Martin Luther King Jr. uses the rhetorical appeal of Logos to provide a sense of logic and reason within his letter. When he is accused of resorting to demonstrations rather than attempting negotiations King provides his four step plan to a successful nonviolent campaign, listing direct action as the final step and negotiations as the second. This point peacefully refutes the clergymen’s accusations and does not provoke a new argument. King also uses facts to prove a point such as, “There have been more unsolved bombings of Negro homes and churches in Birmingham than and city in the nation.” (King, ¶-5) This quotation validates King’s reasoning to be in Birmingham for demonstrations and not just negotiation.
Among his use of logic King also uses the rhetorical appeal of Ethos to show his credibility and explain his reasoning for demonstrations. ...
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...ring to the example of a river and language it is easy to see how Martin Luther King Jr. utilizes the rivers destructive force to his advantage. He is able to combine diction and syntax to form the perfect letter filled with logical, creditable and emotional appeal to the audience. His words flow together in harmony while having a weathering effect on the mind, heart and soul. This is why Martin Luther King Jr. is able to successfully use rhetorical appeals to prove that nonviolent demonstrations will lead to negotiations and benefits for both sides. Birmingham City Jail was a private letter not intended to be read by the entire world and yet it still has the ability to stimulate a response in its unintended audience. What literature today can do this? Perhaps we can be the ones to create it just by chasing what we believe in and showing the world that we are right.
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