Your search returned over 400 essays for "piety"
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The origin of piety

- The moral code of a society is established by many different factors. A large amount of different social guidelines are derived from religious doctrines. Due to the evolution of religion, social guidelines lack an absolute. The absolute of piety is what Socrates seemed to be searching for. His questioning of Euthyphro may have been due to his innocent curiosity. It is also probable to assume that Socrates knew that there was no true definition of Piety, and that his overall quest to find the universal of piety was used more as an example....   [tags: Philosophy]

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The Question of Piety

- The concept of piety is one long discussed among philosophers. In fact, Socrates yearned to learn the exact definition of piety, with which he could defend himself against accusations of impiety. In his quest for this information he inquired of Euthyphro, who claimed to be both pious, and knowledgeable about the very nature of piety, as Euthyphro brought about the trial of his father for murder. Socrates considered all that Euthyphro said in order to understand the very nature of the concept, and in his thirst for knowledge managed to dismantle all versions of the definition offered to him by Euthyphro....   [tags: Greek Mythology, Socrates, Euthyphro]

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The Classic of Filial Piety Analysis

- The Classic of Filial Piety is a highly influencial piece of art from acient China that many use, along other acient Chinese arts, to portray how art in China was effected by the beliefs and events surrounding the artist. However, not many mention on how it was a major factor in influencing China to accept painters and paintings as arts that could be used for artists to express themselves, thus being both affected by the current events and being the event that affected other arts. The Classic of Filial Piety was painted by Li Gonglin and is different than modern art, mixing both pictures and text....   [tags: chinese arts, chinese painting, li gonglin]

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Politics of Piety by Saba Mahmood

- The book I chose to read for the final paper was Politics of Piety by Saba Mahmood. This book although interesting was very difficult to follow. Mahmood basically broke the book into two parts. The first part goes into detail of the Islamic women’s mosque movement in Egypt. Mahmood explains her 2 years of “field work” experience and also critically analyzes Islam women in the Islamic culture after 9/11.The second part of the book focuses on the ethics, autonomy, and piety of the women in this culture....   [tags: islamic women, gender, law]

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Defining Piety in Euthyphro by Plato

- ... The initial definition fails to provide critical characteristics that make holy things holy. For instance, Euthyphro starts by defining piety as what he is doing now, which is a mere example rather than a definition. The second definition that Euthyphro offers makes reference to gods, which is praise worthy. Nevertheless, Socrates questions the authenticity of the “divine approval” theory stating that deities disagree among themselves especially on the subject of what is pleasing. This is attributed to Euthyphro’s imperious ideation on mythical stories about Greek history....   [tags: holy, gods, just]

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Filial Piety Fails in The Croods

- Is it still possible to score a spare. To pick up everything before it falls. Will Eep finally realize that being filial is actually more important than following her curious nature. In “The Croods”, a movie released in mid-2013, the main character Eep, never listened to her father, and never followed his instructions. Which made her an unfilial daughter. Filial Piety is the fundamental virtue in the eight-core virtues. In Chinese culture, ancient famous philosophers constantly stressed on how important it is to be a filial child....   [tags: respect, parents, intentions]

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Socrates - Definitions of Piety

- Socrates - Definitions of Piety      During the Periclean age (around 400 B.C.) in Athens Greece there was a man named Socrates. He was considered a very wise man by the Athenians. However there were men in power who did not care for him or his teachings; Claiming that he corrupted the Athenian youth and did not believe in the Greek gods, Socrates was put on trail. On his way to his trial Socrates met a man named Euthyphro, a professional priest who is respected by the "authorities" (those who want get rid of Socrates)....   [tags: Socrates Plato Philosophy]

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Filial Piety’s Role in Ancient China

- In the 18th century, China was influenced by various teachings of philosophers and beliefs that the society had placed emphasis on. Filial piety (xiao) was a major practice around this period when it was strongly carried inside and outside the household. Filial piety is not only the guiding principle of Chinese ethics but it also played an affirmative role in determining the Chinese lifestyle; it was practiced daily in the family and in other areas such as education, religion and government. It was the central root of Chinese morals and the society was constructed upon the principles of xiao, which certainly became the premises of Chinese culture and the society....   [tags: Chinese History, Confucius]

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Confucianism - Filial Piety in Chinese Religion

- Filial Piety in Chinese Religion Filial piety was an integral part of Chinese culture and therefore was embraced by three of China's main religions: Confucianism, Buddhism, and Daoism. Among the three, Confucianism, with its well documented social hierarchy, supported the ideals of filial piety the most. Buddhism and Daoism also supported filial piety in some of their texts, but had monastic systems that prevented monks and nuns from being filial children. The term filial piety refers to the extreme respect that Chinese children are supposed to show their parents....   [tags: Philosophy Essays]

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A Reflection on Women's Piety in the Quran from the Writings of Barbara Stowasser

- The readings of this past week discussed women’s piety and roles as defined by Islam and the Quran. The writings of Barbara Stowasser discussed Hadith and Quranic histories which featured exemplary Muslim women. These scriptures are significant because the Quran and its histories are used to extrapolate laws and codes of conduct for men and women alike. The role of Eve in the Garden of Eden as revealed in revelation by Mohammed differs slightly from the Christian narrative of the same story. This seems to be a small change with much larger implications....   [tags: prophet, purity, conduct]

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A Review of Nirvana for Sale by Rachelle M. Scoot

