Napoleon Bonaparte : An Invasion Of Egypt Essay

Napoleon Bonaparte : An Invasion Of Egypt Essay

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Napoleon Bonaparte was born on August 15, 1769 in Ajaccio, Corsica, France. Napoleon Bonaparte ended up in the military college of Brienne and he studied for five years before moving to a military academy in Paris, France. In1785, while Napoleon was studying at the academy, his father died of stomach cancer and Napoleon returned home to take head of the family. Napoleon rose to power by commanding a French army that defeated the larger armies of Austria in Italy. In 1797, France and Austria signed the Treaty of Campo Formio, resulting in territorial gains for the French. The original plan was to seize Egypt as a colony, but Egypt was part of the Ottoman Empire. The invasion of Napoleon’s orders was at a misrule of the local chiefs who were called Malmuks. Napoleon proposed an invasion of Egypt military rulers at the battle of Pyramids in July of 1798.
On July 1, 1798, Napoleon landed in Egypt with 400 ships and 54,000 men and proceeded to invade the country for a takeover. On the exact same day, Napoleon addressed the Egyptian people with a proclamation in which French revoluationary ideals were mixed strangely with colonialist threats and a demagogic play on the religious sentiments of the more backward sections of the population. Napoleon had recently invaded Italy, but this invasion of his was most certainly different than the other one. The invasion force sailed from Toulon on May 19 to invade Egypt. Napoleon brought 150 savants who are learned persons in positions that include scientists, engineers and scholars who had the responsibility to capture Egyptian culture and history. They also were given orders to investigate every aspect of life in ancient Egypt. The problem with this scenario was that Napoleon was not educated ...

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...r ethnic group. In March 1801, the British landed a 20,000-strong force in Egypt. They occupied Aboukir and smashed the main French forces near Rahmania and surrounded the remaining French forces at Alexandria and Cairo. A terrible plague began to rage in the surrounds garrisons, so in June, Cairo surrendered to the British. At the end of September, the lasting forces of the French expedition were sent home and Napoleon’s bid for conquest reached a dead end. In 1801, France signed a truce with Turkey and as a result, France lost Egypt. During the three years of French occupation, the Egyptians experienced harsh schooling during the national liberation movement. The results of the struggle were really known when their military experience stood in a good sead in their struggle and against the British colonialist, who succeeded the French and against the Mameluke lords.

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