The Free Will Debate By Defending The Position Of Compatibilism As The Most Valid Solution

The Free Will Debate By Defending The Position Of Compatibilism As The Most Valid Solution

Length: 1070 words (3.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

This paper contributes to the free will debate by defending the position of compatibilism as the most valid solution. The debate of the free will of humans relates to the seeming incompatibility between determinism and human free will. Compatibilism is the idea that determinism is compatible and consistent with free will. This debate ties into the topics of moral responsibility, and I will defend my argument that freedom and moral responsibility are compatible even with determinism. My main argument consists of the fact that “free will” means that a human being could have selected another option if they wished to do so, meaning they could have responsibility for their actions even if determinism is true.
Determinism is the theory that every event is predisposed to occur because another event has already happened, and because of this there is only one possible future. However, this is compatible with the concept of being free. Soft determinism maintains that past events influence and determine the present events in the universe, and that this is still compatible with humans having free will with their actions. When someone says that they have made a decision from free will, they are saying that, a) they have been presented with two or more options, b) they have deliberated regarding those options, and c) they have selected among the results of that deliberation. All three of the aforementioned sufficient conditions must take place in order for an individual to have made a decision with free will. And although this will was determined by the universe’s determinate powers and by previous events and decisions on behalf of the human, this is not incompatible with free will. The agent, or human, acted and decided his preference using h...

... middle of paper ...

.... People have the choice to make moral decisions, and this is what gives these good moral decisions their value.
Additionally, some people make the argument that if God is all knowing, then he knows everything that we are going to do even before we are born. This could suggest that we cannot do anything other than what He knows we will do, and therefore there is no free will. This is called divine foreknowledge. I refute this by saying that just because God knows what we will do, does not mean that we don’t have freedom. His knowledge does not cause us to do what we do. Rather, God is also an eternal being that stands outside of any time constraint. He knows all things, from the past to the present to the future, and He sees them as though He is in the present. There is no temporal relation, so there is no predestination of choice, and therefore no lack of free will.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Compatibilism vs. Imcompatibilism: Is There Really Free Will

-   Compatibilists and Incompatibilists debate determinism and free will. Determinism is the idea that our actions are determined by past events. In other words, in our present state we do not have control over our actions and they are pre-determined. Only one thing can happen given a certain condition and nothing else can occur. Determinism seems to pose a problem because it tests the possibility that we do not have free will or control over our actions because with certain conditions there can only be one possible outcome....   [tags: determinism, compatibilism, incopatibilism]

Better Essays
1027 words (2.9 pages)

Is Compatibilism True? Essay example

- Free will is the ability for a person to make their own decisions without the constraints of necessity and fate, in other words, their actions are not determined. Determinism is the view that the initial conditions of the universe and all possible worlds are the same, including the laws of nature, causing all events to play out the same. Events are determined by the initial conditions. Two prominent positions advocated concerning the relation between free will and determinism are compatibilism and incompatibilism....   [tags: Free Will, Decisions, Constraints, Fate]

Better Essays
1285 words (3.7 pages)

The Debate Over Capital Punishment Essay

- For many year, the death penalty has been widely debated throughout the United States. We as a country are divided on this topic; half believing it is unjust, unconstitutional, inhumane, and cruel. The other half believing it is morally just and constitutional. Those thinking it is cruel want capital punishment abolished. The others want to see it revised and maintained. Capital punishment is being sentenced to death and executed for committing various crimes. Usually, it is reserved for convicted murder cases, but had been used for others such as: armed robbery, kidnapping, rape, and treason....   [tags: Death Penalty Debate]

Better Essays
1169 words (3.3 pages)

The Death Penalty Debate Essay

- The death penalty is one of the most debated issues in the United States. It is a judicially ordered execution of a prisoner for a capital crime. There are many people who oppose the death penalty and then there are many people who support the death penalty. People who are against it think it is inhumane or it is too expensive. The people who are for the death penalty feel that it gives a chance for individuals to be accused for their wrongful acts. Each year billions of dollars are spent to sentence criminals to death....   [tags: capital punishment debate]

Better Essays
1211 words (3.5 pages)

The Global Warming Debate Essay

- The concept of global warming has become one of the most widely debated and controversial topics of our time. Scientists learned long ago that the earth’s climate has powerfully shaped the history of humanity. However, it is only in the past few decades that research has revealed that humans have a significant influence on the climate as well. A growing body of scientific evidence indicates that since 1950, the world’s climate has been warming, primarily as a result of emissions from the burning of fossil fuels and the destruction of tropical forests....   [tags: Climate Change Debate]

Better Essays
2263 words (6.5 pages)

An Ethical Debate Against Abortion Essay examples

- An Ethical Debate against Abortion Each day throughout our world, medical professionals suction thousands of babies from their mothers’ wombs through a procedure called abortion. The law protects and provides consent to both the mother and the medical professionals for these procedures. However, the babies seemingly have no right to protection or life themselves because of the argument regarding when a fetus is determined be human and have life. Pro-life author, Sarah Terzo, in a article, relays the following testimony supporting this from a medical student upon witnessing his first abortion, “Rejected by their mothers and regarded as medical waste by their killers,...   [tags: Abortion, Pregnancy, Morality, Abortion debate]

Better Essays
2366 words (6.8 pages)

Defending My Humanoid Robot Essay

- I am attorney Hickerson and I will be defending Gina Hickerson, my humanoid robot. The government is trying to pass a law outlawing robots like Gina because, they are just machines and do not have minds. I am here to prove to the jury that Gina does have a mind and should not be destroyed. I will provide two different arguments with supporting details to prove that Gina has a mind and that this law should not be admitted. 1. Argument Number One: I will start by presenting my first argument. I am the owner of a humanoid robot....   [tags: opening statement]

Better Essays
753 words (2.2 pages)

The Many Benefits of High School Debate Essay

- My personal literacy development has not always been easy. In grade school I struggled with dyslexia. Additionally my family moved several times and new school districts were teaching reading and writing using different methods. These difficulties have made grade school not nearly as central to my literacy development as most students. My high school career was much more influential in creating my literacy practices. More specifically my experience as a member of my high school debate team really influenced the literacy practices I use today....   [tags: High School Debate Teams]

Free Essays
2634 words (7.5 pages)

Defending Prospero in Shakespeare's The Tempest Essay

- Defending Prospero in The Tempest      In William Shakespeare's The Tempest, the character of Prospero brings about a great deal of debate. Modern literary critics are quick to use him as a poster child for English colonial practice in the sixteenth and seventeenth century. Many see him as person who desires complete control of everything around him from the fish-like monster Caliban to his spirit servant Ariel, even his own daughter Miranda. Others believe that Prospero's sole motive is revenge on his brother Antonio and those associated with the established power in Naples and Milan....   [tags: Tempest essays]

Better Essays
1772 words (5.1 pages)

Essay on Two Methods of Defending the Trinity

- Two Methods of Defending the Trinity Christians believe in one God, yet the apparent contradictory nature of the Trinity is such that it has caused many to doubt whether Christianity is indeed monotheistic. This has consequently caused Christians to defend their monotheism in relation to the Trinity. In the two such defenses that are studied in this essay, we find that Christians have explained the nature of Trinity with varying degrees of effectiveness and success. Timothy the Patriarch defends the Trinity before the Caliph Madhi with few compelling arguments, and Gregory of Nyssa explains it in a more abstract and therefore more effective way....   [tags: monotheism Trinity monotheistic]

Better Essays
1688 words (4.8 pages)