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Use of Levetiracetam in the Treatment of Epileptic Seizures

- Introduction Epilepsy is a serious global problem that affects approximately 1% of people worldwide (1). Epilepsy is a chronic condition of the central nervous system (CNS) characterized by epileptic seizures, which can affect physical and mental functions (2). Epileptic seizures are unprovoked reoccurring episodes of abnormal, excessive, or hypersynchronis neuronal activity in the CNS (2). The treatment options of epilepsy include medications called antiepileptic drugs (AED) and surgeries based on individuals’ specific diagnosis and background (1)....   [tags: treatment of epilepsy]

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3054 words | (8.7 pages) | Preview

Cost Considerations in the Treatment of Schizophrenia

- In the United States, schizophrenia is most widely understood as a biogenetically determined illness. Those given this diagnosis are seen as unlikely to recover. In the West, pharmacological treatment is the primary intervention offered by mainstream mental health practitioners. However, in the United States and abroad, there is growing controversy about both the causes of and efficacy of treatment for individuals who have been diagnosed with schizophrenia. A longitudinal study launched in 1969 by the staff of the World Health Organization reported that in the United States, Denmark and Taiwan, 40% of individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia were found to be “severely impaired;” whereas in t...   [tags: mental health, treatment]

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1921 words | (5.5 pages) | Preview

The Right to Choose Medical Treatment

- Right to Choose Medical Treatment According to Philipus Auredous Paracelsus, “medicine is not merely a science but an art. The character of the physician may act more powerfully upon the patient than the drugs employed”. Medicine is an extraordinary field of study, you meet all types of people from various walks of life, encounter different situations daily and the difference that a physician can make in one’s life is priceless. More importantly, when you enter medical school, one of the most important things that will be embedded in your mind during and even after you graduate is, prescription, prescription and prescription, During ones medical education, physicians are taught not only abo...   [tags: The Right to Refuse Treatment Act]

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1104 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Treatment for Low Albumin in the Body

- Albumin is a common protein in humans important for checking the health and detecting diseases. With a molecular weight of 65,000 and a density of 3.5-5.0 g/dL, it is made in the liver and released into the blood [1] [2]. Albumin has varieties of function. It maintains homeostasis to balance the amount of blood in the blood vessels [2] [4]. Albumin has a globular structure therefore it can form a colloid when mixed with water. Albumin is used for transporting drugs, lipids, and hormones by colloid osmotic pressure....   [tags: Hypoalbuminemia treatment and management]

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Radioimmunotherapy as a Treatment for Lymphoma

- Radioimmunotherapy A new innovative cancer treatment called Radioimmunotherapy or RIT joins conventional radiation therapy with immunotherapy. RIT uses monoclonal antibodies to target specific cancer cells and minimize damage to surrounding cells and tissue. Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) are laboratory made immune proteins engineered to attach to antigens of specific cells. These antibodies mimic antibodies naturally produced as part of the immune system. Originally MAbs were made completely from mice cells and when these were introduced into the human body, the immune system would react against them....   [tags: Cancer Treatment Medical Science]

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1339 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

The Ashley Treatment: Practical, but Ethical?

- ... Ashley is cared for primarily by her parents and grandparents in their home. Ashley’s parents state they became concerned when she developed precocious puberty at the age of six. They spoke with their physician’s at Seattle Children’s Hospital about attenuating her growth process to minimize her adult height and weight. They also discussed two other treatments that they felt would enhance Ashley’s adult quality of life. One was a hysterectomy, which would prevent Ashley from feeling menstrual cramps and prevent the heavy bleeding that would result from the estrogen therapy....   [tags: therapy, treatment, puberty, vision]

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Pathology, Presentation, and Treatment of Meningitis

- Meningitis by definition is the inflammation of the meninges, the three layered protective membrane that surrounds the central nervous system. The meninges are comprised of the Dura mater, the Arachnoid mater, and the innermost Pia mater. It is of utmost importance to determine if bacteria, virus, fungus, toxins, or parasites, caused the inflammation, and treat the microorganism quickly and efficiently to give the best prognosis. It is of utmost importance to determine the cause of inflammation (i.e....   [tags: meningitis, infection, symptoms, treatment]

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743 words | (2.1 pages) | Preview

Relapse in Substance Abuse Treatment

- Relapse Prevention in Substance Abuse Treatment In relation to drug abuse, relapse is resuming the use of a chemical substance or drug after a period of abstinence. The term can be said to be a landmark feature of a combination of substance abuse and substance independence. The propensity for dependency, repeated use, and tendencies that take the form of the substance being used, are some of the issues that drug users’ experience. Substances that enhance most severe tendencies in users and pose high pharmacological efficacy, are those that are cleared quickly from the body, in addition to those that bring out the highest tolerance....   [tags: Drug Addiction Treatment]

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1167 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Acne and Acne Treatment

- ... These glands are called sebaceous glands which produce sebum, an oily substance that helps to stop the skin from drying out (Acne Academy). When a gland produces too much sebum, it begins to form a blockage in the pore, thus producing acne. For mild acne treatments there are options for over the counter treatment. These products usually contain resorcinol, benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, sulfur, Retin-A, and azelaic acid. Benzoyl peroxide is used for killing bacteria and slowing down oil production within the glands....   [tags: natural remedies, counter treatment]

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The Wastewater Treatment Of Wastewater Reclamation

- ... Therefore, the relative importance of some of these factors is likely going to change in the future as the population growth and the chance of droughtiness increase. Back to the point, in the municipal wastewater treatment plant the effluent should meet water quality standards based on biological oxygen demand, total suspended solids, total or fecal coliform, nutrient level, and chlorine residual. Thus, the benefit of using the reclaim or reuse wastewater is different based on the objective to be used....   [tags: Water, Sewage treatment, Water pollution]

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The Treatment and Diagnosing of Traumatic Brain Injury

- Thesis Statement: Our veterans deserve for the procedures implicated in the treatment of all mild head injuries to have detailed diagnostic testing, in-depth evaluations, and follow up so there are not adverse future effects. I. The treatments of our veterans should be complete and timely. A. The procedures in treatment of mild head injuries need to be detailed. B. Rapid objective methods in diagnosing, evaluating, and follow up are imperative. II. Procedures may be implicated in the diagnosis of mild TBI....   [tags: veterans, injuries, treatment]

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Magnetic Water and Treatment: Myth or Magic?

