11-M: March 11, 2004 Madrid Train Bombings Essay

11-M: March 11, 2004 Madrid Train Bombings Essay

Length: 1894 words (5.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

11M: March 11, 2004 Madrid Train Bombings
The September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States were felt worldwide. All countries feared seeing the tall Twin Towers and strong Pentagon being attacked by Islamist extremist members of Al-Qaeda. Although multiple countries prepared themselves to prevent an attack of such magnitude, Spain was not spared. In the morning of March 11, 2004 during rush hour, a series of 10 explosions in four locations occurred almost simultaneously in the mass transit rail system. This attack was performed by the Europe Al-Qaeda entity due to Spain’s involvement in the Iraq war, per a video release of an Al-Qaeda spokesman. This attack was the worst terrorist attack in Spain’s history, referred as Spain’s nine-eleven. This paper researches the gruesome attacks, the tactics employed by the terrorist, and the reaction by the Spanish and world governments.
Spain is located in the western peninsula of Europe. Their history is both long and prosperous, from rich monarchies and empires to now living peacefully amongst their European neighbors. It was this way until March 11, 2004, commonly known throughout Spain as 11-M. In the morning of 11-M, just three days before general elections, Madrid citizens and visitors got into the typical commuter trains during morning rush hour to reach their destinations. However, their day would not be a typical day. A series of 10 bombs exploded between 07:37 and 07:39 in three different stations and one high-circulated road.
According to the Spanish Newspaper “El Mundo”, the sequence of events are as follows: at Atocha station one explosion occurred at 07:37 and two more at 07:38; at El Pozo del Tío Station two explosions occurred at 07:38; at Santa Eugenia St...

... middle of paper ...

made explosives. Madrid Central News Network. Retrieved from http://www.cnn.com/2004/WORLD/europe/03/12/spain.blasts/
Lundquist, L. (2013). Spain uncovers Al Qaeda network for Syrian Jihadists. The Long
War journal. Retrieved from http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2013/06/spain_uncovers_al_qa.php#
Perez, S., & Bjork, C. (2011). Basque Group Makes New Offer. Wall Street Journal.
Retrieved from http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052748703779704576073383600058512
Sciolino, E. (2004). Spain Struggles to Absorb Worst Terrorist Attack in Its History.
The New York Times. Retrieved from
Tures, J. (2009). Do Terrorists Win Elections? The Journal of the Naval Postgraduate
School Center for Homeland Defense and Security. Retrieved from http://www.hsaj.org/?fullarticle=5.3.5
White, J. (2014). Terrorism and Homeland Security. 8th Edition. Wadsworth

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Justification Of Hiroshima And Nagasaki Bombings Essay

- Justification of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Bombings The moral and military necessity of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings has been a subject of debate for almost half a century. Most revisionists emphasize the victimization of Japan during the attacks. They often forget the military realities and the historical context while judging whether it was necessary for America to use nuclear weapons against the two Japanese cities. It is important to note that Japan was the aggressor. Japan triggered the war that led to the bombing of its two cities with its sneak attack on America’s Pearl harbour in 1941....   [tags: Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki]

Term Papers
931 words (2.7 pages)

The Bombings Of Hiroshima And Nagasaki Essay

- ... The Manhattan projects scientists had somewhat of a difficult time on working with uranium enrichment process. Uranium is a very rare natural resource that can only be found in 0.7% of the world. Naturally the process was slow in finding an efficient way to make the bomb because of similar uranium isotopes. Another long process is separating the isotope and purifying it. General Leslie Groves agreed to work on four separate methods of separating uranium isotope at the same time. Once the uranium was extracted and purified, the process of detonating the bomb began to develop....   [tags: Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki]

Term Papers
891 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on The Debate Surrounding The Atomic Bombings Of Japan

- The debate surrounding the atomic bombings of Japan by the United States on 6 August 1945, at the end of the Second World War, is fundamentally based on the legal, moral and military controversies that forced President Truman to sanction the use of nuclear bomb against Japan. On 25 July 1945, President Truman, Winston Churchill, the then Prime Minister of Great Britain, and Russia’s leader, Joseph Stalin, met at the Potsdam Conference to negotiate terms for ending the war. The Chairman of the Chinese Nationalist Government, Chiang Kai-Shek, had issued a declaration made during the Potsdam conference....   [tags: Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki]

