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The Effects Of Mass Incarceration On College Campuses

- Introduction The nightly news of the last two years has been filled with stories of racism on college campuses, police shootings of black men, prison sentence reform, and the possibility of early release for nonviolent criminals. President Obama became the first president in history to visit a federal penitentiary when he went to the El Reno Federal Correctional Institution in Oklahoma in July of 2015. He spoke at Rutgers University in Newark on November 2, 2015, arguing for the elimination of the question on job applications on whether someone has a felony record....   [tags: Prison, United States, Recidivism, Sentence]

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The Incarceration Rate Of The United States Of America

- Alternatives to mass incarceration Once upon a time, we could proudly to say that America is the land of freedom and opportunities. As the pledge of Allegiance stated, “[I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands,] one nation under God, Indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.” However, under the current criminal justice system, more and more people lose their liberty more than they deserved because of the crimes they have committed.The incarceration rate in the United States of America has skyrocketing since 1980s, in other words, the prison is overcrowded and we need to reform our current prison system....   [tags: Prison, United States, Criminal justice, Crime]

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The New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration

- The Jim Crow laws were established and came about in the beginning of the 1880s and these laws were created to legalize segregation between African American and Caucasians. This book the New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness explains the mass incarceration of African Americans in the war on drugs. The text explains how it is said that most drug dealers are said to be black or brown, and that the War on Drugs is a racist conspiracy to put “blacks” back in their place. The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world largely due to the war on drugs....   [tags: African American, Race, Racism, Criminal law]

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Maternal Incarceration And The Criminalization Of Female Poverty

- 3) In Throwaway Moms: Maternal Incarceration and the Criminalization of Female Poverty, authors Suzanne Allen, Chris Flaherty, and Gretchen Ely specifically focus on mothers incarcerated for drug offenses. Furthermore, they discuss the negative effects incarceration has had on the relationships between mothers and their children. The article involves the interviews of 26 mothers incarcerated in a Kentucky prison in 2007. According to the authors, maternal incarceration is surrounded by a large number of issues and policies....   [tags: Prison, Mandatory sentencing, African American]

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The Effects Of Mass Incarceration On The United States

- In recent decades, violent crimes have been on a steady decline however, the number of americans dealing with the americans justice system keeps getting higher. The incarceration rates in the united states has skyrocketed in the last thirty years. In a speech on criminal justice at Columbia University, Hillary Clinton says that, “It’s a stark fact that the United States has less than five percent of the world’s population, yet we have almost 25 percent of the world’s total prison population. The numbers today are much higher than they were 30, 40 years ago despite the fact that crime is at historic lows.” (washington post) How could this be....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Crime, United States]

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The Argument Regarding Incarceration For Pregnant Women

- Introduction The argument regarding incarceration for pregnant women who are addicted to illegal drugs is closer to home than some may realize. Several states have already enacted legislation that can detain a mother for activities that may harm their developing fetus. There will come a time when this debate is brought to the Maine voters. The fight over this topic will be a difficult one because the people will find themselves balancing on a fine line over ethics and morals. This paper talks about health concerns for the mother and fetus, and the legal aspects of such legislation....   [tags: Pregnancy, Fetus, Drug addiction, Abortion]

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Japanese American Incarceration

- The Incarceration of Japanese Americans is widely regarded as one of the biggest breaches of civil rights in American History. Incarceration evolved from deep-seated anti-Japanese sentiment in the West Coast of the United States. After the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941, pressure from the military leadership, politicians, media and nativist groups in the West Coast eventually convinced the President Franklin Roosevelt that action had to be taken to deal with the national security “threat” that Japanese Americans posed....   [tags: American History]

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The Effects Of Mass Incarceration On The United States

- INTRODUCTION The causes of mass incarceration, a term used to describe rapid the growth of the United States’ imprisoned population from the early 1970’s until the present day, has been a topic of great debate in recent times. The National Research Council reports that the United States’ penal population of approximately 2.2 million adults, at a rate of 716 prisoners per 100,000 citizens, is the largest in the world. This is an astounding increase from the early 1970s, where the rate of imprisonment excluding jails was approximately 110 prisoners per 100,000 citizens....   [tags: United States, Crime, Three strikes law]

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Prison System Is The High Rate Of Incarceration

- There are many issues within the United States Prison System today. Two leading examples of what is wrong with the prison system is the high rate of incarceration and the unjust laws that help land people in our prisons. Unfortunately, over the years, there have been few attempts to repair these problems. Fortunately, there are several ways that we can address these issues. A major problem within the prison system is the high rate of incarceration. According to “Facts about the Prison System in the U.S”, sixty-six percent of released convicts will end up back in jail at some point in their life....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Criminal law]

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The New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration

- In today’s society we would like to think that racism is a thing of the past, but how far have we really come as a country to completely end racism altogether. It has been 150 years since Congress voted and ratified the 13th Amendment to abolish slavery, yet there has been several systems put into place since, to establish and continue a racial caste system in the United States. Even though African Americans made progress in their crusade to have equal rights as their white counterparts, these systems that were put into place were designed to counter act any breakthroughs that were made....   [tags: Black people, African American, Racism, Race]

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The New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration

