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What is Enlightenment? by Immanuel Kant and The Elimination of Irrational Thought

- What is Enlightenment. by Immanuel Kant and The Elimination of Irrational Thought In his essay ‘What is Enlightenment?’ Immanuel Kant discusses the nature of Enlightenment and how it can be brought to the general public. According to Kant, “Enlightenment is man’s release from his self-incurred tutelage.” By this, Kant means that Enlightenment is when one man is able to make use of his understanding without guidance from another man. Kant sees an Age of Enlightenment as a time when the human society can be liberated from their nature of discharge, which is a need for someone to be their director....   [tags: Papers]

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Immanuel Kant

- Immanuel Kant Immanuel Kant was born, lived and passed away in his home town of Konigsberg. He lived from 1724 to 1804. He studied at the local university and later returned to tutor and lecture students. It wasn’t until he met an English merchant by the name of Joseph Green that Kant learned of David Hume and began to develop his ideas of morals and values. Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason (1781) is believed by many to be his greatest work. Kant’s was known mainly, however, for his moral code The Categorical Imperative....   [tags: Immanuel Kant Deontology Ethics]

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Analysis of Immanuel Kant's Arguements in The Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals”

- ... In the first section he calls attention to common sense morals. Characteristics such as wit or intelligence can help make rational decisions which bring about best result; however, the action can be only ethical if it was based on a good will alone because duty alone is not enough to judge an action as immoral or moral. In the second section Kant shifts point of view from moral philosophy to a metaphysical study of morals. In this section alone to him, human nature of reason helps people recognize the morality of actions....   [tags: philosophy, common sense, reasoning]

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Judging One's Moral Worth in Enemy of the People by Henrik Ibsen Uses

- To judge one’s moral worth for his or her actions is a very important task. In the play, Enemy of the People by Henrik Ibsen, the main character, Dr. Stockmann performs in what many would consider a good, but moral worth is not determined by someone making a 10 second analysis of the actions and determining it. In order to determine moral worth, one can use Immanuel Kant’s book, Grounding for a Metaphysics of Morals. Within this book, Kant describes how one’s actions can be determined for the purpose of moral worth....   [tags: the baths, contamination, immanuel kant]

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Senses to Understanding to Reason by Immanuel Kant

- As Immanuel Kant once said, “all our knowledge begins with the senses, proceeds then to the understanding, and ends with reason.” Our senses are an indispensible part of ones life. Our senses allows us receive information from our environment in order to learn, appreciate and understand our surroundings. Sense perception is defined as “any of the faculties of sight, smell, hearing, taste and touch by which the body perceives an external stimulus” (theoryofknowledge.net). It is interlaced with all areas of knowledge....   [tags: emotions, knowledge, perceptions]

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The Metaphysics of Morals by Immanuel Kant

- In Immanuel Kant’s Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, he discusses his fundamental principle of morality. This is also known as his “categorical imperative”. His principle of morality basically states that all actions are moral and “good” if they are performed as a duty. Such an idea is exemplified when he says, “I should never act except in such a way that I can also will that my maxim should become a universal law” (Kant 14). Kant also seeks to apply his principal to suicide, as well has helping others in distress....   [tags: philosophy, categorical imperative]

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When is Lying OK? Rejecting All Lies: Immanuel Kant by Sissela Bok

- Lying is an issue that has been debated on for a long time. Some people believe that lying is sometimes ok in certain circumstances. Some people believe lying is always acceptable. In contrast, some believe lying is always bad. Keeping all other’s opinions in mind, I believe that lying is a deficient way of solving problems and is a bad thing. I claim that only certain situations allow the usage of lies and that otherwise, lying is bad. Dishonesty is bad because it makes it harder to serve justice, harms the liar individually, and messes up records....   [tags: bad, weakens justice ]

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Immanuel Kant

- Kant is a deontological philosopher; that is, in examining morality he says that the ends must not be looked at, only the means. Kant began by carefully drawing a pair of crucial distinctions among the judgments we do actually make. The first distinction separates a priori from a posteriori judgments by reference to the origin of our knowledge of them. A priori judgments are statements for which there is no appeal to experience in order to dertermine what is true and false. A posteriori judgments, on the other hand, are statements in which experience determines how we discover the truth or falsity of the statement....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Autonomous Thinking and Immanuel Kant

- Considered to be one of the most important philosophers of modern Europe and an important part of philosophical thinking, Immanuel Kant paved the way for current ethical thinkers. He paved the way for philosophers and social behavioral scientists such as Jean Piaget. Kant's theory is hinged by his beliefs on autonomy and his formulation of categorical imperatives. Kant believed in autonomy however, knowing that autonomy has flaws, he created the categorical imperatives. Autonomy allows us to be self creating when it comes to our values and morality....   [tags: philosophy, ethical thinker]

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Kant 's View On The Mind

- When two great professional like professor Bryan Magee and contemporary philosopher Geoffrey Warnock sit down to discuss and try to understand one those most complexes philosopher turn very hard for us understand the conception of the facts describe in that video. I was very interesting in Immanuel Kant life the way he was a brilliant orator, for more the 30 years university professor, and the first university philosopher. Kant had the capacity in write to in very single mind, even his friend considered him the most difficult writer....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Morality, Ethics]

