Your search returned over 400 essays for "Privatization"
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Launch of Privatization of Egyptian SOE

- A. Launch of privatization of Egyptian SOEs i. Privatization process and its impact in Egyptian textile and clothing industry The Egyptian textile and clothing industry has been of vital significance to the Egyptian economy, as the entire production process from the cultivation of cotton to the production of yarns, fabrics and garments are performed domestically. According to El-Haddad, in 2008 the industry produced 26.4% of industrial production, LE 33.5 billion of total value added (MOED 2008), and approximately 10% of the country’s exports (El-Haddad 2010:2)....   [tags: Privatization Process, Impacts, Egyptian Textile]

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The Historical View of Privatization and Nationalization in America

- In the previous years ago, the word privatization was not well-known same as today. Conversely, word nationalization was popular at that time because of the government at that time owned all of the important enterprises such as infrastructure businesses while private sector owned in the diminutive enterprise which not important about the lifestyle of the people that illustrated the government had more bargaining power than private sector. Almost people knew nationalization but did not know about privatization....   [tags: privatization, nationalazation, USA, history,]

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Privatization of Social Security

- It’s a matter of either losing all that you have worked for and live in poverty when retired or allowing your hard earned dollars to grow and have a secure comfortable retirement. I believe that Social Security is a doomed Government Program and that Privatization of Social Security would allow for a more secure retirement plan for all Americans. Social Security was first created to help aging Americans in their senior years so they would not end up in poverty. Social Security was signed in as law on August 14, 1935 by President Franklin D....   [tags: retirement plan, privatization of social security]

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Pros and Cons of Privatization

- Privatisation means transferring the control of an enterprise from the government sector to the private sector. Generally, but not always, this also means transferring ownership of the Public sector enterprise as well as control. It can be accomplished by sale or lease. It can be accomplished by the government selling 100% of an enterprise, or selling 51%, or even by selling a minority stake - so long as the private sector is given full managerial control. Without transferring control to the private sector, the government can rise money by selling a smaller share, but that is not privatisation as such....   [tags: Business Privatization]

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Reflections on Privatization and Criminal Justice

- Reflections on Privatization and Criminal Justice Thank you very much for the welcome, and for giving my talk. When the Fraser Institute called me last year, they rang up and said they were having a conference and we would like to invite you, and I thought I think you have the wrong person. Basically, everybody else there, except myself and one person from Nova Scotia, were in favour of privatization and very strongly in favour of it, especially with respect to prisons. It was actually very educational and interesting to engage in that debate....   [tags: Privatization Criminal Justice Equality Essays]

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Privatization Is A Term That

- According to the NEA Higher Education Research Center, Privatization is a term that “suggests a movement away from public financing and toward private financing. This term, mostly used by economists when talking about markets, is now becoming a topic of interest when it comes to higher education as well. Both colleges and the students who attend these institutions must face new obstacles as a result of the shift from public to private financing. For certain colleges, the main concern is: “How do we get the money to privately fund ourselves?” For students, the concern is: “How do I get enough money to be able to make it through college?” As private funding and financing becomes increasingly d...   [tags: Debt, University, Higher education, College]

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Privatization in Kosovo

- The recent announcement of privatization of national resources and enterprises in Kosovo has sparked a great deal of debate. While the government is preparing to put on the market some of the most important national assets in hopes of creating better economic prospects, questions have arisen about the rationale of this decision. Seen from the perspective of different schools of thought in Kosovo, privatization is considered to be either absolutely necessary, or too dangerous. It is our way either to a modern, developed and prosperous economy, or to increased unemployment, poverty and social plight....   [tags: world economy, economic]

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Drinking Water Privatization

- I am on the cusp of a new industry, soon to be sweeping across the globe. Armed with little but a wet-dry vacuum, several filters, and empty jelly jars, I have found a way to bottle oxygen. Right now, I sell my oxygen to major companies that need oxygen to produce their products, such as agribusiness corporations to grow plants and Pepsi to make carbonated bubbles. Every time I wheel my machine into the middle of town, people complain between struggled breaths. My local government claims that oxygen is a need, not a right....   [tags: Potable Water Privatization]

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The Privatization Initiatives of the 1980s

- Privatization is not a new phenomenon and has been affecting governments both positively and negatively for many years. Privatization is the process in which a government will sell a state owned enterprise and assets to be privately owned and operated. “The United Kingdom, under the Thatcher government, ushered in the era of privatization in the early 1980s.” (pg3) “The focus on privatization is rooted in the ideological belief that competitive markets are the most efficient actors capable of distributing resources and producing goods.” The sale of assets in the first decade of privatization generated more than £15 billion of revenue for the government....   [tags: SOE,tax collection,public good]

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Water Scarcity: Privatization is Not the Solution

- Although water is all around, very little is drinkable. Six billion people live on earth and 1.1 billion in 31 countries are unable to access safe, clean drinking water. California has only 20 years of water supply left. Ironically, even the wettest place on earth, Cherrapunji, India, has often water shortages. After years of millions of people dying of thirst and disease, a corporate movement to find a solution to the water crisis has now swept the world. Water, a fleeting resource vital to every life, every single day of the year, is now being taken out of the governments control and becoming a commodity bought and sold by big business, a.k.a privatization....   [tags: Global Water Crisis]