- ... Following this historical situating, Scott then looks at how the Dhammakaya temple has used discourses on merit making within Buddhism to create a situation where “the better Buddhist you are the more wealth you accumulate” (51), reminiscent of the argument laid out in Weber’s Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. This orientation towards modernity and capitalism is framed by the temple as “positive” (52), embracing the forces of modern global capitalism being intertwined with the tradition of merit making through the lay population giving donations to the Sangha....   [tags: wealth, piety, observation, religion]

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Vico's New Science: The Unity of Piety and Wisdom

- Vico's New Science: The Unity of Piety and Wisdom ABSTRACT: In Vico’s New Science wisdom is understood in a double sense. On the one hand, wisdom means the poetic wisdom that provides intelligibility for the peoples of the nations during their early stages of development. On the other hand, wisdom means the noetic knowledge gained by the Vichian scientist who contemplates concrete historicity in the light of the New Science. By means of an examination of three principle aspects of Vico’s science, and by looking to his conception of the origin of the most rudimentary institutions of humanity, primordial piety— fear of the mythic other— is shown to be the origin of poetic wisdom....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays]

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A Difference in Meaning in Homer´s Odessy

- Even though many nations are suffering from an increase in national debt, governments around the world continue to pour billions of dollars into their research initiatives, space programs, Olympic teams, etc. While some may deem this spending superfluous, it serves an age-old purpose: national pride. Throughout the course of history, great accomplishments (such as a winning Olympic team or acclaimed piece of art) have defined and unified nations by creating a shared sense of pride and renown. Homer’s Iliad and The Odyssey filled that role for the ancient Greeks, which inspired Publius Virgil to create a similar epic that would not just ennoble Rome but distinguish it from the fallen empire o...   [tags: protagonist, piety, hero, pride]

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An Enchanted Modern by Lara Deeb

- “An Enchanted Modern” took my mind to a deeper level. It allowed me to challenge my beliefs and try to understand a perspective from Lebanese women. Although I did find it quite challenging in the first few pages, I continued to read until I found certain details I could actually interact and relate to. Cultural materialism was key role in exploring their lives. Lara Deeb uses many aspects of the women’s lives to paint a great coming of age story through a great coming of age develops, cultural relativism, and their natural environments but mainly focused on how piety helped shaped all these things together....   [tags: cultural relativism, lebanese women, piety]

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Euthyphro, by Plato

- Euthyphro by Plato The concept of holiness is essentially, because the real question, is holy loved by gods as it is spoken of love by god, and it in itself is holy. The significant problem that was created is what identified as holy. Those who worship would provide certain implications of holy something expected of gods. What I am trying to say, regardless of what belief a person might entail, they must follow anyway because the god will follow to. Therefore, if the other side of the spectrum were to be examined, then there is more to be considered in the sense of what is holy or not holy....   [tags: Concept of Holiness, Piety]

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The Change of Confucianism over Time

- Confucianism is a philosophy and way of life formed in China by Confucius, an early Chinese philosopher. It began as a simple concept with ideals of personal virtue, simple filial piety, and basic gender distinctions and social inequalities. But, over time with the emergence of Neo-Confucianism it began to transform into a way of life that was degrading towards women with certain hostilities towards rivaling religions. In its early period, from around 500 B.C.E to the Common Era, Confucianism changed in that it became the leading belief system and a major part of Chinese tradition....   [tags: virtue, piety, gender, social, women]

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Comparing Piety in The Wakefield Mystery Plays, The Book of Margery Kempe, and Le Morte D'Arthur

- Comparing Notions of Piety in The Wakefield Mystery Plays, The Book of Margery Kempe, and Le Morte D'Arthur The monastic lifestyle that Launcelot and his knights adopt after their conversion is one that Margery Kempe might approve of -- doing penance, singing mass, fasting, and remaining abstinent. (MdA, 525) But Launcelot's change of heart is not motivated by the emotions that move Kempe, nor is his attitude towards God the same as can be found in The Book of Margery Kempe and The Wakefield Mystery Plays....   [tags: Comparison Compare Contrast Essays]

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Womens Equality

- In the 1800’s a women was suppose to have four things Piety, Purity, submissiveness, and domesticity. These principles shaped the “Cult of True Womanhood” an idea that women were to be seen but not heard. Women had no say when it came to politics, they couldn’t own property, they were not allowed to do many jobs, and they couldn’t even speak in front of men. They had the duty to be a mother and raise their children but even thought they had this responsibility it was the husband who had the complete control and guardianship of the children....   [tags: purity, politics, education, responsibility, piety]

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Of Power and Piety: An Inquisition into The Roman Catholic Church

- Religion is thought to provide comfort to the innermost part of a human: the soul. However, what happens when religion seeks to overstep its rightful boundaries and attempts to control humans from the outside, rather than uplift them from within. Such is the fault of the largest religious organization on Earth: The Roman Catholic Church. Throughout history, the Catholic Church has been among the most infamous of faith-groups due to its apparent conquest for absolute dominance over the minds, bodies, and souls of humanity....   [tags: Religion]

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Medieval Piety

- Religion in the Middle Ages takes on a character all of its own as it is lived out differently in the lives of medieval men and women spanning from ordinary laity to vehement devotees. Though it is difficult to identify what the average faith consists of in the Middle Ages, the life told of a radical devotee in The Book of Margery Kempe provides insight to the highly intense version of medieval paths of approaching Christ. Another medieval religious text, The Cloud of Unknowing, provides a record of approaching the same Christ....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Beautiful Piety