- Michelle Alexander presents three compelling arguments in The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. First, American society is repeating the outrages of the early Jim Crow laws, which imposed racial segregation on the bogus principle of separate but equal; second, our country has a widespread dilemma of increasing mass incarceration numbers, and, finally, that our modern so-called “colorblind” era thwarts multitudes of people from understanding or acknowledging that racist undertones exist beneath elevated rates of mass incarceration as a result of America’s “Drug War”....   [tags: African American, Racism, Racial segregation]

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The High Incarceration Rates Of African Americans

- The problem in this case is the high incarceration rates of African-Americans is not colonialism its victimization. Specifically this is the victimization of poor African-Americans regardless of perceived or actual knowledge of African history. When you 're being victimized because of something as superficial as race, knowledge can only go so far, if that wasn 't the case then uneducated poor African-American females would be locked up at the same rate as poor African-American men.We know this to be true because studies show 70% of educated African-American females are unmarried mainly because of the high incarceration rates of African-American men....   [tags: African American, Race, Racism, Black people]

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Incarceration and Private Prisons in the United States

- Under the auspices of President John F. Kennedy, Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy ordered the permanent shut down of the infamous Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary on March 21, 1963. An island located approximately 2.5 kilometers off the coast of San Francisco, California; the federal prison was home to the most notorious criminals for over three decades. The island also revealed to the world the unsettling state of circumstance the United States Justice and prison system suffers under in modern times....   [tags: Discrimination, Legal System]

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The New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration

- After leaving the #BlackLanguageMatters class on a late Thursday afternoon, I had an overwhelming sense of excitement and nervousness for the profound things I had witnessed and heard. After spending the majority of my night telling my friends all about Harry, no words could truly express his truly special resilient personality. Walking out of that class, I not only felt as though I had made a new life long friend, but I felt a surge of hope, the kind of hope that makes you want to a better person....   [tags: African American, Black people, White people]

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The New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration

- Too Hard to Believe: The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness The New Jim Crow would be the other word that describes the part of time where many African American people did not have their rights and were living a life that made them feel like they are nothing. The New Jim Crow has been known between everyone because of its importance to our lives. Michelle Alexander who is an associate professor of law at the Ohio State University, a civil right advocate and a writer, described how African American people in the age of Colorblindness lived and suffered because discrimination was widespread around that time....   [tags: African American, Black people, Race, Racism]

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Mass Incarceration : A Great Source Of Labor

- Economic We all know that our economy depends on labor and the workforce to accomplish its purposes, nevertheless, did we know that prison is also a great source of labor. The government talks about stopping the drug on war, which lead to mass incarceration, but little do we know that when people goes to prison, it brings a lot of money into the economy. Not saying this is a right thing, it is totally wrong. Young, innocent, people are in jail, and the economy is profiting off of this horrible cause....   [tags: African American, Black people, Race]

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Juvenile Incarceration And Its Effect On The Community

- We have changed the way we police and prosecute having learned from overpopulating the prisons to the point that it is unsafe and does not serve the purpose of rehabilitation and our exploding probation departments. Recidivism rates for prisons largely suggest that less than half of all inmates are rehabilitated making alternatives to incarceration a necessity as we search to tailor solutions to each offender. Cost effective solutions, true long-term rehabilitation and restoring the community are proving to be better suited to many kinds of offenders than becoming institutionalized....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Penology, Criminal justice]

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How Incarceration Affects Individual Level

- There are many different social problem that causes stress in the family, such as, divorce, same sex marriage, and abuse/suicide. One such problem is incarcerated parents and the effects it has on children. In fact, as per the National Resource Center on Children and Families of the Incarcerated, at Rutgers University in Camden, no less than 2.7 million American kids and young people have no less than one parent in government or state jail (with all the more having parents and other relatives in nearby correctional facilities), and 33% of them will achieve age 18 while a parent is in the in prison (“Parents ' Incarceration”, n.d.)....   [tags: Mother, Family, Sociology, Father]

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America 's Highest Incarceration Rates

- The United States of America has the world’s highest incarceration rates, for several reasons. The United States of America doesn’t necessarily possess any unique strict laws in comparison to other countries of the world, yet we still have the highest incarceration rate in the world. More federal level and state level prisons are built in order to control and hold more prisoners because most are reaching its full capacity. The United States of America’s “crime rates” increased about 40 years ago when there became a new focus in the areas of crime....   [tags: United States, Race, Black people, White American]

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Prison Overcrowding And The Incarceration Of Repeat Offenders

- Prison overcrowding is one crucial issue that has affected very many countries, including the United States of America. It basically occurs when the available prison space is limited in relation to the demand for more prison space. This occurs due to the increase in the people who are convicted compared to the capacity of the prisons available in a given jurisdiction. Research shows that one in every one hundred American adults are detained. This number grows overtime and it reaches a point that the space cannot contain it no more....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Crime, Penology]

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Substance Abuse Treatment Instead of Incarceration?