- It is important that everyone know of the need to improve our energy and water savings and assist in reducing the use of electricity, water, and non-renewable fuel sources. There are a number of non-chemical, non-mechanical water treatment technologies. Many of these are known by names such as electronic, magnetic, electrostatic, electromagnetic, and AC induction. The history of these devices goes back to at least 1952. Claims for and against the effectiveness of such systems have a long history....   [tags: Electromagnetic Water Treatment]

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The Most Effective Waste Treatment Options

- What are the most effective waste treatment options prior to discharge to receiving bodies of water or the local wastewater treatment facility. Paint manufacturers, to include Sherwin-Williams, produce a variety of different paint types and colors, including both organic solvent-borne and water-borne paints. Each type and color of paint is manufactured in a separate batch, and all manufacturing equipment is generally cleaned between batches to prevent contamination (figure 1-1). This equipment cleaning process is the largest source of waste from paint manufacturing and can account for up to 80% of a paint manufacturer’s waste stream (WMRC, 1992)....   [tags: waste minimization, wastewater treatment]

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Schizophrenia: Treatment and Diagnosis

- Schizophrenia: Treatment and Diagnosis In 1809, physician John Haslam published an account of what he considered “A form of insanity”. Haslam described many symptoms that are relevant to modern day schizophrenia including delusions of grandeur and hallucinations. During the latter part of the nineteenth century, a German psychiatrist named Emil Kraepelin expanded on Haslam’s views and gave a more accurate description of schizophrenia as we know it today. Kraeplin started off by combining terms including different types of insanity under one term: Catatonia, and delusions of grandeur and persecution: paranoia....   [tags: disorder, medical treatment, social interaction]

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1181 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Animal Cruelty and Treatment

- Animal Cruelty Animal cruelty involves numerous aspects of harsh and brutal treatment towards animals, ranging from religious rituals to entertainment organizations; this often results in mental, psychological, and physical disorders within the animal. The act of treating animals heartlessly can branch from a number of different causes; including mental or emotional disorders, control issues, peer pressure, failure to provide the proper care for an animal, or pleasure from pain or violence ("Information on Animal Cruelty.")....   [tags: Harsh Brutal Treatment, Animals, Entertainment]

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1851 words | (5.3 pages) | Preview

Successful Drug Treatment

- When examining the issue of successful drug treatment, it is important to consider all aspects affected by drug and alcohol addiction. Upon researching the multitude of issues, it has become very clear that a great deal of efforts are currently being researched to ensure prevention and treatment for alcohol addiction and drug abuse that impacts, not only the abuser, but their families, to include the community as a whole (“National Institute of Drug Abuse.”). The success clearly depends upon individual’s compliance and the community’s willingness to provide adequate and appropriate treatment....   [tags: prevention, treatment, addiction, community]

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North River Wastewater Treatment Plant

- The North River wastewater treatment plant is located on the Hudson River, west of the West Side Highway from 137th street to 145th street. This plant provides wastewater treatment for people who live and work on the west side of Manhattan. This treatment plant treats about one hundred and twenty million gallons of wastewater every day during dry weather. It is designed to handle up to three hundred and forty million gallons a day when the weather is wet.This treatment plant produces hydrogen sulfide and has to be monitored so that it does not reach a high level and harm residents that live around the area....   [tags: Sewage treatment, Wastewater, Natural gas]

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Is Lung Cancer Operable? : Lung Cancer Treatment Options

- Whether lung cancer is operable or not, may well depend upon the circumstances of the patient involved; however, where certain factors do not allow for this option, other treatments may well be offered. Many factors must be taken into consideration before any treatment or operation can take place, as either may have a prominent bearing on the prognosis of the cancer patient. Although lung cancer is generally operable, by using either traditional open surgery, or one of the less intrusive and more sophisticated video-assisted thoracoscopic surgeries (VATS), often it may not be considered to be the best option for a patient....   [tags: treatment, surgery, type, technologies]

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Assisted Outpatient Treatment For Criminals with Mental Disorders

- “We have little control over our thoughts. We are the prisoners of ideas” (Emerson Essays 367). When faced with a lack of isolation between thought and reality, the question of medical power diverges rather finitely: medical choice should remain in the power of the patient, regardless of mental state or wherewithal, versus certain levels of diagnosed disconnect from reality necessitate a transfer in power of medical choice to medical professionals. Based on an understanding that involuntary treatment, or Assisted Outpatient Treatment (AOT) is aimed to treat persons suffering from severe mental and personality disorders which inhibit these persons from grasping the reality of their conditio...   [tags: Criminal Outpatient Treatment]

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Liraglutide: Novel Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

- ... Glucose modulators decrease glucose levels by altering the way glucose is either absorbed or excreted by the body. Incretin hormones alter, replace, or augment the actions of the incretin hormones that are expressed in the gastrointestinal tract. Incretins are the newest pharmacological treatment of type 2 diabetes and will be discussed in depth. Secretagogues Sulfonylureas were the first class of medications used to control hyperglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes. (Robinson & Wynne, 2012, p....   [tags: pharmacological treatment, medical drugs]

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Court Mandated Treatment Programs for Juvenile Offenders

- Did you know that more than 1 million troubled youth end up in juvenile court every year. Troubled youth end up in the juvenile justice system because they have committed an offense. Juvenile offenses are broken down into two categories: status offense and serious/adult offenses. Status offenses are: illegal behaviors of a child. These offenses can only be committed by children under 18. If these offenses were committed by an adult they would not be considered criminal. These types of offenses can be anything from running away, disrupting school environment, and being an unruly child....   [tags: Mandatory Treatment Works]

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2247 words | (6.4 pages) | Preview

What is The Best Long-term Treatment for Depression?