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Kant 's Theory On Morality

- The question of how we determine what is right and what is wrong has been one that has plagued humankind for centuries. Although many have tried to answer this question there is still no definite answer. Adam Smith believes morals are grounded in sympathy and experience. Immanuel Kant however, is certain that morals should not be derived from experience but from pure reason. I for one believe that neither of these men are entirely correct. Both of their theories on morality are flawed in that one does not account for the human experience and the other takes the human experience too much into account....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Logic, Immanuel Kant]

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Kant 's Second Categorical Imperative

- In Support of Respect Immanuel Kant greatly influenced philosophers with his writings that based reasoning as a primary source of morality as opposed to feelings. Kant identified categorical imperatives as our moral duties to humanity, these imperatives command us to do an action because it is the right thing to do, and likewise if we do not do the right action we are being immoral. Kant’s second categorical imperative is based on respect towards humanity. He achieves this through two main points, one being mutual benefit and the other as individual autonomy....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Ethics]

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Immanuel Kant

- He was the fourth of nine children of Johann Georg and Anna Regina Kant, German philosopher Immanuel Kant was born in Konigsberg, East Prussia in 1724. Son of a humble saddler, his family belonged to a Protestant religious group of Pietists ,religion was a very improtant part in every aspect of their lives. Even though Kant was critical of formal religion, he still admired the conduct of Pietists. Kant’s went to elementary school at Saint George’s Hospital School and then went to the Collegium Fredericianum, a Pietist school, where he studied from 1732 until 1740....   [tags: Immanuel Kant]

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Kant 's Argument On Suicide

- The question which I shall look at for the Autumn Term part of this Take-Home Exam is: According to Kant, suicide is immoral. What is his argument for this claim. Does his theory really generate this result, when applied to the case of suicide. Why or why not. Immanuel Kant’s argument for the claim that suicide is immoral can be found in the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals on page 73-74 in Practical Philosophy. The claim which Kant makes is when he starts to explain the Categorical Imperative....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Categorical imperative, Philosophy]

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The Legacy Of Nelson Mandela

- Intro Nelson Mandela struggled with the apartheid government to free his people from slavery for years. He did not take any easy way out for himself. He could have made his struggle much easier, but he chose to have it harder on himself and use that as a way to gain the acceptance of the people. Mandela did not condone the violence until he felt that every peaceful aspect had been tried. Many people have ideas about what life events are worth fighting for, Mandela chose his to fight peacefully until everything was out of control....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Thomas Hobbes]

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Kant 's Of The Metaphysics Of Morals

- In Immanuel Kant’s work, “Groundwork for the metaphysics of morals” he discusses what is good will. He believes that a good will is in itself already good and acts in accordance with goodness. So the traits that are normally associated with a good will like intelligence and courage are not be valued as good but rather are only temperaments that can be used in both good and bad aspects. A good will is not brought on by actions or is it meant to provide some sort of reward at the end of completion, but rather it is brought on only when a will desires to be good....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Law]

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Moral Decisions : Being Good

- Throughout life, people are faced with moral decisions that will impact not only themselves but also, the people they surround themselves with. One of these moral decisions people encounter daily is truthfulness in their actions and words. In Blackburn’s novel, “Being Good”, he states “It is not easy to find a stable attitude to the stringency of the prohibition of lying.” I agree with his quote because everyone tends to lie no matter the magnitude of the lie, in order to protect themselves and the people they care about....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Ethics, Lie]

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Kant 's Theory Of Moral Obligations

- Immanuel Kant once argued that moral obligations are dependent upon a standard of rationality and upon his formula of humanity. The basis of his ethical viewpoint is formulated by the idea that the only unconditional good is good will, and that good will is incorporated around attempting to do the right thing no matter the circumstance since it is simply the right thing to do. Kant’s thesis can be summarized in his formula of humanity: “act in such a way as to treat humanity, whether in your own person or in that of anyone else, always as an end and never merely as a means.” Kant’s perspective can be broken down into two separate categories of morality propositions....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Aesthetics]

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The Philosophical Study Of The Nature Of Truth And Knowledge

- Ultimate Source of Knowledge Epistemology is the philosophical study of the nature of truth and knowledge. This branch of philosophical inquiry attempts to discover what truth and knowledge are, the process of how we obtain truth and knowledge, and the distinguishing differences between truth and falsity and knowledge and belief. The two opposing schools of thought of epistemology are rationalism and empiricism. Rationalism is the epistemological theory which claims that truth and knowledge stems from reasoning alone....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Epistemology]

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John Stuart Mill And Plato 's Categorical Imperative

- Great philosophers such as Immanuel Kant, John Stuart Mill and Plato unwittingly weighed in on this story, long before it ever occurred. Immanuel Kant is considered a significant and influential figure in modern philosophy. He may have single handedly set the tone on how humanity conducts themselves in society. Kant’s Categorical Imperative is basically a set of principles that we should follow. Essentially, it is our moral duty to uphold these laws whether you want to or not and that they are universal, meaning no one is immune to the rules....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Philosophy]

