Your search returned over 400 essays for "law amendment act"
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The Poor Law Amendment Act and Tackling Poverty

- The Poor Law Amendment Act and Tackling Poverty The Poor Law of 1601 was the first to codify the idea of the state to provide for the welfare of its citizens. It distinguished between the 'deserving' and the 'undeserving' poor; relief was local and community controlled.1 The 1834 Poor Law Act Amendment Act was an amendment to the Act for the relief of The English Poor Law of 1601. The Speenhamland System The Speenhamland System first saw light of day in 1795. It was introduced by the magistrates in the Berkshire village of Speenhamland in an effort to relieve the extreme poverty, which existed and was adopted widely....   [tags: Papers]

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The Aims and Principles of the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act

- The Aims and Principles of the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act In the decades prior to the national reform of the Poor Law in 1834, the characterisations of the administration were of variety rather than uniformity. The social and economic changes at this time produced many problems for those that were responsible for the social welfare. Many areas throughout the country though found solutions to this problem within the legal frame-work of the Elizabethan Poor Law of 1597-1601. In the initial stages the amendment act was set up to reduce the amount of poor rates that were being paid....   [tags: Papers]

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The Conditions of Workhouses for Children After the Poor Law Amendment Act

- The Conditions of Workhouses for Children After the Poor Law Amendment Act Source Based In this essay I will be finding out how useful source J, K and L are in helping to understand how terrible conditions were for children in workhouses subsequent to the Poor Law Amendment Act. Firstly I will be using source J. Source J is an extract from a minute book of the Board of Guardians from Gressenhall workhouse and was written in 1841....   [tags: Papers]

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The Fourteenth Amendment Act Of The United States

- The fourteenth amendment protects anyone who lives in the United States for his or her own unalienable rights. Disregarding this amendment also disregards the first amendment, which, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.” This case is significant due to the fact “Does the First Amendment bar a state from restricting the sale of violent video games to minors?” “No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens o...   [tags: First Amendment to the United States Constitution]

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Business Law Is A Very Complex System

- Most people know that the law is a very complex system. Which it is, complex. Business Law is just as complicated as normal law, but in my opinion business law is more important and can have more effects. Businesses are already complex to run so understanding business law is a little more complex and can have more of an effect. There are laws that must be followed in a business or there can be grave consequences to said business. A lot of laws involving employees, health codes, and overall safety rules....   [tags: Law]

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The First Amendment

- Introduction Since the first freedom of speech case was brought to the Supreme Court in 1919, the debate over whether it is an absolute or qualified right has persisted. As the Court attempts to capture the meaning of the First Amendment and its free speech clause, they create many tests and qualifications for the protection of the First Amendment. Many of the discussions revolving around free speech exceptions concern, at least in part, hateful and offensive speech. The paradox that plagues this argument is that speech cannot be qualified without encroaching on some rights, yet speech cannot be absolute without threatening the peace that rights are intended to protect....   [tags: First Amendment to the United States Constitution]

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The Declaration Of The Fourth Amendment

- Abstract The United States Constitution contains basic rights, and some of those rights are the First Ten Amendments, that are known as Bill of Rights. In the Bill of Rights, the Fourth Amendment protects the people from unreasonable search, seizure and arrest. This paper will explore the history of the Fourth Amendment from the beginning until it was incorporated in the Bill of Rights, arrests, searches, exclusionary rule, warrant requirements, the fruit of the poisonous tree and what it is the USA Patriot Act....   [tags: Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution]

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The First Amendment Right On Pornography

- The First Amendment right relates to pornography in that and obscenity in that pornography has not always been treated in a manner that would equate to free speech. The common argument for or against it is that it is or isn’t a work of art, and has had multiple interpretations and definitions set and revisions since 1973 by the supreme court. (CITATION) There have also been processes created by the supreme justices, most notably of Justice Burger, who in the case of Miller v. California served as chief justice, gave the majority opinion in that “[t]he basic guidelines for the trier of fact must be: (a) whether 'the average person, applying contemporary community standards ' would find that...   [tags: First Amendment to the United States Constitution]

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The US Constitution: The Difficulty of Adding an Amendment

- The United States Constitution is considered to be more concise as well as much older than the constitutions of other nations worldwide. Although the United States Constitution is mature, there are such a limited number of amendments that have been added to the Constitution since it was created. Only twenty-seven amendments, including the Bill of Rights, have been added to the Constitution since its creation. This is not due to amendments not being suggested, because over eleven thousand amendments have been contemplated; however, this is because the process of adding an amendment to the Constitution is an extremely long and difficult process....   [tags: american history, amendment]

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The Fourth Amendment Of The United States Constitution

- One of the most important amendments in the United States Constitution and which is also part of the Bill of Rights is the Fourth amendment. The Fourth Amendment protects people from being searched or arrested by police officers or any law enforcement without a reason. An officer may confront you and ask to search your house but if they don’t have a search warrant, they cannot legally pursue it without good reason and permission from a judge. Now what happens when a person is being arrested. Does the police or any law enforcement need a search warrant....   [tags: Fourth Amendment to the US Constitution]

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The Decision Goes Against Law

