiment had surprising results.

Purpose of the research.
Stanley Milgram’s (1963), Behavioral Study of Obedience measured how far an ordinary subject will go beyond their fundamental moral character to comply with direction from authority to punish another person, and at what point would they refuse to obey and end their participation.

The subjects and methods used.
Forty ordinary male citizens of New Haven and the surrounding New England areas-representing several occupations, ranging in the ages of twenty to fifty years old, were solicited and recruited under the premise of participating in a study of “memory and learning”. Each subject was compensated $4.50 for participating, and told that the payment was for their attendance to the Yale University laboratory, and no matter what the outcome the payment was theirs to keep. The controlled assignments were an experimenter/authority figure, portrayed by an impassive, somewhat stern thirty-one year old male, and the victim portrayed by a mild-mannered, likeable forty-seven year old male. Through rigged drawings, the uncontrolled assignments or subjects were always selected as teachers (Milgram, 1963).

To justify administration of electrical punishment the subjects wer...


... middle of paper ...


...s many benefits, and when properly used can maintain order, develop good habits, build strong moral character and encourage positive behavior.



Works Cited

Mankiewicz, J. (2009, July 25). Kidnapped Heiress: The Patty Hearst Story. Web. 28 May 2015.
http://www.nbcnews.com/id/32089504/ns/dateline_nbc-newsmakers/t/kidnapped-heiress-patty-hearst-story/#.VXjUCPlVhBc

Milgram, S. (1963). Behavioral study of obedience. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 67(4), 371 - 378. Web. 3 June 2015.
http://academic.evergreen.edu/curricular/social_dilemmas/fall/Readings/Week_06/milgram.pdf

Obedience. (n.d.). Dictionary.com Unabridged. Retrieved from Dictionary.com website: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Obedience?s=t

Thoreau, H.D. (1849). Civil disobedience - part 2 of 3. Web. 1 June 2015.
http://xroads.virginia.edu/~hyper2/thoreau/civil.html

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Stanley Milgram 's Article : Behavioral Study Of Obedience

- Stanley Milgram’s article “Behavioral Study of Obedience” was published in volume 67 of the Journal of Abnormal Psychology. The article discusses the experiment led by Milgram to determine how willing a person is to harm another individual if ordered to do so by a superior individual. Milgram based this study of off the question that asked “Could it be that Eichmann and his million accomplices in the Holocaust were just following orders. Could we call them all accomplices?” The participants of this experiment were males between the ages of 20 and 50 who had attained different levels of education and worked in various occupations....   [tags: Stanford prison experiment, Milgram experiment]

Term Papers
1336 words (3.8 pages)

Behavioral Study Of Obedience By Stanley Milgram Essay

- In July of 1961, Stanley Milgram began his experiment of obedience. He first published an article, Behavioral Study of Obedience, in the Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology in 1963. This article, Behavioral Study of Obedience, is what this paper will be critiquing. He then wrote a book, Obedience to Authority: An Experimental View, in 1974 discussing his results in more detail. Milgram’s inspiration was the World War II and Adolf Hitler. During World War II, millions of innocent people were killed in a very organized manor....   [tags: Milgram experiment, Stanford prison experiment]

Term Papers
1163 words (3.3 pages)

Analysis Of Stanley Milgram 's Article On Behavioral Study Of Obedience Essay

- STANLEY MILGRAM’S ARTICLE ON BEHAVIORAL STUDY OF OBEDIENCE The article “Behavioral Study of Obedience” is authored by Stanley Milgram, and was published in the Abnormal and Social Psychology journal, a professional peer reviewed journal. The article is based on a scientific experimental research conducted by Stanley Milgram at Yale University. The article describes a laboratory procedure for the behavioral study of obedience....   [tags: Psychology, Milgram experiment]

Term Papers
1369 words (3.9 pages)

Nazi Psychology: Behavioral Patterns Relating to Obedience, a study by Stanley Milgram

