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assignment 3

explanatory Essay
574 words
574 words
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Upon reviewing the National Vital Statistics Report based on the 2005 year I was surprised that heart disease and cancer still comprised the top two diseases that result in death in the United States. It appears these two categories of diseases know no gender or race boundaries and strike all groups equally. Therefore, I shall discuss these two categories of disease and how they impact the U.S. population. In the United States roughly 600,000 people die each year from heart disease (CDC, 2014). If one were to break it down heart disease is responsible for 1 out of every 4 deaths (CDC, 2014). Coronary heart disease is the most common type of this disease and it costs the U.S roughly $110 billion each year for health care, medications, and lost productivity (CDC, 2014). The major risk factors for developing heart disease are having high blood pressure, high LDL cholesterol, and smoking. There are also several other factors such as: diabetes, obesity, poor diet, physical inactivity, and excessive alcohol use will contribute to the development of the disease. The second alarming from the National Vital Statistics Report is the prevalence of cancer among the U.S. Population. Currently, there will be an estimated 1,665,540 new cases of cancer diagnosed this year and over 585,720 deaths from cancer (ACS, 2014). Cancer is the second most common cause of death in the United States and is responsible for a quarter of annual deaths. The cancer trends must also be deciphered because the trends consist of 23 cancer types with the most common areas being lung, breast, colorectal, and prostate (ACS, 2014). Therefore, the numbers are not just one type of cancer but are rather combined from the various different forms of the disease... ... middle of paper ... ...preventive screening. Therefore it is of vital importance that the public health community educate the masses and encourage preventive screening measures. The government could also offer additional incentives such as tax breaks that would encourage individuals to lead healthy lifestyles. These proactive disease prevention steps would encourage individuals to lead healthier lifestyles which would reduce the overall prevalence of the two largest killers in the United States. Works Cited Cancer Facts & Figures 2014. (2014). Retrieved May 25, 2014, from http://www.cancer.org/research/cancerfactsstatistics/cancerfactsfigures2014/index CDC - DHDSP - Heart Disease Facts. (2014). Retrieved May 25, 2014, from http://www.cdc.gov/heartdisease/facts.htm Turnock, B. J. (2009). Public health: what it is and how it works (4th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that heart disease and cancer still constitute the top two diseases that result in death in the united states.
  • Explains that heart disease costs the u.s roughly $110 billion each year for health care, medications, and lost productivity.
  • Explains that cancer is the second most common cause of death in the united states and is responsible for a quarter of annual deaths.
  • Opines that the prevalence of these two diseases and the impact they have on the health system in the united states surprised them.
  • Explains that the major causes of death in the united states have been discussed, and methods to reduce the overall prevalence of the disease must be determined.
  • Explains that seven areas have been determined that will reduce the overall likelihood one developing cancer. these include not using tobacco products, maintain a healthy weight, adopt an active lifestyle, eat plenty of vegetables and reduce red meat intake, limit alcohol consumption, and be active in prevention screening and health care choices.
  • Opines that public health communities can exploit anti-tobacco, encouraging exercise, healthy eating habits, and proactive preventive screening measures.
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