Karl Marx And The Industrial Revolution Essay

Karl Marx And The Industrial Revolution Essay

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During the Industrial Revolution the economic state of Europe was rapidly changing. Goods that were once made by hand were now made in a quicker and more efficient manner as a result of machinery and the factory system (Andrew 13). On the other hand, this factory system brought a new class struggle between the factory owner and the laborer due to the lack of regulations of the new industrialized world. Factory owners were exploiting the working class by setting long hours for low pay, harsh living and working conditions, and relentless unwillingness to change (Andrew 17). Furthermore, the various European governments favored factory owners because they bolstered the economy, and as a result failed to reform substandard treatment of the laborers. Karl Marx recognizing this maltreatment, sought reforms and began to explore new governmental ideals.
Karl Heinrich Marx was born May 5th, 1818 in Trier, Germany. Marx grew up in a middle class home to Henrietta Pressburg—mother—and Heinrich Marx—father—who was a prosperous lawyer (Rossig 6-7). Like himself, Heinrich Marx envisioned his son becoming a lawyer as well. From 1830 to 1835 Marx attended the University of Bonn initially registered in Law Faculty, but eventually registered in Faculty of Philosophy—most likely from Ludwig von Westpholen, father to friend Edgar, who spoke at length with Marx about literature and philosophy (Rossig 13, 10, 20). A very influential teacher to Marx at the time, Professor Eduard Gans, taught Marx that “political reform was desirable but not adequate to ensure full emancipation of humanity” which later tied into Marx’s own ideas and beliefs (Rossig 21). However, after his father’s death on May 10th, 1838, Marx abandoned all interest of a legal career (...


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...ern ideology: China and North Korea. However, these countries did not go unscathed by the weaknesses of Communism: China established economic reforms in the late 1970s in order to combat its complications with a government controlled production system, North Korea struggles daily with lack of food for its citizens, instead wasting its money on funding for the military and nuclear weapons. Furthermore, Marx failed to account for human lust for power: once Joseph Stalin took control after Lenin’s death in 1924, the Soviet Union transformed into a totalitarian dictatorship. This is also seen in North Korea when Kim Jong-un assumed power after his father’s death, he became supreme leader—a dictator. Although the idea of Communism worked in theoretical practice, when applied to real world circumstances, Communism abused the working class more so than capitalism ever had.

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Karl Marx And The Industrial Revolution Essay

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