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Privatization of Solid Waste Management

- Privatization of Solid Waste Management Among the major environmental policies that have triggered hot debates among stakeholders and the public in general is that of privatizing solid waste management in various cities in the United States. Private companies have been operating the business of waste collection and management for many years not only in the U.S but also in the U.K and other countries. The debate has been whether by privatizing municipal solid waste (MSW) management, cost reduction and improved service quality can be achieved....   [tags: Waste Management ]

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Privatization in Post Revolution Egypt

- B. A Glimpse at Privatization in Post Revolution Egypt i. Privatization today The Egyptian economy was affected as a result of the mass revolution that was launched in January 2011 ultimately leading to the overthrow of the Mubarak regime. Whilst the Egyptian ‘AL-Fuloul’ (remnants of the regime) are seen to still have a tight grip on the state owned enterprises as was evident before the overthrow of Mubarak, the economy is still struggling to meet the demands of the population suffering from social unrest (Kinninmont, J....   [tags: Egyptian Economy, Mubarak Regime]

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A Short Note On The Privatization Of Water

- Waters Wars clearly conveys the growing problem of nonegalitarian access to clean water. Vandana Shiva combines both anecdotal and statistical analysis to back her argumentation. Over the course of seven chapters, she demonstrates how water is being polluted, who is responsible and affected, and how water should be treated. Climate and industry are major sources of pollution. Severe flood and storm events destroy sewer and irrigation systems while contaminating the water supply. High demand for precious metals and petroleum lead conglomerates to invest in practises that degrade the watershed....   [tags: Water resources, Water crisis, Water]

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Privatization of Universities: Greece and Italy

- Over the past three to four years, students and teachers have expressed their opinion, anger, and frustrations on their governments trying to privatized universities. Privatizing universities does not always have a positive effect on people but it does help the country to cut down their debt crisis like what had happened in Greece. The students and professors in Greece and Italy have demonstrated and protested on opposing the idea of privatization of universities or public education. It was the beginning of a new era in student’s movement in Europe and North America....   [tags: Higher Education, college]

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The Ethics of Prison Privatization

- How true is Christie’s warning that an increasingly privatized penal service threatens the ethics and effectiveness of the criminal justice system. More aspects of the penal system are now privatized, and are set to increase. This includes the privatization of such services as prisons, electronic tags, catering companies, probation work or prison escort services. David Taylor-Smith, head of the world’s biggest security firm, G4S says he expects private companies will be running large parts of the UK’s police service within five years (Taylor and Travis, 2012)....   [tags: legal issues, penal system]

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Service and Asset Privatization

- ... In statistical analyses, he comes to know that the high population in prisons is an originator to the prison privatization, and privatizing prisons are more likely adapted by poorer and smaller states as they have less funds and spending restrictions. He mentions that less liberal citizens are negatively related with privatization of prison in multiple studies and imprisonment rate is positively related with the privatization of prison in one study. After the release of data on privatizing state prisons from the Bureau of Justice Statistics in 1990, he concludes that the high unemployment rate, high crime rate, less liberal citizens and high population were the prime factors which appear...   [tags: government, public, sectors, services]

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The Privatization of Prison Healthcare

- There are over 2.3 million persons within the” Prison Industrial Complex”. The “Prison Industrial Complex" is used to describe the overlapping interests of government and industry (Herzing, 2005). The interest of industry within the state prisons of Illinois has led to the selling of inmate healthcare rights to many private companies. The privatization of healthcare within the prison industrial complex is unconstitutional and perpetuates unethical treatment of persons who are incarcerated. These private companies are not being held accountable for the lack of treatment and negligence of providing services within state prisons....   [tags: legal issues, criminal justice]

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Privatization of American Prisons

- Introduction: In America today, there is a trend in corrections of taking the duty of running prisons out of the hands of state and federal authorities and contracting it out to private organizations. Along with the drift to privatization is a plethora of research pertaining to the subject taking many different approaches to analyzing the effectiveness. The majority of research focuses on one of three areas. The first questioning whether or not it is cost effective to make the switch. The second being the ethical problems that can and have risen from the privatization of prisons....   [tags: State, Federal Authorities, Private Organizations]

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Privatization of Social Security

- It’s a matter of either losing all that you have worked for and live in poverty when retired or allowing your hard earned dollars to grow and have a secure comfortable retirement. I believe that Social Security is a doomed Government Program and that Privatization of Social Security would allow for a more secure retirement plan for all Americans. Social Security was first created to help aging Americans in their senior years so they would not end up in poverty. Social Security was signed in as law on August 14, 1935 by President Franklin D....   [tags: retirement, poverty, tax revenue, sustainability]

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Airport Privatization

- Airports are key enhancers of commerce and trade; they generate massive transportation and key economic benefits (Vasigh, 2007). Privatization of airports relates to transfer of ownership of airport from public ownership sector to private ownership (Jobs Consultancy, 2007). Privatization process aims at increasing of efficiency, competitiveness and viable financing of airports. Considerations on whether to privatize an airport are made by governments and the decision has a long-term impact that follows (Jobs Consultancy, 2007)....   [tags: Aviation]