- Have you ever pictured yourself as a Nazi. Many would immediately deny the claim that they could resemble the traits of one of Hitler’s officers; however, many similarities have been found throughout experimental research. While the 21st century is strides ahead in the area of equality and civil rights, the morality of these times continues to be under question. The majority of this generation would fall victim to the pressures of obedience, persuasion, and conformity. When people become unaware of the effect of these influences, they lose sight of morality and make choices similar to the ones made by Nazis during the Holocaust....   [tags: victims, persuation, holocaust, hitler]

Term Papers
733 words (2.1 pages)

Milgram 's The Perils Of Obedience Essay

- In Stanley Milgram’s “The Perils of Obedience,” Milgram explains his own study on the effects authority has on levels of obedience. Milgram designed the experiment in order to recognize the subjects as “teachers,” and actors as “learners,” with another actor posing as an "experimenter.” (Milgram 78). Milgram required the teacher to read a list of word pairs to a learner and to test their remembrance afterward (78). As Milgram explains in his essay, each time the learner answers incorrectly, the teacher is required by the experimenter to flip a switch on an electric shock generator....   [tags: Milgram experiment, Stanford prison experiment]

Term Papers
729 words (2.1 pages)

Stanley Milgam's Study of Obedience Essay

- Stanley Milgram conducted a study of obedience in the early 1960’s that became extremely well-known. Milgram grew up in the Bronx and Queens, New York. He attended Harvard University under the mentorship of Gordon Allport and was a teaching assistant to Solomon Asch, who studied conformity. Milgram wrote his dissertation of the behavioral differences across several European countries to help reveal social pressure and conformity among different ethnic groups. During his studies, Asch moved to Princeton and later contacted Milgram asking him to help edit a book on conformity that Asch was writing....   [tags: behavioral research and analysis]

Free Essays
553 words (1.6 pages)

The University Prison Experiment And Milgram 's Study On Obedience Essays

- The study of social psychology has had an undeniable impact on research, the field of psychology, and general public. Studies such as the Stanford Prison Experiment and Milgram’s study on obedience to authority, largely contributed to ethical standards of practice for researchers, while simultaneously providing invaluable information about the nature of people who were put in similar situations. Studies, such as those, not only helped explain human behavior on an individual level, but also provided insight about why certain historical events occurred (i.e., the Holocaust)....   [tags: Psychology, Sociology, Human behavior]

Term Papers
983 words (2.8 pages)

Essay on Anonymity And Its Behavioral Effect

- Anonymity And Its Behavioral Effect Very few studies have been made directly to study anonymity and how it changes our behavior, besides a few like the aforementioned experiment. Although there are not many studies solely on this correlation, it has popped up in numerous other research and studies like The :”Behavioral Study of Obedience” (1963), along with many more which all will be discussed later on and in great detail. The main research that will be reference in this paper is “Virtuous or Vitriolc” a research conducted by Arthur D....   [tags: Stanford prison experiment, Milgram experiment]

Term Papers
1057 words (3 pages)

Milgram's The Perils of Obedience Essay

- Milgram's The Perils of Obedience Obedience is the requirement of all mutual living and is the basic element of the structure of social life. Conservative philosophers argue that society is threatened by disobedience, while humanists stress the priority of the individuals' conscience. Stanley Milgram, a Yale psychologist, designed an experiment that forced participants to either violate their conscience by obeying the immoral demands of an authority figure or to refuse those demands. Milgram's study, reported in "The Perils of Obedience" suggested that under a special set of circumstances the obedience we naturally show authority figures can transform us into agents of terror or monsters t...   [tags: Psychology]

Term Papers
1275 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on Obedience at its Finest: Milgrams Study

- Would you harm another person against your better judgment just because someone of authority told you to. Stanley Milgam’s experiment of obedience was unique in that he wanted to find out if there was a link between obedience to authority and Nazi Germany by conducting an experiment that required one to shock someone else because they were told. The experiment, though slightly extreme, was effective despite what some might think in determining how someone reacts when given orders by an authority in a stressful situation....   [tags: Harm, Better Judgement, Authority, Nazi Germany]

Term Papers
1078 words (3.1 pages)