- Imagine for a moment, that while participating in something that previously provided pleasure, one feels nothing but empty and hopeless. In fact, so much sorrow is felt that it is now a chore to even get out of bed. We have all experienced episodes of disinterest, but what happens when the feeling lingers for long periods of time. Often we simply pass off our behavior as normal in an attempt to convince ourselves that nothing is wrong. Melancholy and attention deficit are common, however, when the behaviors begin to control our lives we must determine the severity of our emotions....   [tags: mood, physical health, treatment]

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1773 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

The German Holocaust: Treatment of the Germans After WWII

- By looking at The Dog in the Wood, we can see that the treatment of Germans after World War II was unfair. The people of Germany after the war were beaten, stolen from, raped, put in refugee camps, and were forced to deal with many other hardships. They had to learn to deal with the consequences presented before them, so they could retain their culture. This is important because an entire way of life was being torn apart and was being replaced against the peoples’ will. After World War II, the people of Germany endured torment from their conquerors in many forms, from being stolen from, to be tortured or killed....   [tags: postwar effects, unfair treatment]

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The Treatment of Women in Shakespear´s Romeo and Juliet

- ... In Act 1 Scene 5, Romeo and Juliet speak for the first time, and immediately begin to fall in love. Romeo tells Juliet ‘If I profane with my unworthiest hand / This holy shrine’, depicting that Romeo feels he is not deserving or good enough to touch her. He uses religious imagery such as ‘holy’ to worship her, believing her pure – the ideal image of a perfect Elizabethan woman according to society. The word ‘holy’ suggests how Romeo worships women and emphasises his deep feelings for Juliet....   [tags: conform, society, possession, treatment]

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Diagnosis and Treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, also known as PTSD, is an anxiety disorder that can develop after a traumatic event (Riley). A more in depth definition of the disorder is given by Doctor’s Nancy Piotrowski and Lillian Range, “A maladaptive condition resulting from exposure to events beyond the realm of normal human experience and characterized by persistent difficulties involving emotional numbing, intense fear, helplessness, horror, re-experiencing of trauma, avoidance, and arousal.” People who suffer from this disease have been a part of or seen an upsetting event that haunts them after the event, and sometimes the rest of their lives....   [tags: anxiety, veterens, treatment]

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1181 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Better Treatment Regulations Protecting Slaughter Animals

- Approximately three billion ducks, cattle, lamb and turkeys are slaughtered to feed the hungry mouths of Americans each year . Unfortunately, while we Americans sit back and enjoy our hearty dinners, these animals are being subjected to conditions in farms and slaughterhouses that are harsher than us humans could even begin to imagine. If our society desires to pile our plates with the best poultry and meats, then the livestock that provides us with these delicacies deserve the best treatment. It is necessary for the government to enforce harsher regulations protecting animals raised for slaughter....   [tags: poultry, treatment, animals, harsher]

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The Multimodel Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity (MTA)

- What did the Multimodal Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity (MTA) study find. The Multimodal Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder study was designed to analyze the leading treatments of ADHD that included drug therapy, in-depth behavior therapy, or a consolidation of the two. There was an initial 14-month study and a 6 to 8 year follow-up (Molina et al., 2011). The ages of the children that were studied initially were 7 to about 10 years old. One of the findings that the initial 14 month study indicated was that the kind of treatment, (medication, behavior therapy, community care or, combinations of treatment), did not forecast how the children would be behaving 6...   [tags: study, therapy, behavior, treatment, medication]

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Medical Treatment for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder

- The different causes of what might start the onset of autism are often featured in the news and can also become a hot debate. I chose the topic of autism treatment because I am interested in whether there is a possibility of a cure. It has many different types that fall within a wide spectrum. This area of research is important because it affects so many children as well as families. According to Autismspeaks.org, autism affects 1 in 88 children. Science is advancing and making the right track to better help move more children and adults with autism to best outcome situations....   [tags: treatment, disorder, children, cure, intervention]

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The Best Method of Medicine For the Treatment of Breast Cancer: CAM or Drugs

- Extensive research has been done in the field of oncology to try and determine the best and most effective methods to cure cancer. Cancer has been a very critical and long term problem that has been seen for centuries. Two distinct fields of study are the use of pharmaceutical drugs and complementary and alternative medicines (CAM). Both of these fields produce drastically different results based on the side effects, effectiveness, and overall health of the treated patients. Several researchers have came to the conclusion that the best way to cure cancer would be to incorporate the practices together thus enhancing and bringing the positives from the two.Cancer is an important health problem...   [tags: curing cancer, oncology, treatment]

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1178 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Type II Diabetes: Symptoms and Treatment

- Type II diabetes, or also commonly known as noninsulin-dependent diabetes, is a condition that affects the body’s main source of energy, called glucose which is the sugar used in cellular respiration to produce ATP for the body to function. This type of diabetes affects the way the body metabolizes this energy source. It affects both men and women, mostly adults, but with the increase of childhood obesity in the past years, the probability of obese children getting the condition is also on the rise....   [tags: Description, Treatment, Prevention]