- Across the United States and throughout the world there is an epidemic of epic proportion involving drug addiction. Here in North Carolina the majority of the Department of Corrections inmate population is known to have substance abuse problems. (Price, 62) Along with this epidemic is the growing problem of prison overcrowding. There is a correlation between the two. Many of today’s correctional facilities house inmates that have committed drug related crimes or crimes that they committed while under the influence....   [tags: Drug Abuse Essays]

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Correlation Between Unemployment And Incarceration Rate

- To further explain, there have been countless empirical and factual studies that have confirmed that unemployment rates do in fact contribute to an increased incarceration rate, which was theorized by Georg Rusche and Otto Kirchheimer. During the last two decades, there have been forty four studies completed that has shown that there is a relationship between labor surplus and imprisonment or punishment, as Georg Rusche and Otto Kirchheimer stated (Chiricos & DeLone, 1992). According to Inverarity & McCarthy (1988), the hypothesis that there needs to be a mode of production, which then regulates the mode of how the penal system punishes is factual....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Punishment]

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The Benefits of Community-Based Alternatives to Incarceration

- As crime and arrest rates continue to climb, prisons across the nation, and even the world are beginning to experience immense overcrowding, placing a burden on both the prison personnel and inmate population. Nevertheless, this scenario is nothing unusual for anyone who has either worked some time for served some time in almost any prison. With most prison staff members suffering from high levels of stress from the unbearable workloads placed upon them, work conditions are starting to be considered near impossible, which is completely unacceptable....   [tags: Community service programs]

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The New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration

- 1. What is the significance of race, class, and gender in the causes and responses to crime in our society. How do these social designations impact our understanding of what crime is, what causes crime, and how we should deal with the crime problem. Refer to The New Jim Crow and Invisible Punishment to help shape your response. Generally, people are held accountable for whatever choices they make in life, those choices come with consequences be they good or bad. However, one cannot choose one 's status in life, because it is ascribed from birth, at least according to ancient theologians who say that status is ascribed from one’s birth or come to be assumed later in life....   [tags: Criminal justice, Prison, Criminal law, Crime]

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People 's Attitude Toward Incarceration

- My paper will reflect people 's attitude toward incarceration and the alternatives including incarceration when the budget shrinks. I will talk about the comparison of the " Three Strikes Law " versus " Get Tough on Crime ". I will talk about the attitude of the public when it comes to incarceration and how they feel about criminals. I will talk about the value upon incapacitation or rehabilitation and correction. I will explain if incapacitation or rehabilitation work better together or is it some combination or hierarchy....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, Punishment]

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Personal Stories Of Women About Incarceration

- 1. After reading Wally Lamb’s Couldn 't Keep It To Myself, one can see the personal stories of women about incarceration. Each woman has a different story to tell about their life and what they have been through before and after their arrest. Most of the women in the book have had a tough life leading up to their arrest. For instance, they have had a bad home life, or the environment that they were raised in didn 't set them up to be successful, or emotionally and mentally stable. One of the women from the book, Carolyn Ann Davis, was convicted for Larceny by embezzlement....   [tags: Family, Mother, Father, Emotional intelligence]

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How Incarceration Impacted Japanese Americans

- How Incarceration Impacted Japanese Americans Introduction The forced eradication of Japanese & Japanese Americans from their homes within California, Washington, & Oregon from 1942 to 1946 brought suffering and personal loss to various communities. After the camps, Japanese were told to resettle within Midwest and East and avoid returning to hostile West Coast. Most communities perished and were never restored. For instance, as people started resettlement, Japanese communities like San Francisco Nihonmachi & Los Angeles Little Tokyo were ripped by urban renewal....   [tags: immigration, relations, california]

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Alternatives to Incarceration

- Alternatives to Incarceration Ever since the first prison opened in the United States in 1790, incarceration has been the center of the nations criminal justice system. Over this 200 year period many creative alternatives to incarceration have been tried, and many at a much lower cost than imprisonment. It wasn’t until the late 1980’s when our criminal justice systems across the country began experiencing a problem with overcrowding of facilities. This problem forced lawmakers to develop new options for sentencing criminal offenders....   [tags: Prison Criminal Justice Papers]

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In Defense of Flogging, by Peter Moskos

- What is the best way to punish people. For centuries, humans have sought out for methods to reprimand wrongdoers. We, as a species, have allowed punishment to evolve along with us. From corporal punishment, or flogging as many may call it, to incarceration, humans have searched for the most effective technique to punish people. As time elapsed, imprisonment has become our staple for all crimes and transgressions. With this in mind, many writers have contended that we revisit corporal punishment....   [tags: Aleternative to Incarceration]

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Mass Incarceration as a Modern Racial Caste System

- HIS In the wake of President Obama’s election, the United States seems to be progressing towards a post-racial society. However, the rates of mass incarceration of black males in America deem this to be otherwise. Understanding mass incarceration as a modern racial caste system will reveal the role of the criminal justice system in creating and perpetuating racial hierarchy America. The history of social control in the United States dates back to the first racial caste systems: slavery and the Jim Crow Laws....   [tags: young black males in US prisons]

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The Incarceration Of The United States Is Truly Eye Opening

- The rate of incarceration in the United States is truly eye-opening. According to Howard McGary’s article “Achieving Democratic Equality: Forgiveness, Reconciliation, and Reparations” he shows that there are more people African Americans in prison, parole, or on probation than African Americans in slavery in 1850. The increase of incarceration since 1980 is extremely eye opening. McGary states that “in 1980, there were about two hundred and twenty people incarcerated for every hundred thousand Americans; by 2010, the number had more than tripled, to seven hundred and thirty-one” (McGary 2)....   [tags: Prison, Drug addiction, United States, Recidivism]

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Don't Treat Juvenile Offenders As Adults