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Immanuel Kant's Theory

- Immanuel Kant's Theory Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) discussed many ethical systems and reasoning’s some were based on a belief that the reason is the final authority for morality. In Kant’s eyes, reason is directly correlated with morals and ideals. Actions of any sort, he believed, must be undertaken from a sense of duty dictated by reason, and no action performed for appropriateness or solely in obedience to law or custom can be regarded as moral. A moral act is an act done for the "right" reasons....   [tags: Papers Immanuel Kant Morality]

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Analysis Of The Movie ' Million Dollar Baby '

- We arrive into this world without a choice; and depart just the same. In the movie “Million Dollar Baby”, Maggie Fitzgerald’s fictional character is a prime example active euthanasia. Maggie’s decision to die is morally acceptable, but it is not ethically acceptable by philosopher James Rachels’ argument. Maggie’s decision was not ethically permissible because she violated Kant’s categorical imperative “Act in such a way that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, never merely as a means to an end, but always at the same time as an end” by asking her trainer, Frankie Dunn, to kill her....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Ethics, Philosophy]

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The Philosophy Of Religion And Touch Bass On Other Disciplines

- Philosophy may literally mean the ‘love of wisdom’ as it is deprived from two Greek words (Hales, 2012, p. vii), but as a whole is much more than the love of wisdom and critical reflection; it is more about “giving good reasons for one’s non-empirical beliefs…[and] to give arguments for believing claims about nature of the self, or the existence of God, or moral duty, or the value of knowledge” (Hales, 2012, p. vii). Therefore, I agree that philosophy also sheds light on many disciplines centrally explored....   [tags: Philosophy, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Religion]

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Immanuel Kant : A Universal Law

- Maggie Fitzgerald was raised knowing one thing; she was trash. She had no true family that cared for her. No one even really knew she existed. The only person who gave her hope was her father. That was true up until she found the sport boxing and met Frankie. She earned everything through blood, sweat, and tears. Even when people were telling her she couldn’t do it, she still tried. Through all of this Maggie gained freedom, personhood, and experience. Freedom according to Immanuel Kant is the ability to guide ones actions using laws of one’s own making....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Categorical imperative]

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Immanuel Kant and the Moral Law

- Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher from the 18th century, widely known for his various achievements and works such as Critique of Pure Reason and Foundations of Metaphysics of Morals. Kant developed a theory of ethics that depends on reason rather than emotion called The Moral Law. Kant was not anti-religious but he wanted an ethical system that was not obscured by religion, emotion or personal interpretation. According to Kant, morality is a function of reason, based on our consciousness of necessary and universal laws....   [tags: law, duty, theory of ethics]

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Arthur Schopenhauer Vs Immanuel Kant

- Arthur Schopenhauer Versus Immanuel Kant 2 Arthur Schopenhauer’s meaning of life includes ideas that attempt to identify factors that constitute happiness. According to Schopenhauer, the three factors are what one is, what one has, and how one is regarded by others. ( Pigliucci, 2006 ) What one has and how one is regarded appear to be the two deciding factors that determine an individual’s happiness. Not much consideration is given to what one is. These ideas led to the philosophy that “personality is the greatest factor in happiness.” ( Pigliucci, 2006 ) Schopenhauer believed that personal attributes that are possessed need to be utilized to their maximum potential....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Ethics, Morality]

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Kant 's On Grounding For The Metaphysics Of Morals

- Immanuel Kant’s work on Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals explores the understanding of morels, and the process of which these morals are developed through philosophy. He also disentangled the usefulness and foundation of the instituted of religion. Kant starts by explaining the three divisions of philosophy which are: physics, ethics, and logic. He clarifies that physics and ethics are a posteriori while logic is, a priori, but there is a third variable that interacts both which is also the foundation of morals....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Morality, Ethics]

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The Nature Of Reality And Freewill

- 18th-century philosopher Immanuel Kant came into the world in 1724, at the East Prussian city of Königsberg, in what is now Germany (Melvin). He first studied and subsequently worked at the regional university, up until three years prior to his death; and, interestingly, Kant never once journeyed beyond fifty miles from his hometown. He was a scientist as well as a philosopher, functioning in many capacities; encompassing anthropology, astrophysics, geography, and mathematics. He furthermore penned numerous “dense, difficult-to-read but highly influential texts regarding metaphysics, meta- and practical morality, science, history and politics” (Melvin)....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Ethics, Deontological ethics]

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Kant 's Metaphysics Of Morals

- In Grounding of the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanuel Kant discusses humans as rational beings as they relate to morality in one’s decision making. He proposes that people follow the categorical imperative, a principle that says: “Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law” (Kant 30). Kant believes that humans, since they have reason, are able to exercise ethics in every action and towards any person. In doing so, they demonstrate their “intrinsic worth, i.e., dignity” (40)....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Ethics, Human]

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Immanuel Kant: A Philosopher Who Influenced Society

- One of the philosophers that impact society is Immanuel Kant; he was a philosopher in the 18th century. Immanuel Kant was born in April 22, 1724 in Kingdom of Prussia, German and died on February 12, 1804 at age 79. Philosopher Immanuel Kant composed different point of views to courage that we understand the world better. Kant is trying to tell us that there are many things that evolve around this world and that every little single element that we do makes the world what it is. Kant is well known for his work in the philosophy of ethics and metaphysics; also, he made an important astronomical discovery on the nature of Earth's rotation....   [tags: world, ethics, problems]