- On the other hand - Rightly decided Authors and legal professionals all mostly argue that the decision goes against law and is therefore wrong, there is, which I consider, a strong argument for it being right. Statute is our supreme law and it is thus constitutional that parliament has complete sovereignty when it comes to our legal system. To that effect judges are only there to apply and interpret the law. This brings forth the question of, why wouldn’t we apply the Contractual Mistakes Act 1977, when parliament enacted it to help the courts to mitigate arbitrary effects of mistakes on contracts....   [tags: Contract, Law, Common law, Contractual term]

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The Comprehensive Youth Justice Amendment Act Of 2016

- According to the article “’Expansive’ Juvenile Justice Reform Bill Close to Law in DC” by Allen Fennewald talking about the new reform bill that is in the process of trying to be put into law. Starting with Washington D.C. The Comprehensive Youth Justice Amendment Act of 2016 is supposed to be an opportunity to make sure that the juveniles that are being held in juvenile correction facilities are going to be treated the way they should. By focusing on rehabilitation instead of hard punishment like adults are (Fennewald, 2016)....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Corrections, Criminal justice]

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The Role Of Law Reform

- The role of law reform has responded rather effectively to a certain extent in protecting the rights of consumers. This is evident in the legal responses introduced to address issues of credit, marketing innovation and technology. These law amendments has effectively increase the protection of the rights of consumers to a certain extent, however loopholes still exist. Due to the increasing range of goods and services continues to grow and the failure of existing laws, the role of law reform has been significant in protecting the rights of consumers....   [tags: Consumer protection, Law]

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The First Amendment Guarantees Freedom Of Speech

- Two ideas that were similar and that were shared by the sources are that the first amendment guarantees freedom of speech. Source #3 and source #4 explain how they would harm innocent people and would accomplish nothing positive. Source #3 proves that it is good for us to have freedom to say what we want but that there should also be limits to what we have the right to say. Source #3 states, “ The First Amendment to the United States Bill of Rights guarantees freedom of speech. But what if a person were to shout “Fire!” in a crowded movie theater when there was no fire at all ....   [tags: First Amendment to the United States Constitution]

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Where Does Law Come From?

- Where does law come from. Law has been defined in many ways by various leaders and thinkers but there is no universal definition. There are numerous sources and the English legal system adopts the rules derived from these various sources to form the English law. Sources of law include common law and equity, legislation, and international conventions such as the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR). It must be noted that customs or constitutional conventions are not law. It is a common misconception that customs or conventions are law....   [tags: The Origin of Law]

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The Importance of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution

- The importance of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is such that some have called it the amendment that “completed the Constitution.” When it was ratified on July 9th, 1868, the amendment became one of legislative cornerstones of the Reconstruction Era, a time in which the Radical Republicans, led by John A. Bingham and Thaddeus Stevens, promulgated a legislative program focused on providing racial equality before the law. Among the laws passed in the Reconstruction Era, the Fourteenth Amendment was one of the most controversial, with one Republican congressman, Representative A.J....   [tags: reconstruction era, 14th amendment]

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The United States And The Amendment Of The Constitutional Authority Of Equal Protection

- Summary of Facts Joanne, who suffers from a debilitating medical condition, moved to Inebriation two months ago. Joanne’s new husband, Clarence, also has a debilitating medical condition, but he has resided in Inebriation for two years. Joanne and Clarence visit their Inebriation-based physician, Doctor, to obtain a medicinal marijuana permit. Despite Joanne’s qualifying medical condition, Doctor advises he cannot issue her a medicinal marijuana permit. Doctor, however, does issue a permit to Clarence....   [tags: Fourth Amendment to the US Constitution]

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First Amendment Law And Pornography

- First Amendment Relation to Pornography and Obscenity Pornography refers to sexual materials designed to arouse sexual desire of viewers/readers. The provisions of the First Amendment prohibit the government from abridging the freedom of speech (Hafen 210). Despite the provisions, the US Supreme Court interprets the constitution to identify the limits and boundaries inherent in the First Amendment rights. Accordingly, the First Amendment does not protect two types of pornography: child pornography and obscenity (Hafen 210)....   [tags: United States Constitution]

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The Usa Patriot Act : Law Enforcement Authority

- In a post 9/11 United States, citizens and elected officials wanted to take swift action to both catch the perpetrators of the attacks of 9/11 and work to prevent future terrorist attacks from occurring. This sense of urgency resulted in the USA PATRIOT Act being passed in a matter of weeks following 9/11; being signed into law by President Bush on October 26, 2001 (Epic.org, USA Patriot Act). Because there was such expedience in passing the legislation, there was little debate and some safeguards of civil liberties that are traditionally present....   [tags: Federal Bureau of Investigation, USA PATRIOT Act]

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Does The First Amendment Protect False Campaign Speech?