- Prior to 1899, in the United States, child offenders over the age of seven were imprisoned in the same facilities as adult offenders. As a result of political and social reformers, society’s views on juvenile justice began to shift to a more sympathetic view. Beginning in 1899, individual states began to address the youth incarceration problem by establishing youth reform homes, the predecessor to juvenile dentition centers. The objective of these homes was the rehabilitation of juvenile offenders for their re-entry into society and for the greater good....   [tags: Youth Incarceration]

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Examining the Collectivities that Protect the Existing Incarceration Policies

- In a society that claims freedom and equality is a constitutional right, the United States has unprecedented rates of individuals in incarceration. According to the Stanford Law Review, over two million individuals were incarcerated in the year 2002, the majority African Americans (Roberts, 2004). The high rate of incarceration creates the illusion of a nation with a terrible crime epidemic and a need for a 'tough on crime' attitude to keep the streets safe, although this is far from reality. The influx of prisoners is not due to a rise in dangerous crimes, but is in result of public policy changes and the social construction of institutions....   [tags: minorities are the majority]

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America 's New Slavery : Increasing Incarceration

- America’s New Slavery: The Increase In Mass Incarceration Of Black Men Imagine 1.5 million people gathered together with something in common. You might picture an enormous stadium full of football fans, a state fair, or even a bustling city such as Phoenix or Philadelphia. Now imagine what these people all have in common is they are all black, and they are all men. Imagine they are all American. Finally, imagine they have all gone missing. For every 100 black women living in America there are only 83 black men....   [tags: African American, Black people, Race, White people]

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Mass Incarceration Rates Within The United States

- In recent years, there has been controversy over mass incarceration rates within the United States. In the past, the imprisonment of criminals was seen as the most efficient way to protect citizens. However, as time has gone on, crime rates have continued to increase exponentially. Because of this, many people have begun to propose alternatives that will effectively prevent criminals from merely repeating their illegal actions. Some contend that diversion programs, such as rehabilitation treatment for drug offenders, is a more practical solution than placing mentally unstable individuals into prison....   [tags: Crime, Prison, Criminology, Criminal justice]

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The American Criminal Justice System And Mass Incarceration

- Michelle Alexander’s use of “Jim Crow” is a viable and useful analogy to describe the current American criminal justice system and mass incarceration. I believe our criminal justice system does not truly define justice or fairness. Also, I agree on the fact that while old “Jim Crow” laws may be dead; the current justice system serves many of the same purposes of those laws. Today, mass incarceration is the biggest issue in our criminal justice system, for mass incarceration is the new Jim Crow. Mass incarceration is a system that locks people not only behind actual bars in actual prisons, but also behind virtual bars and virtual walls-walls that are invisible to the naked eye, but function...   [tags: Criminal justice, Crime, Racism, African American]

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Home Confinement: An Alternative to Incarceration

- Home Confinement: An Alternative to Incarceration      West Virginia state prisons have a maximum capacity of 2,154 inmates; currently they house 2,363 inmates, and more remain in City and County lockups to manage the overflow (West Virginia Blue Book). Home Confinement solves this problem. Reduction of the prison population should be reason enough to institute home confinement, but other reasons do exist. Would you like lower taxes. Home confinement costs much less than incarceration. Do you favor less crime....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics]

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Youth Incarceration : A Serious Public Health Problem

- Introductory Paragraph Youth incarceration has been a serious public health problem in the United States. Approximately 100,000 youth are under correctional supervision each day. Based on current research, there is an increasing amount of youth that has been in some sort of juvenile placement for various offenses. According to the Justice Policy, 88,000 is spent annually to incarcerate juvenile offenders in a residential treatment facility. Based on the high statistics, a small number of studies have been done to examine various risk factors that have distracted our youth....   [tags: Human behavior, Behavior, Aggression, Psychology]

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Mass Incarceration : A Serious Epidemic For A Long Period Of Time

- Mass Incarceration has been a serious epidemic for a long period of time and it continues to escalate as times goes on with no progress of any changes being set in stone within the criminal justice system. Mass incarceration has cause a heavy weight into the country’s debt and the people’s pocket too because within each year the government spends about $80 billion dollars on incarceration, which in turn means each U.S. resident spends about $260 dollars each year on the justice system (Picchi, 2016)....   [tags: Criminal justice, Crime, Richard Nixon, Prison]

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The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration of the Racial Undercaste

- Throughout the semester, we have discussed many different issues that are currently prevalent in the United States, specifically those related to racial discrimination. One specific issue that I have developed interest and research in is that of institutionalized racism, specifically in the form of mass incarceration, and what kinds of effects mass incarceration has on a community. In this paper, I will briefly examine a range of issues surrounding the mass incarceration of black and Latino males, the development of a racial undercaste because of rising incarceration rates, women and children’s involvement and roles they attain in the era of mass incarceration, and the economic importance t...   [tags: Racial Caste System]

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Community Based Corrections: Viable Alternative to Incarceration

- Community-based corrections alleviate overcrowded correctional facilities, reduce taxpayer burden, and rehabilitate offenders, while providing effective, efficient low cost methods of supporting public safety, community rehabilitation, behavior modification and personnel responsibility, because it uses multiple approaches and involves both legislative and judicial personnel in all steps of the process. Community-based corrections facilities are located in the community and support diverse rehabilitative programs including restitution, community service and repayment of monetary fines (Moses, 2007)....   [tags: legal reform, social reform, criminal justice]

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Reaching Out Of Children Dealing With Parental Incarceration