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Global Ideas : The Road And Privatization Of Education

- Global ideas: the road to privatization of education. Secondary education in Latin America originated from a French-inspired model grounded on two fundamental principles. On the one hand, education should be provided by the central state as a way to sustain the nation-building process. On the other hand, secondary education should train the elite responsible for the nation (Bruter et al., 2004; Tenti, 2003). Yet, the expansion of the capitalist economy shifted secondary education away from an elite-oriented model towards its massification in order to train the manpower required for national progress and modernization (Ramírez and Boli, 1987)....   [tags: Primary education, High school]

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Proposed Alternative to the Privatization of Social Security

- Our nation is on the verge of a crisis. The money that is put aside for Social Security and the benefit of our elders is drying up. Because of this, our president has announced in his State of the Union address that Social Security should be privatized. The benefits of this plan, according to Mr. President, would allow the people to take the money out of social security, and place it in their own investments, thus alleviating the pressure from the government. Democrats are deeply troubled by this proposal and claim that this course of action would be disastrous for seniors....   [tags: government, politics]

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Water Privatization: Private vs. Public

- Water has become a very controversial issue in the United States and around the world. As populations increase and resources decrease, the way we use our resources and keep populations safe become more and more important. Throughout the world there are nearly 1.1 billion people who do not have access the clean drinking water. 5 Most of these 1.1 billion people are located in poor areas and do not have the financial means to build the infrastructures needed to provide water to the citizens of their country....   [tags: Private vs. Public Ownership of Water]

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Privatization in Russia

- Privatization in Russia As a result of privatization in Russia, tens of thousands of state-owned enterprises - from small retail shops to major industrial enterprises - have been transformed into privately owned companies. Millions of Russian citizens became owners. The privatization is guided by the special government program which operates on different administrative levels: federal, regional and municipal. The authorities on any given level are authorized to privatize only those assets transferred to their ownership....   [tags: essays papers]

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Privatization In Russia

- For some, the privatization of Russian industry has been one of the great success stories of Russia’s painful economic transition: quick, firm and radical action was taken to shift the great bulk of Russian industry out of state hands, thereby laying the basis for a radical restructuring of enterprises and improvements in their performance. Others see privatization as a best a failure, at worst a catastrophe. Not surprisingly those opposed to the market and economic reform as a whole share this view....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Brazil and Privatization

- Brazil and Privatization The earliest inhabitants of Brazil were the Indians. However, the country’s recorded history begins with the arrival of the Portuguese in 1500. The Portuguese sailor Pedro Alvares Cabral visited the continent we call South America, eight years after Columbus arrived in America. Portuguese settlers followed, calling the new colony Brazil, after the brazilwood tree that they extracted red dye from. The Portuguese did not bring prosperity and progress to the Indians....   [tags: Brazil Economy Culture History Essays]

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- Privatization Privatizing services is a more attractive option for most local governments and is widely practiced around the state. There are certain government services in which it is impractical to create a free competitive market. For others, it is almost impossible to predict the potential success or failure of privatization. These unclear predictions make privatization a very complicated issue for local governments. The combination of rapidly rising service costs and slowly increasing revenues has led officials in some cities and counties to use non-traditional income services to fund government options....   [tags: Government Businesses Papers]

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Ethics and Privatization of Public Systems

- Ethics problems of privatizing water supply services. Paper submitted for Ethics class, with good reseach on Chinese market. Privatization of public systems has been going on in both developed and developing countries for many years, maybe with more strength on developing countries in the last decade because of their higher reliance on public companies. The inefficiency of many public companies and its burden to the countries bearing them has been probably the reason most commonly used to justify them....   [tags: Country Development Ethics Position Paper]

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- The term Privatization is often loosely used to mean a number of related activities, including any expansion of the scope of private sector activity in an economy and the adoption by the public sector of efficiency enhancing techniques commonly employed by the private sector. While acknowledging that no definition of privatization is water tight, we will define privatization, for the purpose of this paper, as the transfer of productive asset ownership and control from the public to the private sector.1 The transfer of assets can be total, partial or functionary, with the sale being implemented by methods such as private sales, leasing arrangements, employee buy outs and share issues....   [tags: private sector / public sector]

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Privatization, the Best Option for Social Security Reform

- ... Instead, Social Security recipients would have money go into a private account which the account holder would have control over. In 2000 Bush pushed for privatization, this plan would give young workers the choice to create a government-supervised private account which included bonds, stocks, and other financial holdings (Fox News 2008). This started the idea of having ownership over a private account that was personally controlled. Account holders were directly receiving the money they invested in Social Security, and have the option to spend the money as they see fit....   [tags: retiree funds]

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Unique Challenges of Privatization of the Juvinille Justice System

- Privatization has been typically undertaken in an effort to improve public productivity. Public managers thus have faced unique ethical challenges in situations of privatization because practical considerations and ethical considerations often collide. Effectiveness and efficiency may ultimately be long-range goals of privatization in general, but correctional programs for the juveniles are unique when examined state by state. Many people often think that the “free market” represents the best solutions to our current social problems and economic instability....   [tags: rehabilitation, ethics, corrections]

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Is Prison Privatization Really a Long Term Fix?

