In the Introduction of Philosophy course, our subject matter will be “idea.” Since Philosophy gives us a common outline, it is the ideas about a subject outlined a certain way. Furthermore, the way our ideas will be outlined are in a particular form called branches. Philosophy is a method through dialectic thinking and time. Dialectic thinking is the interplay of ideas to gain understanding, and in order to gain understanding, there has to be: 1) meaning, 2) implication, and 3) presupposition.
Humans differ from other animals in many ways. Biologically speaking, human beings are developed from one-celled animals and are known through evolution as Homo sapiens. Our development is much greater than that of other species because we are able to invent, make, and build items such as clothing, shuttles, and satellites. Secondly, we have values and more importantly, a moral conscience. Although other animals are able to sense what is right and wrong, our insight provides a much stronger sense of individuality and moral progress. Third, we possess aesthetic appreciation. Aesthetics is a major branch of value studies and is often shown through Art because of how widely it portrays imagination and appreciation. Lastly, only humans are aware of the past, which is known as history and we also share traditions. I believe this is the biggest difference between humans and other animals because it allows us to plan for what’s ahead, hoping to not repeat past mistakes, and make decisions that differentiate individuals from one another.
The term “self” refers to the part of us that persists through our personal experiences of our existence. It is the center of our own identity, and self-consciousness is the awareness by the self of the self....
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... order of nature, which is essential for scientific thinking. Indeterminism is the belief that personal decisions and choices that are made are independent. These decisions are depicted as spontaneous and goal-driven for nearby future possibilities. Mechanism, another theory of human freedom, is the view that everything is required to be explained through mechanical principles. It is also the view that is portrayed through laws that govern matter and motion. I believe that self-determination is the theory that may be correct because it is considered to be the middle road between determinism and freedom. It perceives that our environment does not affect us, however, we are the ones who create change within the environment. Human freedom, to me, is viewed much like this theory is represented because it is the center of creativity and has a degree of freedom of choice.
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- This book revolves around the idea that one does not have to be a scientist in order to use and appreciate the scientific method. The author, Carl Sagan uses the scientific method to debunk the very thought of demons, myths, gods, devils, and strange obsessions to the supernatural that he believes plagues humanity. Scientists explain this behavior in humans as an intellectual curiosity towards science, however it is pseudoscience. Pseudoscience is a collection of beliefs mistakenly regarded as being based on the scientific method.... [tags: Scientific method, Science, Theory, Carl Sagan]
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- The word “ethics” comes from Greek ethikas meaning character. Today, we use ethics to describe the normative standard of behavior. The history of philosophical ethics has been broken up into five rational methods: Virtue, Traditional, Modern, and Post-Modern Ethics. Within these periods, the philosophy of ethics changed along with the changes being made within society. The first rational method is Virtue Ethics. The major philosophers during this period were materialists such as Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, and Plutarch.... [tags: Philosophy ]
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- Plato is one of the most influential Western philosophers to have ever lived, and also one of the few philosophers that we believe to have the entire output of thanks to his literary works remaining intact after all of these years. Plato had the opportunity to study under Socrates, who he held to be the wisest and best and most just of all human beings. It was this love and respect for his teacher that inspired Plato to write a series of philosophical dialogues to help rehabilitate his teacher’s reputation and also defy those who had executed him.... [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Mind, Metaphysics]
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- From the works of Plato to the views of Socrates, the definition of justice has been argued and disputed by the wisest. Socrates believed that justice was good and discovered a universal good; therefore every man is capable of finding good. Good exists as happiness, determined by what we value most. What lies in the midst of our thoughts, that an “unexamined life” is acceptable. Through the use of questioning we begin to break down the walls of ignorance and live a life that is worth living. In 399 B.C., three Athenian citizens brought a public charge against Socrates, which is seen throughout the book, The Apology.... [tags: Philosophy ]
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- Socrates theories move away from the previous pre-Socratic philosophers mainly because his goal and answers he wanted were the meaning of mortality and society. Socrates was born in the Greek city of Athens in 470 BC. His mother Phaenarete was a well loved midwife and his father Sophroniscus was a stone mason by trade. It is said that Socrates married Xanthippe, a woman known for her shrewish demeanor. The couple went on and had three sons; Lamprocles, Sophroniscus and Menexenus. Many scholars believe that Socrates earned his living as a stone mason and then later on abandoned this trade to pursue enlightenment.... [tags: Philosophy ]
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- Throughout the six meditations on First Philosophy, French philosopher Rene Descartes seeks to find a concrete foundation for the basis of science, one which he states can only include certain and unquestionable beliefs. Anything less concrete, he argues will be exposed to the external world and to opposition by philosophical sceptics. The sense of the Cartesian reform is the imposition of a new method of thinking. Descartes’ method to begin with is reductive, removing all knowledge acquired without control, to become analytical, putting forward any knowledge in a process of division to present simple elements, those which are clear and distinct.... [tags: Philosophy]
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- Plato was born into an aristocratic Greek family between 428–427 BC. At the age of twenty he became a disciple of the philosopher Socrates. Socrates continued to be an enormous influence on Plato throughout his life. Plato was an idealist and believed that everything that we see in this world is a less accurate representation of what its true form should be. He believed in a world of unchanging and unrelated forms that corresponded to universal definitions. This belief led to his theory of forms and became an essential part of his philosophy.... [tags: Philosophy]
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- Philosophy - The Dialectical Method There are a lot many descriptions for the word dialectic. By viewing all of them what I have ended up concluding in the given context, i.e. Socrates’ Dialectical Method, is that: Dialectic is a variety of languages, conceivably a sort of a composition of the languages in this variety. The word comes from Ancient Greek dialektos, which is derived from dialegesthai, meaning to discourse, converse, and talk. By this root of the word, in this context, I deduce that Dialectics is a method in which people from different walks of life, contained by different personal philosophies (languages) are set together to discuss on a single word, sentence, thought, topic... [tags: miscellaneous]
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