- DOES THE FIRST AMENDMENT PROTECT FALSE CAMPAIGN SPEECH. AN ANALYSIS OF SUSAN B. ANTHONY LIST V. DRIEHAUS AND FREE SPEECH INTRODUCTION The 2016 Presidential election season has come with no shortage of defamation news. Republican nominee Donald Trump famously said that if he won, he would “open up those libel laws,” so that “when they write purposely negative and horrible and false article, we can sue them and win lots of money.” On the opposite side of the same coin, Republican operative Cheri Jacobus filed a defamation suit against Trump for allegedly publishing false statements intended to damage her reputation....   [tags: First Amendment to the United States Constitution]

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A Taxing Amendment, The Revenue Act

- Before the 16th Amendment, a federal income tax was technically illegal, as stated in Article I, Section 9 of the Constitution : “No capitation, or other direct, tax shall be laid, unless in proportion to the census or enumeration herein before directed to be taken.” Therefore, the federal government had to rely on land sales, excise taxes, and tariffs to raise revenue. In times of crisis, however, these measures were simply not enough. During the Civil War, when the Union desperately needed funds, Congress passed the Revenue Act (1861), which included a provision for the nation’s first income tax....   [tags: supreme court, income tax]

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The Code Of The Law

- A system of law generally starts out with norms that have been agreed upon by the people. People learn to recognize deviant behavior and decide that it should be dealt with in some form of punishment. The code of Hammurabi dates back to the eighteenth century B.C. and is one of the earliest law codes in Western culture. This was a code of laws that was given by the gods as a system of divine guidance. The laws of Moses came about in 1250 B.C. and were also considered divine guidance to the people....   [tags: Law, Common law, Criminal law]

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Common Law Vs. Law

- Question 1 a. What is the meaning of the term ‘common law’ and what are the characteristics of a ‘common law’ system. (Oxford Dictionaries, n.d. a) defines common law as, ‘the part of English Law that is derived from custom and judicial precedent rather than statutes’. This means that this particular type of law, has developed from traditions and perspectives of the law court, rather than from law passed by Parliament. The main feature of common law is that it is case law centred, and interpreted by a judge; unlike the civil law system, which is based on statutes and legislation....   [tags: Common law, Law, United Kingdom]

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Memorandum of Law

- 1. RIGHT OF PRIOR NOTICE OF THE CHARGES TO BE USED AGAINST THE OFFENDER IN COURT Prior notices of charges against an offender in court are provided for in the Fourteenth Amendment of the Process and Equal Protection Clauses. The appellants argument that he was not notified of the charges held against him in reasonable time are covered by the provisions of the Fourteenth Amendment of the Process and Equal Protection Clause. Accordingly, the Fourteenth Amendment provides that advance notice that a criminal accusation will follow a substantive offence is not a requirement....   [tags: Law]

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14th Amendment -EQUAL PROTECTION UNDER THE LAW

- EQUAL PROTECTION UNDER THE LAW In school especially, as well as throughout our daily lives, we learn in America to live by the idea of freedom and equality for all. We do not allow race, class, or creed to determine a person’s stature in the community. It may seem as if this is the standard of society, but these ideas of equality have been fought over since the beginning of written history, and even in America today, prejudice still exists. To address these and similar problems, the founding fathers of this nation created a Constitution which included laws that dealt with individual freedoms....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Intellectual Property (IP) Law and the Media and DBC Television’s Issue

- Intellectual property law refers to the rules that protect copyrights, property patents, and trademarks, and through which the property owners exercise the rights they have over the intangible assets they develop. These intangible assets include symbols, artistic, literary works, and musical works, phrases, words, inventions and discoveries (Dutfield & Suthersanen 2007, p. 267). The most commonly recognized intellectual property rights include trademarks, industrial design rights, trade secrets, patents, and copyrights....   [tags: International Law]

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Women 's Rights Act Amendment

- Throughout the ages in Western Civilization, a double standard for men and women has existed. Although in modern society women have started to level the playing field with men in terms of employment and leadership, but the gender gap in opportunities and in societal views persists. However, women can achieve true equality in society by evolving people’s actions through governmental action. Women can achieve equal pay in the workforce and stop discrimination further, by advancing the Equal Rights Act amendment through Congress....   [tags: United States Congress]

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The Patriot Act is Unconstitutional

- The Patriot Act was established after the tragedy of September, 11, 2001 in a moment of weakness. It gave unprecedented and unnecessary powers to intelligence agencies under the wide umbrella of national security. The Patriot Act has used an “us vs them” mentality as well as pro-American propaganda to accomplish its goals. This new authority of the intelligence agencies has gone too far, is unjustified, unconstitutional, and infringes on the privacy of the American people, as well as others in the world....   [tags: The Patriot Act Essays]

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The Amendment Of The Fourteenth Amendment

- The 14th amendment speaks formally to many aspects which deal with the citizenship and also the citizen rights. The 14th amendment consist of different section which under up to five. It also consist of important concepts which deals with the action of the state which is most famously, the immunities and the privileges, the protection which is equal and the due process, all this are contained in the first section. The section two involves the apportionment which are used to representatives for the congress2....   [tags: United States Constitution]

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The Patriot Act Suppresses Criticism of the Government

- The most valuable aspects of individualism is the freedom to speak and to express are feelings that is what makes us human, as President Robert F. Kennedy stated in his Day of Affirmation Address that “…the first element of this individual liberty is the freedom of speech: the right to express and communicate ideas, to set oneself apart from the dumb beasts of field and forest…” My family came to the U.S. because of the promises of freedom. When we were in India we could not speak ill of the politics that were corrupt because if we did there would be chaos and riots....   [tags: Patriot Act, freedom of speech,]

