Earlier, the two main characters have been paralleled to Nous and Hyle, but now they will be further paralleled to Science and Nature. It has long been established that Science is a major influence on Aylmer; Science is what rules his universe. Science can be represented through Aylmer since it has always been his most defining factor. It was said “His love for his young wife might prove stronger, but it could only be by intertwining itself with his love of science, and uniting the strength of the latter to its own” (418). This signifies that without Science, Aylmer and the love between him and Georgina will cease to exist. Aylmer has been surrounded by Science all of his life that it’s almost impossible to detangle himself from it. This may be due to the settings of the time: post American Enlightenment. After this big movement, people became more curious about the world around them, and they started to question everything logically. They started to challenge the rules of the church and the justification “because God made it so.” Because of this, man also started to ch...
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...make it hard to put a generalization on it. Conflicts arise due to opposing thoughts and opposing morals that is why ethics can’t ever be defined clearly. In The Birth-Mark, Hawthorne challenged the thin line between ethics and morals by focusing on vanity in marriage. He generated strong characters that were perfect for each other and paralleled them not only to Nous vs. Hyle, but also to Science vs. Nature. Ethics and morals are connected just like Georgiana and the birthmark were connected. Morality is “in the heart now” of ethics (420). No matter how much you try to get it out, it will always be an attached defining factor of it. Even though ethics failed the husband and wife in the novel, their love, even though a little skewed, for each other made their marriage an actual success in good times and in bad, in sickness and in health, until death did them apart.
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