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The Case Of The Inquiring Murderer

- In the case of the Inquiring Murderer, a woman runs past you and hides in some bushes. When you ask her what is going on, she tells you that someone chasing her is attempting to kill her, and asks you to leave. Soon after, a man armed with a knife asks you if you have seen the woman. Most people would have no issue lying to the man about the woman’s whereabouts. If you tell him where she is, he will almost certainly kill her. This way of thinking produces the greatest good, a consequentialist theory....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant]

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Separating Morality from Law

- The idea of separating morality from law is problematic. Regardless of anyone’s desire to separate the two, it is impossible. All law is moral or, as the case may be, immoral. The real question of the law is what those morals are. Immanuel Kant seemed unable to define a universal moral, which he indeed tried to define. Kant defined it in three parts. These morals he used to explain the best regime and the duties of citizens within that regime. Even though it seemed challenging for Kant to nail down a solid definition of universal morals, which may be generally applied to all, it appears that Kant believed that law or a republic was the best regime....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Immorality, Regime]

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Kant And Kant 's Theory

- When dealing with Kant, we must always ask ourselves these question’s before we decide to act: can I sensibly determine that everyone acts as I plan to act, and does my action respect the goals of other’s rather than my own reasons. Kant’s theory looks at the rightness or wrongness of these actions and relates them on not depending on such consequences but on whether they fulfill our duty or not. The Categorical Imperative in relation to Kant is that he believed that there was an utmost norm of morality and that the categorical imperative determines our moral duties....   [tags: Categorical imperative, Immanuel Kant, Morality]

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An Enquiry Concerning The Principles Of Morals

- In An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals, David Hume explains that public utility is the foundation of the chief part of morals because we act on moral sentiments and passions and that we care about the outcome. However, in the Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanuel Kant argues that good will is the only thing that is good without qualification because actions are taken only for the sake of duty and that the moral quality of an action is based solely on the motive that produced it....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Aesthetics, Ethics]

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Kant 's Moral Philosophy On A Formal Sense

- For me, this class has been an interdiction to philosophy in a formal sense. "While reading Mistakes Were Made, but not by me" by Tavris and Aronson and Justice by Sandel I made quite a few connections in the material. The most protrusive of chapters in these books to me were on Immanuel Kant in justice, and Wounds, Rifts, and wars in Mistakes were made. Because of Kant’s Philosophy on the will to do good, and the story of how Jim and Dianne felt when dealing with Jim 's affair, I couldn’t help but see parallels in these sections....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Philosophy]

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Kant 's Morality And Duty

- For centuries, philosophers and theorists have argued over the topic of morality. Trying to determine if a person can exhibit complete morality or whether other concepts like free will and the concepts behind self-interests will win out over morality and duty. They asked questions aimed at determining what can drive a person to ignore morality and duty as well as examining the actions that they felt embodied morality and duty. Immanuel Kant also sought to explain morality and duty. However, Kant’s perception of what constitutes morality was highly criticized and often discounted....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Duty, Ethics]

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Immanuel Kant On Morality And Morality

- When it comes to morality, there are different theories that can lead to what drives and creates morality. Yet, the question that all theorists try to find the correct answer to is what morality is. The theories that were discussed in chapter 2 gave off the impression that each theory that has ever existed and will exist will be contradicted. Although each theory gave a precise explanation, each theory was based on every theorists own opinion and belief. For every act or motive there is a reason, and any action that would take place would be deemed as unethical....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Virtue, Immanuel Kant]

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Kant 's Philosophy On Moral Philosophy

- One of the first mature works on moral philosophy is Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals by Immanuel Kant. In this book, Kant explains his message and ideas by providing examples and proving himself throughout the entire book that morals are an important aspect in life as well as why they are expressing the principles behind this concept. Kant laid the fundamental principle of morality and shows how it applies to use as human beings. One thing that sets Kant apart is the amount of explanations that he brings into his book....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Ethics]

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Analysis Of Fyodor Dostoyevsky 's Crime And Punishment

- One Murder, Multiple Point Of Views Every occurrence has multiple points of views. Within those points of views exist opinions consisting of part truths. In Fyodor Dostoyevsky’s novel, Crime and Punishment, such situations presents itself when the main character, Raskolnikov, plots and carries out the murder of an old woman who has a considerable amount of money in her apartment. Due to his action, an ethical dilemma arises questioning the morality of both the action and the consequence. Depending on the point of view, Raskolnikov’s actions can either be morally just under utilitarianism or morally unsound under deontology....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Morality]

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A Philosophical Treatise By Immanuel Kant

- 1. What is the author’s central claim. Copy and paste the author’s claim directly from the article below. Indicate the page number where you copied the claim. Many may consider the Facebook postings and article comments to be vacuous, narcissistic, or vapid, but they are thoughts that their writers considered worth sharing. A philosophical treatise by Immanuel Kant may be more profound, and more edifying to remember, than the average Facebook post or article comment, but his writings may not be tuned so precisely to what our minds effortlessly encode....   [tags: Twitter, Social network service]

