A. Plan of Investigation
To what extent was Harry Truman’s decision to drop atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki justified?
This investigation assesses President Harry Truman’s decision to drop atomic bombs on both Hiroshima and Nagasaki. It will determine whether or not his decision was justified. This investigation will scrutinize the reasons that made Harry Truman feel inclined to drop atomic bombs over Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Preventing further casualties along with the desire to end the war are two argumentative points that will be analyzed to determine if they were strong enough to justify the dropping of the atomic bombs. Excerpts from Truman’s memoirs and a variety of different titles were consulted in order to undertake this investigation. Section C will evaluate two sources for their origins purposes values and limitations. The first is a book titled The Invasion of Japan written by John Stakes in 1955. And the second is a book titled Prompt & Utter Destruction written by J. Samuel Walker.
B. Summary of Evidence
• Each of Truman’s advisors saw eye to eye in that the atomic bomb should be put to use in order to preserve the lives of the American and Japanese nations. (Walker)
• The atomic bombs “Little Boy” and “Fat man” killed 150,0000 people and furthermore left 125,000 impaired. 60,000 more people had died from sustained injuries as well as radiation illness. (Sullivan)
• The atomic bombs were dropped on the 6th and then 9th of August 1945
• Emperor Hirohito was given the option of surrender, but chose not to respond to this recommendation by the United States
• Truman approved ...
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... the Japanese were unpredictable. If Harry Truman had not dropped the bombs over Japan it would have only brought on further casualties.
F. List of Sources
Stakes Ray John. The Invasion of Japan. Published in South Carolina; Colombia. 1995.
Sullivan T. Edward. The Ultimate Weapon. Published in New York; New York. 2007.
Walker J. Samuel. Prompt & Utter Destruction. Published University of North
Brokaw Tom. The Greatest Generation. Published in New York; New York.1989.
Hamby L. Alonzo. The decision to drop the bomb. 1997.
Beschloss, Michael R. "Did We Need to Drop It?" The New York Times. The New York
Times, 29 July 1995. Web. May 2014.
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