American literature plays an important role in how our country develops, and its values contribute to society 's standards. Literature progresses in a series of religious, artistic, and philosophical movements.The writing of a movement greatly influences its time period and defines its era’s traits. Each movement responds to preceding ideas and challenges its beliefs.
Two movements in American literature that are contradictory are Puritanism and Rationalism. Puritanism was a rigid religious movement practiced by early American settlers in which the writing was strongly impacted by the belief that God had control over everything. For example, poet Anne Bradstreet describes her opinion after her possessions were turned to ash in “Upon the Burning of Our House, July 10th, 1666” as “Thou hast a house on high erect,/ Framed by that mighty Architect,/ With glory richly furnished,/ Stands permanently though this be fled”(141). Bradstreet believes her house fire to be a sign from God that her permanent house in on Heaven, not Earth. Her faith that God had control over her life shown in her poem proves the Puritan way of thinking that God is all-mighty and has power over every outcome. Unfortunately, Puritanism presented bias because of faith, such as in “The Examination of Sarah Good”, a transcript of a witch trial in Salem, 1692. The prosecutors present loaded language in their questioning when they demand Sarah “Why do you hurt these children?” and “Why do you not tell us the truth?”(146/147). Those in charge of Sarah’s fate assume she is guilty and have set answers in their heads. They are unwilling to listen to the truth because their beliefs blind them. Puritanism caused lives to be lost, so people realiz...
... middle of paper ...
...en in shirt-sleeves, leaning out of windows?”(1028). Prufrock is nervous to make conversation with this woman because he struggles to communicate with others. His idea of what he will say to the woman is also unrelated to what he had previously thought. These unconventional values contribute the idea of rebellion to American literature.
American literary movements are often the opposite of the movement before it. Based off of this idea, I predict the next movement responding to Modernism will be Fantasy. Rather than the focus on alienated individuals, I believe characters will be social. The movement will accept traditional themes, and there will not be much impermanence. Stream-of-consciousness will not be a common technique, and irony will not be used in a satirical fashion. Similar to previous movements, this idea will become a contribution to American literature.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- ... One aspect of my new found ability to understand poetry is how I listen to music. Whether it the music is pop or classic, I know listen to the words song as poetry. This year the Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded to Bob Dylan. Many people including some of my contemporaries were up in arms about the travesty of awarding a prize in literature to a musician. The very first song Dylan released in 1961 “Talkin ' New York” the first stanza is: Rambling out of the wild west Leaving the towns I love best Thought I 'd seen some ups and down 'Till I come into New York town People going down to the ground Building going up to the sky and I have to agree with the award committee, Bob Dylan has... [tags: Poetry, Literature, Translation, Writing]
1550 words (4.4 pages)
- As Virgil leads Dante through the layers of Hell, they come across evildoers who are trapped in the personification of their own sinful personalities. Their tortures are extreme versions of their sins on earth. Dante imparts his own moral standards to the reader by portraying a hierarchy of evil that corresponds with his disapproval of the sin. As the pair of observers descends farther and farther into the pits of Hell, the punishments they see grow less and less bearable. While the evil in the first layers of Hell is simple, sometimes invoking pity in Dante, the lower levels of Hell punish souls for more complex and condemnable sins.... [tags: European Literature Dante]
775 words (2.2 pages)
- ... Beowulf and a few companions came to her lair and only Beowulf was brave enough to go in. When he enters, Grendel’s mother attacks him they have an epic duel until Beowulf eventually sinks a blade into her neck, reaching the neck bone. In the version of Beowulf that Zemeckis directs, Beowulf seeks Grendel’s mother with only his most trusted friend. When they arrive at her lair, Beowulf’s companion asks if he wants him to come. Beowulf declines his offer and goes in alone. When Beowulf arrives in the center of the cave, Grendel’s mother confronts him.... [tags: pagans, sea monster, selfish]
553 words (1.6 pages)
- Looking back on the history of the human world, one can see the evolution of the way people have expressed themselves. People have utilized things such as the following: art, music, architecture, theatre, technology, photography, and lastly, literature. But primarily focusing on the literature, the goal of this paper is to show that literature as an art can be used to glorify God. Like any art form, time has affected the way literature has been presented. Not only has the style of writing, spelling of words, and the topics that have been written on varied throughout the years but the writers themselves have transformed through the ages.... [tags: Rivers and Lewis, Christian literature]
2068 words (5.9 pages)
- The Women’s Rights Movement (1848-1920) was not an unforeseen revolution. Its progression can be seen through the works of several female American literature writers, within the major periods upon its arrival. In the Exploration and Colonization period (1492-1700), Anne Bradstreet introduces the potential of female writers to the world with her poetry. Then, in the Enlightenment and Revolution period (1700-1830), Phillis Wheatly, an enslaved African, steps outside of her boundaries by using her intellect to express her opinions to members of a race that deemed themselves superior.... [tags: women's right movement, equality]
2043 words (5.8 pages)
- In the nineteenth century, following the devastating American Civil War, author John Greenleaf Whittier wrote a lengthy poem designed to solve both personal and national problems. Whittier hoped that his poetry could stitch together the festering wounds left by the Civil War. While composing his work, Whittier realized that a reminder of good times from the past would assist his fragile country in its reconstruction; his poem “Snow-Bound: A Winter Idyl” became the vehicle through which he achieved this goal.... [tags: Literature]
1486 words (4.2 pages)
- ... Pakdil and Aydin (2007) are keen to point out the fact a customer’s level of education, the reason for travel and their perception of the airline determines the expected standards of the services offered by the airline. Lu and Ling (2008) have discussed the fact that the customers’ perception of an airline greatly influences the customers’ expectations. In agreement, Graham and Bamal (2007) have brought to light the fact that the reputation of an airline goes a long way in determining the customers’ expectation and their perceptions.... [tags: Airline, Low-cost carrier]
1441 words (4.1 pages)
- A Student’s Exploration of the Kibyoshi: An Examination and Appreciation of the Genre of Literature Due to the geographic location of Japan and China as well as the association between both cultures, many early works of Japanese literature were heavily influenced by Chinese figures and Chinese culture. Because of this intimate relationship between Japan and China, the majority of Japanese literary works up to the end of the early modern literary period (ending around 1868) was dominated by Chinese cultural references and figures.... [tags: chines culture, japanese literature]
2292 words (6.5 pages)
- English Literature Poems Compare the methods that ‘Presents from my Aunts in Pakistan’ employs to highlight the importance of cultural identity with another poem. I have chosen to compare ‘Presents’ and ‘Hurricane’ as both poems highlight the importance of cultural identity in society. Both poets ‘Alvi’ and ‘Nicholas’ employ many different and similar methods to illustrate the importance of cultural identity. The poem ‘Presents’ is about the writer herself at a younger age feeling insecure as she is of dual heritage (mixed race) ‘in my English Grandmother’s dining - room.... [tags: English Literature]
1151 words (3.3 pages)
- Hamlet in Shakespeare’s Hamlet, rides the wave of change in that epitomizes the Renaissance era. The transition from strong strictures of Catholic religion to the more humanistic version of the Protestant religion gradually changed the outlook of the Renaissance man, and how they saw the world. Hamlet is the progression of the Renaissance change. The play begins with Hamlet’s strong belief in the Catholic religion and laws in Act I Scene 2 with him speaking aloud regarding the law of God and how he wishes it was different, as he is believes that it is against God’s law to commit suicide, and therefore is not an option for him as a Christian.... [tags: renaissance, religion, progression, rules]
668 words (1.9 pages)