Gilgamesh, The Thousand And One Nights, And The Ramayana Essay

Gilgamesh, The Thousand And One Nights, And The Ramayana Essay

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Have you ever wondered how we as a society and generation have come to know so much? We have so much knowledge not because of ourselves but by wisdom and knowledge passed down by generations. We learn very important values about life by the history of this world and by people. Values are considered a guiding principle or standard of conduct such as honesty or loyalty or responsibility for others welfare (Null). The values that have been passed down to us shape and make us into the people we are today. We learn from values such as honesty and loyalty but also learn valuable lessons such as hardships. We learn most value in life from people who have orally passed them down or they have been written out for us. There are three literary works from multiple authors that we will focus on which include Gilgamesh, The Thousand and One Nights, and The Ramayana.
Gilgamesh is an epic poem from ancient Mesopotamia dating back from the third dynast of UR. It is known to be the first great work of literature. Gilgamesh was the king of Uruk, who was two-thirds god and one-third man. He was very mighty and built his city. He was also physically “beautiful” and extremely wise. He started his kingship being very unhappy and angry. He physically and mentally hurt his people with exhaustion from too much labor. The gods heard the cry of the people of Uruk and sent down a man named Enkidu. Encode was as magnificent as Gilgamesh and ruled over the wilderness. They became great friends who went out on many journeys killing dangerous and beasts. Gilgamesh was very heart broken when Enkidu died from an illness inflicted by the gods. At the end Gilgamesh travels to the edge of the world and learned about the days before the deluge and other secrets of th...


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...onally attributed to the authorship of the sage Valmiki and dated to around 500 BCE to 100 BCE. Rama was considered so heroic because he lived his life by the rules of dharma.
An important value learned from this story is the relationship between Dharma, Artha, Kama, and Moksha. So many times people wastes their entires lives chasing materialistic things and worldly pleasures which are both known as Atha and Kama. The only type of life that people should have seeked in The Ramayana was a life with Dharma. Another important value found was the importance of humility. Hanuman was a great character in the story and was very powerful and very wise. Even though he had a numerous amount of amazing traits he still let humility take of his life. He saw how divine Rama was and decided to be Rama’s life long servant. His servant hood and commitment to Rama was unfathomable.

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