Marx viewed humans as social beings; individuals had wants that could not be satisfied outside of society . Another aspect that is important to understand Marx views is how he saw free individuality; for an individual having the freedom to own all that they were was important to Marx. Furthermore, this leads to the importance of an individual having the capability of being in control of their own work . And so, an individual should be, “enabled to direct his own labor freely and consciously and to benefit fully from it. ” Therefore, a man should be able to go out one day and fish, then go and hunt or whatever else, and the next day do anything he chooses . Capitalism does not allow this ideology of Marx’s, for it forces an individual to labor for their existence; “The labourer receives means of subsistence in exchange for his labour-power. ” This capital that the labourer receives creates alienation from the others in his society, and the labour he does creates alienation from himself and his work. Subsequently, capitalism and capitalist labour have ill effects on society.
Firstly I will expand on the alienation of one from their own work, the first aspect of this alienation stems from the loss of freedom one has...
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...is leads to alienation in society. For the life that the capitalist leads is so alien to the worker, and the capitalist does not view the worker as equal. And so consequently, this creates alienation and hostility between two classes .
Given these aspects, Marx theory of alienation displays how the capitalist system mistreats the labourer. As consequence of three aspects, firstly, the workers alienation from his work and the products he creates. Secondly, the workers alienation from himself, due to his loss of control over his own doing, no control over the product he creates, and the meaninglessness of his work. Thirdly, the workers alienation from the society around him, through the competitive nature of the capitalist system, also the fact that the worker becomes nothing but a worker, and from this leads the rift between classes which further alienate society.
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