- Prison Privatization is a term used for which local, state and federal correction facilities hire companies from the private sector to run prisons and provide prison-related services. Some private companies are contracted only to provide things such as medical care, counseling, food services, and maintenance within publicly owned jails and prisons. Today, more and more private companies are being contracted to not only design and build, but also to operate new jails and prisons on both the state and federal level....   [tags: Prison Reform, criminal justice, informative]

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- The social impact of privatization has been an appendage rather than being built into the design of public sector reform programs and particular measures from start to finish. The objectives and the process of privatization has to be rethought because democracy requires the fullest participation of all people in American society, not just those deemed to live in the “public sector”. What is happening is not only increasing fear of the poor, but also the privatization of public space, which is given an added push by government cut-backs....   [tags: essays research papers]

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The Changing of the Guard: A Progressive Study of the Privatization of Prisons

- The Changing of the Guard: A Progressive Study of the Privatization of Prisons Abstract Privatization of prisons is not exactly a novel concept. The Federal Government has been contracting out such things as the building of new prisons, the operating of prisons, and providing goods and services to prisons since 2003. Some of the companies that the government trusts to do all of this are Corrections Corporation of America, and The GEO Service Group, formerly known as Wackenhut. Although the government sees this step as a cost cutting measure, this change has not come without its problems also its detractors....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

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- Privatization In Taft, California, with a perimeter of razor wire, armed prison guards, supervise hundreds of medium security level federal inmates. Welcome to one of America's newest and fastest growing trends in the area of corrections. This new phenomenon is termed, The Corporation of Modern Corrections. Faced with an increase in prison overcrowding and aging institutions, court orders demanding immediate reform coupled with a straining budget, mandatory minimum sentences, and the public's attitude toward "getting tough on crime", America's justice system is in need of an overhaul....   [tags: Prisons Government Papers]

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The Privatization of American Prisons

- The Privatization of American Prisons Introduction Since 1984, the California Penal System has been forced to undergo drastic changes resulting from increased legislation aimed at increasing the severity of retribution to offenders leading to an exponentially increasing prison population. In the 132 years between 1852 and 1984, the state of California built twelve prisons, but has since supplemented the prison system with 21 new facilities. In 1977, the California Department of Corrections was responsible for 19,600 inmates....   [tags: Prison Jail Private Essays]

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Privatization of Electricity in Tanzania

- Privatization of Electricity in Tanzania The story of Tanzania, from pre-colonialist period to present Tanzania, located in East Africa, is one of the least developed countries in the world. According to the UNDP Human Development Index, Tanzania ranked 162 out of 177 countries in the 2004 survey (UNDP:2004, HDI), with one being the most developed. According to the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) prepared by Tanzanian officials for the World Bank, half of Tanzanians 36.6 million people are characterized as “poor” and one-third live in “abject poverty”(WB: PRSP p.1)....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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Water Privatization is Re-endorsing the Apartheid State

- In 1994, the South African government abandoned its Reconstruction and Development Program that ensured that natural resources, such as water, would be accessible to all citizens irrespective of race or class (Mackinnon, 2005). Forsaking this original mandate, the national government now allowed water bureaucrats the authority to provide water only if there was a full cost recovery of operating and maintenance costs (Mackinnon, 2005). Upon advice from international financial institutions and Western governments, the South African government decreased grants and subsidies to local municipalities forcing them to eventually turn to commercialization and privatization of basic services to make u...   [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]

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Bolivia – Privatization or Nationalization?

- Bolivia – Privatization or Nationalization. Bolivia was once a rich and prosperous country but is now one of the poorest nations in the world. The economy of Bolivia used to be rich in agriculture and mining but now searches to find something prosperous again. Privatization of certain companies has started in the country but was expelled when mass protests began. The companies’ prices are too high and the people used their culture and history to get rid of them. The Cochabamba protests of 2000 and the Bolivian gas referendum of 2004 are a couple of examples that show the power the people of Bolivia have over their own government....   [tags: Economics Politics]

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The Privatization of Social Security

- The Privatization of Social Security Many people don’t understand how the Social Security system really works. There are no separate Social Security "accounts" set up for each taxpayer to which he contributes his Social Security "tax" each year. Many people believe these accounts exist, that the money they pay into their accounts grows each year until retirement, and when they retire they get back what they paid in with interest. This is not true. Most people are unaware of the fact that our current Social Security system is a "pay-as-you-go" program, which means that the revenue the federal government raises each tax year for Social Security benefits is paid out that same year to benef...   [tags: Social Security Privacy Retirement Essays]

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Water Scarcity: Privatization is Not the Solution

- Water is vital for humanity as it sustains human life and is a fundamental aspect in most of the products which are consumed by an average living person. This is why water supplies are crucial, because through them this substance is provided sadly these services are being perturbed by various obstacles that at the end are provoking a severe water scarcity around the globe. This has been attempted to be solved by privatising water services, since it is believed that water available for free has generated an overexploitation of this resource....   [tags: Drinking Water Shortage]

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How Does Privatization Affect Economic Growth?