- Gerard Manley Hopkins was a meticulous man who became a Jesuit priest and worked hard at spreading his faith in Roman Catholicism. Hopkins was acknowledged for his religious themes as well as his unique poetic techniques. Hopkins's poems consisted of what he called `sprung rhythm' as well as assonance, alliteration, and internal rhyme. Hopkins often resembled Romantic poets with his affection for nature and aim for individuality. With his strongly distinct language and eccentric forms, Hopkins's work was often regarded as a twentieth-century poet's writing rather than a Victorian poet's....   [tags: Poetry]

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Confucianism and Taoism

- Confucianism and Daoism are two influential schools of thoughts that have existed in ancient China around the 6th century BCE. The former, led by the politician and philosopher Confucius, proposed that humans live in society according to a set of predefined rules and that they transform society through political action. Whereas the latter, led by the philosopher Lao-Tzu, promoted the idea of inaction; people should go with the flow instead of taking action to control their lives and dominate their surroundings....   [tags: Confucius, philosophy, daoism, Lao-tzu, education]

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The Incompleteness of Plato's Euthyphro

- The Incompleteness of Plato's Euthyphro The Euthyphro, like other Platonic dialogues, seeks to uncover the definition of a virtue. In its case, the virtue is piety. In the end, the dialogue fails to uncover this definition, rendering an impression of incompleteness. On account of the dialogue's dual effect -- the presentation of Socrates' spirit as well as the Greeks' inability to define piety -- explanations for its incompleteness often place too much emphasis on Socrates and, as a result, fail to unearth its true genesis....   [tags: Papers]

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Socrates Elenchus Verses Scientific Theory

- The Socrates Elenchus was Socrates way of questioning a proposal. His method is tested and explained in Plato’s Euthyphro and Meno. Socrates’ method is a series of steps that are meant to test or challenge a claim. The scientific method is a modern day method used to test a theory. Both Socrates’ Elenchus and the Scientific method have similarities and differences. Socrates’ method is very alike to the scientific method however; Socrates’ method seems to be less effective than the scientific method....   [tags: Euthyphro, Meno, Plato, Socrates]

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A Critique of Confucian Morality

- A Critique of Confucian Morality For many centuries, Confucianism has been widely revered by the Chinese for its emphasis on morality. Confucius, who lived from 551 to 479 BCE, is different to most philosophers in that he showed no interest questioning his existence, the possibility of a God, or the reality that he seemed to live in; instead he focused on the human relations side of philosophy as it was his belief that people should “give (themselves) earnestly to the duties due to men … (and) keep aloof from (spiritual beings)” (Confucius 195)....   [tags: ancient oriental philosphies]

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Different Definitions of the Word "Pious" Depicted in Plato's Socratic Dialog Euthyphro

- Plato's Socratic dialog Euthyphro is in many ways archetypal of the sort of philosophy that Socrates is thought to have been interested in. In it (as in most classic 'Socratic dialogs'), Socrates seeks out a person who claims to have a certain sort of knowledge. He then proceeds to show that these experts do not possess this knowledge by getting them to contradict themselves. With this in mind, I will discuss the three definitions of the word 'pious' that the character Euthyphro gives to Socrates, and Socrates' problems with each of these definitions....   [tags: Euthyphro]

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The Trial and Death of Socrates

- Recognized as one of the classical Greek Athenian philosophers who founded Western philosophy, Socrates was a mysterious figure known essentially through the accounts of later classical writers, especially from writings of his students Xenophon and the most popular Plato. Through Plato’s dialogues, Socrates has been portrayed and renowned for his involvement in the field of moral principles, and by this the concepts of Socratic irony and the Socratic Method had come about. With Socrates’ pedagogy, a series of questions can be asked not only to draw individual answers, but also to persuade deep-seated insights into the real issues at hand....   [tags: Greek Philosopher]

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Incidents In The Life Of A Slave Girl

- In "Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl", Harriet Jacobs writes, "Slavery is terrible for men; but it is far more terrible for women" (64). Jacobs' work shows the evils of slavery as being worse in a woman's case by the gender. Jacobs elucidates the disparity between societal dictates of what the proper roles were for Nineteenth century women and the manner that slavery prevented a woman from fulfilling these roles. The book illustrates the double standard of for white women versus black women....   [tags: Harriet Jacobs, misogyny]

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Holiness according to Socrates and Plato

- Keeping true to Socratic/Platonic methodology, questions are raised in the Euthyphro by conversation; specifically “What is holiness?” After some useless deliberation, the discussion between Socrates and Euthyphro ends inconclusively. Euthyphro varying definitions of piety include “What I do is pious to the gods,” and, “What is pleasing to the gods is pious.” Socrates proves these definitions to be insufficient, which leads us to the Apology. In the defense speech given by Socrates at the beginning of his trial, he hints at a definition of holiness....   [tags: Euthyphro]

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Socrates: A Revolutionary Philosopher Who Posed a Threat to the Government and Society

- Socrates was a revolutionary thinker. He brought new ideas and processes of thought to Athenian society and his work still has its place in the world today. However during his time, his ideas were not always thought of as a good thing. Many viewed him as a corrupting influence on other people and accused him of forcing his ideas upon others. Perhaps most frequently the center of controversy was his thoughts on theocracy and piety as seen in the Plato’s Euthyphro. Socrates also appears at the butt end of Aristophanes’ comedy Clouds, where he is satirically ridiculed and seemingly corrupting the youth of Athens in his school, the Thinkery....   [tags: Philosophy, socrates, government,]

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Traditional Family Beliefs in Ancient and Modern China