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The Amendment And The Bill Of Rights

- On December 15, 1791 the Bill of Rights was ratified to limit the government 's power, but no one could have predicted how the world would change and how the amendments would be tested. Since the Bill of Rights was written the world has changed drastically. With advances in technology, that the founders of the constitution could have never predicted, many of the amendments are not applied in the same ways as they were when they were written. The Fourth Amendment in particular has changed very much....   [tags: United States Constitution, Law]

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Women's Act of 2013 Research

- This paper intends to explain the possible enactment of a piece of legislation that prohibits some restrictions set on the abortion process. By moving through the complexity of the bill and its ability to be enacted; comparing and giving examples of the constitutionalism and views on abortion; and ending with comparing specifically Colorado’s laws on abortion with future and current laws, it is hoped understood that without this piece of legislation and others like it, our country would be giving the government too much power to restrict a woman’s choice and her decisions on her own body....   [tags: Women's Health Protection Act, Legislation]

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Law Should Be Influenced By Religion

- The purpose of this essay is to discuss whether religion should ever impact criminal law. The question of if it is desirable for religion to impact criminal law is endemic. Advocates of a strict application of the separation between church and state may eschew any notion of this being desirable. However, it is submitted that religion impacts criminal law and vice versa. To deny this would be erroneous. In a religious plurality, the law has a fastidious task of treating religious groups equally – the State must not give a preferential treatment to one particular religion....   [tags: Law and Religion]

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Amending Second Amendment Or Not?

- Modify Second Amendment or not. How Will you feel when you see deafferents kind of people with guns near to you and your family in a college. Are you going to feel like they are trying to protect themselves for danger or not. Even if you do not see Them in a college, how will you fell. Opponents will say that they are in their right to bear them. They will insist also in this point; being protected is always better than be defenseless before any dangerous situation. I understand what they are saying however U.S constitution, which gives citizens the right to own guns, was wrote by a man who lived in a different time....   [tags: Law, Gun, Weapon, Murder]

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The First Amendment to the United States Constitution

- December 15, 1791 the First Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified, guaranteeing that "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech." At an absolute minimum, the Establishment Clause was intended to prohibit the federal government from declaring and financially supporting a national religion, such as existed in many other countries at the time of the nation's founding (University of Missouri-Kansas City, 2011)....   [tags: American History]

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The Patriot Act Is Not Really A Tool

- One of the main grievances of the Patriot Act is that “its powers are too broad or open to misuse” (“The Patriot Act”), which has allowed it to “become a common tactic in cases that have nothing to do with national security” (“Surprise. Controversial Patriot”). Julian Sanchez, a research fellow at the Cato Institute, claims that “the Patriot Act is not really a ‘tool’; it 's a toolbox; and the debate currently unfolding… is not over whether to take the box away; it 's about whether and how particular tools can be” implemented (“The Patriot Act”)....   [tags: USA PATRIOT Act, Federal Bureau of Investigation]

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Campaign Finance Reform: Constitutional Amendment

- While an imbalance has always been prevalent in the classes of American society, recent decisions in the Supreme Court favoring less campaign finance control have disregarded the growing gap between the upper echelon and the lower class. The U.S. Supreme Court has fully given way to elitist rule, allowing the wealthy to wield their natural tenacities to grow dollar bills from rocks and plant them kindly into the pockets of political candidates that would support their hidden agendas of clandestine rule and continued hegemonification of the lower class....   [tags: american society, supreme court, bipartisant act]

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The Patriot Act: Trampling on the Bill of Rights

- Several weeks after the horrible terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, The Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA PATRIOT ACT) Act was rushed through Congress by Attorney General, John Ashcroft. This particular Act, however, was established with a ruling hand of fear. Life for Americans changed dramatically in those immediate days, weeks, and months after the attack. America had been spoiled with luxury for so long, that the illusion of control had ingrained itself into our very nature as Americans....   [tags: US Constitution vs. The Patriot Act]

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The Balancing Act Between Freedom & Security

- Introduction The USA Patriot Act came about after 9/11. The Act remains in use today with some slight modifications. On the other hand, FISA has been in use since the mid-1970s. Both Acts are highly controversial and are foreign to the average citizen. National security always requires a balancing act between freedom and security. As the saying goes, freedom is not free. This paper will describe the primary elements and / or components of the USA Patriot Act and FISA and research how the media has conveyed the main messages and elements of both acts....   [tags: The Patriot Act, terrorism attacks, privacy]

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Gun Control: Should the Second Amendment of the Constitution be Updated?