- Throughout your lifetime you have seen your writing evolve. In grade school, you learned the simple five paragraph paper. In high school your writing was used to persuade your teacher to give you a good grade. Now, in college you begin to write like an academic. Your focus has changed. You still need to persuade your audience, but your writing now functions to build onto, or create new knowledge. Whether, it is to challenge, reinforce, or qualify the works of your colleagues....   [tags: Economic growth, Economics, Economy, Writing]

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Privatization of Social Security

- Privatization of Social Security When people lease a car, they pay, knowing that they get something in return. When people pay taxes, they pay, knowing it's the law, and many get some money back. What do people think when they pay social security. Many young people see Social Security as something they are paying but will never get anything in return. What is another way for retirement for the United States. A major topic of retirement talk today often ends up with the new idea of Privatization....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]

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Privatization of Social Services

- The Benefits of Privatization of Social Services Contracting out is the process through which public organizations contract with private sector organizations to provide services normally provided by public agencies. It is a form of privatization, which is defined as any shift of activity or functions from the state to the private sector, more specifically, the shift of production of goods or services from public to private. (Starr, 5) Privatization reduces the role of government and increases the role of private sector agencies....   [tags: Public Policy Management]

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Privatization of Social Security

- Privatization of Social Security Defenders of Social Security point out that without it, nearly four million more older Americans would have been counted as poor during 1997. But analysts say that living above the official poverty income level in retirement years is not all that difficult even for those with low incomes during their working years. All an elderly person had to earn in 1997 to be above the poverty threshold for persons 65 or older was $7,698. To receive that amount of income, all an elderly person had to have at age 67 is $192,450 in government bonds assuming current interest rates and that the individual's net worth is protected from the erosion of inflation....   [tags: Papers]

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What is Contract Labour?

- ... Sub-contracting and Contract Labour is a part of MNC’s strategy to reach out to the cheap labour in the devloping countries and to deny a poor country’s capital for having exclusive access to his labour. Many jurists argue that the need for employment of Contract Labour is unquestionable and they further insist that employment is contract labourers is necessray for a number of reasons which are mentioned below: • The employment of contract labour would relieve the principal employer of the need for direct supervision and control over the employees....   [tags: liberalization and privatization]

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Privatization of American Prisons: a System for Profit

- Abstract The subject of this paper will be a compilation of research on the privatization of American prisons. This will include the reasons for, the historical aspects of, and the ethical and legal problems that it can and has caused. The research methods that will be used to develop this research paper will be done through both classical use of books and use of internet-based sources. This topic is important for analysis because the privatization of American prisons is a subject that raises many ethical and legal questions on its legitimacy and effectiveness as a means of correction....   [tags: Politics Prison ]

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Sheding the Light on the Privatization of Prisons from the Costs Point of View

- ... A coalition of taxpayers sent a letter to the 48 governors encouraging them to reject the offer; it is costly and dangerous and weakens the state. In sum, the article show the public discourse of privatization and its alleged cost savings to the taxpayers. The occupied bed mandate in the contract has a direct correlation to the cost of operating a private prison, and making a comparison to a government facility dogmatic (The American Press, 2013). Influences on the Business Decision to Privatize In 2002, in a paper written by Price: Economics, ideology, politics, and profits: What drives prison privatization....   [tags: budget savings, profit]

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Questions On The 's The Reign Of Error, The Hoax Of The Privatization Movement And The Danger Of

- 1. Ravitch provides 11 solutions. Choose three of these solutions. a. Identify and discuss the problem the solution would address. b. How do these solutions compare with the positions of theorists and researchers you encountered in your Core courses. c. Discuss the potential for successful implementation. d. Be sure to provide support and evidence for your arguments. Diane Ravitch’s book the Reign of Error: The Hoax of the Privatization Movement and the Danger to America 's Public Schools offers 11 solutions to issues the government and stakeholders deem problematic....   [tags: Education, Teacher, Education in the United States]

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Margaret Thatcher : A Hero Or Not?

- Margaret Thatcher Do you believe that women can change the history. What about a single woman who change her country history, not just that her work effect is affect her country until now. Margaret Thatcher or the Iron lady the previous Prime Minister of United Kingdom, the wise women who fight for people grace and benefit and her country economy and leading her country to a financial stability and to admit she is a hero we have to defined the meaning of hero so we can know if someone is a hero or not, in our case we use Miriam Polster criteria in her article Eve’s Daughters to evaluate if our character is a hero or not....   [tags: Margaret Thatcher, Privatization]

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Globalization And Its Impacts On Social Conditions

- Globalization and its Impacts Introduction This essay will mainly point out on what is globalization and its theories and what effects is it causing on welfare of people and how is it causing effects on social conditions for the population in south in this essay it is about India and Nigeria . Globalization and Theories Oxford dictionary (2015) explains that Globalization is the process in which businesses and organizations develop international influence and work in an international scale .The world system theory states there is a class difference within society ....   [tags: Globalization, Sovereignty, Rural, Privatization]

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The Impact of Technology on the US Economy: The Development of Nanotechnology

