The Existence Of The Soul Essay

The Existence Of The Soul Essay

Length: 1237 words (3.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Among the wide range of controversial concepts, one of the most prominent theories in the field of philosophy and perhaps religion as well, is the question of whether or not the existence of a conscious being or rather the ‘soul’ is a valid ideology. Plato, Socrates and Descartes believed in the existence of a spiritual essence when a body ceases to exist allowing there to be a sense of the afterlife. There are two distinct theories that conflict with this issue of the afterlife known as, materialism and dualism (, 2016). Materialists portray the concept that the existence of the soul ceases to come about. While on the other hand, dualists posit the presence of an immaterial entity. In relation to the perception the philosophers had on the belief of an immaterial essence, this essay will aim to critique the ideas of the dualists and their conviction of the existence of the soul by providing the points of the materialists and their beliefs for the non-existence of any form of a conscious aspect.
The enigma lies in the subject of whether there is a ‘soul’ an immaterial object that is supposedly above and beyond the body. Some people might say that the existence of the soul may be supported by the following theories conducted by philosophers and theorists. Firstly, some will argue that our five senses are one way to prove the existence of certain notions, but it creates a tentative argument to prove something an individual can’t see nor touch (Kagan, 2008). However, the existence of atoms, for instance, has been proven without the possibility to see or touch them because as the atomic theory states, posit atoms suddenly begin to explain concepts that need clarification with the inferred existence of atoms (Kagan, 2008)....

... middle of paper ...

...of the afterlife does not prove to be of much logic as it cannot be proven completely, thus, there is no such immaterial essence that pre-existed or that will exist after death. The existence of the soul has not been established by any sort of physical evidence either. In contrast, to prove that there is no such sort of the afterlife, the Occam’s Razor is said to be the best weapon to eliminating a concept formed like the ‘soul’. It has come about confirmed that the Occam’s Razor is the simplest argument opposing the existence of an immaterial being. Additionally, the dualists theories are said to have created an added complication which is another reason that was stated in the arguments opposing the existence. There is no need to develop a complicated hypothesis. As a final point, there is no afterlife, there is no soul and there is no form of an immaterial essence.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Existence Of A Soul

- Consciousness is something that everybody knows about but it cannot really be explained. Different beings around the world are conscious in their own particular ways, but we all have a characteristic in common. We are living, breathing and living beings. Some people believe that the existence of a soul is what makes us conscious but at the end of the day, there is no real explanation of what exactly is consciousness. But what if consciousness could exist in artificial beings that go about their day with artificial intelligence....   [tags: Artificial intelligence, Consciousness]

Better Essays
1621 words (4.6 pages)

Essay on Plato Is Contemplating The Immortality Of The Soul

- In the excerpt read, Plato is contemplating the immortality of the soul, and how Socrates assured his student of soul remaining after his body dies. The dialogue occurs on the day that Socrates was to be put to death in Athens, and is occurring in the prison just prior to execution by Hemlock poisoning.   The Cyclical Argument Plato is writing the dialogue of a conversation being had prior to Socrates’ execution, and part of that argument is focused on how the soul is surely immortal. Socrates uses examples of opposites, and how one exists because of another, yet will not accept the other....   [tags: Life, Soul, Immortality, Existence]

Better Essays
728 words (2.1 pages)

The Existence Of A Self Or Soul Is Not Generally Accepted Essay

- In Buddhism, the existence of a self or soul is not generally accepted. Mahayana Buddhists have and follow several arguments that advocate Anatman, the lack of existence of self. In order to explain what lack of self or soul is, what they believe a self is. Atman is understood as an everlasting or permanent entity, that underlies what a person is. It is a thing that is understood, hand in hand with the belief of reincarnation/transmigration of soul, to persist beyond life, and exists without the need for a physical entity or body to hold it....   [tags: Sense, Perception, Sensory system, Buddhism]

Better Essays
1319 words (3.8 pages)

