Socrates 's View On The Courtroom Of Justice By Lycon, Anytus And Meletus

Socrates 's View On The Courtroom Of Justice By Lycon, Anytus And Meletus

Length: 1125 words (3.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Having been brought forth to the halls of justice by Lycon, Anytus and Meletus, Socrates stands before a jury of Athenian men defending his innocence. While the charges against him are officially not believing the gods and corrupting the Athenian youth, Socrates must really defend his lifestyle, his pursuit of knowledge and philosophy, to the jury. To do so, he first establishes that he will only tell the whole truth, and follows by giving justifications to his actions. Similarly on how he has a “conversation” with the laws Athens in the Crito (50a-54d), Socrates takes on the role of the Jury, and asks himself questions that a jurymen might ask.
Socrates then asks himself, “Are you not ashamed, Socrates, to have followed the kind of occupation that has led to your being now in danger of death?” (28b). For much of his life Socrates has led a lifestyle that has run contrary to the average Athenian man. He openly questions the beliefs of men held in high esteem in Athens, and thus has made him a controversial figure. For this very reason, he was indicted. Socrates responds, claiming “You are wrong sir, if you should think that a man who is any good at all should take into account the risk of life or death…”. A good man does not consider his physical well being when taking action, rather he looks “whether what he does is right or wrong, whether he is acting like a good or bad man” (28c). Socrates distinctly uses the word “acting” instead of “being”. What he has essentially said is that good men only act like good men. Which is to say, that men only aim to be good. Additionally, a man’s life is not what matters, rather his honor, or the health of his soul is what matters. Actions guided by the idea of a “good man” dete...

... middle of paper ...

...g. Socrates, the man who dedicated his life to uncertainty, would make his final act embracing the most timeless uncertainty of them all: death.
At its core, Greek philosophy is about self discovery. The pivotal moment of Socrates’ life was discovering that he knew nothing. He lived and died according to that knowledge. Aristotle 's treatises on the division of the souls looks inward and dissects the soul to examine how one makes a decision, and using that knowledge to make good decisions. While most education seems to look outward and tries explain the world, philosophy looks inward to explain the self. The fascinating thing is how little any of us really understand our own nature. Life is riddled with uncertainty. Death may be the only uncertainty that gets revealed to us. Cruelly, once that question is answered, we are not alive to know what it’s like.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Socrates' Trial Essay

- In Plato’s: The Apology Socrates was charged and put on trial for impiety, as well as accused of committing many other crimes. I will first explain the most important issues of why Socrates was sent to death. Then I will argue the position that Socrates is innocent, and should not be have been found guilty. To introduce, Socrates was placed on trial and charged with the crime of impiety. Impiety is the lack of reverence for the gods and other sacred things. As well another major claim was that Socrates was corrupting the children of Athens....   [tags: Greek Literature]

Better Essays
798 words (2.3 pages)

Essay on Socrates ' View On Death And The Soul

- Introduction Paper When most think about death and the after life they suddenly become shaken. Is death painful. Is it scary. Is there like after death. Are we truly at peace. What happens to our soul. Those who believe that God is our creator they seem to be less frightened about the idea of death. Socrates on the other hand was never once frightened about the idea of death. Throughout the Apology, one is able to clearly analyze Socrates’ view on death and the soul. The Apology is the actual speech delivered by Socrates during his death trial....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Life, Philosophy]

Better Essays
1192 words (3.4 pages)

The Trial of Socrates Essays

- In the spring of 399 BCE, A man named Socrates was put on trial in front of his native Athenians. Facing the charges of not acknowledging the gods the city acknowledges, and introducing other new divinities. In addition, He is also charged with corrupting the youth of Athens. The affidavit introduced by Meletus demands the penalty of death. These are very serious charges and the demand of death should not be taken lightly. Yet Meletus is ignorant about what he claims and his accusations can easily be rebutted....   [tags: Meletus, Unjust Trial]

Better Essays
712 words (2 pages)