- Historically, the Chinese have considered the family as the basic unit of society. Familial principles such as obedience, loyalty, and kinship have been cherished in all states. In premodern China, many philosophers discussed their own beliefs about family. Confucius and other philosophers defined that an exemplary family was the one in which parents cared about their children, and children obeyed their parents. The Analects of Confucius discusses filiality, a traditional obedience to parents and ancestors, as its central theme....   [tags: Traditions, Politics, Kinship]

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Pius Cruelty

- Frederick Douglass's journey, as documented in the Narrative of the Life of an American Slave, is one that not only faces societal and physical obstacles, it also deals with spiritual obstacles he must overcome to gain a holistic sense of freedom. The major spiritual obstacle that Douglass contends with repeatedly throughout the Narrative is deceptive trait of piety. However, the more Douglass comes in contact with the pious, through a keen sensitivity for understanding people's affect it becomes quite apparent to him that piety is negative quality for one to possess....   [tags: Literary Analysis ]

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Asoka of India

- Asoka was one of the greatest rulers of ancient India. He was the grandson of Chandragupta Maurya of Magadha who established the first Indian empire. Chandragupta reigned for twenty-four years before relinquishing his throne in favor of his son, Bundusara (Asoka’s father), who left no noticeable mark upon the empire. Asoka was born in 304 B.C. and was known in his youth as Canda Asoka (the fierce Asoka) because of his aggressive nature. Asoka came to the throne in 270 B.C. after a power struggle that ended in the death of one of his brothers....   [tags: essays research papers]

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teenage alcoholism

- Socraric Method The Socratic Method of philosophy is basically a series of question leading to an answer. In order for this method to work though, two conditions must be met. The first one is that the interlocutor has to say what he believes. The second is that the answers must be kept short. Here is a classic example of how this method works. It is a dialogue between Socrates and Euthyphro. The thesis is “What is dear to the gods is pious, what is not is impious.” Next Socrates gets Euthyphro to agree to the following points....   [tags: essays research papers]

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The Impact of the Chinese Revolution

- The impact (or lack thereof) of the Chinese Revolution of 1911 is seen throughout Lu Xun’s stories. In particular the works “Diary of a Madman”, “A New Year’s Sacrifice” and “The True Story of Ah Q” provided evidence of changes (or lack thereof) the revolution brought to China. Focus in particular was paid to the topics of filial piety, female chasteness and Chinese conservatism, respectively in each story. “Diary of a Madman” was a condemnation of the overbearing authoritarian nature of the Confucian virtue of filial piety, a respect for one’s parents and ancestors that often includes cannibalism, one of the four virtues found in the Sìzì....   [tags: chinese revolution, lu xun, china]

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Vergil, Aeneas and Augustian Propaganda

- Introduction Caesar Augustus’ rise to absolute power in the year 31 BCE motioned to a deviation in the politics of Rome, shifting from a republic to a monarchy, though shielded in evident conservatism. It was through the formation of a prescribed mythology to the Julii family name that Augustus and his reign were cemented. By way of the insistence of Augustus, Vergil created the Aeneid to illustrate the mythological underpinnings of the Julii line, and how Augustus offered the hope of prosperity for Rome after a period of civil wars, as the gods supposedly directed it....   [tags: Classical Mythology, Greco Roman Drama]

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Socrates' Pursuit of Wisdom

- Philosophy can be defined as the pursuit of wisdom or the love of knowledge. Socrates, as one of the most well-known of the early philosophers, epitomizes the idea of a pursuer of wisdom as he travels about Athens searching for the true meaning of the word. Throughout Plato’s early writings, he and Socrates search for meanings of previously undefined concepts, such as truth, wisdom, and beauty. As Socrates is often used as a mouthpiece for Plato’s ideas about the world, one cannot be sure that they had the same agenda, but it seems as though they would both agree that dialogue was the best way to go about obtaining the definitions they sought....   [tags: Philosophy, Philosophical]

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Pre-Modern Confucianism in China

- I. Introduction The role of the Chinese family in pre-modern China included thoughts centered on Confucian thought and methods. The Chinese family followed different methods of Confucian thought and the division of family responsibilities in China developed because of it. The original text of Confucius that dictated the roles of filial piety in China did not specify gender dichotomy but the implications led Chinese scholars to distinguish the position of men following filial values from women. Pre-Modern China had the dominative power of dozens of dynasties....   [tags: Chinese History ]

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Socrates Method of Cross-Examine

- ... Meletus says that it is worse to associate with wicked people, than virtuous people. Meletus reasoning was that wicked people would cause harm and misfortune to their associates. Socrates thinks Meletus’ answer in uncontroversial (The Apology 25c). Socrates argues that because associating with wicked people is harmful, he would not intentionally corrupt the Athenian youth (The Apology 25e-26a). Since Socrates would not intentionally corrupt the youth, he argues that the charge of him doing so is false....   [tags: benefit, justified, mission, skills]

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Catharine Maria Sedgwick’s A New-England Tale and Hope Leslie

- Catharine Maria Sedgwick’s A New-England Tale and Hope Leslie - Opening Doors for Women Limited opportunities for women to share their opinions publicly throughout the Nineteenth century caused an abundance of females to communicate their ideas through writing. Catharine Maria Sedgwick was among the first of American authors to publish historical and other fiction. Much of her work deals with the role of white women in society, especially involving the Cult of Domesticity or True Womanhood....   [tags: New England Tale Essays]

