Living with the consequences of someone else’s mistakes is the harsh reality for people diagnosed with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is a series of birth defects caused by prenatal exposure to alcohol (Cook and Cook 88). This disorder shows the most severe alcohol effects on a developing fetus. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is a disorder caused by prenatal alcohol consumption, resulting in a variety of deficits both physically and mentally, and has effects on the individual and his family that they will learn to cope with for a lifetime. Educating both men and women on the effects of consuming alcohol while pregnant can hopefully reduce the staggering amount of infants who need to be treated.
The consumption of alcohol by both the mother and father can cause their child to develop Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. The main cause of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is a mother consuming alcohol during her pregnancy. Joan Cook and Greg Cook give credit to Abel & Sokol in their book, The World of Children, for stating that FAS is the leading known cause of intellectual disability in the United States (Cook & Cook 87). The effects of FAS are worse the more often the mother drinks. A child born to a chronic alcoholic, meaning having six or more drinks per day, will suffer from more severe problems than an expected mother who drinks less. During conception, the male can also contribute to FAS by passing on his chromosomes that were affected by drinking alcohol. A study mentioned in Cook and Cook’s book was conducted by by Ernest L. Abel in 1992. He used male rats to show that alcohol damages the genetic material in sperm, thus causing problems in the offspring (Cook & Cook 88). A male that is a...
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...s and to help better her lifestyle and parenting skills. Therapy may be needed to help deal with the guilt of giving her child FAS, preventable if she did not consume alcohol prenatally. Treatment plans for both the parents and the child will help make managing the effects of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome easier.
FAS is a widespread and easily preventable diseases that has lifetime effects on an individual. It is important for individuals to understand the damage they can cause to a child before they are even born. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is an untreatable disorder due to prenatal alcohol exposure; this will cause neurological and physical problems such as seizures, intellectual disabilities, and facial deformations. Educating both men and women on the effects of consuming alcohol before and while pregnancy can hopefully reduce the amount of children born with FAS.
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