Your search returned 340 essays for "polis":
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Athens: The Superior Polis Compared to Sparta

- Athens was a much more superior polis compared to Sparta because the Athenians invented new ideas and creations that supported the people, such as democracy, the Athenians led the Delian League, and Sparta created the Peloponnesian League after the Athenians created their alliance, and the Athenians changed the ways of their government many times to suit the people, and the Spartans did not. The Athenians created the idea of Democracy which is a widely used form of government today. Solon was credited as the man who created the foundation for Athenian Democracy....   [tags: Athens, Sparta, Ancient Greece, politics, polis,]

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Oikos and polis

-   In Sophocles' Antigone, the dilemma between nomos of the city and nomos of the home divides blood relatives and causes an inevitable conflict. Kreon, Thebes’ ruler, supports nomos of the states and honors polis before oikos. In contrast, Antigone promotes blood ties of oikos and divine laws that govern the dead. Kreon punishes Antigone for carrying out her duty to Polyneikes, and in doing so, he presents a different perspective and reversed order of priorities. In Antigone, polis and oikos depend on one another and share a symbiotic relationship....   [tags: Ancient Greece]

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Polis of Sparta

- In this essay, I am going to talk about the main features in the polis of Sparta during the archaic period (C800 - 470BC). I will discuss factors such as the importance education, social hierarchy, military status, religious practices, and the role of women. In Sparta, the education and training system of a new-born literally began at birth. With each new child, there was to be inspection of its fitness. The first test came from its mother, the child would be bathed in wine to test its constitution....   [tags: History, The Spartan Society]

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The Representation Of The Word Polis

- Polis is a term used to describe small communities of Ancient Greek citizens who came to an agreement on rules and costumes. They were some of the first ones to be recorded as democracies in the world. Athens was the most famous Polis of them all. "The Polis (city-state) framework depended on an irregular predominance of the talked word most importantly different types of force. The word Polis is a greek term that was used to describe the types of communities they had at the time. They had small communities where the Polis was centered normally in a small town and the countryside surrounded the town....   [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, Roman Republic]

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Aristotle's Argument of the Polis

- In what follows, I shall consider Aristotle's’ argument of the polis, or the city-state, as presented in his Politics I.2, and expound on the philosophical implications of this particular thesis; namely, a thesis which claims that the city-state exists by nature, and correspondingly, that a human being is ‘by nature a political animal’. Along the way, I shall present two objections leveled against each claim. The first pertains to the invalidity of the argument on ends; specifically, I shall protest that when a thing’s process of coming to be is completed, even if we regard this as an end, this does not necessarily confer that such an end is a natural end, for artificial processes too, like...   [tags: argument analysis, philosophy]

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Family and the Polis

- Family and the Polis Family and the Polis: Two Very Different Ideals Sophocles wrote a play entitled Antigone. One of the main characters, Creon, is a king who is trying to rule in the best interests of his community. Aristophanes also wrote a play, Lysistrata, where his main character is trying to stop a war within her country, a war between Sparta and Athens. Lysistrata is the only one who succeeds. It is because she focuses on the family issues first. That is what is at the heart of what is best for all of the people of Greece....   [tags: essays papers]

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Aristotle's Politics: Man Is a Political Animal

- In the Aristotle’s Politics Book I, Aristotle determines that man is by nature a political animal, and in accordance to that the polis is created naturally. Aristotle’s first argument states how a polis comes into being by stating “Now in these matters as elsewhere it is by looking at how things develop naturally from the beginning that one may best study them.”(Pg 2, line24) At the beginning of chapter 2, Aristotle claims that a polis comes out of need, but also reproduction. This is idea is different with the views of Socrates and Plato in the republic....   [tags: polis, law, humans, survive, virtuous]

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What Does Violence Mean to the Greek?

- ... Greek culture can be seen more visually in the form of art, which emerged around 550BCE. The Athenians created a new style of pottery called ‘red-figure’ pottery which allowed the artist to create more subtle and detailed drawings on the pottery. The most popular drawings on the pottery were that of mythological characters in battle; details of characters holding spears and swords. This acted as propaganda to the Greek world. The Greeks were constantly envisioning battle scenes of their idols and naturally wanted to follow in their footsteps....   [tags: ancient sparta, polis culture, homer]

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The Current Governmental System Employed By Western Society

- The current governmental system employed by Western society is based on the ancient Greek concept of the polis. In order to comprehend how the West came to adopt the principles of democracy in the early modern period, it is integral to build one’s understanding of the ideas surrounding the establishment and maintenance of the Polis during the dark and classical ages in Greek history. For instance, prior to the development of democracy in Greek city-states, Greek poleis went through periods of oligarchical and tyrannical governmental regimes whose policies served the aristocracy at the detriment of the poorer classes....   [tags: Ancient Greece, Sparta, Classical Athens]

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The Greek Of Greek Life And The Greeks ' Colonization Of The Mediterranean And Black Seas

-     A polis is “A city-state, as the central institution in Greek life and the Greeks’ colonization of the Mediterranean and Black seas (Spielvogel 60). Before the emergence of the poleis, there was a dark age in Greece. A time where “Greece entered a difficult period in which population declined and food production dropped” (Spielvogel 60). Trade was not a frequent sight, and farming became a main source of economy. An organized type of government was not present during the dark age. Due to a lack of government, I believe that is why the polis became very successful throughout Greece....   [tags: Sparta, Ancient Greece, Battle of Thermopylae]