- Reaching Out to Children Dealing with Parental Incarceration Crime is something that never rests: it ruins families, neighborhoods, and societies. The main punishment in the United States for individuals who violate the law is incarceration, and they have to serve their time at a state or federal prison. The incarceration of many of these individuals appears to put an immediate stop to the negative effects of crime in society, but when many of these criminals enter the prison system, their sons and daughters are still left growing up in the same environment and circumstances as they did, and they will potentially develop the same criminal patterns....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Parent, Recidivism]

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Incarceration of Men, Women, and Juveniles

- Incarceration of Men, Women, and Juveniles Prison populations have been on the raise since the early 1970s. Today we incarcerate over 2 million men, women and juveniles in the various correctional facilities around the country. These facilities can range from local jails or detention facilities to the new so called "Supermax" prisons. Conditions can also vary across the spectrum for these different correctional institutions. Each type of inmate has his or her own challenges when faced with incarceration....   [tags: Papers]

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Community Supervision of Law Violators vs. Incarceration

- Community supervision of law violators can achieve similar advantages and prevent the disadvantages of incarceration. There are both advantages and disadvantages to community corrections and incarceration. I support community corrections because I believe it has more positives outcomes and less negative effects than incarceration. Community corrections have more advantages over incarceration and fewer disadvantages. Incarcerating people isn’t working that well and the biggest reason is the overcrowding of prisons....   [tags: Community supervision, criminals, criminal justice]

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Criminal Charges And Incarceration On Disadvantaged Members Of Society

- My purpose here today is to speak as expert witness on behalf of the defendant Samuel Banner. Although defendant Banner is being charged with the crime of drug possession, I propose that all criminal charges against him be dropped. As a civil rights advocate I have done research pertaining to the effects that criminal charges and incarceration have on disadvantaged members of society. The results of these implications are more damaging on the individuals, their families and their community than the actual crimes that have been committed....   [tags: Police, Crime, Prison, Criminal law]

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The Incarceration Rates Of Black Males Versus White Males

- In the U.S. we have a problem. People see the color of someone’s skin and stereotype based on the color and that determines how one treats others. There are an unsettling difference in drug incarceration rates of black males versus white males. This is a major problem and people realize that these issues, still happen and nothing is being accomplished to improve this. Attorney General Loretta E. Lynch, I hope this memo helps to bring you attention to these problems many people are facing. Enough to move you and encourages you to make a difference....   [tags: White people, Race, Black people]

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Mass incarceration of African Americans, The Revised Caste System

- The issue of racial disproportion in the United States has been an ongoing topic in history since slavery. As Americans we are affected by racial injustices everyday. One may not realize how their own racial identity plays a part in their everyday life experiences. The dynamics of racial oppression and privilege with the United States is incredibly complex ranging from the time of establishment to present day. The present day racial inequality within the criminal justice system and incarceration rates has peaked in the United States over the last 30 years....   [tags: racial dispropotion, American History]

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The New Jim Crow : A High Incarceration Rate

- In America, one of the biggest problems that the country faces is a high incarceration rate. In The New Jim Crow, Michelle Alexander addressed this issue and explains, “Convictions for drug offenses are the single most important cause of the explosion in incarceration rates in the United States” (Alexander, 59). While the incarceration rate alone is a large problem, Alexander discusses many other issues that come along with this problem of a high incarceration rate due to drug offenses. One main issue that Alexander addresses is the fact that “Although the majority of illegal drug users and dealers nationwide are white, three-fourths of all people imprisoned for drug offenses have been black...   [tags: Criminal law, Police, Crime, African American]

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The Increasing Rates Of Mass Incarceration During American Society

- Title: Subtitle What factors contributes to the increasing rates of mass incarceration in American society. Since the rise of mass incarceration in the United States didn’t happen overnight, Americans had been questioning the role of criminal justice in implementation of law and order and analyzing the effect of politics , economy and social change in the justice system . Primarily in all Crime Justice Courses taught at Universities and Colleges, students are able to comprehend about the complexity of the criminal justice system....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Punishment, Corrections]

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The Incarceration Of Imprisonment Among African American Men

- Whether called mass detainment, mass incarceration, the jail blast, the carceral state, or hyper detainment, this marvel alludes to the present American trial in incarceration, which is characterized by nearly and verifiably extraordinary rates of imprisonment and by the grouping of imprisonment among youthful, African American men living in neighborhoods of concentrated detriment. The high rate of imprisonment among African American men is a piece of a pattern in discipline characterized by an emotional increment in the carceral framework – a term used to portray the legitimization and standardization of imprisonment as a variable of social life....   [tags: Prison, United States, African American]

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The Penal and Judiciary System: The High Cost of Incarceration

- Although prisons have a few positive aspects such as keeping felons off the streets and being less final than the death penalty, they have many negative aspects as well such as tearing families apart, causing severe psychological harm to the children of inmates, costing 47,102 dollars a year in California alone (California Judicial website), and causing many problems for the inmates in the long run. Fundamentally the use of incarceration is intended to reform and rehabilitate offenders of society’s laws; however, America’s prison system usually makes matters much worse for the offender, his or her family, and society as a whole....   [tags: prisons, dealth penalty]

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1857 words | (5.3 pages) | Preview