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1469 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Overview of Tuberculosis and Its Treatment

- Tuberculosis, MTB or TB is a common and in many cases fatal, infectious disease caused by various stains of mycobacterium, usually – Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. (Behera, 2010). Tuberculosis is spread from one individual to another by speaking, sneezing, coughing or singing. When there is contact by one of the mentioned transmissions, a person may be placed at risk for contracting this disease (bacteria) that attacks the lungs. An attack on the lungs occur when the person breaths in the air, thus the bacteria is entered....   [tags: Susceptible Host, Treatment Regimes]

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Feminist Context: Intersections between Substance Abuse and Treatment between Women in the U.S.A. and Mexico

- Introduction For this paper, I will be considering the intersection between women in the United States of America and Mexico, in regard to the status of drug treatment in each country, and the roles that it plays in these women’s lives through a feministic perspective. Further, I will be discussing how gender is in direct juxtaposition to the outcomes of drug treatments in both countries, in regard to the base of the models used to treat. Another key issue in regard to the status of treatment is the notion of the Other, with special consideration to women....   [tags: social constrictors, drug treatment outcomes]

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The Effectiveness of Treatment for Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia

- Anorexia nervosa and bulimia are eating disorders that severely affect both men and women around the world. The cause of the eating disorder usually derives from psychological, biological and social forces. Eating disorders have become an epidemic in American society, twenty-four million people of all ages and genders suffer from an eating disorder in the U.S. (National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders.\, 2011). There are many ways to address and treat an eating disorder....   [tags: Promising treatments for anorexia and bulimia]

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Is Chemotherapy the Best Treatment for Testicular Cancer?

- 1.1 The problem In the UK, each year around 2,200 men are diagnosed with testicular cancer and about 70 British males die each year from this cancer [1]. The cancer strikes young to middle-aged men worldwide, and now the diagnoses rates are increasing worldwide. In 2011, there were 68 deaths from testicular cancer in the UK, most of the deaths were in men aged 15-49(57%), so this cancer is an age related problem for men. However the remission rates are quite high, in 2009 the remission rate of men in the UK aged 15-99 was 96% due to the effective treatments that the NHS offer to the cancer patients....   [tags: oncology, alternative treatments]

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Analysis and Treatment of Hunter S. Thompson for Substance Use Disorder

- Hunter S. Thompson once said, “I hate to advocate drugs, alcohol, violence, or insanity to anyone, but they’ve always worked for me.” There are no other words that would describe Dr. Thompson in a more accurate fashion. He lived his life like no other human being could ever imagine. He is arguably the most famous and creative writer to have lived, especially considering that he was the one who created the new style of writing that is referred to as “Gonzo” writing. He was the eye of a culture movement that left a significant impact on society’s perspective overall....   [tags: Analysis and Treatment]

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Treatments And Treatment Of Hypertension

- ... Gubbs seems to be saying that because the condition fixes itself within a few hours that there is no cause for alarm and that this inconsistency cannot define an actual disease or condition, for that would mean the patient would present with the symptoms constantly not at certain times. Dr. Francis Humphris in 1913 states, “Although altered blood pressure is only a symptom, and not a disease, it is a symptom of such importance that in some cases diagnosis and prognosis may be decided by it (1913)”....   [tags: Blood pressure, Hypertension, Blood]

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Better Treatment of Animals Will Help us to Remain Human

- Every day in countries around the world, animals are fighting for their lives. They are enslaved, beaten, and kept in chains to make them perform for humans' "entertainment"; they are mutilated and confined to tiny cages so that we can kill them and eat them; they are burned, blinded, poisoned, and cut up alive in the name of "science"; they are electrocuted, strangled, and skinned alive so that people can parade around in their coats; and worse. (PETA) Every year, millions of animals are suffering slaughterhouse and painful procedures for the clothing of humans....   [tags: Ethical Treatment of Animals]

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Wounded Casualties and Healthcare Treatment in the Civil War

- CW Research Paper Since more people died from disease and infection than from injuries, the American Civil War’s new developments were important and helped change the face of the war for the better. The conditions and sanitation in the hospital tents were gruesome. There were people moaning in agony on the floor and blood everywhere. Poor sanitation led to diseases and sickness. Wounds wrapped in dirty bandages led to infections. Doctors didn’t understand germs and didn’t know how to treat them....   [tags: Nurses, Disease, Treatment]

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The History of Essential Oils: Medical Trick or Treatment?

- The History of Essential Oils: Medical Trick or Treatment. The Mayo Clinic’s publication of their “Book of Alternative Medicine, Integrating the Best of Natural Therapies with Conventional Medicine” is one of the many indications that alternative therapies are being acknowledged by mainstream medicine, and in some cases are viewed as complementary treatments. Developed by Mayo Clinic doctors and editors, the book addresses natural healing therapies including 40 herbs, essential oils and botanicals that have been used for generations as natural remedies....   [tags: treatments, antibacterial, botanical]

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Wastewater Treatment: Primary and Secondary Treatment

- CHAPTER-3 3.1 Introduction As the given situation describes, eutrophication is a result of the presence of nitrogen and phosphorus in river since no protection methods are carried out to end the release of waste into the water bodies. Such rivers are commonly known as sensitive rivers. These nutrients excite the production of algae providing food for their growth under the accurate circumstances thus causing eutrophication. Eutrophication can harm the ecosystem causing unwanted alteration in aquatic population, extreme reduction of oxygen, health issues to human-beings and animals, expensive water treatment costs and, interfering with recreational signifi...   [tags: microorganisms, organic waste]

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Liraglutide: Novel Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