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Sophocles ' Antigone : The Greatest Civilization On Earth

- Around the time where Greece was known to be the greatest civilization on earth, many people used myths and stories as an extension of their belief because they were culturally significant and important. Ancient Greece was a male-dominated civilization that created laws which would benefit only those with power, which let to the suffering of those without power. The relationship of the sexes was very important, because it showed how men were more superior and woman were frowned upon because they were treated more like minorities....   [tags: Sophocles, Oedipus, Trojan War, Oedipus the King]

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History of the Peloponnesian War

- In Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War, Pericles commends the ergon of Athenian heroes, which has placed them in the realm of logos, while directing the Athenians to follow these ideals of logos. The maintenance and continued success of Athens' political establishment relies on the prevalence of polis, rationality and discourse over family, emotion and reckless action. However, the indiscriminate turns of fate and fortune, often place logos in opposition with the base, primal nature of ergon....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Thucydides]

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The Great Mysteries Of Life And Society

- Since the beginnings of civilization, philosophers have always pondered about the great mysteries of life and society and sought to great lengths to answer them. One of these great mysteries, “what is the true state of nature?”. has remained a long lasting question that philosophers today still give answers. Two such philosophers, Aristotle and Thomas Hobbes, separated by nearly two-thousand years attempt to answer this question in their respective works, “Politics” and “Leviathan”. In “Politics”, Aristotle’s claims that the state of nature for humanity is to form a political association between each other in a society....   [tags: Political philosophy, Thomas Hobbes, Philosophy]

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Judeo-Christianity in Relation to Greece

- Intellectual is derived from the root word intellect. Intellect is the ability to reason and understand. Philosophy played a part in the great legacy of Greece, its intellect. It evolved during the intellectual revolution which led to the great developments of Greece. Judeo-Christian introduces a new guide to our understanding of the main story of development from Greeks. The Judeo-Christian view of Greek development differs from those of Western history textbooks. Understanding Judeo-Christian tradition aids in the understanding of Greek development....   [tags: Perspective, Development, Intellect]

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The Values Of Grecian Cultures

- Loyalty to the household is one of the foundational values of Grecian cultures. Both Antigone and the Odyssey portray the benefits of this devotion to kin, yet also expose the tensions that can arise while keeping an allegiance to a household. Polis, the city-state, was grounded in the concept of oikos, or households. Ancient Hellenic women were expected to uphold certain standards within society, such as burying the dead family members, pledging allegiance to the household of the betrothed, or marrying into a new household following the death of a husband....   [tags: Marriage, Family, Antigone, Odyssey]

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The Economic, Political, And Social Growth Of The Ancient Greek

- Many elements were the reasons for the increased economic, political, and social growth of the ancient Greek for many decades. One of them was the geographical location where ancient Greek was created in has helped to make Greek one of the most critical regions (3500-100) B.C.E. The people of ancient Greece developed a culture that fundamentally shaped the western part of Eurasia. The historical development of the Greeks is divided into two periods the Hellenic and the Hellenistic. The Hellenic is the time when the Greek found the first complex societies and the rise of the kingdom of Macedonia in the north during the Hellenistic is the period between the reigns of Alexander the great until...   [tags: Ancient Greece, Sparta, Alexander the Great]

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Temples and Economics in the Archaic and Classical Period

- Temples and Economics in the Archaic and Classical Period During the Archaic and Classical periods in Ancient Greece, the technique and scheme of arts had dramatically developed, and temple buildings became more decorative and more complex. The development of the temple buildings, such as the painting and crafting skills, and the change in construction technique and building materials, indicated an increase of the local economy. Nearly all ancient complex societies built some forms of monumental architecture, for these buildings were not only religiously important, but also served the purpose as a deliberate symbol of power and wealth of the rulers and their poleis....   [tags: ancient greece, hera, delphi, olympia]

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Socrates's Kallipolis

- “If you are willing, let’s first find out what sort of thing justice is in cities, and afterward look for it in the individual, to see if the larger entity is similar in form to the smaller one” (Republic 368e8-369a2). This idea that there will be more justice in a city as compared to a single person sets Socrates off on an extended tangent trying to create the just city, Kalliⲑpolis. Theoretically, he was making a utopian society. By utopia, I mean that the city possesses perfect elements, or more simply put, there would be no better city....   [tags: Dystopia, Society, Analysis]

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Why Is Citizenship Is Gained Today?

- The most important things to a person in a society are ways to be able to identify themselves. These are done by the way of name, language, culture, and religion. This helps to create the language that they speak and the culture of which they live in. In returning starting to lead to the need of being apart of something bigger and something to be proud of like a country, city or state. For people living in Ancient Greece, gaining citizen would be a process that when looked at one can see how the process has impacted how citizenship is gained today....   [tags: Ancient Greece, Sparta, City-state]

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Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece

- “Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece” According to history there existed two of many important ancient civilizations that left a significant mark in the history of human development that even today leaves modern society in awe of its greatness. In spite of being distant civilizations, Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece share similarities and difference in terms of how they practiced religion,political structure, everyday life style, and how they built the monumental architectures that continued to amaze the modern world of today....   [tags: ancient civilization, religion, culture]

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What Makes A Good Citizen?