Juvenile Incarceration And Its Effects On The Criminal Justice System

- The problem of over populated prisons and other types of penitentiaries has caused the criminal justice system to be overburdened. Individuals, who violated the law, were given sentences, sent to prison, and served their time. During this time, they were not offered any means or services that might help them to reform and not repeat the crimes that were the cause of their incarceration initially. Research has shown that incarceration alone may not be a solution to the incidence of crime resulting in jail time....   [tags: Prison, Drug addiction, Crime, Recidivism]

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1372 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Mass Incarceration And Its Effects On The United States

- Background Mandatory minimums for controlled substances were first implemented in the 1980s as a countermeasure for the hysteria that surrounded drugs in the era (“A Brief History,” 2014). The common belief was that stiff penalties discouraged people from using drugs and enhanced public safety (“A Brief History,” 2014). That theory, however, was proven false and rather than less illegal drug activity, there are simply more people incarcerated. Studies show that over half of federal prisoners currently incarcerated are there on drug charges, a 116 percent percentage rise since 1970 (Miles, 2014)....   [tags: Prison, Mandatory sentencing, Heroin]

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958 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

The Incarceration Of Children As A Punitive And Coercive Measure Remains Elusive

- The ethicality underpinning the incarceration of children as a punitive and coercive measure remains elusive in several aspects of the question. This highly controversial practice is founded on an official policy which states that children must only be imprisoned in exceptional circumstances (Gavin, 2014). However, according to a report by HMIP (2010), there has been a significant increase of forty-one percent of children incarcerated on the basis of remand, during the past seven years. Such facts posit the question of whether children in the UK are being given the appropriate service provision to become functional members of society....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Criminal justice]

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1360 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness

- The New Jim Crow Michelle Alexander wrote a book called "The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness." The original Jim Crow was a racial caste system that segregated whites from blacks, where whites were privileged and viewed as the chosen ones while blacks were taught to be minority and used as servants between 1877 and the 1960s. The Jim Crow system kept whites superior to blacks with laws created to keep whites favored. It was a legal way to prevent African Americans from getting an equal education, from voting; it was a system of "Separate but Equal"....   [tags: racial cast system]

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829 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Incarceration Helped Bring Crime Down By Michael Rushford

- The prison system is another form of slavery that would function to keep the black race in a subordinate position. It is similar to slavery because it is in which cash is made by the misuse and mistreatment of individuals that are of middle and lower class groups, particularly African Americans. Incorporated into the prison industry are private correctional facilities, state imprisons, the way imprisons profit, outside organizations that profit off prisons. There was excessive arrest rates and overrepresentation in northern prisons that were seen by many whites - liberals and conservatives, northerners and southerners - as indisputable proof of blacks ' inferiority (Muhammad)....   [tags: Black people, Prison, Racism, White people]

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1203 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Disproportionate Incarceration of African Americans

- Disproportionate Incarceration of African Americans The disproportionate numbers of African Americans in the prison system is a very serious issue, which is not usually discussed in its totality. However, it is quite important to address the matter because it ultimately will have an effect on African Americans as a whole. Of the many tribulations that plague Americans today, the increase in the amount of African American men and women in prisons is unbelievable. It would be naïve to say that the increase is due to the fact that more African Americans are committing crimes now than before....   [tags: Papers]

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1675 words | (4.8 pages) | Preview

Prison Incarceration And Its Effects On The United States

- In today’s society, prison populations are at an all-time high in the United States. Politicians and law enforcement officials overestimate the effects that longer prison sentences and tougher sanctioning will have on crime rates. Over time theorists’ views of criminals and punishment have changed. Such theories have shaped how prisons have been established and organized. As theories have changed, prisons have too. A historical analysis of prisons reveals how structures and resources have transformed across history....   [tags: Crime, Prison, Criminal justice, Criminology]

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1400 words | (4 pages) | Preview

Incarceration in An Adult Prison Increases Juvenile Crime

- In the last 42 years little to no changes have been made to correct the standards that govern punitive measures towards juvenile delinquency. Today juvenile law is governed by state and many states have enacted a juvenile code. However, in numerous cases, juveniles are transferred to adult court when juvenile courts waive or relinquish jurisdiction. Adolescents should not be tried in the adult court system or sentenced to adult penitentiary's on account of: teen brains are not mature which causes a lack of understanding towards the system, incarceration in an adult facility increases juvenile crime, and children that are sentenced to adult prison are vulnerable to abuse and rape....   [tags: abuse, rape, punitive measures]

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1754 words | (5 pages) | Preview

Restorative Justice: Comparative Studies

- When considering studies in corrections on a global scale it is important to understand how to utilize the most applicable method to gather knowledge. Comparative studies are often used to explore methods for explicating or developing knowledge and attitudes. Comparative research examines cases with the intention to reveal the structure and invariance or unchanging relationship for an entire group or population. In this case, and for the purpose of this paper, the comparative research is suggested to be used in corrections on a global scale....   [tags: corrections, incarceration]

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941 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

Incarceration of Children in Conflict with the Law in the Philippines: The Blurred Lines

- Incarceration of Children in Conflict with the Law in the Philippines: The Blurred Lines A figure dashed through a busy road. Children selling water, cigarettes, and trinkets roamed the road filled with vehicles of all sizes are all at a stand-still while waiting for the light to turn green. The heavy traffic was expected, but what came next was a surprise. A car door was opened inconspicuously. After a few minutes, the figure emerged from the side of the car and cast furtive glances before sprinting to the nearest alley, while dodging oncoming passers-by....   [tags: juvenile delinquents, blurred lines]

