“A man said to the universe: ‘Sir, I exist!’ ‘However’ replied the universe, ‘the fact has not created in me a sense of obligation’”~ Stephen Crane. Crane was the champion of the American naturalist movement. Following the Civil War, American authors had to adjust and react to the astounding amount of death that occurred. Authors began to write more realistic stories and started the Realism movement. The Realist authors who took the foundations a step farther created the Naturalists. Naturalists believed that humans were hopeless and that the world was against human nature. These authors could touch on more controversial problems in life, such as racism and violence because they could create a realistic environment and make a comment on society through the characters’ inability to change the environment. Naturalist, like Crane, believed that the environment dictated human nature and life. For example, a person in poverty could not escape poverty because of the society around them would limit or totally eradicate any chance of improving their lives. These ideas spawned not only from the Civil War put from the crowded cities and slums where the poor suffered and remained poor. Humans cannot, in the eyes of a Naturalist, make effective change to their standing in life. The Naturalistic influence in The Monster and The Red Badge of Courage created common philosophies in the novels.
The Monster is believed to be based off several events that occurred during Crane’s life (Nagel). Stephen got the idea of a man without a face from Levi Hume. Levi suffered from cancer which ate away his face and left him a faceless man, much like Henry Johnson in The Monster. Another possible influence on the novel was the life of John Merrick (Nagel)....
... middle of paper ...
...e and War." Private Fleming at Chancellorsville: The
Red Badge of Courage and the Civil War. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2006. 268-292. Rpt. in Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism. Ed. Thomas J. Schoenberg and Lawrence J. Trudeau. Vol. 216. Detroit: Gale, 2009. Literature Resource Center. Web. 13 Apr. 2014.
McMurray, Price. "Disabling Fictions: Race, History, and Ideology in Crane's 'The Monster.'."
Studies in American Fiction 26.1 (Spring 1998): 51-72. Rpt. in Nineteenth-Century
Literature Criticism. Ed. Russel Whitaker. Vol. 148. Detroit: Gale, 2005. Literature
Resource Center. Web. 8 Apr. 2014.
Nagel, James. "The Significance of Stephen Crane's 'The Monster.'." American Literary Realism
31.3 (Spring 1999): 48-57. Rpt. in Short Story Criticism. Ed. Janet Witalec. Vol. 56. Detroit: Gale, 2003. Literature Resource Center. Web. 8 Apr. 2014.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- If it takes a revolutionary to topple the general way of thinking, Stephen Crane is that revolutionary for American literature. The dominant literary movement before Crane’s time, Romanticism, originated in Germany and England as a response to classicism and soon dispersed worldwide. (McKay 766). Romanticism stressed the power of the human conscience and the intensity of emotion. It was essentially a spiritual movement, fiercely conflicting with the rigid rules and standards of classicism and the restraint of the Enlightenment.... [tags: Red Badge of Courage]
1195 words (3.4 pages)
- The Red Badge of Courage: An Episode of the American Civil War is unquestionably the best known novel that Stephen Crane ever wrote. This short novel was written in 1895 and was well received in the United Kingdom. After this novel was written, more and more people, and even the critics, began to view this novel as something more; even today many consider The Red Badge of Courage as a piece of classic literature. Crane wrote as “a realist, a naturalist, an impressionist, and a symbolist” (Kincheloe).... [tags: Civil War, United States, War]
1214 words (3.5 pages)
- The Red Badge of Courage as a Naturalistic Work with Realistic Tendencies The Red Badge of Courage by Stephen Crane, one of the most significant and renowned books in American literature, defies outright classification, showing traits of both the realist and naturalist movements. It is a classic, however, precisely because it does so without sacrificing unity or poignancy. The Red Badge of Courage belongs unequivocally to the naturalist genre, but realism is also present and used to great effect.... [tags: The Red Badge of Courage]
1669 words (4.8 pages)
- The Red Badge of Courage Stephen Crane's The Red Badge of Courage, combines realism and naturalism to depict the deadly confrontation of men in war. The use of these traits uniquely exhibits Crane's talent to express characters, to describe setting, and to create a theme. The use of naturalism is quite dominant, but realism is also present and used to great effect. Realism is a common trait shared by all of the characters. The figures in this novel are perceived to be believable with average abilities.... [tags: essays research papers]
549 words (1.6 pages)
- “A man said to the universe: 'Sir, I exist!' 'However,' replied the universe. 'The fact has not created in me A sense of obligation.” (Stephen Crane Quotes). This quote is from Stephen Crane, one of America’s foremost Realistic Writers. Stephen Crane (1871-1900), is one of the most influential and top writers of the American Realism time period. The Realism time period lasted from 1865 and lasted until about 1910. For those engaged in serious literary circles, the period was full of upheaval. A literary civil war went on between the romantics and the realists and later, the naturalists.... [tags: spanish american war, cuba, civil war]
1063 words (3 pages)
- War is not meant to be glorified. War is not meant to look easy. Stephen Crane was one of the few authors during his era who realized this fantasy-like aura around war and battles and decided to do something about it. The Red Badge of Courage, by Stephen Crane, was inspired by Crane’s life and his desire to portray the realistic side of war. According to bio.com, Stephen Crane was born on November 1, 1871 in Newark, New Jersey. He was the 14th and youngest child whose father was a minister and mother was a writer and suffragist.... [tags: Literature, Novel, Stephen Crane, Naturalism]
1055 words (3 pages)
- The Red Badge of Courage by Stephen Crane The first steps in war are the steps of overcoming the line of comfort by solving the self-centered beliefs that will break you in a battlefront. Once overcoming those selfish traits and believe in yourself, that is when one flourish on the battle field.... [tags: crane red badge courage]
880 words (2.5 pages)
- Use of Color in Crane's The Red Badge of Courage The Red Badge of Courage uses both color imagery and color symbols. While Crane uses color to describe, he also allows it to stand for whole concepts. Gray, for example, describes the both the literal image of a dead soldier and Henry Fleming's vision of the sleeping soldiers as corpses and comes to stand for the idea of death. In the same way, red describes both the soldiers' physical wounds and Fleming's mental visions of battle. In the process, it gains a symbolic meaning which Crane will put to an icon like the "red badge of courage" (110, Penguin ed., 1983).... [tags: Crane The Red Badge of Courage]
1652 words (4.7 pages)
- Stephen Crane's The Red Badge of Courage War forces young soldiers to grow up quickly. In Stephen Crane’s Civil War novel, The Red Badge of Courage, Henry Fleming is no exception. He is faced with the hard reality of war and this forces him to readjust his romantic beliefs about war. Through the novel, the reader can trace the growth and development of Henry through these four stages: (1) romanticizing war and the heroic role each soldier plays, (2) facing the realities of war, (3) lying to himself to maintain his self-importance, and (4) realistic awareness of his abilities and place in life.... [tags: Stephen Crane Red Badge Courage Essays]
1606 words (4.6 pages)
- Stephen Crane's Red Badge of Courage When reading the Red Badge of Courage, it is necessary to understand the symbolism that Stephen Crane has created throughout the whole book. Without understanding the true intent of color use, this book loses a meaningful interpretation that is needed to truly understand the main character, his feelings and actions. Crane uses very distinct colors in his text to represent various elements that the main character, Henry or “the youth”, is feeling along his adventure of enlisting into battle.... [tags: Stephen Crane Red Badge Courage Essays]
1234 words (3.5 pages)