- For the Greeks, a heavy emphasis has been places on politics. It is as though a very important of their life is politics, which they structure their life around through polis. Citizens play a main role because they are all given an opportunity to participate in the agora. Despite, political systems constantly getting rebirthed in Greece, the characteristics of Greeks are as well. As their characteristics evolve over time, they are either further able to make better citizens or cause the destruction of a political regime....   [tags: Plato, Aristotle, Political philosophy]

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Critique of Edward Snowden's Actions Based on Kant and Aristotle Philosophy

- Two of the greatest philosophers, Immanuel Kant and Aristotle, don’t agree with the actions taken by the whistleblower Edward Snowden leaking the confidential information to the United State Citizens. Snowden was a computer specialist for the NSA and CIA who came across information that he believed was wrong and should be known by the citizens of the United States, so he decided to leak it. Aristotle, based of his philosophy, would have constructed an argument saying that Snowden’s actions were that of a good person but not of a follower of the polis....   [tags: Edward Snowden, Computer Specialist]

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An Analysis Of Euripides ' The Suppliants '

- IS. In The Suppliants, Euripides wrote, “The people cannot form proper judgements and therefore cannot rightly direct a state”. However, people do have the ability to rule the state, without having to meet any arbitrary requirements to be fit to rule. While the term ‘proper judgement’ is highly subjective, the notion that only a few have the ability to rule is paternalistic. Euripides is living in the midst of democracy in Athens, therefore his quote is a critique of what is happening around him....   [tags: Democracy, Athenian democracy, Referendum]

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Plato And Aristotle On Wisdom

- Certainly, it is true that Plato and Aristotle agree on wisdom being the primary requirement for a truly just and good polis. However, they possess different approaches to governing the city, which are based on Plato’s vision of the (1) the individual governance of the king and (2) Aristotle’s the collective governance of the aristocracy. Plato argued in favor of the philosopher king because of the inherent qualities of thought found in the philosopher’s mind. In this case, men of great wisdom and virtue were considered to be rare, which made the philosopher the only proper candidate to rule over others....   [tags: Democracy, Plato, Virtue, Republic]

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Growth of Democracy in Ancient Greece

- As we have seen it, it was the Greeks who gave the Western world the growth of democracy. Greek democracy happened when Greece actually became a cosmopolitan culture. Their democracy was a direct democratic system rather than a representative one. They believed that individuals should be free as long as they acted within the laws of Greece. This allowed them the opportunity to excel in any direction they chose. Individuality, as the Greeks viewed it, was the basis of their society. The citizens' views in Greece were all part of the polis....   [tags: World History]

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The Unification of Greece

- During the Bronze Age, the Minoan civilization; situated on the cultural bridge Island of Crete, greatly influenced the Aegean Islands as well as the Greece mainland (75). Though they were not Greeks, the Minoans kept detail records in a form of Greek. These peoples were ruled by a King who was supported by a bureaucracy and centered on a palace (75). This form of organization was typical of many early civilizations but changed tremendously after this age (75). After the Minoans, the Mycenaeans arose and ruled in a similar fashion to the Minoans....   [tags: Ancient History, Bronze Age, Greek]

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Greek Society vs. Socrates

- Greek Society vs. Socrates What make a man virtuous. Throughout many texts of Greek society the picture of a perfect man is painted and apparent. This man, the “perfect man”, is the virtuous Greek citizen. Who is virtuous not only in the eyes of society, but also at home, in war, and in his relationship to the God(s). Also in Greek society, there was a man named Socrates who’s opinion differed with his culture’s thoughts, and he constructed his own thoughts and beliefs of what characteristics a virtuous man should hold....   [tags: Papers]

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Loyalty Conflicts between Family and State in Homer’s Odyssey, and Sophocles’ Oedipus the King and

- Loyalty Conflicts between Family and State in Homer’s Odyssey, and Sophocles’ Oedipus the King and Antigone Everyday we are faced with hundreds of decisions. Some of the decisions take very little time and are made without a second thought. Other decisions hold more at stake and can tear a person in two while trying to make the final decision. The basis of many of the hardest decisions is the conflict between family and state. The decision between pursuing a career and starting a family first is an example....   [tags: Oedipus the King Oedipus Rex]

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The Art of Democracy

- Democracy was founded in the ancient Greece city-state of Athens. Athens went through a couple of systems of government before coming upon democracy. Democracy was created in order to satisfy the citizens of Athens and helped to revolutionalize politics in ancient Greece and, a couple of centuries later, the rest of the world. Because the revolutionary ideas of the Athenians had more solutions than problems, I believe that the government system of democracy was an important and successful innovation....   [tags: acient Athens government and politics]

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The Nature and Variety of Late Classical and Early Hellenistic Greek States

- 13. Megalopolitans: The people from Megalopolis in Arcadia in the western Peloponnese. It was in the Achaean League during the time being described. It would have been considered a Polis and as such would not have been seen as just a single entity or brain, rather [The Greeks] ‘saw the relationship between the individual and the state as organic’ (Green, 1993). The nature and variety of late classical and early Hellenistic Greek states were unique. Not one appeared to be the same as any other. One system favoured democracy (Athens), another may favour a diarchy (Sparta) and others may be led by a tyrant....   [tags: Politics, History]

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Ancient Greece: A History in Eleven Cities

