Government Intervention in Economic Welfare Essay

Government Intervention in Economic Welfare Essay

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In pure market economy, price has been set by price mechanism where it coordinates the interaction between demand and supply resulting in a price changes. According to an economist Adam Smith (1776), in his book “The Wealth of Nations”, price mechanism is likened to be an “invisible hand” which will coordinates the decision made by consumers and suppliers while the economic system are working automatically. However, the theory of “invisible hand” is not absolute. The market economies requires institution such as government to implement policies and making decisions to maintain market and avoid market failure like monopoly and negative externalities. Therefore, government interventions are clearly crucial in the economy to maintain the balance of price and maximizing social and economic welfare to improve market outcomes. For example here, government intervention such as decision to guarantee continuous supplies of horticultural products such as fruit and vegetables will not only complement the high demand and needs for nutrition by society, but it will also avoid price to increase du...

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