Immanuel Kant provides us with a different outlook on moral problems. Kant describes human beings as having desires and appetites who are rationale and capable of knowing right from wrong. When faced with a dilemma one must weight the balance between right and wrong through universal law. If a solution to the dilemma were not capable of being applied to all using the same rationale this would go against universal law and therefore be a wrong solution morally.
Next we review the dilemma of a single mother with four children. In order to support her children she is receiving welfare and having difficulty making ends meet. This mother receives a proposition from a childless farmer that has offered to adopt her twelve-year-old son for companionship and help with the work on the farm. The farmer will pay the mother $50,000 if she permits the adoption. In this scenario the mother and her other three children will benefit because the money will allow her to get off welfare, go back to school, and learn a profession so she can be self-supporting, and the twelve-year-old boy will benefit because his lifestyle will improve substantially and ...
... middle of paper ...
...e would this work expectation be in balance to other needs of the boy, including and not limited to school, extra curricular activates etc. Would continued contact be allowed or would they be severed forever? Would the mother be allowed to see the boy? How is the importance of family weighed? What is the importance of a mother?
When placing myself in the scenario of this mother, I believe I would find myself agreeing with the viewpoint of Kant, and that if the law is to be morally valued as a ground of obligation it must carry with it absolute necessity. As difficult as it would be to pass up the opportunity to better your child’s life, I find that it is equally if not more important for family to stick together, even when times are tough. Especially when there are so many questions without complete thorough answers regarding your children’s life and well-being.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In this essay, I examine John Stuart Mill’s theory of classical Utilitarianism and define the three key features the Utilitarian doctrine consists of. Then, raise objections to Mill’s responses to possible counter-arguments against his theory to present and explain how ineffective the Utilitarian moral system is. The guiding principle that Utilitarianism adheres to is great happiness, therefore, an action is morally permissible if and only it produces at least as much net happiness as any other available action.... [tags: Utilitarianism, Morality, Human, Ethics]
959 words (2.7 pages)
- Lauren Landwehr Professor Jacob Adler Honors Intro to Philosophy 9 April, 2015 Morality: A Pursuit of Personal Happiness or the Obligation to Do Good. Introduction: Morality, a topic imperative to the maintenance and preservation of humanity, has been relevant to the human species since the beginning of time. The progression of the human species can also be attributed to the implication of the moral code. Not necessarily morality as defined and enforced through the binding rules suggested through religion, or the specifics of morality that seem to vary between cultures, but simply the natural tendency of the human species to do what is good.... [tags: Utilitarianism, Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill]
2235 words (6.4 pages)
The Life Of Florence Nightingale, John Stuart Mill, Mona Caird, Lord Alfred Tennyson, And Bernard Shaw
- Life as a Woman in the Victorian Age During the Victorian Age, defined by the long reign of Queen Victoria from 1837-1901, was a time of industrialization in England, political unrest, and education. One subject that ties all of these topics together is women. Like in previous centuries the treatment of women is a continued discussion that carried on into and past the Victorian Age. By reading the works of Florence Nightingale, John Stuart Mill, Mona Caird, Lord Alfred Tennyson, and Bernard Shaw we can catch a glance at how society viewed women.... [tags: Marriage, Woman, Wife, John Stuart Mill]
1303 words (3.7 pages)
- ... The wrongness of an action is determined by the opposite, which is the quantity and unpleasantness that it produces.Those are the only requirements that are needed in order to determine whether or not the action is right or wrong. One section of utilitarianism defined in his theory is preferential utilitarianism. This looks at whether people’s preferences are satisfied. Preferential utilitarianism is another way of determining the rightness of someone’s actions. Many problems arise when using utilitarianism to determine the morality of an action.... [tags: Utilitarianism, Ethics, John Stuart Mill]
852 words (2.4 pages)
- Utilitarianism Many people agree on the fact that society needs to act with a sense of morality. However, there are differing opinions on how to go about this. One popular idea is that a person should always consider the greater good of society in order to be moral. This moral principle is known as utilitarianism. The end result of this theory is happiness for all, which appeals to many people, since happiness is typically a goal everyone can agree to strive towards. The following examines the approach of utilitarianism from the perspective of John Stuart Mils, as well as looks its strengths and weakness’s through a thought argument, to demonstrate how this is played out in society.... [tags: Utilitarianism, Morality, John Stuart Mill]
1005 words (2.9 pages)
- ... Because man has the intellectual capacity for reason, he should aspire for something more. Mill argues that is exactly what man does. He does not merely attempt to seek momentary pleasure, but in utilitarianism, has the option to choose that which provides him with the most pleasure. According to Mill, “Of two pleasures, if there be one to which all or almost all who have experience of both give a decided preference, irrespective of any feeling of moral obligation to prefer it, that is the more desirable pleasure” (Mill 8).... [tags: Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill, Pleasure]
978 words (2.8 pages)
- ... Such outcome that is entailed by utilitarianism claim can be viewed as extremely dangerous to the idea of justice, as in an example given by H. J. McCloskey, of framing a Negro for a rape to prevent serious anti-Negro riots, which would probably lead to loss of life and increase hatred of each other by whites and Negroes, for the greatest amount of happiness. What can be derived from this instance is what utilitarianism claim can possibly call to do, seeing that the consequence of greatest happiness is the only standard of right and wrong.... [tags: Utilitarianism, Ethics, John Stuart Mill]
1289 words (3.7 pages)
- Danielle Coker Professor John Lachs Phil 105 January 21, 2015 Utilitarianism “Utility” or the “greatest happiness principle holds that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. By happiness is intended pleasure, and the absence of pain; by unhappiness, pain, and the privation of pleasure." (Mill 7) John Stuart Mills uses these words to describe what he believes the essence of utilitarianism to be. In his 1868 Speech on Capital Punishment entitled Utilitarianism, Mills defines and defends the theory of utilitarianism and its use in Ethics.... [tags: Utilitarianism, Human, John Stuart Mill, Pleasure]
1158 words (3.3 pages)
- John Stuart Mill and Utilitarianism Utilitarianism defined, is the contention that a man should judge everything based on the ability to promote the greatest individual happiness. In other words Utilitarianism states that good is what brings the most happiness to the most people. John Stuart Mill based his utilitarian principle on the decisions that we make. He says the decisions should always benefit the most people as much as possible no matter what the consequences might be. Mill says that we should weigh the outcomes and make our decisions based on the outcome that benefits the majority of the people.... [tags: Philosophy Morality John Stuart Mill ]
1321 words (3.8 pages)
- John Stuart Mill's Essay On Liberty The main theme of on liberty was the individual. Everything else, society, education,government and so forth had their basis in the individuals rights to his own liberty. No one, no member of society, government, even God, if he appeared before an individual, could inforce his will upon him. That is not to say that you couldnt change someones mind through discussions, but instead, that no one had a right to force his views upon another. Your happiness is yours(individual) to enjoy without any infringements.... [tags: John Stuart Mill On Liberty]
789 words (2.3 pages)