Infectious Disease: Meningitis Essays

Infectious Disease: Meningitis Essays

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Meningitis, also known as spinal meningitis, is a viral or bacterial infection causing inflammation of the membranes, called meninges. Meninges act as a natural protective barrier that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. When the barrier is permeable, infections are able to transmit a disease in or through and cause serious or even fatal effects. There are different causes for the different categories of meningitis resulting in different symptoms and severities in each.
One of the four different types of meningitis is bacterial meningitis. Neisseria meningitides is a bacterium that is seen to be the main cause of bacterial meningitis. There are multiple forms of this type of bacterium; therefore more than on strain exists of this disease. Infection that is caused by a virus or bacteria, could lead to inflammation of the natural barrier of the spinal cord and brains membranes, called the meninges. Vaccines are available for the strains A and C but unfortunately no vaccines are available for strain B of the disease. Bacterial meningitis is much more severe and possibly even fatal than another form of this disease called viral meningitis.

Viral Meningitis, called aseptic meningitis, is also caused by a viral or bacterial infection, in the central nervous system, including the brain and spinal cord. A specific virus cannot be singled out as the main cause for the viral form of this disease. It is not abnormal to have children with a mumps or herpes virus infections develop viral meningitis. Mosquito-borne viruses are also known to cause a few cases each year. Most viral meningitis cases are dealt with and resolved without treatment and clear up in a week to a week and a half.
Fungal Meningitis is also an inflammation and po...

... middle of paper ...

...d to meningitis at home and more often than none, people that live in close quarters, such as military barracks and college dorms, are at even a higher risk.

Works Cited

(2005-2011)Meningitis. WebMD.
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(2011) Fungal Meningitis.
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(1988-2011) Meningitis Causes.
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(1998-2010) Bacterial Meningitis. Pharmacy Online.
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(2011) Viral Meningitis. DHPE.
Retrieved on August 9, 2011 from

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