The History of Anthrax Essay

The History of Anthrax Essay

Length: 1455 words (4.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview


Anthrax is defined as an infectious disease that is caused by a certain type of rod-shaped bacteria called Bacillus anthracis. The name of the bacteria comes from the Greek word for coal, due to the ulcers with dark centers that form on the skin of those with the disease. Carnivorous animals are often infected with the disease, as opposed to humans. However, these animals can transmit the bacteria, Bacillus anthracis, to humans, therefore causing humans to suffer from the same infection.
In 1491 B.C., Anthrax was recorded in the Book of Genesis as the fifth plague. It had been described that the disease was first noticed in animals when it killed an Egyptian cattle. After this had occurred, outbreaks of Anthrax began appearing in civilizations where Hindus, Greeks, and Romans lived. The first recorded outbreaks for humans occurred in European industries, where people worked with wool and bones of dead animals. This happened around the 1800s and was caused by Inhalation Anthrax and Cutaneous Anthrax, two types of the disease. Later, in America, people began to become infected with the disease by handling materials contaminated with animal fibers. In 1881, a Pasteur attempted to create a vaccine that would prevent people from becoming infected with the disease, which was used until later, in 1939 when Max Sterne, an immunologist, created a new one. His vaccine consisted of a spore suspension of a virulent, non-encapsulated live strain of Bacillus anthracis that is still used today.
Anthrax, currently, is commonly found in agricultural regions such as Central and South America, Central and Southwestern Asia, Southern and Eastern Europe, sub-Saharan Africa, and the Caribbean. Although this specific disease is not extreme...

... middle of paper ...

... so to isolate the anthrax, other factors must be added to eliminate the unwanted substances. These unwanted substances could be isolated and disposed of one by one through using different chemicals and materials so that, eventually, the strain of Anthrax can be the only substance left. However, to make sure that Bacillus athracis is the only substance left, qualitative data must be observed and analyzed regarding each of the possible outcomes.

Works Cited


Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about General Information about Anthrax

- The disease Anthrax derives its name from the Greek word anthracis, which means “coal”. This name is in response to the “characteristic black, coal-like central regions located on the anthrax skin lesions…” that appear in the cutaneous (tissue) form of the disease (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)). Although the 2001 letter attacks brought it widespread attention, anthrax has been around throughout history in many different areas. For example, the fifth and/or sixth plagues of Egypt that occurred during the time of Moses (1250 B.C.) are thought to represent the “earliest historical reports of the disease, due to the systemic and cutaneous forms of the disease”(Turnbull)....   [tags: Anthrax]

Free Essays
611 words (1.7 pages)

Essay on Anthrax Laced Letters

- Shortly after the attacks on the World Trade Center September 11, 2001 there began a rash of Anthrax laced letters being sent through the United States Postal System. This form of Anthrax was sent as spores known as Bacillus Anthracis, the type of bacterium that causes Anthrax. This terrorist style act resulted in 22 cases of disease and 5 deaths (Walsh, Skane 2011). Anthrax is an extremely life threatening disease. It is a hard working and thorough bacterium. This bacterium becomes dormant and spore like when it lacks a host or is placed in danger by its surrounding environment, such as extreme temperature variations....   [tags: attacks, world trade center, history]

Free Essays
960 words (2.7 pages)

Essay about Pathogenesis of Anthrax

- There are two main factors that are important for an anthrax infection: bacterial proliferation (growth) and invasion of organ systems and the “…cytotoxic effect of anthrax toxin, with eventual organ failure and death” (Karginov). The first factor occurs once the host has been infected. This infection will never be reached if it were not for a very important characteristic of the bacterium: its ability to form spores. Sporulation occurs in the soil and on culture media but “…not in living tissue, unless exposed to air” (Sakarya)....   [tags: Anthrax]

Free Essays
1548 words (4.4 pages)