- According to the F.B.I., 14,369 murders involving firearms took place in the year 2013 within the United States. We as Americans have the right to “bear arms,” however there can be some changes to at least try to minimize these casualties. The 2nd Amendment states “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a Free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.” This may be outdated now that we have a strong military (that is our “well regulated Militia,”) to protect our security, but can a right be scratched off the Constitution because of someone’s interpretation....   [tags: Second Amendment The Right To Bear Arms]

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I Am Writing On The Americans With Disabilities Act Of 1990

- I am writing on the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. This act is also known as the ADA. This act is a federal policy, and protects an individual from being discriminate for any reason. The ADA act allows individual the same equal employment as an individual without a disability. The ADA impacts social welfare greatly due to the fact that most disability individual have to be put on welfare or other programs because they couldn’t qualified for a job. The client that come in with a disability are individual that have been turn away from jobs and housing because they have a disability....   [tags: Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990]

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I Know About The Americans With Disabilities Act

- After being in the workforce for ten years, I know about the Americans with Disabilities Act. I never looked in what is protected by the act because it never pertained to me, seeing as I did not have a disability. I always thought of the ADA as a great way to help individuals with a disability have a chance to do something they wouldn’t traditionally have the opportunity to do. I have always felt the ADA was a great asset for the disability community to have and now I am grateful personally for the ADA....   [tags: Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990]

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The Case of Procedural and Substantive Law

- 1. Define the terms takings as it relates to the environmental law and provide one example of a legally resolved taking case. Answer: Taking is a general term of an act of taking something. In an environmental point of view, the taking is ta process that involves taking something of an environmental assets, such as land, from an individual or organization. However, most cases, it involves government taking private property from owners when that piece of private land is determined a necessity to create public-desired resource, such as a road, wildlife preserve, or military base....   [tags: environmental law, NEPA]

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A Living Amendment: The Fourth Amendment to the Constitution

- A Living Amendment The Fourth Amendment to the Constitution is the most essential Amendment of all for employees working in the criminal justice field. This Amendment sets the foundation for the criminal justice system and implements mandatory guidelines for governmental employees. When the Constitution was originally created, its sole intent was to place limitations and restrictions on the federal government. The Constitution, as a living document has changed over the years and has continually been interpreted to keep up with America’s ever growing diversity and use of technology....   [tags: foundation for the criminal justice system]

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The Purpose of Criminal Law

- Due process is a right afforded us in the United States Constitution. It is mentioned in both the 5th and 14th amendments (Cornell University Law School, 2014). Due process is as relevant today as it was the day it was written as it “assumes that freedom is so important that every effort must be made to ensure that criminal justice decisions stem from reliable information (Cole & Smith, 2007, p. 11)”. The due process clause contained in our constitution is meant to afford all our citizens legal equality....   [tags: Criminal Law Essays]

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The Treaty Of The Amendment

- After an amendment has been adopted under section 214, or 216, articles of amendment in the prescribed form shall be delivered to the Registrar. If an amendment effects or requires a reduction of stated capital, section 48(3) and (4) shall apply. Upon receipt of articles of amendment from a company, the Registrar shall issue to the company a certificate of amendment in accordance with section 481. An amendment to the articles of a company become effective on the date shown in the certificate issued by the Registrar in respect of that company; and the articles of the company is amended accordingly....   [tags: Corporation, Limited liability company]

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Limitations to Free Speech in the First Amendment

- To many the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution guarantees the right to say anything you want at any time you want, and not be arrested, but the first amendment does not protect all speech. What do I mean by this. Over the years the Supreme Court has rejected an interpretation of the First Amendment that gives the right to free speech without limits. For example speech that impedes national security, justice, and personal safety is not protected by the First Amendment. If you know of limits you would probably think first of speech that presents a danger to other people or speech that is false or makes true statement misleading (otherwise known as Libel and Slander)....   [tags: advertising, law, supreme court]

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The Eighth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

- Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. Eighth Amendment, 1791 The Eighth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution limits the punishments that may be imposed by the government on American citizens. These limits are compulsory among the states by way of the Fourteenth Amendment. The English Bill of Rights of 1689 expressed concern with arbitrary and disproportionate sanctions, giving way to the Founders inclusion of the prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment....   [tags: U.S. Law]

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Analysis of Law Cases

- -Facts: -Issue: 4 Elements - Men's Rea= Criminal Intent - Actus Rea= Wrongful Act - Concurrence of the Act= -Theory of Law: -Conclusion: How they ruled the case · Mala in Se= Acts that are bad in itself, to be punished · Mala Prohibita= Acts that are made crimes by the State or Local Laws Loving V. Commonwealth of Virginia 388 U.S. 1 U.S. Supreme Court June 12, 1967 Facts: Two residents of Virginia, Mildred Jeter a colored woman and Richard Loving a white man, got married in the District of Columbia....   [tags: Law]

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The Dangerous Rise of Government Surveillance: The Patriot Act

- "The poorest man may in his cottage bid defiance to all the force of the Crown. It may be frail; its roof may shake; the wind may blow through it; the storm may enter; the rain may enter -- but the King of England cannot enter; all this force dares not cross the threshold of the ruined tenement" (William Pitt the Elder). This idea of freedom and security against the government was the foundation for the United States when it was established in 1776. However, times have drastically changed since then....   [tags: USA Patriot Act, Government, Privacy]

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The Legal Effect Of The Australian Consumer Law

- Introduction Treasury Legislation Amendment (Small Business and Unfair Contract Terms) Act 2015 will affect from 12 November 2016. it has changed some sections to the Australian consumer law. Last version of this law only applicable to the individual consumer, Act 2015 extend the scope to the small business that employs fewer than 20 persons. This thesis will discuss the following questions; What is an unfair term under the new law and when will it apply. What is the legal effect if a court decides a contract term is unfair....   [tags: Contract, Common law, Law, Contractual term]

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We Must All Take a Stand Against The Patriot Act!

