Socio Economic Factors Of Rheumatic Fever Essay

Socio Economic Factors Of Rheumatic Fever Essay

Length: 1260 words (3.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Socio-economic factors such as income, housing, and education are strongly associated with the incidence of rheumatic fever in New Zealand. Firstly, deprivation and socio-economic inequality worsen the rheumatic fever issue in New Zealand. Lower income people face more difficulties in accessing health care, and tend to avoid signs to save costs when experiencing illness. The individuals with lower income are less likely to get medication, and this is why our service provides free medication and free vaccines. The majority of the rheumatic fever cases occur in lower-income areas, with the highest rates in Northern half of North Island, followed by South Auckland, Bay of Plenty, and Tairawhiti (Webb & Wilson, 2011). The “Mobile health clinics” which provide free health professionals’ check, offer prescription of antibiotics, and specially target the priority communities in some specific areas could be an effective and efficient approach for rheumatic fever prevention and treatment. “Bring free health service and medication to the community and even to the door” will adequately fit patients’ needs especially for those having difficulties in accessing public health care. Secondly, poor housing condition such as damp or overcrowding plays a key role in the rheumatic fever incidences. Children and young people living in the most deprived areas with poor housing conditions have a 150 times greater risk than other children or young people of being admitted to hospital for rheumatic fever (Jaine, Baker, & Venugopal, 2008). Although not directed solely at reducing rheumatic fever burden, addressing unhealthy lifestyle, housing condition, and household overcrowding issues, may result in reduced rates of many preventable infectious diseases i...

... middle of paper ...

... each individual. A key quality of this initiative is that it has the capability to reduce disparities in access to primary care by taking the free service to those target populations – addressing inequalities household incomes, diminishing cost and transport barriers. However, the limitations of such a solution cannot be hidden. The ‘Rheumatic Fever Ready’ service does not focus on improving housing quality or reducing overcrowding – key risk factors. King (2015) emphasizes that providing health care alone is not sufficient enough to reduce rates. Providing services that are accessible for all is essential but so is the effort to address social factors that impact health, such as housing conditions. In order to contribute further reduction in rates, the service will need to look into providing a more holistic approach that addresses all aspects of Rheumatic fever.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Acute Rheumatic Fever (ARF) and Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD) Essay

- Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is defined by Mosby (2010) as a systemic inflammatory disease which is enabled development with inadequate treatment of upper respiratory tract infections of group A beta-hemolytic streptococci. Repeated episodes of ARF can cause autoimmune reactions within the heart which in turn inflicts damage upon the heart muscle and heart valves, a condition termed as rheumatic heart disease (RHD) (Mosby, 2010). Predominately ARF and RDH cases are found to effect people living in developing countries....   [tags: Acute Rheumatic Fever]

Better Essays
1506 words (4.3 pages)

Vaccines, Gonorrhea, And Rheumatic Fever Essay

- Vaccines have prevented many diseases in the United States, although diseases like whooping cough and chicken pox still remain common. Alexander Fleming discovered Penicillin in 1900’s which helped cure infections like pneumonia, gonorrhea and rheumatic fever. Immunizations have been proven to prevent various childhood illnesses, although it has also been overlooked by many individuals, as it has posed many risks and side effects. There are parents out there who strictly believe in immunizing their children, not only for the sake of their kid’s well- being, but also for the safety of their society....   [tags: Vaccine, Vaccination, Immune system]

Better Essays
1319 words (3.8 pages)

Acute Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Disease Essay

- Introduction: Acute Rheumatic Fever (ARF) and its successive partner, Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD), pose a serious issue in paediatric health world wide. Alarmingly New Zealand is one of the biggest contributors and has the highest recorded number of ARF cases internationally (Jaine, Baker, & Venugopal, 2008). This essay will discuss the pathophysiology and epidemiology of ARF and RHD. It will focus on the impact this illness has on Maori and Pacific Island children in particular as ARF is almost exclusive within these ethnic groups (Atatoa-Carr, Bell, & Lennon, 2008; Sopoaga, Buckingham, & Paul, 2010)....   [tags: pathophysiology, epidemiology, medicine]

Better Essays
1867 words (5.3 pages)

