Karl Marx believed that in time a communist society was possible and that the proletariat could overthrow the bourgeoisie. In the bourgeois society each person is confined to a productive roll but in a communist society the general production is regulated thus meaning people would no longer be confined to just one productive roll they would have options. Marx believed that if proletariat achieved political power and put an end to the bourgeois modes of production that this would weaken class antagonisms which means the proletariat would lose their class character. This would then lead to a classless society. "The proletarians cannot become masters of the productive forces of society, except by abolishing their own previous mode of appropriation, and thereby also every other previous mode of appropriation" (Randall, Moore and Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels 1988). However Marx highlighted that there were factors that obstructed this radical change.
The main factor that obstructed radical change in society even until this day is the base and superstructure model of society. The base of society is the means of production and relations to production. The base shapes the superstructure and determines what the rest of society will be like. The superstructure is all other aspects of society that do not relate to production e.g. family, media, education, polit...
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...earned capital for commodities.
Although society had changed from the time of Marx the problems of society that he discussed mostly still stand. Humans in society are still alienated from one another, selling their labour in order to receive a wage that we exchange for commodity. It is still the superstructures of society such as politics, education, mass media and family that determine the basis of society. Although now society is classed as a democracy and people can now vote on issues that affect them it is still the superstructures of society that determine what issues affect people and which issues people should be allowed to vote for and against. It would take for society as a whole to understand and expose the exploitation that they experience for these factors to be overcome and for society to be a ‘free development’ that Marx talks of.
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