- ... This action on the beta cells decreases once glucose levels approach normal levels. GLP-1 activation also decreases the amount of glucose released from the liver, further reducing serum glucose levels. Again, this action is dependent on hyperglycemia and the effect is decreased as glucose levels approach normal. The down regulation affects when glucose reaches euglycemia is a major advantage of this drug and produce glucose control with a decreased incidence of hypoglycemic episodes. Additional effects on gastric emptying further delay glucose absorption and contribute to the reduction in serum glucose levels and lower post-prandial hyperglycemia....   [tags: pharmaceutical treatments, medicinal drugs]

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Topical Treatment for Prevention or Treatment of Scars

- TOPICAL VITAMIN E Over the years, the development of hypertrophic scars has remained an unsolved problem in wound healing. Topical Vitamin E (tocotrienol) is increasingly popular among the public for scar prevention and treatment. A significant number of health professionals believe that topical vitamin E could help in improving the appearance of scars despite the lack of scientific evidence. There is little evidence from well-controlled and randomized clinical trials to justify the beneficial use of Vitamin E in surgical scars....   [tags: literature review, vitamin E]

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The Treatment of Phobias

- Everyone in life has fears, it’s a natural way our brains process certain objects or situations that may be dangerous. Common fears may be heights or spiders; some would rationally go out of their way to avoid these, but this is quite different from having a phobia. A phobia is an irrational distress with a particular object or concept/idea. Although fears are well known now, they do not have to disrupt the lives of those who are living them. Throughout the essay there will be three different treatments with three different phobias in ways to cure a phobia; the first is a trauma-focused treatment approach for travel phobia, assessment and treatment for childhood phobias, and hypnosis in faci...   [tags: phobia, fear, hypnosis, travel phobia]

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Treatment for Rosacea

- Rosacea is a common skin disorder affecting millions of people aging between 30 and 60. It is a skin problem characterized by swelling and redness of face. There is no known cure for rosacea. Treatment is all about controlling the symptoms. Although there are various ways of treating rosacea, but laser treatment for rosacea is the most effective mode of treatment. Laser treatments can effectively treat the various symptoms of rosacea. No single cause has been determined for rosacea. Some studies suggest it to be genetic, while other theories suggest that it is a disorder of the blood vessels where the vessels swell up and result in reddening of the skin....   [tags: Health]

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Treatment or Incarceration?

- There is an epidemic of almost epic proportions in this wonderful nation called the United States. However, this epidemic is not only national; it is worldwide. And because of this epidemic there are other problems in society such as an increase in crime and prison overcrowding. The epidemic is that of Substance Abuse and Addiction. The penal systems of each state house more prisoners due to drug related crimes than any other. The statistics do not lie; they only tell the truth. Treatment instead of incarceration would be beneficial to the addict himself and to society as a whole....   [tags: Drugs]

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1874 words | (5.4 pages) | Preview

Immunotherapy, What it Means for Cancer Treatments

- For years the go to cancer treatment has been very invasive and often created hardships for patients. Today we are on the fast track of a breakthrough that could redefine typical cancer treatments, one that could and will save thousands who are at risk. According to the Center of Disease Control (CDC), despite great efforts to develop better treatments, more than 7.6 million people worldwide died from cancer alone in 2013, with that number growing each year (CDC 2014). It would be unlikely that there will ever be a single cure for all cancers....   [tags: Cancer Treatment, Invasive, Cancer patients]

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Treatment of Strokes

- Stroke Medications and Treatment “Time is brain” is the repeated catch phrase when addressing the treatment and management of stroke (Saver, 2006). Access to prompt and appropriate medical care during the first few hours of stroke onset is critical to patient survival and outcomes. Recent changes in the guidelines for acute stroke care released by the American Heart Association (AHA) and the American Stroke Association (ASA) have improved patient access to treatment. Stroke treatment now follows the model of myocardial infarction treatment....   [tags: Types of Strokes, Medications]

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The Ashley Treatment

- Parents, no matter their profession, are eternally in the business of raising their children. From their earliest ages, kids are told who they can play with, what they can eat, where they can go, and even when they have to go to bed. But is there a point where parents go too far. In other words, is there a time when in raising a child, a parent interjects in a child’s life so much that those actions become detrimental to the child’s development. This is the physically moral dilemma that comes out of the Ashley Treatment....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Treatment of Braces

- As Thich Nhat Hanh once said, “Sometimes your joy is the source of your smile, but sometimes your smile can be the source of your joy.” A smile can change a life, and more importantly, your smile can change your life. Some people are naturally lucky, but orthodontists estimate that about three in every four kids could benefit from orthodontic work. Even though a number of people may think that braces are a waste of time and money, going through the treatment of braces could help to improve your life because they highly boost self esteem and help to correct and develop a healthy smile....   [tags: Orthodontics, Smile, Self Esteem, Better Life]

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Treatment of Pneumonia

- Background: Pneumonia is the leading infectious cause of death in the United States.1 The microorganism most commonly responsible for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is S. pneumoniae. Current treatment focuses on eradicating the causative microorganism with antimicrobial therapy.2 Severe CAP often leads to complications such as sepsis and organ failure, such that many patients require mechanical ventilation and admission to the intensive care unit.1 Corticosteroids are currently FDA approved and indicated for the treatment and prophylaxis of asthma.3 The bronchial anti-inflammatory action is achieved through direct inhibition of the mediating cells, including macrophages, T-lymphocytes, a...   [tags: Medical Conditions]

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Diabetes and Treatment

- According to Krisha McCoy on her article: The history of Diabetes; “In 150 AD, the Greek physician Arateus described what we now call diabetes as "the melting down of flesh and limbs into urine." From then on, physicians began to gain a better understanding about diabetes. Centuries later, people known as "water tasters" diagnosed diabetes by tasting the urine of people suspected to have it. If urine tasted sweet, diabetes was diagnosed. To acknowledge this feature, in 1675 the word "mellitus," meaning honey, was added to the name "diabetes," meaning siphon....   [tags: Insulin, Pancreas, Glycemia]

