Natural sciences are sciences whose methodology is based on the observation of the physical world. Unlike ethics it is a highly empirical discipline. The basic and perhaps only way used to produce knowledge in the scientific world is through inductive reasoning, as the methodology that is usually followed by scientists involves conducting several experiments and making observations, based on which they make logical conclusions. Ethical judgements hinder the methods of acquiring knowledge through scientific development. Several methods require the interaction with animals, which could end up being harmful for them. Moral codes and values oppose to such situations and therefore encourage us to raise concerns every time there is a potential for scientific research involving animal experimentation. As I learned in my IB Biology course, Xenotransplantation, the transplantation of organs from animals,...
... middle of paper ...
...c expression is taking place.
"Liquidising Goldfish 'not a Crime'" BBC News. May 19, 2003. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/3040891.stm.
Nicholl, David. "Lundbeck and Pentobarbital: Pharma Takes a Stand." The Guardian, July 1, 2011. http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/cifamerica/2011/jul/01/pentobarbital-lundbeck-execution-drug.
Oxford Dictionaries. http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/emotion.
Oxford Dictionaries. http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/reason.
"Pharma Firm Lundbeck Wins Ethical Award for Stopping Use of Drugs in Executions." Reprieve. March 29, 2012. http://www.reprieve.org.uk/press/2012_03_29_lundbeck_ethical_award/.
"Xenotransplantation – Ethical Considerations Based on Human and Societal Perspectives." Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica. March 31, 2004. http://www.actavetscand.com/content/45/S1/S65.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Animal testing are experiments used on animal for scientific research. In 1981 Roger Sperry, David Hubel and Torsten Wiesel were awarded a Nobel Prize for research in brain function by studying monkeys. Roger W Sperry found out that nerves linking and both hemispheres of the brain could be tempered with, without causing any life threatening events. Many animals are very similar to humans and by studying the brains of monkeys Roger W Sperry made a huge discovery about the human brain for mankind.... [tags: scientific research, ethics]
1299 words (3.7 pages)
- Beneficial Animal Testing Animal testing has always been plagued with controversy on its ethical issues by animal activist groups and supportive scientists. Is it morally just to experiment and sacrifice laboratory animals on behalf of human research. Dr. Gina Solomon MD wrote her article regarding the benefits of animal testing to protect the human race and all other species. Her article “The Lesser Evil” shows the beneficial and positive aspects of animal experimentation. She approves the notion for animal testing but requests greater regulation and gentler methods of testing when scientifically possible.... [tags: Science Ethics Scientific Research Essays]
952 words (2.7 pages)
- Most cells in our bodies are specialised to do a particular job. Like white blood cells are good at fighting off invaders, but they can’t carry oxygen like red blood cells. Stem cells on the other hand have the remarkable potential to develop into many different types of cell in the body. In addition, in many tissues they serve as an initial repair system, dividing without limits to replenish other cells as long as the person or animal is still alive. When a stem cell divides, each new cell has the potential to remain a stem cell or become a more specialised cell.... [tags: Ethics]
592 words (1.7 pages)
- Academic cheating is defined as the act of deviant or immoral behavior that is unacceptable in the realm of higher education. Cheating is used most often when taking a test or when other forms of graded material are detrimental to the student’s overall success. Measurements of cheating in college universities is primarily indicated by the student’s compulsion to copy, plagiarize, sabotage, or misrepresent their own academic inabilities. Studies indicate that college students justify cheating based on inadequacy of the professor, the difficulty versus the ease of the actual test or paper and the emotional arousal one gets while thinking about the act of cheating (Williams, Nathanson, & Paulhu... [tags: Morals, Deception, Scientific Experiments]
1889 words (5.4 pages)
- Scientific and technological advancements over the past few centuries have had mixed influence over our society. On the one hand, it has raised the standards of living, increased average life-span through superior medical facilities, connected the world together through faster means of transportation and communication. On the other hand, it has given the human kind its deadliest of weapons and arsenals which are capable of destroying the world itself and hence created a sense of insecurity and fear.... [tags: Ethics]
405 words (1.2 pages)
- Research which involves human participants who undergo uncomfortable circumstances can raise moral, social, and political concerns (Schwartz, 2001). This ensues a whole new field of research known simply as research ethics. Research ethics is generally interested in the analysis of ethical matters that arise when people are used as subjects in such studies. Research ethics requires the application of necessary ethical convention to a variety of topics involving any scientific study. There are quite a number of experiments brought to what is known as the Internal Review Board.... [tags: Research Ethics ]
1539 words (4.4 pages)
- Set 1: Question and Answers Question 1: How might one justify flipping the switch in the Trolley case but not pushing the large man off the bridge in the variation. Answer: Flipping the switch in the first case is justified because the switch operator is acting on the principle of Utilitarianism. By flipping the switch, the operator would save two people toed to the rail track and thus his actions would lead to Greatest Good for the Greatest Number (GHGN). However, in the second case where the switch-operator is faced with the situation of sacrificing the life of the fat man, then he may not be justified in doing so.... [tags: Research Ethics]
842 words (2.4 pages)
- What is ethics. If one was to ask the question, “What do ethics mean to you?” These responses would be likely to follow. “Ethics is what my feelings tell me is right or wrong.” “Ethics have to do with my religious beliefs.” “Being ethical means following the laws.” Those replies would be expected. Many do relate ethics with their feelings, but it is not a matter of following feelings. In fact, we will often times stray from living ethically if we were guided by our feelings. Although religions urge high ethical standards, if ethics were limited to religion, ethics would only apply to religious people.... [tags: Ethics ]
1797 words (5.1 pages)
- Sally has obviously damaged the company, so her actions will definitely require an appropriate form of punishment. However, there are several factors that have to be taken in account. For example, Sally was a loyal, responsible, and fair worker during the last 20 years, so any extreme form of punishment could damage both Sally and the company. On the other hand, an inappropriate response from the management could encourage her deviant behavior towards the company in the future. With several conflicting factors apparent in this case, working out an appropriate solution is difficulty.... [tags: Ethics ]
963 words (2.8 pages)
- While some people might say that stem cell research is immoral and unethical, others believe that it is a magical solution for almost any problem, thus leading to a very controversial issue. Scientists have been searching for years for ways to eradicate incurable diseases and perform other medical procedures that yesterday's technology would not fix. With the rapidly arising, positive research on stem cell technology, the potential that exists to restore any deficiency is in the same way, likely to destroy humanity.... [tags: Ethics]
1014 words (2.9 pages)