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Immanuel Kant And Kant 's Theory

- There is another theory that was developed by and named after a German philosopher who was known as Immanuel Kant. His theory was based entirely on reason. According to this theory, one should act with a “good will.” He defines this good will as acting according to our duties, only because it is our duty. We do what is morally right out of respect for our own understanding of morality. On top of this Kant also came up with the means-end principle. This principle dictates that we should never treat others merely as a means for our ends, but treat them as ends in themselves....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Morality, Philosophy]

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The Goals Of A Good Life

- The goal of a good life is a concept that has been thrown around by religious and philosophical figures for centuries. Soldiers fighting amongst the ranks of the Spartan army visualized a good life being one in which they could lay down their lives to protect the ones they love. Some pleasure seekers saw a good life as one in which they could enjoy all the fruits of their labor without a regard for morality. However, before I can explicitly state this goal, it must be explained as to whether the goal of a good life is for one’s self or an overall good....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Virtue]

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The Rights Of The Homeless

- While viewing homeless individuals in the streets, Jeremy Bentham recognized that there is not only pain suffered by the homeless but also pain inflicted upon the non-homeless that view the homeless. To reach an economical solution, he proposed that society should pay to take the homeless off the streets, leading to less suffering by the homeless and the passerby. “Nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure. It is for them alone to point out what we ought to do, as well as to determine what we shall do….” (Jeremy Bentham, Principles of Morals and Legislation, ch....   [tags: Utilitarianism, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Morality]

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Immanuel Kant

- Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) was one of the most influential philosophers in the history of Western philosophy. He was a professor of philosophy at Konigsberg, in Prussia, researching, lecturing and writing on philosophy during and at the end of the 18th Century Enlightenment. His contributions to metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and aesthetics have had a profound impact on almost every philosophical movement that followed him. This essay will attempt to explain what Kant means by Maxim and Universal Law, and whether his argument is affordable in the 21st century....   [tags: Philosopher, Maxim, Universal Law]

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Kant 's Categorical Imperative Essay

- One constant between all cultures is the understanding that all lives will come to an end. Throughout one’s lifetime, virtue, character, and morality are sought, through different ideals and methods, with the overall endgame being the most ethical and desirable outcome possible. There are times, however, when an individual may feel like there is no hope of reaching a successful existence; therefore the act of suicide becomes a viable option. The decision to voluntarily take one’s life has always been a topic of discussion on ethical grounds....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Philosophy]

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Kant 's Theory Of Non Consequentialism

- Kant opens up Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals by saying, “Nothing can possibly be conceived in the world, or even out of it, which can be called good without qualification, except a good will,” and it is with this sentence that he introduces his idea of non-consequentialism (p. 151). Non-consequentialism can be described as a philosophical theory that states that the morality of our behaviour does not depend on the consequences of our actions, but instead depends on the intent with which we perform these actions....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Moral absolutism]

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Perpetual Peace

- War has always been a cause of great trouble and suffering for all of humanity. It has existed from the earliest beginnings of man and continues to exist until today. From thousands of years ago and maybe even earlier, there has already been a very long tradition of attempts to end war. For Immanuel Kant and many other thinkers, the most important goal to be achieved in our world is a true and perpetual peace among states and people. In his 1795 political philosophical essay, Kant begins by setting out the “preliminary articles” to the establishment of an everlasting peace between states....   [tags: Immanuel Kant Book Review Analysis]

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Kant 's Ethical Theory And Ethics

- James Liang was part of an effort by Volkswagen engineers in Germany to create a “clean” Diesel engine for sale in the United States. During the development of the engine, the engineers discovered they would not design an engine to meet the US Clean Air Act and satisfy customer needs. Liang and the engineers decided to create a “defeat device” (Shoenberg, Naughton, & Butters, 2016) in order to cheat the emissions testing process. Liang and his team then tried to cover up their device when US officials noticed and inquired about the discrepancies between test results and actual performance of the engines....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Categorical imperative]

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Kant 's Ethical Theory And Ethics

- James Liang, a member of a team of Volkswagen engineers in Germany, assisted in the creation of a “clean” Diesel engine for sale in the United States. During the development of the engine, the engineers discovered they could not design an engine to meet the US Clean Air Act and satisfy customer needs. Liang and the engineers decided to create a “defeat device” (Shoenberg, Naughton, & Butters, 2016) in order to cheat the emissions testing process. Liang and his team then tried to cover up their device when US officials noticed and inquired about the discrepancies between test results and actual performance of the engines....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Categorical imperative]

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Kant 's Theory Of Transcendental Idealism

- 1. Immanuel Kant would have rejected the statement that “scientific explanation gives us knowledge about the world.” Scientific explanation uses observations and measurements to explain something that is seen in the world. However, Kant’s theory of Transcendental Idealism the universe is made intelligible by the human mind imposing itself on the world. In Kant’s theory, the human mind uses causation to make sense of the chaos, thus people see objects, hear a phone ring, and experience texture. Furthermore, Kant developed a third category of knowledge known as synthetic a priori, or Metaphysics....   [tags: Causality, Metaphysics, Immanuel Kant, Mind]

