Before Augustus’s rule, the classical approach to depicting portraits or statues of men at that time were making them look ageless and perfect. They were shown as warriors, in their prime and youth, and to look powerful. Greek art influenced much of Roman art. Examples included the Roman marble versions of the Greek bronze statue of Polykleitos’s Doryphoros. The statue Doryphoros showcases a very muscular and built athlete using the classical Greek forms of contrapposto and canon. Contrapposto describes a human figure shifting most of his weight on one foot with a twist in the hips and legs to show movement and relaxation in appearance. Canon describes using proportions to create a perfectly balanced figure. Thus statues created before the statue, Head of an Old Man, depicted muscular ageless warriors with perfectly harmonious bodies. However, during the turn of the first century, the Roman society went through a drastic change. After his great-uncle, Julius Caesar was assassinated, Augustus avenged Caesar and defeated Cleopatra and Mark Antony making him the founder of the Roman Empire and the first Emperor. However, instead of making himself the dictator like...
... middle of paper ...
...rs, and the advance of the populace. Therefore, Romans valued a different depiction that the Greeks. They focused more on hard work and model citizens rather than physically idealized men. Roman Portraiture was also for propaganda purposes, and to send out ideological messages. Therefore, this incredible realism delivers a clearly political and social message.
Thus, the Roman portrait, Head of an Old Man, has features reflecting old age and weariness to demonstrate the Republican’s period of valuing moral reforms, fighting for the love of the country, and hard work. Roman portraiture looked much more natural and incredibly realistic compared to ancient Green portraits that yearned to look idealized and beautiful. Roman portraits also showed the meticulous work of transferring unique features from the model to the statue, though there is still a generality shown.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Doryphoros by Polykleitos was originally a Greek bronze made around 450-40B.C. The only way we can see it today is through the Roman marble copies (which is common of many Greek statues.) Some supports had to be added for the change in material, resulting in the addition of the form resembling a tree trunk, the support on the left foot, and the small bar bridging the gap between his right wrist and hip. Doryphoros was originally holding a spear in his left hand; appropriate, given that his name means, literally, “spear-bearer.” The sculpture is a well-known and early example of classical Greek contrapposto (the shifting of weight onto one leg and off-axis shoulders and arms.) One leg nearly... [tags: Greek Art]
788 words (2.3 pages)
- The Doryphoros Description This stone sculpture is a naked human-like figure standing six feet tall. The body is in chiasmos stance with the left leg slightly bent and the left foot slightly behind the right. The head is turned slightly downward and to the right, and its size is approximately 1/6 of the body. The hair is cropped closely to the head with no part. The body has a defined musculature, however the forearms appear to be missing. There is an object behind and to the right of the right leg that is about 2 feet tall and 10 inches wide.... [tags: Essays Papers]
346 words (1 pages)
- The legacy of Greece and Rome can be defined as the ensemble of aesthetic standards as well as the cultural, social, religious and political practices that survived after the disappearance of those two primary ancient civilizations. These standards and practices, by which a civilization 's history can be evaluated, are interconnected. Their manifestation and alteration throughout the course of history allows one to determine the significance and influence of the Greek and Roman iconographical legacy, within a greater historical frame.... [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Byzantine Empire]
1165 words (3.3 pages)
- Augustus Caesar, Emperor Constantine, and Pericles were all significant leaders and each of their cultures were very influential. Augustus Caesar led Rome’s transformation from republic to empire, and served as its first emperor until his death. Emperor Constantine on the other hand served as a Roman army officer, as well as emperor of Rome from 306 to 337 CE, generally understood as the first Christian Emperor of the Roman world. Pericles, was a prominent Greek statesman, orator, and general of Athens during the Golden Age.... [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Rome, Augustus]
1064 words (3 pages)
- Polykleitos’ Bearer and Laocoon and His Sons Polykleitos’ is a Roman statue. It is made out of marble and it is 6 feet 6 inches tall. The statue is of a male who looks to be athletic someone who works out. The statue is standing in a contrapuntal position; it has its left leg slightly bent witch causes his foot not to be flat on the platform under him. That position helps the statue stay balance. It is not rigid. The statue has no facial expression. It is serious. It eyes are deep and expressionless.... [tags: Essays Papers]
1801 words (5.1 pages)
- Comparing the Three Statues of David The pieces of art I will be comparing and contrasting are the three statues of David, by Donatello (Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi), Michelangelo (Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni), and Bernini (Gian Lorenzo Bernini). The statues are modeled after the biblical David, who was destined to become the second king of Israel. Also most famously known as the slayer of the Philistine giant Goliath with a stone and a sling. The sculptures are all based on the same biblical hero, but differ from one another.... [tags: Donatello Michelangelo Bernini Art Statues Essays]
957 words (2.7 pages)
- The Roman civilization can easily be considered one of the most fascinating civilizations in all of written history. While the Romans were notorious for “borrowing” most of their culture from elsewhere, it cannot be doubted that they had a significant impact on the rest of the world. Thus, explaining why their culture is so well studied. The roman history encompasses multiple wars, several bloody battles, many powerful emperors and even the splitting of the expansive empire into the Eastern and Western Roman Empires.... [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Western Roman Empire]
850 words (2.4 pages)
- One of the reasons Rome was so powerful, is that they took other people’s accomplishments and used them for their own. Roman laws were mostly comprised of assimilated rules and regulations from other cultures.The Twelve Tables allowed the republic to expand and be a model for future cultures. They were the best attempt at all-encompassing laws and rights, that were binding to every person in the republic, not just Roman citizens. As such, it broke down the barriers between the classes and rights of every individual, creating equality.... [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, Roman law]
1433 words (4.1 pages)
- What defined the Roman aristocrat during the Roman Republic and how did this change during the Roman Empire. The aristocracy of Rome was one of the many aspects of Roman society as a whole that changed with the transition from the Republic to the Empire. This is seen through analysing evidence like funerary epitaphs, such as those of the Scipionic family and the epitaph of Publius Platius Pulcher. The virtues of the aristocracy through the duration of the Republic were mainly focused on virtus and gloria; the way in which they attained precedence was by maintaining the accomplishments of their ancestors and preservation of their status as nobilitas.... [tags: Roman Republic, Julius Caesar, Roman Empire]
1997 words (5.7 pages)
- Kroisos vs Doryphoros The difference between an archaic statue such as Kroisos (fig. 5-11) and a classical statue such as Doryphoros (fig. 5-42) may not seem very great in a single glance. In fact, you may not notice any differences in that one glance. Yet, if you were to look at them closely, you can see that these two statues actually have very little in common. The first glance you’ve taken at those two statues, you just see a man standing there. They are not doing anything in particular, just standing there.... [tags: Essays Papers]
556 words (1.6 pages)