- ... Mycenae is distinguished as being the seat of King Agamemnon, the most authoritative of all Greek kings. The site first gained renown through Heinrich Schliemann's excavations. It is believed Mycenae eventually achieved supremacy, and that considerable amount of Minoan cultural tradition spread to the mainland. The idea of an extensive separation of the Mycenaean Age from the historical age of Greece has received worldwide acceptance since it was first advanced. Since there was an absence of literary documents little signs of culture could be found for that long period, and thus became known as the Greek Dark Ages....   [tags: Argos, Miletus, Sparta]

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Relating to Characters in Sophocles' Plays

- A Tale of Two Cities, Romeo and Juliet. Names such as these bring to mind both plays and pieces of literature that are considered by many to be timeless classics. Perhaps the reason these stories are so popular is not just because they are well written. People are also able to relate to the characters who are often entangled in one of the many complexities within a given society. Authors such as Shakespeare or Charles Dickens are able to discuss some of the issues and problems that face people within society....   [tags: sophocles, characters, theatre,]

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The Tragedy Of Sophocles ' Tragedy

- Re-evaluating Tragedy Fifth century Athens created the institutionalisation of tragedy as an art form throughout the polis. Originating as Dionysian celebrations through masks, dithyrambs and dance, tragedy developed into an architectural form for playwrights, namely Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides, to encapsulate the struggle of the human condition in its attempts to reconcile good and evil existence. Aristotle deconstructed tragedy and its form into the “imitation of an action that is serious, complete and of a certain magnitude”....   [tags: Tragedy, Sophocles, Greek mythology, Euripides]

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Lysistrata and the Feminist Movement

- Lysistrata and the feminist movement In ancient Greece, society for women was constricted in a patriarchal society. Women could not participate in politics nor could they obtain an education. Women were bound to their homes and in charge of their slaves and rearing their children. Men were entitled to anything they desired including women. The decisions regarding all matters of the polis were decided by men and men were the ones responsible for protection of the polis. Lysistrata is a play of an early feminism movement because it empowered women, created future movements, and left a legacy of its own....   [tags: Gender ]

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Ritual Pollution and Homicide Cases

- ... The Greeks considered this land uncultivated, or improperly cultivated. Therefore, homicide outside of the polis did not have an impact on the citizens inside the city (Endsjø 2003). This only became a problem if the person who committed the act attempted to enter the city, or if parts of the deceased’s body somehow make their way into the city. The latter was a huge problem in Antigone, the play by Sophocles. Creon, the newly crowned ruler of Thebes, leaves the body of his former adversary, Polyneices, unburied outside of city walls....   [tags: ancient Greek rituals, beliefs, asylums]

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Plato's View on Life

- Plato's View on Life In his book titled The Republic Plato arises many questions concerning the philosophy of life. One of the most difficult subjects that he touches is the definition of justice. He tries to explain to his fellow friends how is the good man supposed to behave, and which is better to be just or unjust but that answer becomes very complicated and leads Plato to examine that rather complex subject in great detail. He demolishes the three popular definitions of justice that are brought up, which imply that justice is " paying one's debts," "helping friends and harming enemies," and "whatever is to the advantage of the stronger" and argues that these definitions are not compl...   [tags: Papers]

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A Comparison of Conflicts in Antigone and Lysistrata

- Conflicts in Antigone and Lysistrata   In Antigone and Lysistrata the tension between the polis and oikos is reflected in different ways. Antigone prioritizes oikos over polis, while Creon prioritizes polis over oikos. The men in Lysistrata favor fighting for the state over being at home while the women want their husbands with them instead of being at the war. We find ample evidence of different conflicts and similarities in both plays, but the male's prioritizing polis over oikos and the female's prioritizing oikos over polis causes the central tension in Antigone and Lysistrata....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]

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The American Political System Is Influenced By Ideas From Ancient Greece And Rome

- The American political system is profoundly influenced by ideas from ancient Greece and Rome. Our ideas about democracy and republican government as well as our values of citizen participation come from these early societies. These cultures thrived thousands of years ago, but the ideas, building designs and governments that they founded still exist in the Western World today. The Ancient Greeks influenced the Western World in many ways, particularly in government. The biggest political innovation of the Ancient Greeks was the concept of democracy....   [tags: Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, Democracy]

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How Globalization is Changing World Governments Compared to Plato and Aristotle's Government

- The way the government structure is organized has been changing ever since humans began to live in a polis. The ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle believed that humans were political animals, thus the reason for organizing ourselves into a political state. However the way governments are organized, and which political system works best has been the centrepiece for many violent conflicts in the past, and will continue to challenge the world into the future. Yet a new form of organization is taking place in the 21st century and has been given the term “globalization.” With the onset of globalization many of those in government have had to change their governing style in order to keep up with...   [tags: Globalization, Governments, Plato, Aristotle]

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What Is Effective Social Behavior for an Ancient Greek?

