The Moral Philosophy of Ethics as defined by Cyndi Banks is defined as “a branch of philosophy concerned with the study of questions of right and wrong and how we ought to live, Ethics involves making moral judgements about what is right and wrong, good or bad.(2).” Ethics in the criminal justice department is important because it justifies ones actions. In The Lucifer Effect by Phillip Zimbardo and Hard Measures by Jose A. Rodriguez, Jr. there are many scenarios of ethical dilemmas that need to be questioned.
The Lucifer Effect
In the Lucifer effect, there were many questionable things that occurred involving the Stanford Prison Experiment. The Stanford Prison experiment, which was created by Philip Zimbardo himself, involved the division of young college age men to perform the task of guard or prisoner. He gave each job a particular uniform that they had to wear and minimal training, so that he could observe what the guards would do. He aimed to prove the hypothesis that good people are willing to do bad things if they are in certain situations.
He observed many circumstances where the guards went too far, which began to confirm his hypothesis. Since the guards were viewed as authority figures, they seemed to gain a sense of empowerment. For example, on pages 120-125, Hellmann tries to get Sarge-2093 to turn against his fellow inmates by calling Clay-416. Sarge is told to tell Clay that he is going to “come over and kick is ass if he does not eat chose sausages (121).” Sarge refuses to use the word ass when talking to another human being. Shortly after, Hellmann offers a rebuttal for Sarge to call himself a bastard, which again, Sarge refuses.
By refusing Hellmann’s orders, Sarge presents an ethical dilemma. As the ...
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...the harshest interrogation techniques used by the C.I.A. during the two years after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, including the simulated drowning technique called waterboarding (Mazzetti).” Although this may be true, it was not the original intent of the CIA to hide these interrogation techniques, but to protect those involved. Although people should have the right to know somethings about the CIA, they should not be entitled to know everything, especially since it would put their lives at risk.
There are some ethical challenges that are presented in The Lucifer Effect by Philip Zimbardo and Hard Measures by Jose A. Rodriguez, Jr. It can be difficult to justify the reasoning behind certain decisions, but it is doable. As long as an action is justified, it could be considered ethical because if the intentions are to help someone, then it will be ethically right.
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