Term Papers
1917 words | (5.5 pages) | Preview

The Effects Of Incarceration On Psychiatric Disorders Presents Special Challenges

- Understanding the impact of incarceration on psychiatric disorders presents special challenges. According to the Public Citizen’s Health Group and Treatment Advocacy Center (2014), the United States state prisons and county jails are holding as many as ten times more mentally ill inmates than state psychiatric hospitals. Recent studies provide evidence of the increase in frequency and severity rates of mental health problems in jails and prisons. This research is important because it provides qualitative examples of the systemic barriers to care of inmates who face mental health issues in detention centers....   [tags: Mental disorder, Suicide, Psychiatry]

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998 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Tougher Incarceration Sentences Deter Repeat Offending For Women

- Methodology Women go to prison for many things and their sentences are determined on what crime they committed. They could get a couple of months sentence for trespassing on someone 's property or they could get several years if they committed a homicide. The research question that is wanted to be answered in this research project is: would longer and tougher incarceration sentences deter repeat offending for women. Participants The population for this study is defined as the number of women who have been to prison, have gotten out, and then had either offended again or had not offended again during the time of this sampling....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Research, Validity]

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1069 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

The Incarceration Rate For Women Has Increased Tremendously

- The incarceration rate for women has increased tremendously. Since 2010, there have been more than 113,000 females incarcerated in both state and federal institutions (corrections). The YouTube video, “Most Disgusting Female Prison in the World,” is a documentary on Detroit repeat female offenders. These women are incarcerated in the Wayne County Jail known as Detroit’s lost hope for female offenders. These female offenders are incarcerated for prostitution, drugs, and other violent crimes such as robbery and assault....   [tags: Crime, Prison, Drug addiction, Violence]

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787 words | (2.2 pages) | Preview

Incarceration vs. Treatment

- Incarceration vs. Treatment The focus of this paper is incarceration versus treatment of low level drug offenders in California. The viewpoint in favor of incarceration is supported by the deterrence and incapacitation theory. This theory promotes increased arrests, prosecutions, and prison sentences as the primary means to dissuade drug use and street crime by removing the offender from the community. The theory further states that by implementing stricter sanctions targeting low level drug offenders further reduces drug related crime by increasing the personal costs of drug use among incipient users....   [tags: Papers]

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630 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

Critique of a Research Article about Incarceration in the Household by Loper & Nichols (2012)

- Background In a study of children that had a family member or family associate incarcerated prior to their 18th birthday, Loper & Nichols (2012) attempted to address the impact that such incarceration had on such children. It was expected, consistent with previous literature, that household incarceration would have an impact on academic outcomes. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the relationship between household incarceration and two outcomes: failure to graduate high school and extended school absence....   [tags: Journal Article Critique Example]

Research Papers
2304 words | (6.6 pages) | Preview

How Does The Job Training / Reentry Programs Be Helpful For Those Leaving Incarceration?

- Introduction I will describe a peer-reviewed article that relates to culture in human services and how it is relevant to high incarcerations amongst African American males. This paper will describe how job training/reentry programs will be helpful for those leaving incarceration. Finally, I will explain how prevention programs put in place for our youth can decrease the number of high incarcerations. Peer Reviewed Article Relating to Culture in Human Services I selected an article titled A Phenomenological Study of African American Males Who Drop Out....   [tags: Dropout, High school, African American]

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732 words | (2.1 pages) | Preview

The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, by Michelle Alexander

- The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness is a book by Michelle Alexander, a civil rights litigator and legal scholar. The book discusses race-related issues specific to African-American males and mass incarceration in the United States. Michelle Alexander (2010) argues that despite the old Jim Crow is death, does not necessarily means the end of racial caste (p.21). In her book “The New Jim Crow”, Alexander describes a set of practices and social discourses that serve to maintain African American people controlled by institutions....   [tags: The New Jim Crow Essays]

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1198 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Building A Safer State And Produce Change From The Inequalities Society

- The entirety of the Georgia Department of Corrections (GDOC) has the intention to build a safer state and produce change from the inequalities society is facing. According to the GDOC, their specific mission statement is to “create a safer Georgia by effectively managing offenders and providing opportunities for positive change” (GDOC, 2014). The GDOC is a “partner and leader in making Georgia a safer, healthier, better educated, growing, and best managed state.” The intentions of this system are based upon several core values which include but are not limited to: loyalty, duty, respect, integrity, personal courage and selfless service....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Penology, Incarceration]

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1909 words | (5.5 pages) | Preview

Diminishing Poverty and Racial Discrimination so as to Decrease Incarceration Rates

- The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world, incarcerating 1 in 100 people. With such rates one would expect United States to have the lowest rates of crime in the world, however crime still exists in the United States. It is undeniable that something is being done incorrectly. The United States is either incarcerating the wrong people, or incarcerating individuals for minor crimes and not those who actually commit major crimes. United States’ high incarceration rates show no progress in diminishing crime, this might be because the solution to ending crime is not putting more people in jail but instead finding a way to keep individuals off of streets, while diminishing...   [tags: keeping individuals off the street]

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844 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander