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Aristotle versus Confucius

- Philosophy can best be described as an abstract, scholarly discourse. According to the Greek, philosophia refers to ‘love of knowledge’. This is an aspect that has involved a great number of clever minds in the world’s history. They have sought to deal with issues surrounding the character of veracity and significantly exploring the endeavors to respond to these issues. This paper seeks to compare and contrast the philosophy of Aristotle with that of Confucius. This is with a clear concentration on the absolute functions of these philosophies and how they take care of the particular responsibility of a person and the broader society and the resultant effects on societies (Barnes, 1995)....   [tags: Philosophy ]

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Comparison of the Treatment of Aging Parents by Asians American and European Americans

- ... Although many other cultures treat their aging parents differently, but in this discussion, I will consider only the Asian American point of view of Korean and Chinese descendent. In Korea, parents are usually children's responsibility, but here, the system takes care of elderly (PBS, n. d.). Traditional Chinese culture links old age with seniority and assures old people a position of security and privilege in family and community. In Chinese culture, elders are at the center of a family gathering, or they hold a position of honor at a community event (Armstrong, 2003)....   [tags: culture, family, responsibility]

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Socrates: One of the Greatest Minds the World Has Ever Known

- Inspiring. Enigmatic. Stubborn. Insightful. Truly one of the greatest minds the world has ever known was the philosopher, Socrates. Yet next to nothing is known for certain about him. This is because he didn’t bother to write any of his musings or teachings. However, most of what we know about Socrates today comes to us from the works of Socrates’ student, Plato. It is through many of his works that the ethical theories of Socrates can be learned and his methods known. WHO WAS HE. Socrates was a devoted student of human nature and human motives....   [tags: Philosophy ]

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Socrates: One of the Greatest Thinkers the World Has Ever Known

- Inspiring. Stubborn. Insightful. Socrates truly is one of the greatest thinkers the world has ever known. But almost nothing is certain about him. This is because he did not bother to write some of his thoughts or teachings. But most of what we know about Socrates today comes to us from the works of his student, Plato. It is through many of his works that the ethical theories of Socrates can be learned and his methods known. Socrates was a devout student of human nature and human motives. He was a passionate political commentator....   [tags: Philosophy ]

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Similarities and Differences between Humanity and Universal Love

- Love is generally viewed as a deep and tender feeling of affection to a person or persons and their happiness is important to you. In ancient Chinese, Confucius, a famous philosopher in the Spring and Autumn period, introduced the virtue of humanity, while Mozi promoted another virtue, universal love. Universal love is a kind of pragmatic love while humanity is a kind of non-pragmatic love. Universal love advocated love without distinction while humanity is a kind of extensive love with the foundation of filial piety, which means people should love their parents first and later spread the love to others....   [tags: Feeling of Affection, Happiness, Confucious]

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Sufism or Tasawwuf: A Sect of Islam

- ... In order to achieve this, a distinctive feature practiced by Sufis is asceticism which involves living a life of self-discipline and abstaining from materialism and worldly pleasures. The ascetic form of piety is practiced by Sufis which involves living a devotional life by following the teachings of the Quran and the Sunnah and avoiding worldly gain. The perfect example for Sufis was the Prophet Muhammad. Simply because the life of the Prophet involved meditating in solitude, his complete trust and love for God, acts of worship and the simplicity life of the Prophet whilst experiencing all the hardship and oppression (Richard, 1982)....   [tags: spirituality, submission, purification]

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Comparing Islamic Fundamentalism and Plato's Dialogues

- Parallels can be drawn from the Islamic fundamentalism and the discussion of piety, justice, truth, and knowledge in Plato's dialogues. In Plato's dialogues of Socrates' Apology, it becomes clear that Socrates is a pluralist, as is Noman Benotman . A pluralist is someone who believes there is more than one correct solution to a problem but not all possible solutions are correct. This differs from relativism, as relativism is that everyone in a given situation is right and all solutions are correct....   [tags: Philosophy ]

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On Euthyphro's Dilemma and Divine Command

- ... Bertrand Russell argues If you are quite sure there is a difference between right and wrong, you are then in this situation: Is that difference due to God's fiat or is it not. If it is due to God's fiat, then for God Himself there is no difference between right and wrong, and it is no longer a significant statement to say that God is good If you are going to say, as theologians do, that God is good, you must then say that right and wrong have some meaning which is independent of God's fiat, because God's fiats are good and not good independently of the mere fact that he made them (12).Zellner 4 Russell brings up a valid point; To say that God is good, as was presupposed earlier, would be...   [tags: Plato, Socrates, philosophy]

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On Euthyphro: Notes by Sidney Fein

- On Euthyphro: Notes by Sidney Fein They say that, in his youth, Rabbi Israel studied eight hundred books of the Kabbalah. But the first time he saw the maggid of Mezritch face to face, he instantly knew that he knew nothing at all. I have on my desk one of my daughter's college textbooks, the Mentor edition of Great Dialogues of Plato as translated by W. H. D. Rouse. It cost $4.95. It is a good book with helpful footnotes and a minimum of scholarly obstruction. The editor has included half a dozen dialogues: Ion, Meno, Symposium, Republic, Apology, Crito, and Phaedo....   [tags: Euthyphro]

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Passages from The Analects of Confucius

- Passages from The Analects of Confucius 128. Confucius said: “If your words are grand, you will find that it is difficult for your actions to measure up to them.” [14.21] This passage appears on page 14 in the text in the section on words and actions. The point that Confucius is trying to make here is that speaking in an exaggerated manner of yourself or your deeds is just as easy as speaking of them in any other way. But it is much harder to actually perform lofty actions than it is to perform relatively less difficult ones....   [tags: Readings in Eastern Philosophy Essays]

