Obesity : A Global Health Issue Essay

Obesity : A Global Health Issue Essay

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Obesity is defined as an increased body weight in relation to height, when compared to some standard of acceptable or desirable weight. It has become a global health issue. The worldwide prevalence of obesity has nearly doubled between 1980 and 2008. In, 2008 10% of men and 14% of women in the world were obese (BMI>30kg/m2), compared with 5% for men and 8% for women in 1980. According to the Centers for Disease Control, more than one-third of adults and 17% of youths in the US are obese. The percentage of obesity is also high in Nassau County. According to the Department of Health (2008-2010), 16.1% of adults who were obese (BMI >30). Reducing obesity in children and adults has identified as one of two priorities within the larger priority of preventing chronic disease. Therefore, the prevalence of obesity is the focusing issue of health for Nassau County residents. Also, this phenomenon is rising. As a result, there is a need to continue monitoring and educating individuals from all walks of life, in order to minimize individuals at risk.
The main cause of obesity is overeating, in the sense that a person consumes more food than the body can utilize. Also, lack of physical exercise is also a leading cause of obesity. It is anticipated that individuals who do not undertake sufficient physical activities are at a greater risk of suffering from obesity. This implies that obesity is a lifestyle disease and hence preventable. Researchers have established that obesity can result from malfunction of certain genes that controls appetite and growth.
Obesity is not a single problem of health issue. It can associate with other health problems such as Diabetes Mellitus, Hypertension, Cardiovascular disease, respiratory complications and aggr...

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...al activity on five or more days a week. A stepwise increase in activity is recommended, such as walking to bus station; using the stairs and so on. 60-90 minutes per day is recommended for weight loss and maintenance. In addition, relaxation helps you to slow down your breathing, quiet your racing thoughts, and stop thinking about things that make you feel stressed. Relaxation skills improve with practice. Several techniques can help you relax, including: deep breath, meditation, positive mental imagery, alternately tensing and relaxing your muscle group.

Obesity is a big issue for our resident, due to it associated with other health issues. Also, while the Nassau County Department of Health is responsible for protecting and promoting the health of its residents, it cannot and does not work alone. We need to work together to have a better outcome for our county.

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