- ... The abuse and financial incentives undertaken by police departments corrupt the system. Racial biases increase the probability that African Americans and other minorities such as Latinos will be stopped and their property seized. Although legally “white” individuals are more likely to sell and partake in illegal drugs, African Americans and other minorities manage to fill the prisons and be targets of police. Police departments violate 4th amendment protections to meet this end and their actions are endorsed by the highest law of the land, the Supreme Court....   [tags: criminal justice, racial biases]

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672 words | (1.9 pages) | Preview

Research on School Policies and Its Conne ction to the Juvenil Courts

- The article reviewed serves as a compliment to the research on school policies and its connection to the juvenile court, and how the school-to-prison pipeline has been created. The research article is “Education or Incarceration: Zero Tolerance Policies and the School to Prison Pipeline”. The theme focuses on the flourishing trend in public schools across America that criminalizes students’ minor disciplinary issues as a part of the emerging “zero tolerance” disciplinary policies and the factors that come along with it....   [tags: education or incarceration, crime]

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535 words | (1.5 pages) | Preview

The Effects Of Parental Imprisonment On Children

- What is the nature and scope of the problem. The incarceration of a loved one can be devastating for families. Children may experience a tremendous amount of difficulty with this reality. Not to mention the stress imposed on the new caregivers. A whopping two million of America 's children have at least one parent in prison (Miller, Perryman, Markovitz, Franzen, Cochran, & Brown 2013). From 1991 to 2007 the number of children under the age of 18 with a mother in prison doubled, this led to an increase number of children residing with alternate caregivers, ie; grandparent, sister, or brother....   [tags: Family, Sociology, Incarceration, Recidivism]

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1128 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Parental Incarceration And Child Well Being For Implications For Urban Families

- A study of parental incarceration and child well-being for implications for urban families (Geller, Garfinked,Cooper, Mincy(2009) study focused on formerly incarcerated parents. Study used a sample of children born in 20 urban U.S. cities with populations over 200,000. 16 of those cities were randomly chosen and the remaining 7 were chosen because of interest in high poverty cities. Data for study was collected between 1998 -2000. Mothers were interviewed within 24hrs or given birth and fathers were interviewed at the hospital or where their present location was at the time....   [tags: Family, Mother, Father, Parent]

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1086 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

High Costs Related to Drug Use

- ... Until now the strategy has not shown real long term remarkable results in reducing crime and consumption. At most, it has only created a “balloon effect” displacing ollas a few blocks temporarily; time after the intervention, when police and public employees are gone, dealers and consumers come back. Furthermore, intervening big ollas could have split some of them geographically into smaller ones, making the situation even worse (FIP, 2013). The operation captured 1.843 people participating in drug trafficking, including 42 important drug lords....   [tags: incarceration, crime, trafficking]

Term Papers
1565 words | (4.5 pages) | Preview

Justice System Is A Necessary Solution For Our Society Safer

- If Johnny Cash described the sad daily life of inmates in his classic « Folsom Prison Blues », today it’s all the prison system which is feeling pretty blue. Justice simple definition is the law administration. But inside that definition is the implicit comprehension that the law has to be applied even handedly. The concept of law is made to apply to everybody, but actually in America this main principle can be questioned. It is clearly obvious that the judicial system could be better. It takes a very small effort to « peer under the veneer of blind justice »(Bank) ....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Crime, Incarceration]

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962 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

Discrimination in the United States Today

- ... Since whites go to state jail more than prison. Often they serve less harsh sentences because of it, so reduced employment options, separation from family are not as severe for whites because they only spend about a year in state prison. Unlike minorities who get punished more harshly and they do not get the luxury of seeing their family, and being able to hold stable jobs when they get released. The different sentencing between these races greatly shows the racial disparities that still exist in the American justice system....   [tags: incarceration of African-Americans & Hispanics]

Term Papers
2044 words | (5.8 pages) | Preview

Purpose and History of Crime and Punishment

- Crime and punishment have been a part of the world since biblical times. It is one of the few things in this world that has constantly evolved with man, and will consistently change with the societies as our views of what is right and wrong transform. Our prison system changed because of the need felt by the Quakers to find alternatives to executing and publicly humiliating those individuals whom had committed crimes against their fellow man. “The Quakers were devout Christians who believed part of god’s nature lived within every person: therefore, they refused to kill other People.” This resulted in them passing “the Great Law” in 1682....   [tags: penitentiaries, incarceration, prison systems]

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623 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

Incarceration Has Been The Center Of The United States Justice System

- Incarceration has been the center of the United States justice system ever since the opening of the nation’s first prison. In order to understand how the aspects of the first corrections institutions correlate to later correctional practices seen today. Whether it was temporary or permanent, there has always been some form of detainment for offenders, and they were always held against their will. Imprisonment of offenders in earlier times was done primarily to hold the accused until the authorities determined the offender’s actual punishment....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, Criminal law]

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804 words | (2.3 pages) | Preview

Diversity within the Criminal Justice System

- The US Justice Department statistics 2003 and onwards demonstrates significant disproportion in the incarceration rate of minority African American and Hispanic men between the ages of 25 and 29 years as compared to the rate associated with White men of the same age. Bell (2007), proposes that as minority groups grow in numbers within the dominant group they will experience greater equality. However, rate of incarceration among minority males remains alarmingly high and as compared to their White counterparts....   [tags: Racial Prejudice, Over-Incarceration]

Term Papers
2181 words | (6.2 pages) | Preview

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