- A stranger has access to an American’s DNA, house, phone calls, text messages, and the very location he or she is located in at the moment. America the free. The Patriot Act allows this heinous invasion to occur and allows government agents to access personal information on any individual they suspect. The Patriot Act allows Americans to be under constant surveillance this provision applies to suspected terrorists, but that definition is loose and it is easy for the government to label anyone as a suspected terrorist to start gathering information on them....   [tags: Anti Patriot Act Essays]

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Privacy For Data By California Law

- As per Paul M. Schwartz, Daniel J. Solove (2012), there are few acts has have been considered as privacy for data by California Law: Financial Data Privacy Act: This act mainly deals with the data that is mainly sharing with nonaffiliated companies and provides incentives and discounts for customers who is opting for those kind of institutions. There are retailers who gathers the sensitive information which are credit card details once the transaction has taken place by entering the zip code. Data Security Breach: Gives notifying individuals when breach occurs....   [tags: Security, Computer security, Law, Human rights]

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Civil Disobedience And The Law

- Civil disobedience is defined as any form of defiance of the law which is seen as unjust and unfair. There are many forms of this disobedience such as riots, demonstrations, and as simple acts as speaking out. On the other hand, authority figures are sworn in to protect and uphold the word of the law. These authority figures are police officers, FBI agents and many other forms of authority. When it comes to upholding the word of the law these authority figures make no exception with civil disobedience....   [tags: Law, Civil disobedience, Martin Luther King, Jr.]

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Argumentative Essay: Gun Control Violates The Second Amendment of the Constitution

- Civilian ownership of firearms has for more than two hundred years been the very cornerstone upon which the liberty of the public has been supported. The very reason that Americans have never suffered a tyranny on the scale of Nazi-Germany has been due to the proliferation of firearms in the hands of the general public. The Second Amendment to the Bill of rights of the United States Constitution states "A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed." In order to understand that right, the modern reader must understand the semantics of the eighteenth century....   [tags: Second Amendment The Right To Bear Arms]

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977 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

Australian Law: Delegated Legislation/ Authorities

- In Australia, Federal and State Parliaments are able to delegate, or pass on the power to make laws in certain areas, to lesser authorities. The subsequent laws are known as delegated legislation, and are scrutinised and controlled in a number of ways. Although the delegation of legislation to subordinate authorities is often question in its effectiveness to control undemocratical ideals, in my opinion each individual piece of delegated legislation is scrutinised enough and the checks on them are sufficient....   [tags: Law]

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601 words | (1.7 pages) | Preview

Espionage Act of 1917 and Sedition Act (Amendment) of 1918

- Espionage Act of 1917 and Sedition Act (Amendment) of 1918      On April 2nd 1917, President Woodrow Wilson of the United States of America, ??went before Congress and called for a declaration of war. Both the House and the Senate voted overwhelmingly in favor of going to war with Germany.?# This was an act that led to much resistance among the American people. Not four months earlier the American people re-elected President Wilson, partly because of his success in keeping the United States out of this European war....   [tags: World War I 1917 History Essays]

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1469 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

The Usa Patriot Act By George W. Bush

- The USA PATRIOT Act was a law passed six weeks after September 11, 2001, which is in October 26, 2001, created by George W. Bush. USA PATRIOT Act is an acronym for “Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001”. Which is ironic due to the disagreements about the act that can be described as it is unconstitutional. Which are caused by the fact that the government is invading the people’s privacy by going through our phones, history of everything that is electronically, messages, phone logs, etc....   [tags: Federal Bureau of Investigation, USA PATRIOT Act]

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Customary Law and the Status of Indigenous Australian's

- ... The customary law is also unrecorded and would become difficult to uphold, inform and enforce. Furthermore an enactment of one tribe’s customary law would disadvantage other tribes, leading to not only a discrimination to one but also the chance the other indigenous tribes would remain inferior in status. Although it is important to cherish and make efforts to understand customary law, in this sense recognition of the “elaborate system” would not only bring about no change in aboriginal status but lead to a possibility of a variety of other negative effects....   [tags: aborigine legislation in the common law structure]

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1162 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

The Patriot Act Abuses The Privacy Of American Citizens

- The PATRIOT Act abuses the privacy of American citizens. It has denied the nationals of this nation of a portion of the essential rights that were guaranteed to them in the Constitution. The rights that the PATRIOT Act puts into jeopardy are intrinsic and it is the responsibility to secure our inherent rights. The USA PATRIOT Act is an Act of Congress that was marked into law by President George W. Bush on October 26, 2001. Its title is a ten-letter acronym (USA PATRIOT) that stands for "Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001....   [tags: USA PATRIOT Act, Federal Bureau of Investigation]

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2022 words | (5.8 pages) | Preview