- ... According to Plato, a distinction should be in place between student and instructor. Furthermore, the instructor should have total knowledge about whatever subject the student is seeking to learn about. Socrates boldly declared that all people innately have the capability to discover all that can be known. He went on to contend that the value of a thought, concept, and indeed a person itself is measured by its ability to make the thinker more content and satisfied. This defied the popular notion that these were judged by standards set by legislators and the even the gods....   [tags: education, cultural, behaviors]

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My Opinion About Gifted And Talented Students

- This week’s reading was very interesting, especially after reading my colleagues opinion about gifted and talented students. According to Heward, gifted and talented students are in need of special education because they have special needs too (Heward, 2013). I have learned that all children are special and unique; some children may have special needs based on disabilities, disorders, learning styles, gifts and talents. Thus, I believe is crucial for educators to be ready to provide the accommodations their students need in order to succeed....   [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]

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A Platonic View Of An Idealistic Society

- In Book V of Plato’s Republic, he details his view of an idealistic society. His main arguments include a platonic view of marriage which is comparable to animal breeding. He also shows a strong belief in communal family. In addition, he explains why he believes that philosophers should rule. Marriage is expressed platonically in the polis, which contrasts with the ideal of devoted monogamy in today’s society. Instead, the members in the guardian class share women along with their children, and marriage does not include living together....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Epistemology, Belief]

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The Moral Sense, By James Q. Wilson

- In his book, the “Moral Sense,” James Q. Wilson defines the Moral Sense as a sense of being connected to others. Wilson explains how people from different cultures and societies all have a similar set of basic principles, which they follow. The author brings up the example of fairness in his 3rd chapter. Within the chapter, Wilson explains how everyone, has their own perception of fairness from a very young age even though we come from different cultures and societies. He justifies his idea by bringing to light the simple, basic, but also very natural statement all children make when they are young “That’s not fair.” This is seen throughout all cultures because everyone has a basic idea of...   [tags: Individual, Person, Individualism, Sense]

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The Patriarchal Nature Of Athenian Society

- In order to support the patriarchal nature of Athenian society, every aspect of their society emphasized the power and significance of males. The oikos, or the household, was the basic foundation of the society with many oikoi coming together to form their polis, Athens. Each oikos consisted of a man, who was the head of that oikos, and everybody else that lived in his household, including his wife, children, and slaves. Since the society greatly stressed masculinity, this was also central to the oikos as well....   [tags: Marriage, Gender, Gender role, Wife]

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Differences Between Athens And Sparta

- Society is defined by its culture, it is determined by its cuisines, language, political, social, and religious structures. They are a major factor in the development of a societies progress in history. While some societies could exist around the same area and the same time, this doesn 't mean that they will progress in the same direction. A societies path could vary from different goals, interests, and conflicts. In Ancient Greece, these societies were called city-states or Polis. These polis was created because Greece 's’ environment was too difficult for a single unified government to be established at the time....   [tags: Sparta, Ancient Greece, Classical Athens]

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The Concept of Gender in the Study of Ancient History

- The Concept of Gender in the Study of Ancient History In antiquity gender was a defining feature of life, we can note that it affected the way society was structured, specifically in the Athenian 'polis', as well as public events, such as those associated with religious cults. Gender was also influential in politics, especially that of the Romans. Moreover, it is through gender that we can observe the general ancient view towards women, found throughout numerous literary sources and archaeological remains....   [tags: Papers]

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Three Features of an Ideal Ruler Contrasted in The Aenied and Antigone

- An ideal ruler possesses 3 distinct features: courage, honor, and virtue. Courage is often shown when facing difficult leadership decisions. Honor is gained as one honor’s the gods or serves one’s own state. And virtue is gained as one looks out for the best interest of one’s own state. The importance of such virtues is contrasted in Antigone and The Aenied. In Antigone, Creon shows the 3 components of a good leader when he takes rule and objectively enforces the laws to maintain order. But as Antigone progresses and Creon’s hubris becomes more prominent, he loses sight of the three qualities that make a good leader....   [tags: Aenied, Antigone]

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The City States of Spart and Athens in Ancient Greece

- ... The Gerousia came up with all of the laws and political policies in ancient Sparta. The political decisions that the Gerousia made were carried out by five executives known as euphors. The euphors were also put into power by the people of Sparta. The citizens of Athens had very little influence in their government. Athens government was an oligarchy, meaning ruled by few. Only the rich citizens of Athens had power in the government. The lower class had a large disadvantage politically. The people of Athens did not have much say in their government like the people of Sparta did....   [tags: monarchy, government, economy]

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The Effects of Classical Civilizations on the Modern World

- Classical civilizations are civilizations that influence later societies. The four classical civilizations have had a great impact on many other civilizations. Another example of a classical civilization besides Greece is Rome. Classical civilizations have had both a positive and negative effect on the modern world. From around 1750- 133 B.C.E., discrimination based on gender arose in classical Greece. When Greece developed, it did not form a centralized government, but instead formed a collection of city-states, or polis....   [tags: gender, governement, influence]

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Ancient Greece Warfare Comes From Homers Epic The Iliad

- One of the first portrayals of Ancient Greece warfare comes from Homers epic the Iliad. During the Homeric Age the center of political organization were the households. The conduct of war was based on the ability of the leader of the household to assemble his supporters. However the cost of buying armor and weaponry was expensive therefore only the few wealthy could afford it. This created an aristocratic elite with the mode of fighting being the heroic model, a one-on-one battle between elites....   [tags: Homer, Iliad, Achilles, Sparta]

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Music and Its Expression in Politics and Life

