The first part of my essay is challenged in various ways. I stated that a true profit may be attained by including non-financial measures to accounting profit (Author, 2013). However, Hines (1988) explained that there is no truth in accounting as it is the outcome of naming and counting by the professionals who create the truth. For instance, what can be included in revenue and when to realise them is decided by accounting professionals, whereas ordinary people will accept this as they view the professionals as a legitimate body in the field. By reading his paper, I can conclude that there is no such thing as the true profit since there is no truth in accounting. Adding non-financial measures may give a better picture of an organisation, but there is no full picture as this is subjective (ibid.).
Accountants will make sure that they are operating within what is acceptable by the society to maintain their legitimacy in the profession and preserve the power they have, as in the legitimacy theory (Deegan and Unerman, 2011). It is important to note that being legitimate does not mean that someone is doing the right thing but he is doing what is perceived to be socially right (Suchman, 1995). The boundaries may change with time as in the case of pollution (Hines op.cit.). Pre...
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