The Second Amendment

- “They who can give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety, deserve neither liberty nor safety.” This quote from Benjamin Franklin illustrates how an emphasis on safety can drastically reduce the freedoms enjoyed by citizens of the United States, especially the Second Amendment of the U.S. Constitution which states that “...the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.” However, with active shooter situations such as Columbine; the Tucson, Arizona shootings, which nearly killed former Representative Gabrielle Giffords; and recent situations at Newtown, Connecticut; Los Angeles International Airport; and Westfield Garden State Plaza mall in New Jersey...   [tags: Constitution, US, gun control, federal government]

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The Second Amendment

- “A well-regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a Free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.” - Second Amendment. Throughout history, this sentence of twenty seven words has caused an intense debate. The polemic is that some people claim that a gun control policy is unconstitutional, while others disagree and even say it is necessary in order to reduce crime. Now, what does gun control mean. If it means to analyze who is responsible enough to own a gun by a “Universal Background Check”; that sounds right to everyone....   [tags: Gun Control, Check and Balance]

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1620 words | (4.6 pages) | Preview

The First Amendment of the United States Constitution

- The United States Constitution was signed on September 17th, 1787. It did not include a bill of rights and it did not include their freedoms. And so, on September 25, 1789 Congress passed the first ten amendments, which were later ratified on December 15, 1791. The Bill of Rights was created by the Founding Fathers with the intent of restricting the powers of the new national government. The Bill of Rights, however, consists of 10 amendments. The first of the amendments was written because the people at America’s establishment wanted their basic freedoms guaranteed....   [tags: amendments, bill of rights, citizen freedom]

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1064 words | (3 pages) | Preview

H.R. 6 (110th): Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007

- Introduction Climate change has garnered much attention over the past decade.  Similarly, the cost of energy has become a growing debate.  Ultimately, the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 was introduced in response to the growing concerns with climate change as well as the increasing amount of greenhouse gas emissions coupled with increased oil price. These factors brought these issues to the general public’s attention and raised questions regarding the United States’ own energy efficiency and reliance on foreign energy....   [tags: Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007]

Research Papers
3433 words | (9.8 pages) | Preview

The Law And The Legal System Of The United States

- In light of recent events and a history of tensions between the police and the public, this research focuses on the ways in which the law and the legal system in the United States functions to protect the public against police violence and misconduct. The Tenth Amendment to the U.S Constitution delegates to the states the power to enact measures to “preserve and protect the safety, health, welfare, and moral of the community.” West 's Encyclopedia of American Law, continues to describe police power “as the basic right of governments to make laws and regulations for the benefit of their communities....   [tags: Police, Police brutality, Law, Police officer]

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Mississippi History: Indian Removal Act, 13th Amendment, and Reverend George Lee

- ... It later was passed by Congress. Due to the Indian Removal Act the current Native American population is very low. --The Removal Act of 1830, section I, in The American Indian and the United States, A Documentary History, ed. Wilcomb E. Washburn, vol. 3 (New York: Random House, 1973) 2169"That in the making of any such exchange or exchanges, it shall and may be lawful for the President solemnly to assure the tribe or nation with which the exchange is made, that the United States will forever secure and guaranty to them, and their heirs or successors, the country so exchanged with them and if they prefer it, that the United States will cause a patent or grant to be made and executed to th...   [tags: power, population, slavery, vote, blacks]

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667 words | (1.9 pages) | Preview

The Communications Decency Act Of 1996

- Today internetlivestats.com estimates our internet has over 3 billion users across more than 1 billion websites, yet it’s still young and developing. Many of these websites have been made possible by Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act of 1996 for internet legislation in the United States. However, sense its creation in 1996 it has a great deal of controversy around it. Paragraph (c)(1) of Section 230 has been particularly controversial, due to the fact that it provides immunity for providers of interactive computer services....   [tags: First Amendment to the United States Constitution]

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1068 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

The Stark Law

- The Stark Law Some federal statutes address fraud in government health care programs, and many of these laws vary considerably (Krause 2004). Some of these laws specifically target health care fraud. Example of the laws that the government direct at inappropriate health care activities includes the “Medicare and Medicaid Anti-Kickback Statute and Ethics in Patient Referrals Act (EPRA).” In 1989, Congress enacted the Ethics in Patient Referrals Act. Commonly known as Stark law, Congress named it in honor of Rep....   [tags: Health Care ]

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The Colorado Anti Discrimination Act

- In July 2012, Charlie Craig and David Mullins requested that the owner of Masterpiece Cakeshop create a wedding cake to celebrate their same-sex marriage. Phillips, owner of the shop, refused to do so, claiming that same-sex marriages go against his religious beliefs. At this time, Colorado did not recognize same-sex marriage, but Craig and Mullin planned on getting married in Massachusetts, where same sex-marriages were legal, then returning home to Colorado to celebrate their marriage. Craig and Mullins, after Phillips denied their request to create their wedding cake, filed charges of discrimination based on sexual orientation with the Colorado Civil Rights Division (Division)....   [tags: First Amendment to the United States Constitution]

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The United States Law Enforcement Community

- After an investigator has answered the “Who, what, where and when” of an incident, the next goal is to ask and hopefully answer the “why”. Throughout the entire “Why” process, there are certain rights that a victim is entitled to. The law enforcement community has an obligation to victims of crimes throughout their case. The aforementioned rights are secured through the incorporation of victim’s rights into the constitution. By now, most states have made amendments to their constitutions to give them a feeling of being permanent....   [tags: Crime, United States Constitution, Law, Police]