- Music has been a part of our lives for centuries, dating all the way back to ancient history. The Greeks and the Christians used music as a means of soul crafting. In fact, the power of music is endless; it has a way of reaching out and speaking to us; it speaks volumes. With or without lyrics, music is capable of touching our emotions: happiness, sadness, bitterness, calmness etc. However, with such great power come disadvantages. Music and politics do not always mesh well together. According to some political views, music violates the morality of the state and people....   [tags: Russia, Influence, Arts]

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Greek Culture And Other Civilizations At The Time

- 1. What was unique/different/strange about Greek culture as compared to other civilizations at the time. The things that were unlike about the Greek culture compared to others could start with their idea that theft was ok if it was something they desired. When the Greeks took to the seas they almost became pirates when they wanted something and in their eyes it was ok to do this. The Greeks also lived without Kings and even divided their land into Polets (Cities), which today does not seem bizarre or different, but in those days that was very different for the cultures to live by....   [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece]

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The Delian League : An Unique Political System

- The Delian League was an incredibly unique political system that would dominate the Greek world in the fifth century B.C.E. This dominance, maintained through the sheer military might of the Athenian navy, led to an unprecedented strengthening of the Aegean economy and Greek culture as a whole. Economic prosperity in Athens led to the strengthening of the Athenian democracy. Unfortunately, the whims of the Athenian Demos and demagoguery led to a massive weakness in the political system. Within the context of the fifth century B.C.E....   [tags: Ancient Greece, Greece, Classical Athens]

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The De Regno of St. Thomas Aquinas

- To speak of the political philosophy of Thomas Aquinas, or to articulate a so-called Thomistic political theory, necessitates that one understand the scope and breadth of the totality of the Thomistic corpus. In order to discover what Aquinas taught concerning political matters and man’s life as a political animal, one must piece together various works that form more of a complete whole. When the topic of Aquinas’ treatment on political life is at hand, a two-fold temptation can arise: in one way, a reader may study one component (or work) wherein Thomas speaks about political matters, and declare that this singular text is the foundation for building a political theory of Aquinas....   [tags: christian theologian, grace, law]

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Greek Society : Athenian And Spartan Mentalities

- When a civilization is emerging in the way which it emerges helps to establish its values. Greek Society emerged in two different ways, through Athenian and Spartan mentalities. Through many wars and differing enemies, Athenian culture became more prevalent. However, each brought forth important ideals that defined Greek Society. They are the reason that when reflecting upon Greece we conjure images of philosophers or strong willed warriors. Greek society through individual action and institution truly valued duty to the community, innovation, and honor....   [tags: Western culture, Western world, Soviet Union]

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The Greatest Good That One 's Lifetime

- Essay 3. The greatest good that one can receive in one’s lifetime according to Aristotle is a life that is virtuous. Aristotle states that “the happy life is one in accordance with virtue and unimpeded, and that virtue is a mean, then the middling sort of life is best-the mean that is capable of being attained by each sort of individual.” 1295a36. This is also known as the Telos, where anything that we see has a some sort of end or goal. This varies among each and every person. A blacksmiths end will be much different from a shoemakers....   [tags: Ethics, Happiness, Nicomachean Ethics]

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Socrates: The Stubborn Seeker of Truth

- Socrates: The Stubborn Seeker of Truth Socrates had one of the most critical minds in Greece. His personal thoughts and concepts influenced those of the different Athenians. He was a man of truth, who sought truth in others. He was a man who searched for wisdom, when the wisdom was already inside him, which he eventually saw. His beliefs about Athenians remained consistent, and he also thought Athenians were sheep, who were unable to do things on their own, and thus, needed shepherds. Socrates wanted everyone to step out from his or her personal comfort zones and achieve a higher view of life that was unique to each of them....   [tags: Biography]

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Techniques Used by Ancient Greek Architects

- Greece is a small country on the southern end of Europe’s Balkan Peninsula. While a relatively small area of geography, the country was a focal point of power and influence in the ancient world as well as today. Greek architects were relentless in their quest for perfection, used meticulous attention to detail and created many innovations. The methods used were tremendously sophisticated and complex even in comparison to modern times. Techniques used by ancient Greek architects are still used today and are copied around the world....   [tags: world history, european history]

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Democracy in Greece and its Citizenship

- Question: How did the Greeks start a democracy and make it evolve. How was the citizenship in Greece, was it equal. Ancient Greece was separated into different city-states because of the high mountain ranges in the Peloponnese and northern Greece. One of the biggest changes to Greek life in Athens was the emergence of democracy, or rule by the people. Citizens of Greek cities overthrew their tyrants and set up governments ruled by citizens. Although citizens could speak and vote in democracy, women, slaves, and those born outside the city were excluded....   [tags: Evolution of Democracy, Greek Citizens]

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The Archaic and Classical Greek Periods

- ... These memories are often distinctly political in nature. The Archaic Period The Greek Archaic Period, (c. 800- 479 BCE) is preceded by the Greek Dark Age, (c.1200- 800 BCE), followed by the Classical Period (c. 510- 323 BCE), (Lloyd, 2012). One of the most important aspects to note with regards to the Archaic Period is the politics and law. These were some of the vast changes experienced during this period and mainly occurred due to the increase of the Greek population, (the sharp rise in population at the start of the Archaic period brought with it the settlement of new towns and the expansion of the older population centers) and trade, which led to colonization and an age of new intell...   [tags: heros and heoric cult]

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Aristotelian Political Thought Bridges Ethical Philosophy

