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Mahatma Gandhi was an Indian by Nationality. He was born on October 2nd 1869 in Porbandar,
India. He was born to Karamchand Gandhi and Putlibai. He came from a Hindu household. His
father was the Dewan or the minister of the province of Porbandar. His mother was a very religious
Housewife. His family followed strict rules of Hinduism, which included practice of non-violence, a lot of
spiritual fasting, vegetarianism, and tolerance for other religion .
In 1887, he started his college at the University of Bombay. He decided to go to England to
become a barrister and then return for a job like his father's. After a lot of struggle he finally got an offer
from a firm in Natal, South Africa. In South Africa the Indians weren't welcome by the white people . One
day Gandhi got pushed out of the train when he refused to leave his seat for a white
person, it was then that he decided never to be pushed down again and to fight for the rights of minorities.
He started to lead the Indian workers in South Africa and fought for their rights.
Mahatma was what people would call him. (Mahatma means "great soul") Gandhi devoted his life to peace
and brotherhood in order to achieve social and political progress. His nonviolent resistance to British rule
won independence for India, he was then assassinated by a religious fanatic.He launched a non-
cooperation campaign against Britain, urging Indians to spin their own cotton and to boycott
British goods, courts, and government. This led to his imprisonment for 2 years. In a protest of a tax salt,
Gandhi led thousands of Indians on a 200-mile march to the sea to make their own salt. He was imprisoned again.
Gandhi suffered imprisonment many times and after being beaten by white Southern Africans Gandhi began
to teach the policy of passive resistance, and noncooperation with, South African authorities.Passive
resistance means opposition to a government or to specific governmental
laws by the use of noncooperation and other nonviolent methods, as economic boycotts and protest
marches. Gandhi felt victory when India independence.
The subcontinent split into two countries (India and Pakistan) and brought Hindu-Muslim riots. Again
Gandhi turned to nonviolence, fasting until Delhi rioters pledged peace to
him. While on his way to prayer in Delhi, Gandhi was killed by a Hindu who had been maddened by
Gandhi's efforts to reconcile Hindus and Muslims.
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"India Received Autonomy Due to Gandhi." 123HelpMe.com. 23 Jul 2019
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Gandhi's "passive resistance" became more and more popular and he soon had many followers and he
encouraged peaceful protests.
The IRA was and is a very violent group when getting their message across. They have killed thousands of
Irish civilians in their ever-going quest for complete autonomous rule. Gandhi's "passive resistance"
approach toward freedom through nationalism is a bit different because unlike the IRA,
Gandhi preached of a very peaceful way of getting what the Indians wanted. Gandhi's movement resulted in
the loss of civilians but that number was minimal compared to that lost by the IRA. While Gandhi was alive
he was able to achieve some freedoms from Britain faster than the IRA has.
And due to Gandhi, India has received complete and total autonomy.