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Philosophical Views Of Animal Ethics

- Philosophical Views of Animal Ethics For this essay, I chose to look at Immanuel Kant’s and John Stuart Mill’s views on the human treatment of non-human animals, specifically in the case of animal testing. I will look at Kant’s and Mill’s views separately, then the issue of the testing of animals, and finally, the philosophers’ views on the issue. I believe that both philosophers would come to the same conclusion, that animal testing is unethical in most cases. Immanuel Kant has a deontological view of ethics....   [tags: Ethics, Philosophy, Morality, Immanuel Kant]

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Kant 's Categorical Imperative Of Moral Value

- Emmanuel Kant was a influential philosopher and strong proponent of the modern era. Besides his large contribution to epistemology and metaphysics, his work in ethics was just as substantial. Kant’s ethics came to propose an objective morality, where moral judgments is not only true according to a person 's subjective view. He believed the moral worth of an action is not determined by its consequence but the motive behind it. Additionally, the “only motive that can endow an act with moral value, is one that arises from universal principles discovered by reason” (McCormick)....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Ethics, Aesthetics]

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Analysis of Immanuel Kant´s Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals

- Immanuel Kant is a popular modern day philosopher. He was a modest and humble man of his time. He never left his hometown, never married and never strayed from his schedule. Kant may come off as boring, while he was an introvert but he had a great amount to offer. His thoughts and concepts from the 1700s are still observed today. His most recognized work is from the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. Here Kant expresses his idea of ‘The Good Will’ and the ‘Categorical Imperative’. The concept Kant is displaying in his work is the universal maxim....   [tags: Will, Actions, Morality]

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Moral Decisions Can Be Difficult

- Moral decisions can be difficult to decipher. It is important to establish the perspective that will be applied to the situation. In the case of Volkswagen engineer James Liang, two major ethical theories can be used to judge the morality of the actions that took place. James Liang was and engineer working on project to make Volkswagen diesel engines more efficient. However, a “defeat device” was used in order to pass U.S. EPA emissions tests even though the engine was not designed to operate with the proper emissions regulations....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Immanuel Kant]

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Immanuel Kant's Theory of Judgment

- What are, and what are the differences between, judgments of perception and judgments of experience for Kant. Understanding how the mind works has been a major goal throughout philosophy, and an important piece of this deals with how humans come to experience the world. Many philosophers have attempted to investigate this issue, and Hume successfully proposed a framework by which human understanding could be understood. This writing, however, spurred Kant’s philosophical mind, awaking him from his “dogmatic slumber” and leading him to develop his own framework to define thought....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, 2015]

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The Ethics Of A Future Buyer

- You’re Going to Sell Your Home. Should You Mention the Snakes?” Moving from one house to another often deems itself as more of a struggle than it is enjoyable. You go through the trouble of hiring movers, then you must unpack your boxes, and neatly arrange all of the furniture. Only after becoming increasingly settled into your new home do you become aware of a small but ever present poisonous snake infestation on your property. Despite this unfortunate finding, you have no recollection of being notified of the snake issue by neither the realty company, nor the previous seller....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Morality]

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Moral Actions by Philosophers Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill

- In the making of my own argument on the elements that justify a right or wrong action, I will reference two of the most influential philosophers, Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill. In order to make this paper easy to follow, I intend to focus on one of the arguments formed by each of these men. I will evaluate how both of Kant and Mill’s principles fits into the morals of right and wrong. Kant gives us a categorical imperative that urges one to Act only according to that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law (Kant), and Mill states that actions are right as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness (Mi...   [tags: Right, Wrong, Philosophy]

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The Metaphysics Of Morals By Immanuel Kant

- Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, written by Immanuel Kant is commenced with Kant’s notion, “It is impossible to think of anything at all in the world, or indeed even beyond it, that could be taken to be good without limitation, except a good will.” Thereby, Kant argues that morality, which according to him is contextually synonymous with the term “good,” lies both unrestrictedly (“without limitation”) and indisputably (“it is impossible to think of anything…”) within good will. Perhaps the phrase “good will” is unsatisfactorily vague, at least concerning Kant’s intended definition of good will....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Categorical imperative, Morality]

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The Morality Of James Liang And The Volkswagen Emission Scandal

- Analyzing the Morality of James Liang and the Volkswagen Emission Scandal: An application of Kant’s duty ethics and rule utilitarianism James Liang, seasoned Volkswagen engineer, pleaded guilty to charges of “conspiracy to commit fraud against U.S. regulators and customers and to violate the Clean Air Act”. He faces up to five years in prison and a maximum fine of $250,000 dollars. In order to design a clean diesel engine, James and other Volkswagen employees developed and implemented a software device that would detect and cheat the U.S....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Categorical imperative, Ethics]

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Kant 's Metaphysics Of Morals

- In order to become a well rounded individual you must be aware of the moral problems in society and be able to evaluate them. Respectively, this class has allowed me to do so, through readings and videos, providing my own insight on many moral issues. This class has shown me there are many different interpretations to right and wrong, and hard evidence must be agued to be persuasive. Throughout the course of this class we looked into multiple philosophers such as Kant, Aristotle, and Sandel, a professor at Harvard....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Virtue]