Is The Worst Possible Outcome? Essay

- Evil, in the terms of my discussion can be said to be the worst possible outcome, or at least, the not so desired one. And good being vice versa. Some may ask that people do not always desire for the best things, but for my definition, the desired outcome goes farther to include those outside and within the actions immediate effects. For example, 10 people in a room and one shouts, then those people hear and are affected by the shout, but those outside are not, in any direct way, affected. If a child spills milk then he has, to some extent, committed the less desired outcome, but in doing the evil, the child has the chance to learn from his mistakes....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Logic, Existence]

Better Essays
742 words (2.1 pages)

Death Is Not Bad For Us Essay

- The fear of death is irrational; death should be nothing to us. According to Epicurus, death involves neither pleasure nor pain. If pain is the only thing bad for us, then death is not bad for us. The conclusion of his argument is true if one accepts the premises to be true. The first premise must be true based on Epicurus’ metaphysics of atomism. If trying to attack his argument, it must be on the second premise. When Epicurus says “death,” he did not mean the process of dying which could inflict pain and therefore be bad for us....   [tags: Ontology, Existence, Soul, Death]

Better Essays
937 words (2.7 pages)

Essay on Avicenna 's Argument Against The Death Of The Soul

- Avicenna 's Argument against the Death of the Soul In Chapter 13 of Concerning the Soul, Avicenna argues that, because the soul is incorruptible, it does not die with the death of the body. He then presents two arguments to support the conclusion that, upon death, the soul does not die. It is my intent to explain the general structure of the “absolutely incorruptible” argument that Avicenna gives for the immortality of the soul, and to give a critical assessment of that argument. The argument begins by making a distinction between corruptibility and incorruptibility....   [tags: Ontology, Existence, Metaphysics]

Better Essays
1276 words (3.6 pages)

The Existance of the Soul Essay

- The existence of the soul has perplexed man for ages. Islamic philosopher Avicenna believed that he had proved the existence of the soul with his flying man thought experiment. He claims that the soul is a separate part of the human body that we don’t access. He claims that the flying man lacks knowledge of anything due to his predicament and through this can find the soul. This lack of knowledge makes it impossible for the flying man to actually create an understanding of his own existence and is reliant upon the soul....   [tags: body, soul, knowledge, flying man]

Better Essays
1380 words (3.9 pages)

Plato 's Justifications For The Existence Of Forms Essay

- The one-over-many argument is one of Plato’s justifications for the existence of Forms. Plato argues that for any plurality of things, there is a Form that these things participate or share in. For example, suppose I lay eyes on three particular objects: a cup, a ball, and a piece of string. Though each of these objects are different, I notice that all three have something in common: they are colored blue. This quality of blue is what allows them to share a resemblance. In other words, there is an essential property that these things participate in despite their differences....   [tags: Soul, Life, Blue, Platonism]

Better Essays
1182 words (3.4 pages)

The Argument For The Existence Of God Essay

- St. Thomas Aquinas presents five arguments to demonstrate the existence of God. However, this paper focuses on the fifth argument. The fifth argument is regarded as the Teleological Argument and states that things that lack intelligence act for some end or purpose. While the fifth argument satisfies God’s existence for Aquinas, some contemporary readers would argue that Aquinas neglects the laws of physics. Others argue that Aquinas allows a loophole in his argument so that the Catholic conception of God is not the only intelligent designer....   [tags: Soul, Metaphysics, Aristotle, Logic]

Better Essays
1009 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on The Soul And The Body

- It seems that there is one thing that most ancient Greeks can agree on, and that is the existence of the human soul. The obviousness of the soul’s existence could be related to the Latin word for soul, anima, which also means spirit, breath, and life. We also get the word animate from anima, something that is animated has the ability to move of its own accord. It follows from this that humans, being living things with the ability to move of their own accord, have souls. Though there is no disagreement about the existence of souls, the views of human souls vary....   [tags: Soul, Metaphysics, Life, Spirit]

Better Essays
1603 words (4.6 pages)