Business and import was one of the factors free of ethnic and racial conflict until fuel trade became increasingly profitable and important. In the past most of the fuel was imported from Iran but eventually with a trade embargo placed on Iran, fuel trade shifted from Iran, to Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, the two major suppliers of fuel to Afghanistan. After the import from those two countries started the price of fuel was expected to stabilize because more fuel was imported than before, and the problem of fuel shortage was solved in many places; but unlike people's expectations the price further increased. With the sudden increase in prices, assumptions that ethnic favoritism is involved in this issue also increased, and many people started to blame Uzbeks and Turks for taking advantage of their ethnicity and setting prices without government consent.
While some people blame ethnic favoritism for causing such a problem, some others believe the change in fuel prices has nothing to do with ethnicity. They believe that monopoly is the main cause of the problem because a few key players currently control a majority of the market in Afghanistan. Even though people consider monopoly and ethnicity as the two main factors, a lack of pr...
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Paterson, Anna. "Understanding Markets in Afghanistan." (2005): n.pag. Web. 18 Nov 2013.
PUMP PRICE FOR DIESEL FUEL (US DOLLAR PER LITER) IN AFGHANISTAN. 2010. Photograph. World Bank Indicators - afghanistan - TransportationWeb. 4 Dec 2013.
PUMP PRICE FOR GASOLINE (US DOLLAR PER LITER) IN AFGHANISTAN. 2010. Photograph. World Bank Indicators - afghanistan - TransportationWeb. 4 Dec 2013.
Rogers, Alex. "U.S. Purchases Fuel for Afghanistan, Possibly Undermines Own Iran Oil
Sahak, Abdul Latif. "Afghan Fuel Traders Complain of Turkic "Mafia"." Institute for war and peace reporting [Kabul] 14 4 2012, ARRI Issue 427 n. pag. Web. 18 Nov. 2013.
Samad, Omar. "Ethnic Politics: A dangerous Fault Line." Afghan Analytica (2013): n.pag. Web. 18 Nov 2013.
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