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The Principle Of Morality Must Be A Standard Of Rationality

- Immanuel Kant argues that the supreme principle of morality must be a standard of rationality that he insisted the Categorical imperative. "end at the place from which we set out at the beginning, namely with the concept of an unconditionally good will" (AK 4:437). He ensured that the categorical imperative are characterized as being objective, rational and of important and unconditional principle that must be followed by everyone despite of the individual natural desires or the inclinations people may have to the contrary....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Ethics]

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Death 's Views On Death And The Afterlife

- Death is an inevitable process that everyone will face one day or another. No two people’s view or ideas of what will happens once one dies are the same and not one person knows the correct answer. The answer isn’t given to us until the time of our own has become. Philosophers have come up with ideas on what happens in the afterlife. For some people these ideas create a piece of mind, a sense of knowing that they know what will happen. For others the idea of death is still a mystery. There are many different views and beliefs about what happens to one once they pass....   [tags: Philosophy, Immanuel Kant, Phenomenology]

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Immanuel Kant 's Categorical Imperative

- Google defines Categorical Imperative as “(in Kantian ethics) an unconditional moral obligation that is binding in all circumstances and is not dependent on a person 's inclination or purpose.” (Google) Thus, there is no middle ground on morals nor is there ever a situation to where one should commit a moral wrong doing. Immanuel Kant had strong views regarding Categorical Imperative and believed that universal law applies to all. He also believes there cannot be any exceptions to this rule, or it becomes right for all to live by the exception....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Ethics, Human]

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The Deontological Moral Theory By Kant

- We live in an imperfect world where things can inevitably go wrong although our actions meant well. Ethical actions should not be judged by a good outcome rather by a good will. Ethics are principles of right and wrong that guide a body of professionals on how to conduct their duties. In this paper good will is explained as an act of kindness towards oneself. This essay will explore the deontological moral theory by Kant in relation to utilitarianism by Mill. Humans perform actions with an intention of achieving some kind of satisfaction that one can refer to as trying attain a feel of happiness....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Immanuel Kant, Happiness]

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The Works Of Philosophers Immanuel Kant And John Stuart Mill

- Animal Experimentation The works of philosophers Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill have been used more substantively in animal advocacy movements, even though Mill’s utilitarianism was genuinely animal amicable at the time; he believed that in any circumstance the right action would be the action that have a tendency to minimize the pain and suffering, and expand the pleasure and happiness, of all humans and animals which in return should impact our treatment of animals. Immanuel Kant a philosopher who is often mention in animal advocacy movement did not believe we had any direct ethical duties to animal....   [tags: Animal rights, Animal testing]

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Kant 's View On Moral Truth

- What is the source of objective moral truth. Kant and Mill each have a compelling argument for what moral truth is and how to attain it, but is one view more solid than the other. To find out, first, we’ll explore Kant’s view and the categorical imperative. We’ll follow with a brief summary of Mill’s view and how it compares to that of Kant. We’ll then outline an objection to Kant and decide if Kant’s view holds up better than Mill’s despite that objection. For Kant, moral truth is as basic as basic logic....   [tags: Categorical imperative, Immanuel Kant]

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Immanuel Kant 's Philosophy Of Ethics

- “Two things fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and awe, the oftener and more steadily we reflect on them: the starry heavens above and the moral law within.” said Immanuel Kant. Morality is referred to as a societal code of conduct put forward by rational persons given the specified conditions. Throughout time, the concept of what morality is has played a crucial role in the study of ethics. Considered as the most influential thinker of the enlightenment era and one of the greatest western philosophers, German philosopher Immanuel Kant profoundly impacted the study of ethics....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Deontological ethics]

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The Immortal Soul Is Real And If There Is A God

- Does God exist. Philosophers and individuals alike have searched to find the answer to this question. Some may believe in resurrection, others in Dante’s Inferno, however philosophy aims to answer such ethical questions using skepticism as an approach. The premise of The Meditations by René Descartes, questions whether the immortal soul is real and if there is a God. Descartes concludes that God does exist, justifying his reasoning with the fact that he thinks. If one thinks, one exists. This conclusion leads to a discussion between the mind existing separately from matter....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Ontology, Metaphysics]

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The Moral Law Is Binding For All Rational Creatures

- A priori is not based on observation, which only tells us what we actually do, not what we should do. It is based on reason, an ethically important capability that humans have. Reason allows us to know the moral law and the behave morally. The moral law is binding for all rational creatures because it is derived from principles of pure reason. An immoral action, for Kant, is irrational. The good will is good unconditionally. It is intrinsically good, good in and of itself (Kant, Groundwork for the metaphysics of morals)....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Virtue, Immanuel Kant]

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Ethical Decision Making : My Moral Compass

- Introduction Although my moral frame work has been conditioned through thirty-three years of life experience, until this class I had not sought to define or categorize my ethical stance. The journey to finding a more exact definition of my moral compass begins with examination of my basic reaction to ethical decision making. I make habit of considering all perspectives, trying to really consider all sides. I constantly question my own reasoning and weigh all foreseeable outcomes against what I believe to be right and wrong....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Ethics, Morality]