Term Papers
915 words (2.6 pages)

Essay on The Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

- Did the atomic bomb have to be used in World War II on Japan. There were multiple reasons why the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were necessary. One of which is to reduce the chance of Allied casualties if the war continued. Another reason was to prohibit the possibility that an Axis country such as Nazi Germany, could create an atomic weapon. A third reason or is whether or not the use of atomic weapons on innocent people was worth the media backlash. A final reason is that the work the Americans and British did on the atomic bomb, would be an evolution of modern-day weaponry....   [tags: World War II, Japan, atomic bombing]

Term Papers
1640 words (4.7 pages)

Essay about 2013 Boston Marathon Bombings

- 2013 Boston Marathon Bombings/ Who Did It?. Introduction “The media is the most powerful entity on earth. They have the power to make the innocent guilty and to make the guilty innocent, and that is power because they control the minds of the masses.” (Malcolm X). One of the most controversial matters that was on local and international TV news, radio stations, newspapers, magazines and social media sites is the Boston Marathon Bombings which occurred in April 15th last year. There were many opinions about who committed that massacre....   [tags: media, positive and negative reports]

Term Papers
1984 words (5.7 pages)

Erikson's Psychoanalytic Theory of Development: Jo March of Little Women

- According to Erikson's psychoanalytic theory of development, there are certain relationships that help us proceed through life and move though stages of development. At every at stage in his theory there is a fight, there is a balance that must be found to solve a crisis. If the crisis is resolved in each stage the individual will find a virtue. A good balance is made up of mostly the positive outcome but a healthy amount of the negative is necessary or else the individual will have too much a good thing, which Erikson calls a maladaptation....   [tags: Jo March, Argumentative]

Term Papers
1136 words (3.2 pages)

The Historical CIty of Madrid Essay

- Madrid is one of the historical cities in the world; it was founded by Emir Muhammad in IX century and originally called Mayrit. (Tour Spain) Now days, Madrid is capital of Spain and the hub of government, politics, education, entertainment, fashion and culture. (Wikipedia) Madrid is a cosmopolitan city that has the modern infrastructure with a cultural heritage full of exciting history. It is not only the largest city in Spain, but also third largest in Europe after London, and berlin. (Spain Info) The city is located in the heart of Spain by Manzanares River and connected to the main ports through the extensive rail system....   [tags: muslim rules, mayrit]

Term Papers
612 words (1.7 pages)

The Atomic Bombings Essay examples

- At exactly fifteen minutes past eight in the morning, on August 6, 1945, Japanese time, the city had already awoken; kids walking to school, adults going to work, others eating breakfast going along with their normal daily lives on that exact moment when the atomic bomb flashed above Hiroshima. A tremendous flash of light occurred with such powerful force that it spread throughout the city like a sheet of sun, which caused the catastrophic flames from hell to immerse. Their flesh burned, incinerating 66,000 people instantly leaving others helpless and in undesirable pain....   [tags: Nuclear weapon]

Term Papers
1573 words (4.5 pages)

Essay on Madrid

- Madrid Hungin’ out in the uk, with nothing to do. Another miserable weekend at home with unpleasent weather. Why dont you come over to Madrid. Its charm, its fiestas, its tablaos and its pinchos are some of the many things that will make you fall in love with this “enjoyacular” city; more than enjoyable, more than spectacular. Madrid is synonymous with art galleries, bullfights, bar culture and alfresco dining....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
1137 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on "March"

- One of the most well-known American Literary Classics is “Little Woman”. Louisa May Alcott’s stirring tale about hardship, loss, and coming of age is appealing to girls and women alike. In an homage to this classic story, Geraldine Brooks gives us “March”. Written for an older crowd, “March” is the harrowing account of Mr. March, the father and wife of the protagonists in “Little Women”. The companion novel details his adventures in the South, and the events that lead to him joining the Union Army in his 40’s....   [tags: Literature Review]

Term Papers
692 words (2 pages)