Essay on Rheumatic Fever

- In 1685, Thomas Sydenham, a prominent physician, documented a condition that he called "chorea" (from the Greek word “dance”) to describe patients that exhibited an involuntary movement and twitching of the limbs. Although the primary focus of his study was rheumatism, he ultimately connected this condition with infectious diseases such as scarlet fever and what he called "rheumatism of the heart". He noted that his patients were exhibiting acute pain, redness and swelling in one or more joints, subcutaneous nodules over the knee and elbow joints, an uncontrollable jerking or flailing of the limbs and in many cases, a "weakening of the heart."1 What he was describing has come to be known a...   [tags: rheumatism, joints, inflammation, heart disease]

Better Essays
1137 words (3.2 pages)

Rheumatic Fever in Maori Children of New Zealand Essay

- ... People with rheumatic heart disease may need heart valve replacement surgery, and it can cause premature death. Māori and Pacific children are most at risk of rheumatic fever, and should see a doctor with any sore throat. As stated before, rheumatic fever begins as strep throat. The bacterium that causes strep throat can produce tonsillitis in children and young people. Symptoms include fever, swollen tonsils, and swollen glands. These symptoms can be very painful. The scarring of the heart valves, which is a complication of rheumatic fever, usually affects children aged five to fourteen years old....   [tags: Bacteria, Health, Native]

Free Essays
624 words (1.8 pages)

Socio-economic and Political Consequences of Neoliberalism in Latin America

- In the article “Successes and Failures of Neoliberalism” Evelyne Huber and Fred Solt describe economic, social and political consequences of the introduction of neoliberalism in Latin America in the 1980s and 1990s. To contrast the positive and negative impacts of neoliberalism Huber and Solt have taken into account five indicators: growth, economic stability and absence of volatility, poverty, inequality and quality of democracy (Huber and Solt 151). In a wide view of the regions' situation, growth performances reflect an increase in the first half of the 1990s but a decrease in the second half due to the effects of financial crises (Huber and Solt 151); which also had an e...   [tags: economic stability, poverty, social conditions]

Better Essays
1358 words (3.9 pages)

Classical Economic And Socio Economic Essay

- It can be seen that classical economic and socio-economic have a different focus. The school of thoughts might seem contradictory to each other. However, Friedman principle may also be aligned with socio-economic view to a certain extent due to market for virtue and competitive advantage (Orlitzky, 2015; Sandoval, 2015). The “Market for virtue” may exist if society as a whole works as the main driver of Corporate Responsibility (CR). Support from society is presumed to encourage business to conduct in CR manner (Carroll and Shabana, 2010)....   [tags: Corporation, Corporate social responsibility]

Better Essays
1381 words (3.9 pages)

Police And The Socio Economic Scale Essay

- Discretion at each end of the socio-economic scale It is these factors of police culture and subsequent police working personality that leads to discretion in policing strategies, different geographical areas and groups. Because of this discretion some are over policed while others have the tendency to be under policed (Rowe, 2008). This is true to the extent that policing strategies are used and to what extent they are utilised. In short, why is there a heavy police presence in suburbs at the lower end of the socioeconomic spectrum, in terms of the amount of patrols, checkpoints, stops and searches of people, while suburbs higher up in the socioeconomic spectrum have little to no contact wi...   [tags: Crime, Police, Crime prevention, HotSpot]

Better Essays
910 words (2.6 pages)

The Socio-Economic Link Between Town and Country Essay example

- Nowadays, nine tenth of the global population are residents of cities. This implies that urbanization reduced modern world to a state where the vast majority of population dwells in the urban areas. Nevertheless, peripheral regions constitute a substantial segment of a state`s socio-economic pattern. One of the most prominent philosophers of the nineteenth century, Karl Marx, in his extraordinary 1848 political treatise The Communist Manifesto, wrote, “The bourgeoisie has subjected the country to the rule of the towns....   [tags: Karl Marx, Adam Smith, Communism, Economics]

Better Essays
1529 words (4.4 pages)

socio-economic development and health Essay

- Question One There are a number of ways in which the increasing socio-economic development of a nation can help improve the health of the population. 1. There is a correlation between mortality rates in the developing countries, especially amongst children, and the level of education of the parents of the children. For example, in Morocco, a mother who has completed 4-6 years of schooling, their child is 45% less likely to have died by the age of 2, compared with child’s mother who has had no school (Book 3, Page 54)....   [tags: essays research papers]

Better Essays
1900 words (5.4 pages)