Having a basic understanding of community or national emergency plans can assist families in disaster. This is especially true during the response phase. The National Response Framework (NRF) is a great example of a national community reference. According to FEMA’s publication, “The National Response Framework,” from 2013, the NRF is a guide which describes the basis of national response to any form of disaster. The NRF was developed from a long line of response guidance plans. The first was the Federal Response plan which was replaced by the National Response Plan. Then in 2008, the NRF was developed to make national response guidance more efficient as well as to include practices created after Hurricane Katrina. The NRF is comprised of 4 sections. These are the foundation document, the Emergency Support Functions (ESF) Annexes, the Support Annexes, and the Incident Annexes. These annexes describe how the NRF can be implemented. It is important to note that the NRF and the National Incident Management System (NIMS) are meant to work in conjunction with each other, while NIMS and its component the Incident Command System (ICS) supply the NRF with an incident management function (Federal Emergency Management Agency, 2013c, pp. 2-3). The NRF is based on several guiding principles. These are engaged partnership, tiered response, scalable operations, unity of effort/unified command, and readiness to act (Federal Emergency Management Agency, 2013c, pp. 5-6).
What makes the NRF unique is that it is intended to guide the entire national community’s response efforts. FEMA believes that the inclusion of the whole community is necessary to promote national preparedness. While the NRF notes that individuals and families are not forma...
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...ext. In W. L. Waugh, & K. Tierney, Emergency Management: Principles and Practice for Local Government (p. 63). Washington D.C.: International City/County Management Association.
Perry, R. W., & Lindell, M. K. (2007). Disaster Response. In W. L. Waugh, & K. Tiernery, Emergency Management: Principles and Practice for Local Government (pp. 162-163). Washington D.C.: International City/County Management Association.
Sylves, R. T. (2007). Budgeting for Emergency Management. In W. L. Waugh, & K. Tierney, Emergency Management: Principles and Practice for Local Government (p. 312). Washignton D.C.: International City/County Management Association.
Walsh, D. W., Christen, H. T., Christian E. Callsen, G. T., Maniscalco, P. M., Lord, G. C., & Dolan, N. J. (2012). The National Incident Management System: Principles and Practice. Burlington, MA: Bartlett and Jones Learning.
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