The Trail And Death Of Socrates Essay examples

- Plato is the man popularized Socrates teaching by staging Socrates as the protagonist in philosophical dialogues called The Trail and Death of Socrates: Four Dialogues. In the dialogue “Euthyphro” Socrates encountered Euthyphro in the courtroom surprisingly. Socrates was being prosecuted by Meletus for impiety because the young man believed Socrates was corrupting the youth of Athens. Euthyphro was a religious expert who has gained a reputation. He was prosecuting his father for a series of charges for murder, which was considered a criminal moral case by the Greeks....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Euthyphro, Soul]

Better Essays
1208 words (3.5 pages)

Socrates ' Life And His Qualities Essay example

- In “Apology”, Plato insists about Socrates’ life and his qualities. Socrates appeared as talented as a simple man, friendly in communicate, quick-witted and sharp in repartee, love people Athens, and especially respect truthfulness and honestly. As Plato’s essay said, Socrates believed that the care of human soul is the biggest concern of the people, so he spent a lot of time to consider his personal life and the lives of people of Athens. There are 2 charges against Socrates in the Apology. First, Plato shows that the philosophy of Socrates started from an event that seems to have the arrangements of destiny – when he was middle-aged, Socrates’ friend, Chaerephone, strongly went to the temp...   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, God, Socrates]

Better Essays
1109 words (3.2 pages)

Socrates, Socrates And The Gods Of Athens Essay

- A. Under trial for corrupting youth and not worshiping the Gods in Athens, Socrates takes an attitude that many might interpret as pompous during his trial. Rather than apologise, as Plato’s dialogue title Apology suggests, Socrates explains why he is right and those who accused him are mistaken. He speaks in a plain manner, as if the jury is just another of his followers. Socrates first cites the profit at Delphi for why he behaves in ways that lead to him being under scrutiny of the law. He explains that his friend, Chaerephon, went to ask the oracle if anyone is wiser than Socrates and the oracle responded no (21a)....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Philosophy, Logic]

Better Essays
895 words (2.6 pages)

Socrates 's Views On The Apology Of Socrates Essay

- Socrates was a well-known philosopher in Ancient Greek who was named the father of Western philosophy. Yet, the counselors and state jurors did not believe that Socrates was the knowledgeable man that the city of Athens claims that he is. Therefore, the state accused Socrates for depraving the youth of Athens, as well as creating new gods that were not recognized by the state. In the Apology, one can understand that it was not much of an apology or an acknowledgment of offense. Later on, Socrates is sentenced to death and later writes Crito, where his friend Crito endeavors to convince Socrates to escape his jail cell....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, State, Trial of Socrates]

Better Essays
1285 words (3.7 pages)

Essay about Socrates And Plato 's Life

- Socrates and Plato were some of the world’s most famous philosophers. Yet, they caused much trouble in the midst of their philosophizing. These philosophers, in the view of the political elites, were threatening the Athenian democracy with their philosophy. But why did they go against the status quo. What was their point in causing all of this turmoil. Plato and Socrates threatened the democracy as a wake-up call. They wanted the citizens to be active thinkers and improve society. This manifested itself in three main ways: Socrates’ life, his student Plato’s life, and their legacy in our modern age....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Athenian democracy, Apology]

Better Essays
1197 words (3.4 pages)

Last Days Of Socrates Essay

- The Last Days of Socrates Plato. The Last Days of Socrates. London: Penguin Books Ltd., 1993 Imagine the time just after the death of Socrates. The people of Athens were filled with questions about the final judgment of this well-known, long-time citizen of Athens. Socrates was accused at the end of his life of impiety and corruption of youth. Rumors, prejudices, and questions flew about the town. Plato experienced this situation when Socrates, his teacher and friend, accepted the ruling of death from an Athenian court....   [tags: Plato Socrates Philosophy Essays]

Better Essays
2263 words (6.5 pages)

Socrates Essay

- To question what no man has questioned before, that is a credo which we seemingly impose upon Socrates looking back upon his life. The philosopher Socrates is a commonly known inquisitive character, and is mainly known of because of his trial in 399 B.C.E. (2) But was Socrates really everything we know him as today. Or have the lines between the real Socrates and the Socrates of Aristophanes, Plato and Xenophon been so blurred that we do not know who the real man is. When one initially learns of Socrates through Plato one gets an upstanding view of the philosopher, while when viewing Socrates through the writings of Aristophanes one finds him a crude purveyor of the children....   [tags: Philosophy]

Better Essays
740 words (2.1 pages)