Formal Critique of “Indian Summer Hudson River” Essay

Formal Critique of “Indian Summer Hudson River” Essay

Length: 1472 words (4.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Albert Bierstadt (1830-1902) was an American artist and member of the Hudson River School. He was one of the first of the Hudson River Artist’s to paint beyond New York and see the unexplored west. Bierstadt’s paintings focused more upon the sublime in nature. His painting titled “Indian Summer Hudson River” was completed in 1861. It is an oil on canvas painting, which measures twenty-four inches in height by forty-one inches wide.
One looks out across a secluded section of the Hudson River. It is late afternoon, and the sun is beginning its decent. The sun is almost blinding; its rays glistening and reflecting upon the river turning its blues to greens. The sky is clear with the exception of a few scattered clouds which begin to absorb the gold and reds of the setting sun, giving an almost hazy effect to the end of this Indian summer day. On the far side of the river, a child helps his father pull a small boat onto the bank, as a small group of cattle makes their way across from the bank opposite them. The cattle move slowly and intently across the water, drinking as they walk, enjoying the last moments of the day as they continue toward the father and son. Two additional cows lounge on the cool earth beneath the trees whose branches are scattered with the crimson and yellow-orange colors of early evening and that of fall.
In analyzing Bierstadt’s “Indian Summer Hudson River”, the painting would be defined as an example of representational artwork. Bierstadt’s painting incorporates overt themes such as nature, beauty, and everyday life, but also incorporates one which is less obvious, the sacred. In terms of form, Bierstadt brings together many formal elements to give his painting life. Bierstadt makes use of contour lines, w...


... middle of paper ...


...time.



Works Cited

“Albert Bierstadt: American Painter Photographer and Landscapist” artrenewal.org. Art Renewal Center, nd. ARC Museum, 2012. Web. 22 Feb 2012.
“Albert Bierstadt .” nga.gov. National Gallery of Art, 2012. Web. 22 Feb 2012.
Avery, Kevin J. “The Hudson River School: Heilbrun Timeline of Art History”. metmuseum.org. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000. Web 22 Feb 2012
Hogan, Kathleen M. “Iconography of the Hudson River School: American Studies.” U of Virginia. U of Virginia, 1998. Web. 23 Feb 2012.
Lewis, Michael J. “American Sublime. New Criterion (September 2002): 27-33. Ebsco.Web. 22 Feb 2012.
Oelschlaeger, Max. “The Roots of Preservation: Emerson Thoreau and the Hudson River School”. nationalhumanitiescenter.org. National Humanities Center, Teacherserve. n.d. Web. 22 Feb 2012
Sayre, Henry M. A World of Art. Boston: Pearson, 2010. Print.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about The Hudson River and PCB Pollution

- The Hudson River and PCB Pollution The Hudson River is a body of water that stretches for 315 miles from the Adirondack Mountains to the Battery in Manhattan, reaching its deepest point of 216 feet in the Highlands near Constitution Island and West Point and reaches its widest point of 3 miles across at Havestraw. This river is one of the most beautiful and scenic of the Tri-State area. Unfortunately, it happens to be New York’s most polluted river. The river has been influenced upon since the early 1600’s, when Englishman Henry Hudson commanded the Dutch ship Half Moon on an exploration of the river, certain that he had discovered a trade route to China....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Powerful Essays
1526 words (4.4 pages)

Essay about The Hudson RIver School Of Artist

- The Hudson River School The Hudson River school represents the first native genre of distinctly American art. The school began to produce art works in the early 1820s; comprised of a group of loosely organized painters who took as their subject the unique naturalness of the undeveloped American continent, starting with the Hudson River region in New York, but eventually extending through space and time all the way to California and the 1870s. During the period, that the school’s artists were active (c....   [tags: essays research papers]

Powerful Essays
1528 words (4.4 pages)

Dredging the Hudson River Essay

- Dredging the Hudson River For the past year, the subject of polychlorinated biphenyls in the Hudson River and what should be done about them has been discussed by politicians and residents all over the capital region. Often the top story on the local news, the front page headline of the newspaper, the subject of a special on television, or the reason for a town meeting, dredging has become a much debated topic. With all the information being exchanged and opinions published, it is easy for the average person to become confused....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
1770 words (5.1 pages)

