19.5 percent of 8th graders and 42.1 percent of 10th graders reported having been drunk in their lifetime (Windle, et al., 2009). It is said that the adolescents that consistently drink through this period of time are more likely to have a harder time transitioning into adulthood (Zhong, et al., 2010). Eighth graders have a stronger disapproval for alcohol than their older counterparts in 10th grade, 51.2 percent to 38.5 percent (Windle, et al., 2009). “Approximately 57.2 percent of 8th graders and 53.3 percent of 10th graders rated five or more drinks of alcohol once or twice each weekend as a “great risk” for harm”(Windle, et al., 2009). Early alcohol use by adolescents is associated with suicidal behaviors that include ideations, attempts, and completion.
The same study showed that more than half of Americas who were 12 years or older were currently consuming alcohol. This statistic seemed to amaze we in that this equates to about 104 million people. Prescription drugs are a growing concern in American society. Many studies have been performed regarding the abuse of prescription drugs. The most common types people use especially teens and young adults are opioids, CNS depressants, and stimulants.
30 Mar, 2011 http://www.enotes.com/drugs-substances-encyclopedia/ rohypnol/usage-trends "Rohypnol - Treatment for Habitual Users." Encyclopedia of Drugs and Addictive Substances. Ed. Barbara C. Bigelow. Gale Cengage, 2006. eNotes.com.
(2009) reported that among 2,187 adolescents in 10th through 12th grades, adolescent who had been sexually abused were three times more likely to drink alcohol that those who were not abused. Another study, the ACE study which is an Adverse Childhood Experience, also reported that adolescents who had been abused as a child were 2.1 to 2.8 times more likely to begin drinking by the age of 14. These adolescents who had a child abuse history take alcohol as a self-medication in an attempt to cope with the effects triggering, and memories associated with the abuse. A major concern about alcohol drinking in adolescent is whether child’s abuse in... ... middle of paper ... ...rent or Guardian and Adolescent Alcohol Use. The AmericanJournal on Addictoions, 18, 226-234.
Thats a high percentage when you break it down and think about it Statistics also show that people who start drinking before the age of fifteen are ... ... middle of paper ... ...use in adolescents: Long-term follow-up data from a randomized control trial of a school population. Addictive Behaviors 25(5):769–774, 2000. GRIFFIN, K.W. ; SCHEIER, L.M. ; BOTVIN, G.J.
National surveys show that about six out of every ten women of child-bearing age 18-44 years old use alcohol, and slightly less than one-third of women who drink alcohol in this age group binge drink. Excessive exposure to alcohol during pregnancy can inflict serious, permanent physical and mental damage on her child like Fetal Alcohol Spectrum disorders (FASDS), Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS), miscarriage, and premature birth. Although men are more likely to drink alcohol, and drink in larger amounts, gender differences in body structure and chemistry cause women to absorb more alcohol, and take longer to break it down and remove it from their bodies. Upon drinking equal amounts, women have higher alcohol levels in their blood than men, and the immediate effects occur more quickly and last longer. Although many women are aware that heavy drinking during pregnancy can cause birth defects, many do not realized that moderate or even light drinking also may harm the fetus.
People as young as fifteen are able to get their hands on an alcoholic beverage. Alcohol is said to be the chosen drug among high school and college students. Underage drinkers have a tendency to drink more then the general population. It is said that high school students spend approximately $4.2 billion annually on alcohol. This money is spent on 430 gallons of alcoholic beverages, and 4 million cans of beer.
In 1984 the drinking age was changed to 21 by the federal government any state that did not comply would lose 10 percent of their government funding. Along with this the casualties of drunk driving only getting higher as time goes on like in 2011 there were 9,865 and increased to 10,322 in 2012(MADD, 2013). The age greatest to drunk driving is between 21 and 25 covering 25 percent of all drunk driving casualties not 18 or 19 year olds. In fact early in the 1970s before the legal minimum drinking age act the casualties of 18-20 year olds was already decreasing due to tougher prosecuti... ... middle of paper ... ...ks Cited Balko, R. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://reason.com/archives/2007/04/12/back-to-18/1 Cnossen, S. (2005).
“In 1991, a study by the United States Surgeon General’s office stated that 8 million out of the 20.7 million young people in grades 7 through 12 drank alcoholic beverages every week. It went on to say that 454,000 of those youngsters reported weekly binges (Claypool 21).” In the United States and all over the world underage teens are drinking, and it may be because they just don’t know about alcohol and its effects (Monroe 56). Underage or teen drinking is a major problem today that is increasing more and more, and something needs to be done to stop this increase and to control the number of underage drinkers. There are many statistics that show just how big this problem is amongst our youth. One frightening statistic that shows how much this problem has been increasing is that between 1948 and 1988 the percent of teen drinkers increased by 57 percent (Nielsen 47).
By the age of 15, there has been at least one out of five who have tried alcohol and they have become heavy drinkers by the age of 18 (O’Connell, 2005). By the time teens are in 12th grade, there are at over three-quarters of those students reported have tried alcohol and at least three-fifths have reported being drunk once (Brown, et al., 2009). Children who begin drinking in high school continue to drink once they have completed high school (Brown, et al., 2009). Drinking alcohol by teens is risky not only because of the risks that can cause acute impairment, but also it can develop long-term development and well-being (O’connell, 2005). The long-term effect of underage drinker can effect teen’s developmental issues and cause health issues.