Essay on Anthrax: A Deadly Biological Weapon

- Biological weapons are a widely used source of terror. The definition of a biological weapon is a harmful biological agent (as a pathogenic microorganism or a neurotoxin) used as a weapon to cause death or disease usually on a large scale (“Biological Weapon,” The Merriam- Webster Dictionary). There are numerous substances used as biological weapons. Some include Glanders, Botulism, and Brucellosis. Biological weapons consist of a kind of substance or disease that is used to launch an attack on a large population of people....   [tags: Warfare]

Term Papers
1616 words (4.6 pages)

United States Anthrax Attacks of 2001 Essay

- In 2001 the United States suffered a major terrorist attack on 9/11. A week later a new attack started, the anthrax attacks. The attacks occurred over a span of weeks. Anthrax is a type of bacteria that produces spores, which can kill people very rapidly if infected. It is not always easy to diagnose due to its nonspecific symptoms. In this case it was used as biological weapon. The attacks were not known about for a period of time until multiple cases occurred. Many people and organizations would end up working on the anthrax attack investigation, which was codenamed Amerithrax by the FBI....   [tags: Politics, Terrorism, Weapon]

Term Papers
2249 words (6.4 pages)

Anthrax and Bioterrorism Essay

- Bioterrorism, in the last decade, has become a real threat to the world. Since the anthrax attacks on American soil in 2001, the world has become aware of the potential risk of an anthrax attack. Anthrax is the disease caused by the Bacillus anthracis bacteria. Ever since early history, anthrax has occurred in livestock animals and in humans. The bacteria prevent the macrophages from communicating with the rest of the body. Thus, the body cannot fend of anthrax and slowly organs begin to deteriorate....   [tags: Biological Terrorism Terrorist Homeland Security]

Free Essays
1316 words (3.8 pages)

Sverdlovsk’s Mysterious Anthrax Outbreak Essay

- Sverdlovsk’s Mysterious Anthrax Outbreak The unexplained death of many of Sverdlovsk’s citizens, contaminated meat and numerous diseased animals during April and May of 1979 raised worldwide concern. All of the victims were discovered to have shown signs of anthrax during their autopsies and the suspicion of Soviet government manipulating biological weapons intensified. The outbreak of anthrax in Sverdlovsk terrorized the world during this timeframe due to a possibility of a global epidemic. The Sverdlovsk incident was significant because the origin of this widespread bacteria is still disputable; the devastating affects of a global anthrax outbreak and the assumption of the Soviet governme...   [tags: biological weapon, soviet government]

Term Papers
1049 words (3 pages)

Essay about Anthrax in Bioterrorism

- Anthrax in Bioterrorism As America rises shakily to its feet after September 11th, a man from American Media Inc. breathes in a funny powder from a letter in his office. Five days later he ís in the hospital, an apparent severe case of the flu. Two days later, he dies. This man was Bob Stevens, the first in America to die from a deliberate anthrax attack. Others letters such as this started popping up in major American media companies [Tom Brokaw at NBC], making the nation terrified to open mail....   [tags: Biological Terrorism Terrorist Attack]

Term Papers
2036 words (5.8 pages)

Anthrax Essay

- ANTHRAX One of the most important responsibilities a Secretary of Defense has is to make sure the United States’ military members are protected as much as possible from any type of harm. Since the cease-fire of the Gulf War, the Joint Chiefs of Staff have discovered that anthrax has become the number one biological threat to our troops. With finding this information, the Secretary of Defense, William S. Cohen, has decided to ensure that each military member is protected from anthrax with its vaccine....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Free Essays
885 words (2.5 pages)

anthrax Essay

- Could someone use anthrax for a larger attack on American cities. Unfortunately, yes-and they could also use any of a series of other germs, some more lethal than anthrax. But it’s not easy to get anthrax, and it’s not easy to deploy. The Japanese cult Aum Shinrikyo tried to spread anthrax from its Tokyo office building in 1993 and failed dismally. Experts disagree on how dangerous it would be if someone sprinkled anthrax in, say, an office ventilation system or a subway car, but any larger attack would be hard to pull off....   [tags: essays research papers]

Term Papers
1311 words (3.7 pages)