Fredric Edwin Church's Eclectic Olana House on the Hudson River Valley Essay

- In the Hudson River Valley sits several unique and diverse houses, from the Livingston Family house Clermont, to Lynhurst a gothic style castle. Nestled in with these eclectic houses sits another called Olana House, whose original owner was the famed Hudson River School artist Frederic Edwin Church. From a distance it looks to be some kind of Middle Eastern palace that brightly radiates uniqueness as it sits among the beautiful landscape of the Hudson River Valley. It was built in the latter part of the nineteenth century and is proclaimed by many to be a prime example of the Aesthetic Movement in America....   [tags: aesthetic, architecture, middle east]

Powerful Essays
1159 words (3.3 pages)

A Replacement for the Tapan Zee Bridge Essay

- The Park Authority of New York and New Jersey had planed to construct a new bridge across to Hudson because of raising demand in transportation. New York State Governors canceled first proposal for the Tappan Zee Bridge. Some of reasons caused to postpone the date and change the place of the construction. So, the construction of the Tappan Zee Bridge started in 1952. Tappan Zee Bridge was designed as a cantilever and largest bridge in the United States of New York. The bridge connects South Nyack in Rockland County with Tarrytown in Westchester County in the Lower Hudson Valley....   [tags: new bridge across the Hudson river]

Powerful Essays
727 words (2.1 pages)

Essay The Flood Of The Mississippi River

- The Mississippi river is a Powerful and Ancient river that has changed very much over the millennia it’s been around. The Atchafalaya, which is a distributary of the Mississippi river had to be controlled by building dams and levees in the early 60’s and is still being monitored today. The Atchafalaya was beginning to divert the water in the Mississippi river to it and many people in the United States did not want this as it would virtually destroy the port cities along the Mississippi and therefore destroy the United States economy....   [tags: Mississippi River, River, Atchafalaya River]

Powerful Essays
1113 words (3.2 pages)

Critique of Education: Sociology and Formal Education Essay

- Critical pedagogy is a term used to describe the techniques, strategies, and approaches for teaching and learning. Unfortunately, most kids are not getting the “critical” part of this education. Education has been designed to promote, protect, and perpetuate the status quo. It is designed to keep things the same. Education has a basic goal or function to maintain society as it is right now. It is a society by and for the capitalist class. Education is designed to promote a corporate capitalist class....   [tags: Corporate Capitalist, Poverty]

Powerful Essays
1202 words (3.4 pages)

Essay on Loss and Healing in The River Warren

- Loss and Healing in The River Warren      Each of us, in time, will experience a heart-stopping reality - the death or loss of someone or something we love. Maybe it will be of a family member or just a pet we dearly cherished, but the feelings we have are all too real and all too painful. This loss is probably by far the greatest and most severe emotional trauma we can encounter, and the sense of loss and grief that follows is a healthy, natural, and important part of healing ("Death")....   [tags: River]

Free Essays
1974 words (5.6 pages)

The Colorado River Essays

- The Colorado River is the seventh longest river. In the 1920’s Western states began dividing up the water in the Colorado River by building dams and divert river flow to San Diego, Phoenix, and other large cities in order to supply water to these cities. In the past the river has been known for being a major source of water and electricity. The Colorado River passes through Utah, Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, California, Baja California, and Sonora. During the past decade a drought has been sweeping the Southwest resulting in a lowered river level....   [tags: history, grand river, aqueduct]

Powerful Essays
1296 words (3.7 pages)

Essay about The Hudson Plains on Canada

- LOCATION The Hudson plains are in parts of Ontario and Manitoba. Their area is about 350 000 km squared. The west edge of the Hudson Plains is around Churchill in north Manitoba, the eastern edge is around Fort Rupert, the northern edge borders Hudson Bay and James Bay and the southern edge is near Kapuskasing, Manitoba. Moosonee and Churchill are major cities in the Hudson Plains area, and lesser known cities include Attawapiskat, Fort George, Eastmain, Fort Albany, Lake River, Winisk, Fort Severn, and Shamattawa....   [tags: essays research papers]

Powerful Essays
929 words (2.7 pages)