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The Ethical Theory Of Utilitarianism

- What is utilitarianism. Through philosophy, John Stuart Mill aims to answer this question. He asserts that one’s actions must be right if the greatest number of individuals are pleased with the greatest good. The theory of utilitarianism is straightforward. One must always chose the action that will contribute to the greatest good. In any instance, one must chose the action that will promote the greatest good for the greatest number. This principle allows one to decipher any action that may be considered right or wrong....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Immanuel Kant, Rights]

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Kant And Hume 's View Of All Decisions

- Kant and Hume Greta and Angelica are two women who saved Jews when the Nazis were finding them and killing them in the 1940’s in the Netherlands. Although the women were doing the same deed, they did it for two separate reasons. Greta followed the same ideas as the philosopher Kant. She merely saved the Jews because it was her duty to do what was right. Angelica followed the same ideas as the philosopher Hume. She reacted by the empathy they felt for others, not fully thinking through her decisions....   [tags: Thought, Human, Immanuel Kant, Morality]

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Cheating is Against The Rules

- I only have two hours to study for tomorrow’s math midterm due to the additional three essays and two presentations I have to turn in for my other classes. I have divided my available hours and for this exam, I could either study for two hours and not get a good grade, or break the rules by using the notes during the exam, therefore getting a guaranteed A. What should I do. Cheating is against the rules of all corporations, institutions, and life. It is not viewed as morally correct because as one cheats, one is taking the easy way out and disrespecting those who work hard for the same outcome, therefore breaking binding contract of respecting others around you....   [tags: moral action, immanuel kant]

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Immanuel Kant 's Theory Of Radical Evil

- Immanuel Kant’s theory of Radical Evil presents a secular position defining evil in away of which the agents performing evil acts can be held accountable. It centres around the concept that evil, specifically evil is performing acts of atrocity rooted from placing self-love ahead of duty. Therefore right action is acting out of duty in obedience with the Universal moral law, and in contrast what can be seen as an evil act is an act carried out with the motivation being self-love or self centred tendencies....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Evil]

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I Am A Philosophy Class

- Attending a philosophy class was probably not what I had in mind for an ideal summer, but I do not regret my decision to sign up for philosophy. I didn’t have any previous philosophy classes in any of my previous schooling, so I figured that I would give this a shot. There are many opinions, perspectives, and experiences that I gained from this class. Before having this course, I thought that philosophy just consisted of a bunch of smart historians expressing catchy word phrases. What I now know is that philosophy is basically the human challenging of knowledge, existence, and morals....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Categorical imperative]

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Immanuel Kant And The United States Marine Corps Uniform

- In everyday life, there are things that we can control. However, there are also surprises that come up that requires a quick decision. One such incident came up in my life about six years ago. I was married at the time, and I was offered the chance to have a sexual encounter with another female. This was a shock and required me to make a split second decision. It seems like this would be an easy choice, but considering the state of my marriage at the time, that was not the case. Let me explain what was going on and show you why this was not such an easy decision to make....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Categorical imperative]

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Kant 's Grounding For The Metaphysics Of Morals

- Immanuel Kant’s Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals is one of his earliest works and is one of the most influential in the field of moral philosophy. In this work, Kant sets the stage and establishes the ground for future investigation by explaining setting and explaining the core concepts of the “supreme principle of morality” (Kant 1993)1. He presents his work in three sections, but only the first two will be focused on. Although it is not definitive, Kant attempts to work from ordinary moral knowledge to a supreme principle, and then attempts to test that principle in the second and third sections of the work....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Philosophy, Ethics]

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Kant 's Views On Lying

- Immanuel Kant is steadfast in his belief that before anyone can do anything absolutely moral, they must reason what would occur if every person on Earth did this exact thing, or as he puts it, “Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law” (Kant, Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, 30). This philosophy seems sound, but is actually inherently flawed, as when it comes into conflict with his opinions on lying, it makes both points to be somewhat impossible to live by....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Morality, Ethics]

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Duties Towards Marine Animals By Immanuel Kant

- Duties towards Marine Animals Marine animals such as dolphins and belugas are used for entertainment and experimental studies. This remains a major problem because keeping marine animals in confinement for human purposes is a violation of animal rights to live freely from human use, regardless the type of treatment that the marine animals are receiving. In this paper, I will argue that we ought to reject Immanuel Kant’s notion of treating marine animals such as whales or belugas as a means to human ends due to their lack of rational capacity because Kant fails to properly account for marginal cases including infants who also lack the rational capacity, but they are treated as an ‘end’ in...   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Human, Rationality]

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Kant 's Categorical Imperative Essay

- Utilitarian thought and theory are based on the “Greatest Happiness Principle” which exclaims that actions are considered moral only when they promote universal happiness and the absence of pain. In this paper, I argue that Kant’s Categorical Imperative is superior to utilitarianism because Kant’s Categorical Imperative allows for actions to be judged case by case, as opposed of what’s considered to be the best for maximizing happiness. First and foremost, the Greatest Happiness Principle focuses on two main ideas: one’s actions and their resulting utility....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Utilitarianism]

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