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Treatment for Hypertension

- Blood pressure is the force at which one’s heart pumps blood throughout the body. The body often increases and decreases in blood pressure depending on the external work the body is performing. Physical activities, for example, cause the heart to beat faster and pump blood through the body at a more powerful rate. Hypertension, defined as a chronically elevated blood pressure greater than 140/90 mmHg, affects nearly 75 million Americans. If left untreated, hypertension can dramatically increase your risk for heart attacks, strokes and peripheral arterial disease....   [tags: blood pressure, medication]

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Treatment for Alzheimer

- In an article written by Antonanzas, Rive, Badenas, Gomez- Lus and Guilhaume (2006), the different style of treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) was found to have implications on research. In the United States and many other developed countries, AD patients are often institutionalized at a certain point of the disease when they are said to cause a burden on their caregivers. In Spain, AD is rarely a disease that institutionalizes a person; they are regularly taken care of by a caregiver in the community till the end....   [tags: article critique, Antonanzas, Rive]

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The Effectiveness of Natural and Non-medicinal Treatments for Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia, and Obesity

- Introduction: Picture a boy. Top of his class with above a 4.0 GPA, member of three sport teams, holds an officer position in nearly every organization in his high school, thriving with confidence, and smiles all around. He’s a “perfect” example of a well-rounded student. Yet on the inside, he’s beginning to waste away. His body is becoming weak, his mind is becoming slower, and his demeanor is in a drastic downfall. He’s no longer able to keep up with his race times in cross-country. He’s passing out during track practice and vomiting during volleyball....   [tags: Health, Medical Treatment]

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Prevention and treatment of Prevention and Treatment of Pre-eclampsia and Eclampsia

- WHO Analysis: Prevention and treatment of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia In completing the assignment for WHO analysis, required for Community and Global Health, examination of the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for the Prevention and treatment of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia has occurred. According to the guidelines, hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are prevalent and carry a high rate of morbidity. The purpose of this paper is to examine the effectiveness and plausibility of the WHO guidelines, which this author believes are effective, however the ability to enact the guidelines in developing countries, regardless of the lives saved, seems feeble at best....   [tags: pregnancy, global health]

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ADHD: Diagnosis, Treatment, Etiology, and Treatment Outlook

- ADHD: Diagnosis, Treatment, Etiology, and Treatment Outlook Attention Deficit with hyper activity Disorder commonly known as ADHD is classified as a disruptive behavior disorder usually diagnosed in childhood. ADHD is the most commonly diagnosed behavior disorder of childhood. It appears to be more common in boys than it is girls. This Disorder is more common in boys than in girls and approximately five in one hundred children are affected (Busing). There are three subtypes: Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive, predominantly inattentive, combined hyperactive-impulsive and inattentive (most children have the combined type of ADHD)(nimh.nih.gov).The age of onset of ADHD is usually in presc...   [tags: Psychology ]

Term Papers
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Personalized Medicine in the Treatment of Cancer

- Sir William Osler wittily compared the development of personalized medicine to an art form, saying that medicine would truly be a science if all humans had the same genetic makeup (Theodorescu, 24). One can easily imagine how each human started as a blank canvas and over time developed additional brushstrokes from factors such as genetic crossovers and mutations, making everyone a unique piece of art. Because no two individuals are exactly the same, there is a need for individualized treatment when people are ill, which is where personalized medicine takes on a role....   [tags: Medical Research]

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Community Treatment Of A Psychiatric Facility

- ... Benefits of Community Treatment Orders Community treatment orders recognize that there are a lot of people who are ill and in need of treatment. CTOs want to show that they are there to ensure that individuals receive proper treatment when they are not able to care for themselves (Alberta Government, 2014). One of the main benefits of CTOs is that it is used as an alternative to hospitals. The people who are receiving the treatment are able to live on their own while following their doctors care plan....   [tags: Mental disorder, Psychiatry, Mental health]

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Treatment Options for an Incurable Disorder

- Millions of people around the world suffer from incurable diseases and disorders. Everyday brings a new challenge, a new obstacle to overcome as they search in vain for a way to ease the pain brought upon them by the disease or disorder they carry. Autism is one of the many mental disorders that plagues the planet. Autism is defined as, “A set of symptoms that include limited social abilities and highly patterned behavior” (“Autism” 1), and though many treatments are available world wide, as of now, there is no cure....   [tags: Health, Diseases, Autism]

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Symptoms And Treatment Of The Intake Assessment

- During the intake assessment, Patty was assessed in the following areas: medical, employment, financial, substance use history, legal, family, social relationships, psychiatric, and spirituality. In addition, this writer’s diagnostic impressions were completed by assessing opiate use and current opioid dependence. Due to historical and present use of illicit substances, despite damaging physical and psychological consequences, Cocaine Abuse and Opioid Use Disorder is appropriate diagnosis. Patty exhibits symptoms of Antisocial Personality Disorder due to her typical disregard for right and wrong and often disregards the rights, wishes and feelings of others....   [tags: Antisocial personality disorder, Mental disorder]

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Treatment Programs in the United States

- Jefferson M. Fish, Professor Emeritus, former Chair of the Psychology Department as well as a former Director of Clinical Psychology at St. John's University wrote in the Oregon Law Review, "another set of mistaken assumptions underlies current policy regarding...mandatory drug treatment, offered by the courts as an alternative to imprisonment, is an effective and enlightened policy" (Fish, 2013). Fish (2013) attempted to convey to the readers, the absolute necessity of overhauling current United States policies regarding drug treatment....   [tags: compulsory, voluntary, civil, diverson]