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Judaism and Confucianism: A Comparison

- Although Judaism and Confucianism appear to be on different realms of the religious spectrum, they have similar traditions deriving from dissimilar roots. The significance of family in Confucianism is strongly upheld by the filial piety rooted within all of the traditions and beliefs. Meanwhile, Judaism’s emphasis on God’s word as being the ultimate path for a righteous life is supported throughout the Jewish adherence to the special laws commanded by God. Whether the foundation of the religion is rooted from filial piety or God’s commandments, both Judaism and Confucianism reflect similar standards in family rituals, religious beliefs, and moral conduct....   [tags: Religion, Spirituality]

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Perspective of an Ideal Marriage

- What is the Ideal Marriage. Although marriage should be an equally enjoyable partnership, for both husband and wife the story of an hour reflects the nineteenth century view that marriage is an oppressive relationship where women are the victims. Even in today’s society, with women rights, ladies are still in their husbands’ shadow. Husbands are the head of the house and bread winner. Wives are the housekeeper. Today even thought a wife have rights she is still her husband’s maid. However, marriage is starting to be a partnership when it comes to household chores and children....   [tags: women rights, partnership, husbands, divorce]

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The Cult of True Womanhood 1820-1860, by Barbara Welter

- The conditions of the women in the United States during the nineteenth century, woman were basically expected to obey their husbands and pressure the role of housewife. "The Cult of True Womanhood" by Barbara Welter allows a person to understand the life for a woman during this time. Most women write about fighting for women’s right in the nations, where Welter decided to take a different approach. The purpose of “The Cult of True Womanhood” was to educate people about the life of a woman in the 19th century....   [tags: The Cult of True Womanhood Essays]

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The Euthyphro and The Republic

- The Euthyphro and The Republic I. In the Euthyphro, Euthyphro himself gives three proposals of piety. First, the pious is to prosecute the wrongdoer and the impious is not to prosecute the wrongdoer. Socrates disputes this example as lacking generality. He believed that in order to define piety, one had to find the form that made all pious acts pious. An example of a pious act does not in turn define piety. Euthyphro’s second attempt stated that the pious is loved by the gods, while the impious was hated by them....   [tags: Papers]

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Comparision of Christians and Confucius

- Who is Kongfuzi. Is it one of the up and coming styles in mixed martial arts. No, Kongfuzi is better known in the Chinese culture as Confucius. So who is Confucius. Confucius is the person who is responsible for Confucianism, which is was and still is very important to the Chinese culture. Confucianism’s ideas are similar to the ideas of Christianity in many ways; they share similar ideas on respect of parents and an idea on how to treat others. Confucius was technically the founder of Confucianism; because he is the person who is responsible for Confucianism through his morals and values throughout his life....   [tags: World Religions]

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ARLT: Chinese Imagination

- Repay your love and friendship Chinese literature, for example, ancient poetry, lyrics, and traditional Chinese stories, reveals many different kinds of good personalities of people. According to a famous ancient Chinese philosopher, Confucius (¿××Ó), men are born to be kind (ÈËÖ®³õ©o ÐÔ±¾ÉÆ). Everyone has his or her own good qualities and sometimes they are just hidden and needed to be explored and discovered. In traditional China, people had a strong sense of repayment (ˆó´ð). People who do not have this ability to repay others who have helped them before are usually being looked down on....   [tags: essays research papers]

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From Mythos to Logos

- Plato once said, “Philosophy begins in wonder.” Plato was right but he missed an important factor about when people start to question what they know in the world. When people question everything in the known world, the conclusions that arise can change the thinking of everyone in that world. Most of these types of change came from ancient Greek philosophy. The examples given in this essay represents a shift between a mythological worldview to a more logical worldview....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Philosophy]

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White Tigers vs. Mulan

- William Shakespeare once said, “[My] honor is my life; both grow in one; take honor from me, and my life is done.” The idea is touched upon in both the book Woman Warrior by Maxine Hong Kingston as well as Disney’s Mulan were family honor is more important than anything else. Mulan was directed by Tony Bancroft and Barry Cook, and produced by Walt Disney Pictures. The film Mulan retold the story of a woman warrior who took her father’s place in battle and became a savior of China.The movie uses many elements from the original story told in the chapter “White Tigers,” but adds many modern twists in order to make the story more appealing for a newer generation....   [tags: Woman Warrior, Maxine Hong Kingston, Disney]

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Significance of the Women in Sophocles' Antigone

- Significance of the Women in Antigone                 Michael J. O’Brien in the Introduction to Twentieth Century Interpretations of Oedipus Rex, maintains that there is “a good deal of evidence to support this view” that the fifth century playwright was the “educator of his people” and a “teacher” (4). Sophocles in his tragedy Antigone teaches about “morally desirable attitudes and behavior,” (4) and uses a woman as heroine and another woman in a supporting role to do most of the instructing of the audience in this regard....   [tags: Antigone essays]

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The Good Earth And The Issue Of Respect

-  The issue of respect in The Good Earth is very different from what we consider normal today. People who do nothing to contribute to society get respect and those who would be undoubtedly respected today are ignored because of the traditions of Chinese filial piety. In The Good Earth we can see many instances where respectable people are seen as nothing and awful people are praised. O-Lan is a good example of someone who is not seen as important but is crucial to Wang Lung's rise to wealth....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Structure in Sophocles' Antigone