- In the last decade, the United States has established itself to be one of the most influential sources of technological development. As a result, United States' technological development has made a significant contribution to its robust economy. Since the technological development continues to rapidly grow to the present date, specifically the nanotechnology sector, the United States is pursuing to develop and expand its appropriate institutional mechanisms and policies to better manage the technological development....   [tags: dominant power, privatization, freedom]

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The Pros and Cons of Privatizing Government Services in Canada

- Municipal control or an alternative delivery method. This is the question that has intrigued all levels of local government and created intense debates between taxpayers across municipalities. The services that municipalities provide are often vital to the existence of a local area. The issues of accountability, cost savings, quality of service and democracy often arise when choosing the best options to deliver services to a municipal area. In recent years the concepts of privatization, alternative service delivery and public-private partnerships are often promoted as ways cut down on overburdened annual city budgets and promote a higher quality of service to citizens....   [tags: Privatization of Public Services]

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Private Prisons Negativly Impact State and Local Governments

- Private prisons have a negative effect on states and local governments. Unfortunately, the number of private prisons has been increasing since their inception in 1983 causing further problems. For-profit prisons offer no real benefits and are bad investments for states. Furthermore, private prisons beleaguer communities with high turnover rates that hurt local economies. The demands of these institutions put an excessive burden on the local community’s infrastructure. Similarly, private prisons strain the county and city legal systems....   [tags: For-profit Prisons, Prison Privatization]

Term Papers
3178 words | (9.1 pages) | Preview

The Nature of the Modern American Prison System

- The nature of the modern American prison system is explored, especially with regard to the evolution of safety measures and the birth of prison privatization. Covered are Bentham's revolutionary Panopticon concept, as well as the driving forces behind prison labor practices and prisoner rights. Factors such as investor confidence, taxation, and public policy are all examined to determine how they influence the state of the prison system (both public and private). The rights of inmates in terms of overcrowding, medical care, and privacy are all considered and weighed against the greater good....   [tags: prison privatization, history]

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1694 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

The Indian Paradigmatic Policy of the 1990s

- The paradigmatic policy shift which took place in the 1990’s, opened the gates of Indian economy to a new era of liberalization, globalization and privatization. The socio economic changes which resulted from the revolutionary shift in perspective brought with it a new age of language teaching/training in India. A shift from General English language training to a more specific, requirement based and contextualized English language training gained momentum, in tandem with the sweeping changes that took place in all spheres of Indian life....   [tags: liberalization, globalization, privatization]

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1662 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

The Turkish Economy : Challenges and Difficulties

- Political Stability: Due to the economic crisis, the AKP, which was led by Erdogan, won the elections of Nov’02. The government took various measures to improve the financial environment. A new Law on FDI reduced the level of bureaucracy for international companies and resulted in a significant foreign capital inflow into the country. There were other important reforms like large profit tax cut and tax legislation simplification. Privatization of state enterprises was done. Hence the AKP received a lot of goodwill in Turkey and in foreign countries....   [tags: privatization, foreign banks]

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1176 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

The Social Security Program

- ... Therefore, inferring from the 2013 Trustees Report this change is possibly the key component of any frame work to changing social security (The Board of Trustees, 2013). Proponents of social security privatization have built their argument around the premise the government grossly mismanages the fund, therefore individuals do not get the maximum return on their investment (Gokhale, 2013). They argue one of the key factors for government to keep social security in its current form is its ability to inflate the value of public savings and deflate the value of public debt (Svihula, 2008)....   [tags: employment, policy makers, privatization]

Term Papers
1395 words | (4 pages) | Preview

Social Security Privatization and Its Impact on Society

- Social Security Privatization and its Impact on Society II. Introduction Each day that goes by there is a politician or journalist arguing about social security, the plans for saving it, and the repercussions of said plans. These topics are constantly flowing through newspapers, internet sites, online journals, and economic journals as well as many other forms of media. The major topic of discussion is the plan put forth by the current administration to reform social security, or more specifically, privatize it....   [tags: Management]

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2795 words | (8 pages) | Preview

America Needs Private Prisons

- Reminisce back into the elementary school days, where hundreds of kids start to line up for food at the cafeteria. Now picture that cafeteria stuffed with multitudes of bunk beds side by side in which the whole school has to sleep in. Any parent would disapprove of a living situation that is similar to that, but all over the nation, prisoners are facing those exact problems. With the rise of the prison population in America, prisons all over the nation fear what could lead to huge detrimental consequences, one of which is overcrowding....   [tags: Prison Reform, Prison Privatization]

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1339 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

How Privatization is Used Within the Education System

- The main purpose of education in the UK could be changing. With the privatisation of the education system it has been suggested that the purpose of education is ever more economic structured instead of being social structured (Kassem and Garratt, 2009). Within this assignment, the author is going to look at what exactly privatisation is, how it is used within the education system and weather marketization can ever work in this complex system. Originally, the market is palace where people come to buy and sell objects often to make a profit....   [tags: academies act, uk education, marketization]

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1289 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