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Hypochondriasis : Symptoms And Treatment Of Hypochondria

- Hypochondriasis While there are many disorders out there, one that is not as well-known would be hypochondriasis, also known as hypochondria. The rareness of this disorder may be attributed to the fact it typically goes undiagnosed. According to DSM-IV-TR (American Psychiatric Association, 2000), hypochondria is categorized as a somatoform disorder in Axis I disorders. Axis I disorders found in DSM-IV-TR are described as clinical disorders “that bring most people to the attention of a psychological professional” (Ciccarelli 2011, p....   [tags: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, Anxiety]

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An Experimental Study on Hydrothermal Treatment

- Sweet sorghum bagasse powder was used as the substrate for the treatment studies. Sweet sorghum variety CSSH-45 was obtained from the Department of Plant Science of McGill University. The plants were harvested, defoliated and stems were crushed to extract sweet juice from it. The bagasse obtained was immediately cold washed to remove the free sugars present on it (Hou-min Chang, Richard Phillips et al. 2013). It was then dried in a hot air oven at 500C for 72 hours to obtain constant dry mass. The dried bagasse was chopped using scissors to 1-2 cm long pieces and powdered to small particles using a blender-grinder (Homeland Housewares, LA, USA)....   [tags: hemicellulose,pentose sugar,sweet sorghum]

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Is There any Treatment for Pornography Addiction?

- ... Naltrexone targets the brain reward system by blocking the capacity of endogenous opioids to trigger dopamine release in response to reward. It blocks both the nucleus accumbens and interneuron opioid receptors, thereby facilitating an increase in GABA tone and a reduction in nucleus accumbens dopamine levels through both direct and indirect mechanisms (Balfour, Yu, & Coolen, 2004), resulting in pornography’s decreased salience. Ultimately, via gradual desensitization, the addictive behaviour’s salience should diminish (Schmidt & Beninger, 2006; Meyer & Quenzer, 2005) The blocking of some of the pleasure receptors in the brain has been shown to reduce cravings associated with addiction (...   [tags: sexual addiction, medical advice, naltrexone ]

Free Essays
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The Identification and Treatment of OCD

- There are many different aspects to the identification and treatment of OCD and this paper attempts to identify classic symptoms and theorized risk factors/causes. In addition it explores the viable treatment options and evaluates the efficiency of each in alleviating symptoms while discussing how each treatment functions to facilitate recovery. Furthermore, it assesses the extent to which the treatments may be used together to maximize effectiveness and then provides a probable prognosis. Verifying the alarm clock was set for the 12th time before finally comfortable enough to go to bed, the thought of awaking to a burning house prompted him to go verify the stove was off....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]

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Diagnosis Of Treatment For Cure Depression

- Method of treatment to help cure depression The feeling of sorrow, of emptiness, the numbness the you feel. You had just lost a loved one, or you lost your job, or you wake up in the morning and out of nowhere, you feel as if your world is falling apart, but you don 't know why. Depression may feel like you 're trapped in a hole. You feel as if everything bad that is happening is your fault. Depression can be caused by various events such as trauma, a loss, financial issues etc.. Sometimes people don 't have a reason to be depressed, and they still are....   [tags: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor]

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Benefits of Facial Laser Treatment:

- Benefits of facial laser treatment: • The primary advantage is that the laser treatment is an absolutely harmless and painless method of facial. It does not involve going under knife and bearing the pain. • The laser procedure is much faster than the surgical operations. Moreover, regular visits are also not required to derive benefit of the treatment. • The time required for recovery and recuperation in laser treatment is less than that required for surgery. Considerations: These three factors are sufficient to convince oneself for facial laser treatment....   [tags: Health]

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The Treatment of Child Sexual Abuse

- Child sexual abuse is a social crisis of significant magnitude (Lipovsky & Hanson, 2007). This type of abuse has been found to be correlated with the advancement of an extensive range of mental health and social problems in children and adults (Kemp, Signal, Botros, Taylor, & Prentice, 2014). Child sexual abuse is the term used when an adult uses a child or adolescent for his own sexual gratification or pleasure (Ratican, 1992). Furthermore, a frequent expression of childhood sexual abuse is control over the abused child (Lipovsky & Hanson, 2007)....   [tags: social crisis, offender, perpetrator]

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Treatment Of A Red Blood Cells

- ... These drugs keep your body from destroying and rejecting the transplanted kidney. There are multiple steps in the transplant process: 1. You are evaluated for a transplant by the medical team at a transplant center. 2. If accepted as a transplant candidate, you are registered on the national organ transplant waiting list. A living donor may also be identified and evaluated for living donation. 3. You begin organizing your support system. 4. You begin developing your financial strategy. 5. The waiting period begins....   [tags: Chronic kidney disease, Nephrology, Hemodialysis]

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A Case For Resisting Medical Treatment

- Should Nancy Cruzan, who suffered brain damage from a car accident, be hooked to a life sustaining machine for the rest of her life. Unable to move, talk, eat or even breathe on her own or should she be released from her pain and suffering. This case provided an altercation between state medical procedures supported by human preservation of life vs. human rights under the constitution and the right to refuse medical treatment. Ms. Cruzan, a twenty-five year old, was on her way home on January 11th, 1983 when she crashed into a ditch; causing an automobile accident, which left her in a “persistent vegetative state”....   [tags: euthanasia, cutting life support]

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The Role of Environment on ADHD Treatment