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1147 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Cons of the Good Samaritan Law and Its Solution

- On March 13th, 1964, a woman named 'Kitty Genovese' was stabbed by a psychopathic stranger on the street near her home in New York City. While she was being murdered brutally for 35 minutes, 38 neighbors were witnessing the crime scene. In spite of her desperate cry for help, none of them had offered any help. Even after the criminal had left, only one neighbor called police, but by the time police had arrived, she was already dead. This incident is well-known as 'Genovese Syndrome', which refers to a social phenomenon where a person is less likely to offer help to another person who is in danger....   [tags: bystander, society, law, solution]

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1025 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

The First Amendment Of The United States

- Briana Muirhead Professor Phillips Government 2305 14 October 2014 The First Amendment “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances” (FindLaw). While studying the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, it is crucial to understand the history behind writing the law. History of the First Amendment The First Amendment has a long history....   [tags: United States Constitution]

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1260 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

The Second Amendment And The Exclusionary Rule

- The fourth amendment and the exclusionary rule have played a pivotal role in the court systems of the United States in determining whether or not evidence was legally obtained by a law enforcement officer. The fourth amendment protects US citizens from illegal search and seizures along with the right to avoid having to self-incriminate one’s self in court. The rights of the citizen will supersede the court case even if without reasonable doubt the defendant was guilty of committing a crime due to the exclusionary rule....   [tags: Supreme Court of the United States]

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2330 words | (6.7 pages) | Preview

The Second Amendment : Is It Today Danger?

- The Second Amendment: Is it in danger. Over recent years, a lot of discussion has be held about the issue of guns in America. It seemed to have picked up steam in recent months as a direct result of the vicious and hateful acts of gun violence in this country. On the right, conservatives believe that President Obama and other politicians will come after them and their firearms. While the left believes in logical and common sense gun laws. In a hope that it will curb the recent acts of gun violence in this country....   [tags: Firearm, Gun politics in the United States]

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1211 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

The 17th Amendment: The Case for Repeal

- ... Some people believed that Senate seats could, and were regularly purchased by candidates running for office. Progressives believed that the 17th Amendment would solve this issue by taking the immoral state legislators out of the equation, and replacing them with the citizen population of the states. They’re assertion was if Senators were elected by the people it would be impossible to purchase everyone’s vote; thus reducing corruption in senatorial elections. The fact of the matter is that instances of bribery and corruption pre-amendment were fewer and less prevalent than originally thought....   [tags: progressive movement, power, constitution]

Term Papers
1523 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

The Second Amendment By James Madison

- The second amendment, originally proposed by James Madison as part of the Bill of Rights, was ratified on December 15, 1791 and clearly states, “A well-regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.” Many people who are ignorant about the true meaning of the second amendment will tell you that it is all about hunting. Though I can tell you after taking many government and US history classes that the meaning of the second amendment means far more than the right to hunt....   [tags: United States Constitution]

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1001 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

The Amendment Of The United States Constitution

- Gun Control The 2nd Amendment of the United States Constitution states, “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.” ("The Bill of Rights: A Transcription.") Considering this Amendment was ratified in December of 1791, this has been one of the longest laws in the United States. This amendment has been the debate of many political leaders and fellow Americans for years. There are some people who believe that by abolishing or putting regulations on this law that Americans would be and are safer from each other....   [tags: United States, President of the United States]

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785 words | (2.2 pages) | Preview

The Amendment Of The United States Constitution

- The Second Amendment of the United Sates Bill of Rights shelters the right to bear arms, in the last decades the urge to violate these rights by numerous senate member have been noticeable. There have been several proposals in regards to firearms regulation, such include the banning of arms or a set of laws and procedures that regulate not only the manufacturing of gun but also the possession of them. The biggest argument used by the gun control advocates is the fact that by imposing these laws the government could save Americans from gun attacks....   [tags: United States, Supreme Court of the United States]

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871 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

The Fourteenth Amendment Of The United States

- The Tenth Amendment of the United States of America gives power to the states, without specifically listing them. This amendment delegates powers into three groups. The first group, is the power of the national government which is given to the national government by the Constitution. These powers are not held by the states, and are strictly reserved for the national government. The Constitution also prohibits certain powers from the states, and these prohibited powers are listed throughout the document as well....   [tags: United States Constitution, U.S. state]

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967 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

Analysis of the 4th Amendment

- The Bill of Rights or the first 10 amendments to the Constitution was proposed to Congress in 1789 by James Madison in response to the Anti- Federalist movement that lobbied for an extended amount of rights that would further safeguard liberty. The 4th amendment in particular was drafted to acknowledge the abuse of the writ of assistance, a “search warrant” issued by the British government to search boats that were thought to contain smuggled material in Colonial America. The 4th amendment can be broken down into 3 parts: what activities are considered to be a “search” or a “seizure”; what is a probable cause for a “search” and “seizure” and finally, how violations should be dealt with....   [tags: The Bill of Rights]

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643 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

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