- Structure in Sophocles' Antigone               Aristotle in his Poetics (chap. 7) says: ?[L]et us now discuss the proper structure of the plot, since this is the first and most important thing in tragedy. (1033). M. H. Abrams says that ?almost all literary theorists since Aristotle have emphasized the importance of structure, conceived in diverse ways, in analyzing a work of literature. (300). The matter of the structure of Sophocles. Antigone is a subject of varying interpretation among literary critics, as this essay will reveal....   [tags: Antigone essays Sophocles Papers]

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Supression of Women in The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman and The Cult of True Womanhood: 1820-1860 by Barbara Welter

- In the nineteenth century men and women were subjects of patriarchal societies and as such fit into the particular gender associated roles. Men were considered to be in control and were often professionals. Women, on the other hand, were supposed to be pious and domestic—the “hostage in the home” (Welter 43). Both Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s “the Yellow Wallpaper” and Barbara Welter’s “The Cult of True Womanhood: 1820-1860” reflect the suppressed life that American women were forced to live. Gilman’s narrator suffers from the patriarchal construct of her society but in the end shows that the cult of true womanhood can be broken through....   [tags: society, control, cult]

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The Poetry of Gerard Manley Hopkins: The Reverence to God and Distance from Self

- In his works, Hopkins presents a dichotomy between a religious piety found uniquely in nature and a state of separation from God, one that results in the loss of religious self. In his early works, Hopkins portrays this religious reverence and penetrating insight into the divine and pure. Through a spate of visual imagery reminiscent of the lush and varied nature, Hopkins attracts attention to the physical beauty. Moreover, it is through verticality metaphors and plays on sound patterns that Hopkins translates natural beauty to a spiritual oneness, a deep regard for God....   [tags: Poetry]

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Conflict and Opposition in the Works: Dr Faustus and Solid Geometry.

- When conflict arises in literature it is normally evident both externally and internally. Opposition is an important drive in both Marlowe’s play and McEwan’s short story. The male protagonists are both engaged in an inner life, disregarding everything else without concern for what this might mean. The presence of an external opposing voice in both texts serves to highlight and question this kind of existence. The sheer contrast of protagonist and antagonist is enough to remind the audience how extreme both men’s behaviour is....   [tags: Obsession, Antagonism, Rationality]

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Your Kingdom Come: Exploring the Meaning of this Biblical Phrase

- Prayer is an important part of our daily lives. In praying regularly we grow closer to God for we are communicating with God. In prayer we may be asking him for help or thanking and praising him for His blessings but we are speaking with the Lord and He sincerly wants to hear and answer the prayers of His people. The second petition in the Lord’s prayer is your kingdom come. This petition is mentioned in Luke 11 when Jesus is teaching his disciples to pray and in Matthew 6:10 in Jesus’ sermon on the mount where the subject was the kingdom of heaven....   [tags: bible, religion]

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The Heroics of Women: Founding the Traditional Values of Rome

- In Titus Livius’ The Early History of Rome, Livy recollects infamous incidents throughout Rome’s history that helped develop the political and social values for the citizens in Rome. Livy was able to accomplish a didactic function of story-telling by craftily introducing two essential female heroines from Roman history. These two women were incredibly influential because they were able to help formulate and embodied many of the fundamental values in Rome. Some of the core Roman principles included: courageously facing death to uphold honour and valour, piety and chastity among its people, and banding together against tyrannical kings or individuals of immoral ethics; all deeply revered eleme...   [tags: Titus Livius, Early History of Rome, Italy]

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The Changes in the Role of Women throughout Different Eras

- The role of women changes tremendously throughout several eras. Women in the Puritan era are restricted to most rights in which men have, while women in the 1920s are more independent and rebellious against communal standing. In the Puritan era, the rights of women are from dreadfully restrictive to none. Puritan women are personified to be women who continually do what they are told, otherwise known as being “the good wife.” Later in the Victorian era, women began to feel imprisoned because they have such limited rights, more freedom than those of the Puritans, however....   [tags: women's rights and liberation]

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The Periods of Success and Decline in the Dynastic Cycle

- After the fall of the Qin Dynasty, the Han dynasty drew from the teachings of Confucius to create the Han Synthesis. This formed the traditional belief in China that history repeats itself and directly contributed to the Dynastic Cycle. This is demonstrated by the use of Confucius teachings, the Dynastic Cycle and the Han Synthesis when addressing the Good Life, Good Society and Good State respectively. Each of these philosophies highlight that Chinese history repeats itself by casting light on this theme of repetition through the three different areas....   [tags: repetition, empire, china, philosophies]

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Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin as a Slavery Novel

- Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin is a book that brings up and addresses many issues and themes, like: race, religion, femininity, love, suffering, violence, home, and masculinity. But Stowe specifically illustrates the inhumanity and evil of slavery to her mid-19th century readers, for whom slavery was a current and heated political issue. The novel shows not only the misery and the suffering of the slaves themselves, but also the way that slavery as an institution effects everyone involved in it, even those who do not participate directly in slavery– such as northern politicians and citizens....   [tags: race, religion, symbolism]

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Wealth and Poverty in Biblical and Arab Bedouin Proverbs

- Proverbs can be looked just as what they are, a wise man’s advice which to some that might be helpful. But in the study of ancient civilizations and even modern day civilizations (that operate with a proverbial culture) proverbs can give us much more insight into the society’s views and social norms. I will be looking at the norm and the views of the Ancient Israelites and modern day Arab Bedouins on the topic of wealth and poverty through their proverbs. Biblical and Arabic Bedouin Proverbs show that people viewed wealth and poverty both positively and negatively with common themes of wisdom, knowledge, goodness, hard work ethics and the fear of God....   [tags: religion, God, bible]