- Aristotelian political thought bridges ethical philosophy (Nicomachean Ethics) with political structure (The Politics). That is, Aristotle argues, the complete attainment of ethical values, moral virtues, is the ultimate end of the individual, giving purpose and fulfillment to human life (human telos). Therefore, he asserts, political structure should be constructed in a fashion which best cultivates those virtues. Though the goal of the state is to instill virtue into civilization, there is ambiguity as to assessing the virtuosity of the state; generally, few are able to attain eudaimonia, whereas, many are able to achieve only a degree of virtue, but not complete eudaimonia....   [tags: Ethics, Virtue ethics, Aristotle, United States]

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The Tragedy Of Sophocles ' Antigone

- Decisions made by the characters and the ramifications of their decisions are an integral aspect of illustrating a true Greek tragedy within Antigone. FIX Antigone’s stubborn will is not the only force the drives her to make a political statement. King Creon’s harsh edict forces Antigone to reconcile her allegiance to her family and her familial duty with her alliance to the city-state and her place within society. Through this intrapersonal struggle Antigone decides that she will not go against the traditions of the gods, because she would rather face “some man’s wounded pride,” than “face the retribution of the gods” (Sophocles 509-511)....   [tags: Sophocles, Oedipus, Creon, Oedipus at Colonus]

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Analysis Of Homer 's The Odyssey

- The fall of Troy in the 12th or 13th century BCE and the pursuit of historical/documentation gave inspiration for the composition of Homer’s the Odyssey. Epic poetry is seen by many historical scholars as Homer’s forte. His use of Odysseus as a centralized heroic figure, the heavy involvement of the Greek Gods, plentiful examples of repetition/enumerations, and Homer’s invoking of Zeus’ nine daughters the Muses are all glaring characteristics of epic poetry. These characteristics incidentally make excellent mnemonic devices....   [tags: Odyssey, Greek mythology, Homer, Epic poetry]

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The Wise Ruling and the Unwise Seeking Consent of the Masses

- The Wise Ruling and the Unwise Seeking Consent of the Masses The most difficult thing for a regime to achieve is that of acquiring the best ruler, with the consent of the ruled. Aristotle acknowledges this in his works The Politics, and Caius Marcius Coriolanus faces this difficult task in the Shakespeare play The Tragedy of Coriolanus. We even see this same difficult task arise in contemporary politics, as the masses are wooed one way or the other with sound bites, and talk show appearances, by candidates who may not be the best leader for the republic....   [tags: Papers]

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How Athenian Nature Is Delineated through Pericles' Funeral Oration

- In The History of the Peloponnesian War, Thucydides chronicles the events, battles, and democratic processes of the war between Athens and Sparta. Shortly after war broke out, Pericles delivered his funeral oration in honor of the courageous Athenians who already perished in battle. Through his funeral oration, Pericles reveals the true nature of Athenians. Ultimately, they were good natured since all the citizens of Athens willingly and dutifully served their country, and ultimately the common good; the structure of Athens and its government provided many outlets to do so....   [tags: World Literature]

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Culture and Technology in Athens and Sparta

- Culture and Technology in Athens and Sparta The culture of a society, as determined by its political, social and religious structure, is a major factor in the development of its technology. Even societies that exist in the same time and environment can progress in different directions, depending on the interests and goals of the public. The ancient city-states or poleis (polis-sing.) of Athens and Sparta provide an excellent example of how cultural differences influence the development of technologies....   [tags: Ancient Greece Greek History]

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The Complete Odes by Pindar

- The Olympic odes served in many ways as a means to bestow the basic democratic values of the Polis onto the Greek citizens. Stephen Instone’s introduction for The Complete Odes translated by Anthony Verity, gives insight into Pindar, a very famous ode writer’s objectives in writing. These odes were commissioned to demonstrate the greatness of the Olympic victor’s family, hometown and their athletic ability. Yet poets such as the great Pindar made very sure that these odes gave much glory to the gods....   [tags: Stephen Instone, greek philosophy]

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Negative Attributes of Old Society

- ... Also the fact that there were supreme rulers in each one of the societies was somewhat shocking to me. The fact that there weren’t more revolts shows maybe how scared people were of the consequences from the elites. There were also many values in their society that we could use to improve our way of living. If we were to do that, we could all live in a better more well-rounded society. Responsibility and self duty was key to their societies. We don’t have that in our society today. Either way, I would definitely not want to live back then in those conditions....   [tags: state, power, contol, loyal, society]

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The Greek And Roman Empires

- People consider the Greek and Roman empires as two of the most successful civilizations in history because of their various accomplishments. For Greece, their political, economic, and militaristic attributes were not only successful by themselves, but they also successfully affected future civilizations significantly. Similarly, in the case of the Roman Empire, there was a lot of success in the military, politics, and in economics. The assumption that the Greek and Roman empires were two of the most successful in history is accurate because of their various economic, political, and militaristic accomplishments during their most successful times....   [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece]

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The Egyptian Of Ancient Egypt

- Humanities of ancient Egypt were distinct from that of the Athens in a way that the Egyptians were very religious. Egyptians believed in many gods. This religious form was known as polytheism. While Egypt was more into religion and honoring the dead, Athens were more about building great cities called polis. In these polis Athenian men would gather to practice democracy. The Athenians would choose their leaders and make important decisions by majority vote from the whole polis. The Egyptian people built large elaborate buildings such as the Great Pyramids....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Great Pyramid of Giza]