London Heathrow Airport

- 1.1 Background Airports can be considered as important national resources of most countries in the world. The main responsibility of an airport is in transportation of people and goods and in internal and global business. They are where the nation’s aviation system connects with other modes of transportation and where state responsibility for managing and regulating air traffic operations intersects with the role of governments that own and operate most airports. However, most major airports are owned and operated by the private sectors....   [tags: BAA, privatization,aviation]

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1066 words | (3 pages) | Preview

Pros and Cons of Privatized Social Security

- When we hear about social security we think of that number every adult and college teen should memorize as they venture on the real world. We don’t think any more of it and most people don’t know about the benefits of such a number and having one. Some migrants from other countries dream of being in America and having a social security so that they may reap the benefits of having such a number and becoming a US citizen, while most every day people just assume it’s a number. What social security is would be a program created back in 1935 and it was used to provide old age, disability, and survivors insurance and on top of that, a supplemental security income which is a income for the elderly...   [tags: United States, privatization, retirement, stocks]

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1203 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

The Issue Of Social Security

- There are a few major current concerns that was brought about the future “solvency” of Social Security. People are scared because of the projections of the trust fund will being depleted by 2040. This means that there will be a scare amount of income going in to the trust fund; as a result, people will not be able to receive the full amount of benefits that they were promised (Quadagno: 349). One reason they are scared is because that the Baby Boom generation is aging (Quadagno: 334). The Baby Boom generation make up the majority of the population and have the most influence on what is happening in the United States....   [tags: Retirement, Pension, Payroll tax, Privatization]

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1504 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Saving the USPS Through Privitization

- ... The plan to privatize would save the USPS from losing billions of dollars annually. Many of the reasons the USPS is having financial problems is because of congress’s authority over it. Although technically the USPS is a federal agency governed by a Board nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate, like the Fed, congress ultimately has authority over the service, unlike the Fed. The USPS is structured like a business, but Congress prevents it from actually acting like one and taking measures to reduce costs, improve efficiency, and innovate....   [tags: mail, financial, deliver]

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973 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

Privitization Of Airports

- Privatization of Airports For 51 years Bergstrom Air Force Base was home to fighter pilots, bombers, troop carriers and reconnaissance jets. It was the first port of call for President Lyndon B. Johnson on his trips home to LBJ Country aboard Air Force One, it was where Chuck Yeager, the first pilot to break the sound barrier, once brought a disabled jet to rest in an emergency landing. In September 1993, in the path of military cutbacks Bergstrom Air Force Base was closed. But the timing was fortuitous, because the closure came as the city of Austin, Texas was considering where to build a new airport....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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2868 words | (8.2 pages) | Preview

Privatization: Metropolitan Boston Transit Authority (MBTA) and the California State Compensation Insurance Fund

- Privatization: Metropolitan Boston Transit Authority (MBTA) and the California State Compensation Insurance Fund According to Robert B. Denhardt, Public Administration an Action Orientation, privatization "is the use of non governmental agencies to provide goods or services previously provided by government." (P.95). Privatization comes in various degrees, from the outright selling or transfer of government ownership of assets (for example public utilities), to, as is more common in the United States - the contracting of goods or services to private firms....   [tags: Government Property Essays]

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3216 words | (9.2 pages) | Preview

Railtrack as the Ultimate Failure of Privatisation

- Railtrack as the Ultimate Failure of Privatisation The word Privatisation has been used in a variety of contexts, ranging from returning state owned companies to the private sector, contracting out services to the private sector and liberalisation and deregulation. Although the most common definition of Privatisation is the idea that involves transferring the production of goods and services from the public sector to the private sector. Privatisation generally involves two main objectives....   [tags: Papers]

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936 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview


- Privitization Every working American citizen contributes to Social Security. Anyone who has ever held a job has felt the frustration of seeing how much money the government takes out of their paycheck. Being told that we will all be able to collect social security when we can no longer work does not ease the frustration of having 6.2% of our hard earned money taken from us each payday. If individuals could have control of their retirement funds, this frustration could be eased. Being able to control our own retirement funds is an option that is being supported more and more by American workers....   [tags: essays papers]

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1235 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Chile Water Privatization

- Justification for intervention for economic regulatory efforts arises out of alleged inability of the marketplace to deal with particular structural problems. Of course, details of any program often reflect political force, not reasoned argument. Yet thoughtful justification is still needed when programs are evaluated.[1] The case of water reform in Chile is an interesting one. First of all, it allows us to think about a situation where regulatory reforms face political decision-making through the outcome of proposed legislation....   [tags: Water Reform Chile]

Free Essays
1518 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Proposed Solutions for Problems with the Federal Government's Management of Their Land

- ... All of these approaches would disperse control over the lands to improve environmental stewardship and economic competence. The primary concern for privatizing lands is that they will be “exploited and ravaged” for short-term profit therefore causing environmental destruction (Moeller, 2002). Places like Wyoming and Montana, have large coal deposits. The federal government in 1976 Congress passed an Act requiring BLM to maximize economic recovery of federal coal sources in Powder River Basin, for US use (could last nearly a century), but in recent years the government is considering exporting to Asia (decreasing the coal supply to as little as 25 years)....   [tags: privitization, conservation, state]

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994 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