- ADHD (attention Deficit Hyperactivty Disorder) has been widely sudied, for this behavioral disorder is usually diagnosed in childhood or adolescene. It is estimated that between 4 and 6 percent of people in United States have ADHD, and doctors are increasingly diagnosing more with this disorder and about half of of those diagnosed with ADHD still have the symptoms when they become adults (Bornstein, et al., 2002). The symptoms includes inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. These symptoms can affect a person’s life in many ways; poor academic achievements, difficulty in making friends, problems with self-esteem, and emotional problems.This disorder may not enable people diagnosed with...   [tags: stattera, psychotherapy, behavioral disorder]

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Types Of Treatment For Social Anxiety

- ... I strongly believe someone who decides to consume this type of medication should be monitored, even if it is the most effective treatment option for him or her since it is known to be addictive. There are many medication options to treat social anxiety, it just takes someone experiencing it to speak with a professional and get prescribed the correct medication to lower the anxiety levels. Another treatment option for social anxiety is trying to overcome it by using self-help techniques. The first self-help technique is facing a boy’s or girl’s fears, which mostly involves facing social situations he or she has been avoiding....   [tags: Anxiety, Fear, Anxiety disorder, Social anxiety]

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Analysis of Psychotherapy Treatment Modalities

- In a research article by Gabbard and Kay (2001), a question of treatment modalities was addressed. The research set out to discover whether treatment conducted by one or two psychiatrists, who are both performing psychotherapy and providing medications, is better than the more traditional psychotherapy alone. The focus of the investigation was on patients that have been dually diagnosed and were in need of multiple treatments. It is hypothesized that “pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy have become fragmented from one another, creating an artificial separation of the psychosocial and biological domains in psychiatry,” (Gabbard & Kay, 2001)....   [tags: Mental Health, Healthcare]

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Understanding PTSD and Methods of Treatment

- A study in 2008 showed that about 300,000 Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans suffer from PTSD or major depression, and about 320,000 may have experienced at least a mild concussion or brain injury in combat (Zoroya). American society is witnessing a hasty rise in the need for treatment of PTSD for returning soldiers from Afghanistan and Iraq. The medical definition of PTSD is that the person has been exposed to a traumatic event in which both the following were present: The person experienced, witnessed, or was confronted with an event or events that involved actual or threatened death or serious injury, or a threat to the physical integrity of self or others, The person’s response involv...   [tags: post traumatic stress, psychology, psychiatry]

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A Brief Note On The And Family Treatment

- TSD and Family Treatment Many families will be impacted by deployments of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom, when service members come home many will need help for PTSD as well as their families. Family members can have an impact on the service member 's recovery and treatment (Hall, 2008). Similarly. living with a service member with PTSD does not directly cause PTSD, but can cause similar symptoms and “various secondary dramatization” (Hall,2008, p. 226). Because of the effect family can have on one another it is important to address both family and service member in treating PTSD....   [tags: Problem solving, Interpersonal relationship]

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The Treatment Of Mental Illness

- ... The symptoms of the mental illness depended on which form it deteriorated into. The knowledge that mental illness stemmed from the brain was a step forward, but no actual treatment was effective in treating those that had a mental illness (Harris, 2013). The rise of Christianity during the Roman Empire’s latter days in the 5th century caused a shift in mental illness treatment and research from medical to religious. Anxiety disorders and other mental illnesses were seen as punishment for sins, thus repenting and atoning for their sins were the main treatments....   [tags: Psychology, Mental disorder, Medicine, Psychiatry]

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Leukemia: The Disease and The Treatment

- Leukemia Leukeumia is a type of cancer affecting the bone marrow. Bone marrow is where platelets, red blood cells and white blood cells (Leukocytes) are made. (Medical Journal Dictionary)Leukemia is caused by the rapid production (Proliferation) of Leukocytes, and causes a build-up that inhibits red blood cells, and platelets from functioning and stops other Leukocytes from fighting infection. Because of the abnormally rapid production these cells are unable to mature or develop properly and are unable to carry out their functions....   [tags: Diseases/Disorders]

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The Impact of Spirituality on Cancer Treatment

- Introduction Spirituality or what is termed as an ultimate or immaterial reality involves processes through which a person undergoes a struggle to find a meaning that reflects his inner being and explore the very existence of his essence and presence in the world. Through the practice of spiritual exercises a person gains a much better understanding of his Creator and benefactor, moreover it is also said that spirituality brings a person closer to God. There are three major methods through which spirituality is performed; these include the actions of meditation, contemplation and prayer....   [tags: medical, religion]

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1122 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Analysis of The Tax Treatment of Investors

- Each of the three approaches discussed so far assumes that the present value of a dollar of tax saved by the company is fully reflected in shareholder value. But, in addition to arguments about the validity of each of these methods, there is also some disagreement as to whether the tax rate that should be used in calculating the value of the debt tax shield should be lower than the corporate tax rate because of taxes incurred by investors. The standard way to deal with this issue has been to define a net tax saving variable, T*, that reflects the tax treatment of the investors who hold the company’s debt and equity as follows: (1-T*) = (1-TC)[(1-TPE)/(1-TPD)], (4) where TPE is the marginal t...   [tags: wacc, apv approach, tax shield, equity]

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1174 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Reconsolidation as an Aid in PTSD Treatment

- The increasing rates of diagnosis for PTSD call for development of an effective treatment protocol to alleviate suffering associated with the symptoms of PTSD. The phenomena of reconsolidation possibly offers a cognitive process which may be therapeutically manipulated to benignly alter traumatic memories into less threatening memories. Biological components and mechanisms of reconsolidation are being progressively discovered. Therapeutic modalities constructed in the past have shown limited efficacy, but with greater knowledge from research may be restructured so as to provide effective relief from PTSD for patients....   [tags: post traumatic stress disorder]

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1623 words | (4.6 pages) | Preview

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