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Circumcision in South Korea: Its Appearance Since the 1930s

- Introduction Circumcision is the surgical removal of the foreskin from the human penis. Male circumcision is one of the earliest surgical procedures that have been performed for approximately four thousand years. About eighty percent of the world’s male population is uncircumcised, and only the rest twenty percent is circumcised. Among the rest twenty percent of the male population, circumcision is performed mainly for religious reasons among Jewish and Islamic cultures. Therefore, male circumcision is widely and nationally practiced only in the Muslim world—parts of Asia and Africa— and Israel most of the time....   [tags: Surgery, Procedure]

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Power of Woman in Midnight’s Children by Salman Rushdie

- In Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children, women possess power within the sphere of their home and family, otherwise known as the domestic sphere (the private realm of domestic life, child-rearing, house-keeping, and religious education). Throughout the course of their lives, the possession of power changes as women’s role shift from childhood and adolescence to being a wife and mother. This possession of power manifests as their ability to control their decisions in life and the lives of those around them once they enter this domestic sphere....   [tags: home and family, marriage]

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Role of the Gods in Virgil's The Aeneid

- There are many gods that play a role in the Aeneid. The main ones are Jupiter, king of all deities, Juno the divine antagonist of Aeneas’ destiny and Venus, his mother and his main protector. There are also the lesser gods such as Neptune, Aeolus, and Mercury, who serve as instruments for the main gods to meddle in the events of the story. The interactions between these is clear from book 1 where Juno is fuming because her favoured city Carthage has been prophesized to be destroyed by Trojans, who she already holds hatred for....   [tags: aeneid]

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Chivalry in the Middle Ages: Illusion or Reality?

- The ideals of chivalry are inextricably linked with the medieval period, and even today it is an ideal we still pay lip service to. Many historians however have questioned whether the knights and nobility of the time actually took it any more seriously than we do. Johan Huizinga described it as “a cloak for a whole world of violence and self-interest” , an “illusion of society [that] clashed with the reality of things” , and in our rather cynical age, this is probably the predominant view of the middle ages....   [tags: Middle Ages]

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The Culture Behind The Roman Empire, 43-306 C.E.

- The purpose of this research paper is to analyze the Roman Empire and the culture within that civilization from 43-306 C.E. Centrally located in the Mediterranean lies Italy, one of the three great peninsulas that can be seen from the south of Europe. The Roman Empire and its civilization has always been one to be admired by people and leaders all around the world. When the thought of this illustrious empire comes to an individual’s mind, one might assume that they may think of the great Julius Caesar and his tragic death, Marc Antony and Cleopatra, or even the great philosophers that flourished during this time....   [tags: The Roman Empire]

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The Portinari Altarpiece by Hugo Van Der Goes

- ... He is vanquished however; Christ is the new Adam. Satan’s proximity to Mary reflects the antipathy between them. Pride and self-determination contrast with the Virgin’s submission and humility– making her the new Eve. Juxtaposed also against the demonic realm are the angels (figures 10, 11 and 12). Parallel to the picture plane and somewhat two-dimensional, they, along with the donors and still life form a boundary between the sacred and the secular dominions. Although rich in ornamentation, these vestments cannot be identified with a specific liturgy....   [tags: art history, painting analysis]

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St. John the Baptist Preaching by Mattia Preti

- Times of religious upheaval and need for urbanization following the Renaissance gave rise to the production of lavish artworks during the Baroque era in Italy. Characterized by intense emotion and dynamism, Baroque art reflected the power of Roman antiquity but typified the renewed piety of Roman Catholics. The opulent urbanization projects patronized by the church culminated in the verisimilitude of Baroque paintings. One painting that reflects such change is Saint John the Baptist Preaching by Mattia Preti, also known as Il Calabrese....   [tags: famous Baroque paintings, art analysis]

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The Observant, Thoughtful, and Acute Nature of Socrates

- Socrates had a short stature, having countenanced grotesquely. He seemed to have an embodiment of sensuality. His friends considered his pious nature a strong virtue that he did nothing or acted on nothing without taking counsel of the gods. Socrates had developed a character of hearty enjoyment of the social pleasures, which helped him abstain from the innocent social gratification. This is because he considered this would show a sense of lack of self-control (Taylor 21). Through his theoretical identification of the knowledge and virtue, it helped him live against the ascetic extravagances witnessed during that period....   [tags: pious, sympathy, hypocracy]

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Filial Obedience in Confucianism and Paternal Metaphor

- "The Master [Confucius] said, 'While a man's father is alive, look at the bent of his will; when his father is dead, look at his conduct. If for three years he does not alter from the way of his father, he may be called filial.' "[ Confucius & others. Analects, Book 1, 142. The Chinese Classis. Second Edition. Vol 1. Trans: James Legge. Taipei: Literature, History and Philosopny Press, 1960. Print] The verse in Book I of the Analects turned me away from the masterpiece again and again in my teenage years....   [tags: Philosophy ]

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Comparison: The Martyr and Crime and Punishment

- In literature, there are characters that are commonly portrayed as martyrs; that is, they are depicted as people who are put to death or endure great suffering of any belief, principle or cause. Such personages undergo personal suffering before finding redemption from sin. With Lorenzo in the short story The Martyr by Ryunosuke Akutagawa and Sofia (Sonya) Marmeladova in Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoyevsky, the idea of undeserved suffering is clearly epitomized. Both characters are described as innocent and pure, perhaps even commiserated by other characters in their respective stories....   [tags: Undeserved Suffering, Protagonist Conflicts]

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