Postpartum period or puerperium start afterwards of delivery of the placenta and continues for six weeks. While puerperium finishes after six weeks, postpartum care can proceed for six months (World Health Organization (WHO) , 1998). Early postpartum period is the first 24 hours after delivery of the placenta. In that time complications can be observed easily by caregivers at the hospital. These hours have high importance for both mother and newborn health. ' 'Half of all maternal deaths and 40% of neonatal deaths occur during the first 24 hours after childbirth. WHO (2015) therefore recommends that the mother and her newborn should be observed in the health facility for at least 24 hours before discharge ' '. Women 's vaginal bleeding, bladder, bowels...
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...er reasons, could be delayed by six hours of birth. Appropriate clothing for ambient temperature is recommended. Hats/caps and one to two layers of clothes more than adults could be used for clothing.
The baby and mother should stay in the same room 24 hours a day.
Parents should talk, play and spend time together with newborn.
Immunisation guidelines should be given to prosecute timetable easily.
Maternal nutrition (WHO, 1998)
Nutrition has direct effect on maternal and infant health during pregnancy, puerperium and lactation. To cover the energy cost in lactation mother 's intake should be increased. Inadequate intake of foods or their impaired absorption may lead to iodine deficiency disorders, vitamin A deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia.
Ensuring regular intake of appropriate foods or giving supplements to mother and infant could prevent or treat disorders.
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