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Hesiod’s Theogony

- Hesiod’s Theogony Hesiod writes his Theogony within the context of the nascent polis, which informs his conception of the Greek pantheon. The generations of gods that he portrays begin with the elements of nature and move steadily toward fully anthropomorphic figures, which represent elements corresponding to the experience of the city-state. In Hesiod’s time, the polis was led by a king, or kings, and the rule of Zeus that Hesiod portrays serves as an example of royal rule for them....   [tags: Hesiod’s Theogony]

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Plato's Philosophy of Democracy

- Democracy is a topic extensively studied by political philosophers all around the world. Plato was one of these philosophers. Plato believed that “democracy […] is a charming form of government, full of verity and disorder; and dispensing a sort of equality to equals and unequals alike”. An analysis of ancient Athenian democracy and the Republic provides great understanding of the statement within its context. The statement itself is valid, but Plato does not appear to mean what he said. The statement itself has two main parts that one must understand in order to fully understand the statement....   [tags: Philosophy ]

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Dionysius I of Syracuse

- Dionysius I of Syracuse garnered a reputation as a warmongering tyrant who harmed his people with his oppressive regime. However many surviving sources that explore his rule were written by people who were ideologically opposed to perceived tyrants. It is therefore quite possible that aspects of Dionysius rule where left out or exaggerated to suit the author`s anti-tyrannical agenda. It is the intention of this paper to argue that Dionysius rule did in fact benefit Syracuse more than he harmed it during his lifetime....   [tags: History, Dionysius]

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Aristotle's Views on Citizenship

- Aristotle's Views on Citizenship For Aristotle the human is "by nature" destined to live in a political association. Yet not all who live in the political association are citizens, and not all citizens are given equal share in the power of association. The idea of Polity is that all citizens should take short turns at ruling (VII, 1332 b17-27). It is an inclusive form of government: everyone has a share of political power. Aristotle argues that citizen are those who are able to participate in the deliberative and judicial areas of government (III, 1279a32-34)....   [tags: Papers]

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Greece and Rome through 1800 B.C. to 476 A.D.


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Eumenides - Importance of Gender in Aeschylus' Oresteia

- The Importance of Gender in Aeschylus' Oresteia          Gender is made explicit as a theme throughout the Oresteia through a series of male-female conflicts and incorrectly gendered characters dominated by the figure of Clytemnestra, a woman out of place. This opposition of gender then engenders all the other oppositions of the trilogy; conflicts of oikos and polis, chthonic and Olympian, old and young can be assigned to female and male spheres respectively.  In this essay I will look at how the polis examines itself in terms of gender by focusing on the Eumenides' exploration of the myth of matriarchy, issues of the conflict between oikos and polis and the use of speech within the polis....   [tags: Aeschylus Oresteia]

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Sex as a Means of Agency

- Sex as a Means of Agency “A woman’s harder to conquer than any beast, than fire, and no panther is quite so ferocious.” (Aristophanes 1058) Life for an Athenian woman was marked by her daily occupation to the household and its occupants. This was the sphere of life where she was able to exert the most power and maintain a certain degree of agency. Her domestic duties included attendance to her husband, and his sexual needs. In the comic portrayal of women in Lysistrata, Aristophanes exploits this domestic power to create a scenario where “the harsh and intractable realities of life, politics and international aggression are transformed so that wives manage to overcome husbands, love conqu...   [tags: Aristophanes Female Women Essays]

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Antigone’s Judicial Hierarchy

- Antigone’s Judicial Hierarchy In Antigone, one of the most renowned Greek tragedies, Sophocles constructs a conflict that questions the very definition of justice. Considering a play based almost entirely on the acts of a single individual in clear defiance of a king’s decree, questions of right and wrong necessarily persist. It is difficult, however, for one to understand justice in deciphering the opinions of the two conflicting parties, Creon and Antigone, as these two clearly have opposing biased perspectives....   [tags: Sophocles Antigone Papers]

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Toward Ecologically Stable Urban Environments

- Thesis: As the global population increases and becomes more urbanized the urban pressures of pollution, sprawl and decay degrade the environment and the quality of life for city dwellers. Introduction: In his book, "The History of the City," Leonardo Benevolo comes to the conclusion that the world’s best urban model has been that of the ancient Greek city, or polis. He speaks of the polis as being, "dynamic but stable, in balance with nature, and growing manageably even after reaching a large size." While Benevolo may have been looking at these ancient Greek cities with slightly rose colored glasses, none-the-less the polis does set out an ideal for us to strive for in the planning and man...   [tags: Towards Sustainable Cities]

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“To face the blood and the slaughter” Spartan Society and Values according to Tyrtaeus and Xenophon

- “To face the blood and the slaughter” Spartan Society and Values according to Tyrtaeus and Xenophon “No man ever proves himself a good man in war unless he can endure to face the blood and the slaughter, go against the enemy and fight with his hands.” The preceding was quoted from “The Spartan creed” by the poet Tyrtaeus. There are two authors in this primary resource reading which include Tyrtaeus as well as Xenophon, whom authored “The laws and customs of the Spartans”. These two works give great detail to the Spartan society....   [tags: Greek Literature]

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