Free Market and Privitization in the UK

- Regardless of political or economic opinion, there’s little argument that the era of privatizing nationalised enterprises in the UK, particularly from the late 1970s through the 1990s, has been one of the most contentious issues in modern economic history. Praised by leaders as a revolutionary approach to allow the free market to prosper while keeping government spending and influence under control, denationalization and privatisation was also highly criticized by workers and ordinary citizens to what they saw as a betrayal by their government....   [tags: economic opinion, great depression]

Term Papers
1824 words | (5.2 pages) | Preview

The Era of Privatisation

- The Era of Privatisation Introduction It was under the Thatcher government that the era of privatisation started and it was “the most radical change in the 20th century British politics” (Young, 2001, p. 1). From 1984 to 1991, the telecommunications, gas, water and electricity industries which were under government control, were sold to become privately owned and controlled. The privatisation of the electricity industry occurred in 1990 but had already begun in 1987 with the creation of a programme describing the different tasks involved in privatising the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity....   [tags: Business Management Studies]

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2816 words | (8 pages) | Preview

Australian Government Privatisation Of Qantas Sale Act

- 5. Legislation – Qantas Sale Act Between 1992 and 1995 the Australian government completed the privatisation of Qantas, the Australian Parliament also passed legislation referred as the Qantas Sale Act 1992 (QSA). The Department of Parliamentary Services (2014) reports that under this legislation foreign ownership was capped and the airlines brand ‘QANTAS’ and operations must remain substantially in Australia. In 2014 the Australian Parliament passed amendments to repeal those rules in the Qantas Sale Act (1992), in addition though QANTAS must still comply with legislation under the Air Navigation Act 1920....   [tags: Corporate governance, Board of directors]

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757 words | (2.2 pages) | Preview

The Privatisation Programme as Challenge to Trade Unions

- The Privatisation Programme as Challenge to Trade Unions A major change and challenge for trade unions in the past 20 years has been the privatisation programme. This has affected public sector workers in particular. Under privatisation, some nationalised industries and some aspects of what had been local government services were sold off or contracted out as separate entities. As a result, many employees found themselves working for a new and very different employer and the prospect of a new contract of employment and revised conditions of service....   [tags: Papers]

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526 words | (1.5 pages) | Preview

¿Es la privatización buena para un país?

- Si la privatización se hace en términos adecuados que favorezcan la economía del país y la sociedad puede tener muchas ventajas: • Se incrementan la rentabilidad debido a que hay un mejor control de los gastos. • La eficiencia de los servicios que prestan mejora considerablemente debido a que los empleados públicos generalmente son más deficientes. • Se reducirían las distorsiones económicas provocadas por las interferencias políticas en el sector público empresarial donde la contratación del personal no se hace en base a capacidades si no a compadrazgos políticos, en definitiva, se evitaría la politización de nombramientos de presidentes, consejeros y directivos de las empresas públicas....   [tags: corrupción, honduras, economia]

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759 words | (2.2 pages) | Preview

Political and Economic Changes in Russia Since the Fall of the Soviet Union

- Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia has undergone many changes. These changes were very profound and included the drastic restructuring of both the political structure and the economy. When the Russian people became dissatisfied with the communist system, they pushed for a regime change, which resulted in the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the introduction of a democratic system. Along with these political changes came the economic change from communism to a free market system. The new system and the old system, while initially seeming like they have many differences, are similar in the corruptness and oppression of the people....   [tags: communist, privitization, government]

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1344 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

An Natural Resource For Human Survival

- Without a doubt, water is most essential natural resource for human survival. However, over 1.2 billion people do not have adequate water for drinking. Only 3% of the world’s current supply of water is freshwater (Bozzo et al. 2009). Profit is made out of the transportation of water, leading to the destruction of ecosystems. There is a real universal scarcity of water, and the privatization of water is exacerbating the water crisis. Unless measures are taken to combat the commodification of water, it may well be the case that “the wars of the next century will be fought over water”, as warned by Ismail Serageldin....   [tags: Water, Water resources, Water supply]

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1871 words | (5.3 pages) | Preview

Increased Efficiency of Privatised Enterprises in Developing Nations

- 1. INTRODUCTION The issue of State owned enterprises, or Public enterprises, versus Privatised enterprises have been topic of controversy in the economic development in developing in past decades. According to Van de Walle (1989, p. 601), privatization can be defined as “a transfer of ownership and control from the public to the private sector, with particular reference to asset sales”1. In the analysis of whether there has been an increase in efficiency of privatization of State owned enterprises in developing nations a distinction must be made between the effects of privatization and liberalization; however the economic reform often goes hand-in-hand with each other....   [tags: State Owned Enterprises, Public Enterprises]

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1677 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

Advantages and Disadvantages of Aquring SOE

- C. Advantages and disadvantages of acquiring SOEs When a manager is assessing profitability of acquiring a state owned enterprise, it is crucial to identify the advantages and disadvantages. By doing this, the company will be able to make effective and strategic decisions, especially when entering a company in the volatile MENA region. Several driving factors may serve as incentives for managers, which include the fact that acquisition could be seen as a strategic move that provides local brands, increases distribution channels, therefore leading to higher levels of efficiency....   [tags: Manager, Assessment, Profitability]

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1010 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

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