People were arrested, newspaper companies were shut down, and protesters were even shot. With such limitation of free speech and freedom of press, they had no choice but to go for armed rebellion. Although the Rebellion ended in failure with serious consequences for major leaders (imprisoned to slave labour and hung), Britain realized that change was necessary to maintain peace. This eventually led to responsible government and Confederation. The Rebellion of Upper and Lower Canada may be the most important rebellion in Canadian history, but it wasn’t the only one.
Treason expresses someone that is overthrowing the government in power. Many thoughts came up upon the government whether to hang Louis Riel or not. Quebec was concerned that if Riel would be hanged, they would upset the Conservative Party and if they kept him alive, Ontario would be enraged. Many members of the Canadian government believed that Riel was an insane and not responsible but he did not refuse to give up. His plan was equal everyone out and to devise of Canada with many races, such as Catholic and Protestant.
Sir Wilfrid Laurier warned that “If this military bill is passed, we will face a cleavage which may rend and tear this Canada of ours down to the roots” (Newman, 94). Conscription had surely made an enormous dent in society. Riots occurred in Quebec because of this single issue. The Quebec citizens were absolutely outraged that they were forced to fight for “les Anglais”. Feeling little attachment to both France and Britain, many did not want to participate in the war.
One of the major problems associated with a bilingual country, inevitably, is national unity. In Canada, national unity usually refers to the relations between both the French and English Canadians. English-French relations have always been unstable, ever since the English conquest on the French in the late 1800s. In the twentieth century, this link was further depreciated primarily because of conscriptions during the First and Second World War along with the Quiet Revolution and the October Crisis. Conscription during the First and Second World War was one of the initial major causes that began the deterioration of French-English relations largely because the French had no desire to go to war.
The act of applying conscription during the First and Second World Wars have nearly torn Canada apart. The conscription crisis of 1917 was a treacherous event that occurred during the First World War. During this time the relations between Quebec and the rest of Canada were in an all time low in our Canadian history. The Québécois thought conscription was merely unnecessary no matter what circumstance; while all other Canadians did essentially want conscription occur. The contrast was inevitably high on the issue of conscription between the Québécois and the rest of Canada thus creating a solution when conscription was indeed needed was impossible.
The war that existed between Indians and French is said to be a guerilla war of small skirmishes and sudden attacks that were surprising to a great extent. The terrain had not familiarized with both the English and French. A difference that was enormous was made when the Indians tribes were involved in the war. According to the hypothesis of many historians, the turning point of the war was seen when many Indian tribes went against French and showed them their backs. The British had many resources to utilize in the war and their allies who were Indians stopped supporting them.
In the past 30 years, two “Rebellions” have taken place between the Métis and the Government of Canada. I strongly believe that the terminology used to describe the Red River “Rebellion” and North West “Rebellion” is misused and should be modified to correctly represent these events. Due to the nature of these events, the more accurate term to use would be “resistance” as the Métis were strictly defending their rights as human beings. A rebellion is defined as an effort by many people to change the government or leader of a country through the use of violence. A resistance however, is the refusal to accept or comply with something; the attempt to prevent something by action or argument.
The protests against Riel's execution were not confined to newspapers. In Quebec, thousands of people voiced their disapproval at rallies, the biggest one led by Honore Mercier. To protest Riel's execution, a new provincial party, the Parti National was formed in Quebec with Mercier as its leader. The newly formed party won the next provincial election beginning the decline of the conservative party. The controversy surrounding the trial and execution of Louis Riel has been debated throughout Canadian history with the French-speaking Canadians firmly planted against the English.
Riel also claimed other fortresses for the Metis and eventually the president of the National Committee of the Red River Metis resigned and gave the position of president to Louis Riel. These are some of the many reasons that society today sees Louis Riel as a hero in Canadian history and they admire him. Although as you read you will see the reasons that society thinks of this man as an embarrassment in our history. If you think of Louis Riel was a Villain. You must look at all the crooked things he did while he was alive.
This constant fighting spawns a built in belief of hatred for one another (Henley, 2011), which would make it hard for the two to live in the same country as they try to do in Canada. But out of all the wars the French and English fought, the most influencing for Quebecois and all of Canada was the sever year war taking place between 1756 and 1763 (Upper Canada History, 2011). The special thing about this war was that part of it was over the influence of the territory to be later Canada (Upper Canada histor... ... middle of paper ... ...ions.ca/scripts/ovr2011/default.html Patriquin, M. (2014, April 11). The epic collapse of Quebec separatism. Retrieved May 15, 2014, from Maclean’s website: http://www.macleans.ca/politics/the-epic-collapse-of-separatism/ Quebec Separatism.